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April 30, 2018 - Third-hand smoke just as deadly as first-hand smoke
According to a University of California-Riverside report, "Third-hand smoke just as deadly as first-hand smoke":
"While first-hand smoke refers to the smoke inhaled by a smoker and second-hand smoke to the exhaled smoke and other substances emanating from the burning cigarette that can get inhaled by others, third-hand smoke is the second-hand smoke that gets left on the surfaces of objects, ages over time and becomes progressively more toxic.
Third-hand smoke is a potential health threat to children, spouses of smokers and workers in environments where smoking is, or has been, allowed. Contamination of the homes of smokers by third-hand smoke is high, both on surfaces and in dust, including children's bedrooms.
Re-emission of nicotine from contaminated indoor surfaces in these households can lead to nicotine exposure levels similar to that of smoking. Third-hand smoke, which contains strong carcinogens, has been found to persist in houses, apartments and hotel rooms after smokers move out.
(Mice studies have found:) In the liver, third-hand smoke was found to increase lipid levels and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, a precursor to cirrhosis and cancer and a potential contributor to cardiovascular disease.
In the lungs, third-hand smoke was found to simulate excess collagen production and high levels of inflammatory cytokines (small proteins involved in cell signaling), suggesting propensity for fibrosis with implications for inflammation-induced diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma.
In wounded skin, healing in mice exposed to third-hand smoke showed many characteristics of the kind of poor healing observed in human smokers who have gone through surgery."
Finally, in behavioral tests the mice exposed to third-hand smoke showed hyperactivity.
"More recently we have found that exposure to third-hand smoke results in changes that can lead to type II diabetes even when the person is not obese,"
Children in environments where smoking is, or has been allowed, are at significant risk for suffering from multiple short-term and longer health problems, many of which may not manifest fully until later in life."
Research has shown that children living with one or two adults who smoke in the home, where second- and third-hand smoke are abundant, are absent 40 percent more days from school due to illness than children who did not live with smokers."
According Dartmouth-Hitchcock's Norris Cotton Cancer Center's "Protect Children from Third Hand Smoke Exposure" Studies have shown that when just one cigarette was smoked in a bedroom with the door closed, it took two hours for particulates in the air to return to below the threshold for harm. Figure: Ott et al. 2003. J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc.
"What happens when second hand smoke collects on our clothes, or in the car seats, furniture, carpets, and even the wallboard that surround us? The contamination that persists after second hand smoke has dissipated is called third hand smoke (THS).
Researchers have identified significant amounts of toxins from third hand smoke in homes and cars of smokers even months after no smoking has occurred. Residual pollutants remain on surfaces and in dust; they re-emit as nicotine gas or as ultrafine particles; and they can collect in textiles and other materials to create a reservoir that emits gas over time. These pollutants can also react with other compounds in the environment, like ozone, to create secondary pollutants.
Even when parents understand the dangers of second hand smoke in the home, many think it is safe to smoke in a car if children aren't in it.
But smoking in the car creates an especially intense environment for third hand smoke exposure. The nicotine can combine with nitrous acid from exhaust to create cancer-causing tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNAs) that settle into the dust on the dashboard, seats, and carpets. And these TSNA's can be absorbed through the skin—when you open a glove compartment or dust off the dash with your hand."
April 8, 2018 - Public Health Expertise Network of Mentors (PHENOM)
Are you looking for a challenging career? Then join a diverse group of public health professionals who work all over the world, protecting mankind from itself and others and championing the beauty and the gift of Nature that is our environment.
Who are public health professionals?
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We are epidemiologists studying disease while developing strategies to prevent its spread;
We are sanitarians ensuring that our food and water will not make us sick;
We are health care providers working to ensure that everyone can get the preventive services needed to stay healthy, and that the health services provided meet the standards of medical care;
We are policy makers advocating for and developing laws to protect the Public good;
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We are professors teaching future practitioners the basic principles needed to develop effective interventions that are evidence-based;
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Yes, we are all these things and more! Checkout our online directory of 70 Public Health Professionals.
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February 1, 2012 - Betty C. Jung's Web site is a Healthy People Consortium Organization
"The Consortium is a diverse, motivated group of agencies and organizations committed to achieving Healthy People 2020 goals and objectives." http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/consortium/default.aspx
I will continue to add new links to and post pertinent updates on my Public Health Blog.
For starters, click on "Map-It" graphic for "MAP-IT: A Guide To Using Healthy People 2020 in Your Community." Also, check out: Healthy People 2020 program planning tools, a toolkit for program development!
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Chronic Disease Index The State of US Health, 1990-2016 - Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Among US States;
Heart Disease Death Rates Among Blacks and Whites Aged ≥35 Years — United States, 1968–2015; Cruciferous and Total Vegetable Intakes Are Inversely Associated With Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Older Adult Women; Best Practices for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Programs;
Chinese Culture Is the Chinese Language a Superstition Machine?; Sexual Violence in Asian and Pacific Islander Communities; Asian-American Mothers: Demographic Characteristics by Maternal Place of Birth and Asian Subgroup, 2016;
Prevalence of Diagnosed Diabetes in Adults by Diabetes Type — United States, 2016; You're Doubling The Glycemic Index Of A Sweet Potato When You Bake It; Glycemic Index of Sweet Potato as Affected by Cooking Methods; Cooking Treatment Effects on Sugar Profile and Sweetness of Eleven-Released Sweet Potato Varieties;Diabetes and Women; Vitamin D Deficiency Linked to Greater Risk of Diabetes;
What is antibiotic resistance: everything you need to know;
M - Z Thanks, anti-vaxxers: Measles is on the rise in Europe; Zika Infectious in Semen Mostly in First Few Weeks
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Public Health Sites A - C Pollen; What Does It Mean When We Call Addiction a Brain Disorder?; Comorbidity: Addiction and Other Mental Disorders; Common Physical and Mental Health Comorbidities with Substance Use Disorders; Drugs, Brains, and Behavior: The Science of Addiction;
Alcohol Awareness Month Organizer's Guide; Drinking more than five pints a week could shorten your life, study finds; Risk thresholds for alcohol consumption: combined analysis of individual-participant data for 599 912 current drinkers in 83 prospective studies; Substance Use Screening and Intervention Implementation Guide: No Amount of Substance Use Is Safe for Adolescents; . Planning and Implementing Screening and Brief Intervention for Risky
Alcohol Use: A Step-by-Step Guide for Primary Care Practices;
Public Health Sites D-G Framework for Assessing Health Impacts of Multiple Chemicals and Other Stressors; Eating out increases exposure to toxic phthalates; Drugs World; New section: Opioid Overdose Prevention; SAMHSA - Opioid Overdose Prevention TOOLKIT; Surgeon General’s Advisory on Naloxone and Opioid Overdose; Current Marijuana Use by Industry and Occupation — Colorado, 2014–2015; Need for Multiple Naloxone Doses on the Rise; Multiple Naloxone Administrations Among Emergency Medical Service Providers is Increasing; STEPS OF NALOXONE ADMINISTRATION; 5 Important Considerations for EMS Naloxone Administration; FDA Advisory Committee on the Most Appropriate Dose or Doses of Naloxone to Reverse the Effects of Life-threatening Opioid Overdose in the Community Settings; Trends in Multiple Naloxone Administrations among EMS Personnel; Treatment Information;
Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction;
Public Health Sites H-L Surveillance for Viral Hepatitis – United States, 2016; 14 Diseases You Almost Forgot About (Thanks to Vaccines); Resources for Professionals;
Public Health Sites O-Z Antibiotic-Resistant Gonorrhea; Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 2016; STDs during Pregnancy - CDC Fact Sheet (Detailed); Reported STDs in the United States, 2016
High Burden of STDs Threaten Millions of Americans; Update on investigation of UK case of Neisseria gonorrhoeae with high-level resistance to azithromycin and resistance to ceftriaxone acquired abroad; Transmitting HIV Is a Crime in Most States. Is HCV Next?; INFECTIOUS DISEASES SOCIETY OF AMERICA (IDSA) AND HIV MEDICINE ASSOCIATION (HIVMA) POSITION ON THE CRIMINALIZATION OF HIV,
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Senior Health 2018 ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE FACTS AND FIGURES; Walking for Your Health; Walking Safely in Rural Areas; Walking Safely in Urban Areas; Mall Walking; The Emotional Benefits of Exercise - Feel Good with Go4Life; Go4Life members; YOUR HEALTHIEST SELF Physical Wellness Checklist; Exercise Guide: Exercise & Physical Activity: Your Everyday Guide from the National Institute on Aging;
Tick Tock: Your Body Clocks - Understanding Your Daily Rhythms; 10 Mind-Blowing Facts About Your Dreams; How to Get a Good Night's Sleep;
Identifying and Managing Sleep Disorders in Primary Care;
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Statistical Functions Tips for Analyzing Large Data Sets From the JAMA Surgery Statistical Editors; Top 5: Things you should know about GDPR; Understand the GDPR guidelines for obtaining lawful consent to process data; What Is the GDPR? The EU’s Online Privacy Law: Explained; Shoppers: Transparency About Data Use Would Encourage More Sharing;
Statistical Programs ALT Codes for Symbols and Characters; How to use Excel's Data Model to turn related data into meaningful information;
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Web Resources People are really worried about IoT data privacy and security—and they should be. Despite rising spending on IoT security, consumers and businesses are right to worry about how data will be used and protected; Machine learning: A cheat sheet; Digital addiction increases loneliness, anxiety and depression - Study suggests ways to outsmart smart phones; Framework for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity Version 1.1 4/2018 National Institute of Standards and Technology; Online security 101: Tips for protecting your privacy from hackers and spies; History of the Internet; 17 internet-connected things that really shouldn't be online;
Links to public health pages, SCSU Thesis/Special Project documents and forms, SCSU Public Health Alumni Pages - MPH Accreditation Committee, Scholarship Committee, Service Committee (Mentor, Speaker Programs) pages; MPH Alumni Record - Main, Accomplishments, Presentations, Professional organizations, Programs & Projects, Teaching, Written Works pages