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I love this graphic that shows how important collaboration is to addressing the tobacco problem. Tobacco is an environmental problem because of health effects associated with second-hand and third-hand exposures. Collaboration among government entities at various levels, along with coalition building among advocacy groups make for a more effective approach.
Scientific assessments such as dose effect curves seek to evaluate the health risk associated to second-hand smoke exposure.
"The Surgeon General released a report in 2006 regarding the dangers of secondhand smoke (SHS). One of the claims in the report is:
There is NO risk-free level of secondhand smoke exposure, with even brief exposure adversely affecting the cardiovascular and respiratory system.
We know that secondhand smoke harms people's health, but many people assume that exposure to secondhand smoke in small doses does not do any significant damage to one's health. However, science has proven that there is NO risk-free level of exposure to secondhand smoke. Let me say that again: there is no safe level of exposure to secondhand smoke.
Breathing secondhand smoke for even a short time can damage cells and set the cancer process in motion. Brief exposure can have immediate harmful effects on blood and blood vessels, potentially increasing the risk of a heart attack. Secondhand smoke exposure can quickly irritate the lungs, or trigger an asthma attack. For some people, these rapid effects can be life-threatening. People who already have heart disease or respiratory conditions are at especially high risk."
"National Women's Health Week is an observance led by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health. The goal is to empower women to make their health a priority. National Women's Health Week also serves as a time to help women understand what it means to be well.
What does it mean to be a well woman?
It's a state of mind. It's being as healthy as you can be. And, most importantly, it's about taking steps to improve your physical and mental health:
Visit a health care professional to receive regular checkups and preventive screenings.
Pay attention to mental health, including getting enough sleep and managing stress.
Avoid unhealthy behaviors, such as smoking, texting while driving, and not wearing a seatbelt or bicycle helmet."
Happy Mother's Day to all women who believe in the power of nurturing! On this day, take a moment to reflect on how important it is to take care of ourselves so we can continue to nurture those we love!
May 12, 2018 - May is Asian-Pacific American Heritage Month!
According to a University of California-Riverside report, "Third-hand smoke just as deadly as first-hand smoke":
"While first-hand smoke refers to the smoke inhaled by a smoker and second-hand smoke to the exhaled smoke and other substances emanating from the burning cigarette that can get inhaled by others, third-hand smoke is the second-hand smoke that gets left on the surfaces of objects, ages over time and becomes progressively more toxic.
Third-hand smoke is a potential health threat to children, spouses of smokers and workers in environments where smoking is, or has been, allowed. Contamination of the homes of smokers by third-hand smoke is high, both on surfaces and in dust, including children's bedrooms.
Re-emission of nicotine from contaminated indoor surfaces in these households can lead to nicotine exposure levels similar to that of smoking. Third-hand smoke, which contains strong carcinogens, has been found to persist in houses, apartments and hotel rooms after smokers move out.
(Mice studies have found:) In the liver, third-hand smoke was found to increase lipid levels and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, a precursor to cirrhosis and cancer and a potential contributor to cardiovascular disease.
In the lungs, third-hand smoke was found to simulate excess collagen production and high levels of inflammatory cytokines (small proteins involved in cell signaling), suggesting propensity for fibrosis with implications for inflammation-induced diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma.
In wounded skin, healing in mice exposed to third-hand smoke showed many characteristics of the kind of poor healing observed in human smokers who have gone through surgery."
Finally, in behavioral tests the mice exposed to third-hand smoke showed hyperactivity.
"More recently we have found that exposure to third-hand smoke results in changes that can lead to type II diabetes even when the person is not obese,"
Children in environments where smoking is, or has been allowed, are at significant risk for suffering from multiple short-term and longer health problems, many of which may not manifest fully until later in life."
Research has shown that children living with one or two adults who smoke in the home, where second- and third-hand smoke are abundant, are absent 40 percent more days from school due to illness than children who did not live with smokers."
According Dartmouth-Hitchcock's Norris Cotton Cancer Center's "Protect Children from Third Hand Smoke Exposure" Studies have shown that when just one cigarette was smoked in a bedroom with the door closed, it took two hours for particulates in the air to return to below the threshold for harm. Figure: Ott et al. 2003. J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc.
"What happens when second hand smoke collects on our clothes, or in the car seats, furniture, carpets, and even the wallboard that surround us? The contamination that persists after second hand smoke has dissipated is called third hand smoke (THS).
Researchers have identified significant amounts of toxins from third hand smoke in homes and cars of smokers even months after no smoking has occurred. Residual pollutants remain on surfaces and in dust; they re-emit as nicotine gas or as ultrafine particles; and they can collect in textiles and other materials to create a reservoir that emits gas over time. These pollutants can also react with other compounds in the environment, like ozone, to create secondary pollutants.
Even when parents understand the dangers of second hand smoke in the home, many think it is safe to smoke in a car if children aren't in it.
But smoking in the car creates an especially intense environment for third hand smoke exposure. The nicotine can combine with nitrous acid from exhaust to create cancer-causing tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNAs) that settle into the dust on the dashboard, seats, and carpets. And these TSNA's can be absorbed through the skin—when you open a glove compartment or dust off the dash with your hand."
April 8, 2018 - Public Health Expertise Network of Mentors (PHENOM)
Are you looking for a challenging career? Then join a diverse group of public health professionals who work all over the world, protecting mankind from itself and others and championing the beauty and the gift of Nature that is our environment.
Who are public health professionals?
We are health communicators and educators spreading the word about how to live well and long;
We are epidemiologists studying disease while developing strategies to prevent its spread;
We are sanitarians ensuring that our food and water will not make us sick;
We are health care providers working to ensure that everyone can get the preventive services needed to stay healthy, and that the health services provided meet the standards of medical care;
We are policy makers advocating for and developing laws to protect the Public good;
We are disaster preparedness experts supporting the important work of first responders;
We are professors teaching future practitioners the basic principles needed to develop effective interventions that are evidence-based;
We work at all levels of government, and in any organization that share our vision of Public Health; and
We are grass roots advocates and coalition builders interested in empowering communities short on resources;
But, most of all, we collaborate with anyone and everyone to get the work done;
And, we do our best work totally unnoticed, because when the work doesn't get done, you will know it.
Yes, we are all these things and more! Checkout our online directory of 70 Public Health Professionals.
It is hard to believe that it has been 18 years since I published the first webpages that turned into this Web site. Many thanks to the thousands of visitors who contributed millions of hits during the past 15 years, and for all the nice comments along the way. I will continue to strive to make this Web site a worthwhile place to spend your time and find credible public health and health information. Thank you so much!
March 1, 2012 - THANK YOU!!!
February 1, 2012 - Betty C. Jung's Web site is a Healthy People Consortium Organization
"The Consortium is a diverse, motivated group of agencies and organizations committed to achieving Healthy People 2020 goals and objectives." http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/consortium/default.aspx
I will continue to add new links to and post pertinent updates on my Public Health Blog.
For starters, click on "Map-It" graphic for "MAP-IT: A Guide To Using Healthy People 2020 in Your Community." Also, check out: Healthy People 2020 program planning tools, a toolkit for program development!
Academic Resources It’s official: College men think they’re smarter than they really are; Who's smarter in the classroom — men or women? New ASU study shows it’s all about perception; Who perceives they are smarter? Exploring the influence of student characteristics on student academic self-concept in physiology; Education, not income, the best predictor of a long life; Flipping the classroom approach in public health -- does student performance improve?; Curiosity is key to early childhood success in math and reading;
Cancer Disparities; Obesity and Cancer; Metastatic Cancer Gorges on Fructose in the Liver; New section: HTLV-1; Doctors raise alarm about ancient HTLV-1 virus: 'Prevalence is off the charts' in Australia; Epidemiology, Treatment, and Prevention of Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus Type 1-Associated Diseases; HTLV-1 Community; human T-cell leukemia virus type 1; The discovery of the first human retrovirus: HTLV-1 and HTLV-2; The HTLV-1 neurological complex; TECHNICAL REPORT: Geographical distribution of areas with a high prevalence of HTLV-1 infection; What is HTLV-1? Ancient "cousin" of HIV spreading "off the charts";
How A Virus Called HTLV-1 From 1500-Year-Old Mummies Infected 40 Percent of Adults In Rural Australia; The Real Mystery Behind Spreading Australian Virus is Why it's Been Ignored. HTLV-1 is nothing new.; The dangerous ancient virus that is ‘off the charts’ in Australia; Cousin of HIV virus ‘infecting 40% of the adult population in rural Australia;
Chronic Disease Index The State of US Health, 1990-2016 - Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Among US States; Physical Activity Prevents Chronic Disease;
Heart Disease Death Rates Among Blacks and Whites Aged ≥35 Years — United States, 1968–2015; Cruciferous and Total Vegetable Intakes Are Inversely Associated With Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Older Adult Women; Best Practices for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Programs; Heart Disease Death Rates Among Blacks and Whites Aged >= 35 Years — United States, 1968–2015;Heart-healthy diet: 8 steps to prevent heart disease; Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs);
Preventing Stroke Deaths;
Chinese Culture Is the Chinese Language a Superstition Machine?; Sexual Violence in Asian and Pacific Islander Communities; Asian-American Mothers: Demographic Characteristics by Maternal Place of Birth and Asian Subgroup, 2016; HIV & Intimate Partner Violence Among Asian American and Pacific Islander Women;
Prevalence of Diagnosed Diabetes in Adults by Diabetes Type — United States, 2016; You're Doubling The Glycemic Index Of A Sweet Potato When You Bake It; Glycemic Index of Sweet Potato as Affected by Cooking Methods; Cooking Treatment Effects on Sugar Profile and Sweetness of Eleven-Released Sweet Potato Varieties;Diabetes and Women; Vitamin D Deficiency Linked to Greater Risk of Diabetes; Diabetes and Women;Blood Sugar Basics: Terms You Should Know; Blood Sugar Basics: Terms You Should Know;
Favorite Movie Sites Tired of Netflix? Here’s where to find free, legal movies online; The 33 Best Movie Songs of All Time; 50 Box-Office Bombs That Are Actually Great @Thrillist; The 45 Best Travel Films of All Time;
Favorite Music Sites Music intensifies effects of anti-hypertensive medication - Anti-hypertensive drugs improving heart rate more in patients who listen to music after taking medication 4/2018; How to write a hit song; Musical trends and predictability of success in contemporary songs in and out of the top charts; Learning music or a foreign language can help your brain be more efficient;
Fitness 100 Reasons to Walk…; Move More; EXERCISE CALORIE CALCULATOR; Physical Activity; Higher aerobic fitness levels are associated with better word production skills in healthy older adults; How to Start Strength Training; Exercise contagion in a global social network;
Healthcare Quality StandardsLeveraging Clinical Data for Public Health and Hypertension Surveillance; World Health Organization Model List of Essential In Vitro Diagnostics First edition (2018) - Executive Summary;
What is antibiotic resistance: everything you need to know; EBOLA RESPONSE - Key technical documents; How a virus can cause joint-crippling arthritis;
M - Z Thanks, anti-vaxxers: Measles is on the rise in Europe; Zika Infectious in Semen Mostly in First Few Weeks
RNA detectable for months, but does not appear to be cause for concern; Zika Virus Shedding in Semen of Symptomatic Infected Men; Illnesses on the rise from mosquito, tick, and flea bites; Malaria Surveillance — United States, 2015;Diseases Spread by Mosquitoes; Bedbugs Slideshow: An Informative Look at Bedbugs; What's Under Your Skin? Bugs That Burrow;Treating and Preventing a Head Lice Infestation; Identifying Bugs and Their Bites;
Maternal Child Health Child Abuse and Neglect: Prevention Strategies; 2018 Recommended Immunizations for Children from Birth Through 6 Years Old; The WIRED Guide to Crispr; Scientists Upload a Galloping Horse GIF Into Bacteria With Crispr; Easy DNA Editing Will Remake the World. Buckle Up;Don't Give Your DNA to Giant Genetic Databases; Understanding Child Trauma; Basics of Trauma-Informed Care;
Nutrition Resources Adults Over the Age of 45 that Consume Large Amounts of Sugary Drinks May Have Higher Risk of Dying from Heart Disease or Other Cause; What's in a Fat Cell?; Scientist debunks 5 food allergy myths;2 things in food mess up fat cells in just 24 hours; Zero-calorie sweeteners might be just as bad for you as sugar; Infant and Toddler Nutrition; Benefits of Water: Science Proved 5 Great Reasons to Stay Hydrated; New section: Food labeling; Menu Labeling; Food Labeling: Nutrition Labeling of Standard Menu Items in Restaurants and Similar Retail Food Establishments Final Regulatory Impact Analysis FDA–2011–F–0172; Menu Labeling Requirements;The new global plan to eliminate the most harmful fat in food, explained
The WHO wants to ban a food ingredient that causes 500,000 premature deaths worldwide each year; The FDA just ordered food companies to stop using trans fat. Here's what it means for you; Hospital Admissions for Myocardial Infarction and Stroke Before and After the Trans-Fatty Acid Restrictions in New York; Why it took the FDA nearly 40 years to ban trans fats; Occurrence of trans Fatty Acids in Human Tissue; The Scientific Case for Banning Trans Fats; Is eating fat really bad for you? Here's what the science says; Labeling of Foods Derived From Genetically Engineered Plants; G.M.O. Foods Will Soon Require Labels. What Will the Labels Say?; These Foods Aren’t Genetically Modified but They Are ‘Edited’;
Open Season Is Seen in Gene Editing of Animals; National Bioengineered Food Disclosure Standard - A Proposed Rule by the Agricultural Marketing Service on 05/04/2018; There’s No Such Thing as a Single 'Best' Diet;
Sleepy kids may struggle with obesity later; Prevalence of Obesity Among Adults and Youth: United States, 2015–2016; The Science of Obesity Management: An Endocrine Society Scientific Statement;
Public Health Data Overdose Deaths Involving Opioids, Cocaine, and Psychostimulants — United States, 2015–2016; Percentage of Deaths Associated With Inadequate Physical Activity in the United States; Monthly Variation in Substance Use Initiation among Adolescents;Monthly Variation in Substance Use Initiation Among Full-time College Students;
Public Health Sites A - C Pollen; What Does It Mean When We Call Addiction a Brain Disorder?; Comorbidity: Addiction and Other Mental Disorders; Common Physical and Mental Health Comorbidities with Substance Use Disorders; Drugs, Brains, and Behavior: The Science of Addiction; This is what love does to your brain “It’s really an addiction.”;
Alcohol Awareness Month Organizer's Guide; Drinking more than five pints a week could shorten your life, study finds; Risk thresholds for alcohol consumption: combined analysis of individual-participant data for 599 912 current drinkers in 83 prospective studies; Substance Use Screening and Intervention Implementation Guide: No Amount of Substance Use Is Safe for Adolescents; . Planning and Implementing Screening and Brief Intervention for Risky
Alcohol Use: A Step-by-Step Guide for Primary Care Practices; A neurobiological link between PTSD and addiction - Remembering a traumatic experience may increase sensitivity to the rewarding effects of drugs; A Visual Guide to Understanding Osteoarthritis; The chemistry of indulgence; Physical Activity for Arthritis; Key Public Health Messages; Teen Depression;
Public Health Sites D-G Framework for Assessing Health Impacts of Multiple Chemicals and Other Stressors; Eating out increases exposure to toxic phthalates; Drugs World; New section: Opioid Overdose Prevention; SAMHSA - Opioid Overdose Prevention TOOLKIT; Surgeon General’s Advisory on Naloxone and Opioid Overdose; Current Marijuana Use by Industry and Occupation — Colorado, 2014–2015; Need for Multiple Naloxone Doses on the Rise; Multiple Naloxone Administrations Among Emergency Medical Service Providers is Increasing; STEPS OF NALOXONE ADMINISTRATION; 5 Important Considerations for EMS Naloxone Administration; FDA Advisory Committee on the Most Appropriate Dose or Doses of Naloxone to Reverse the Effects of Life-threatening Opioid Overdose in the Community Settings; Trends in Multiple Naloxone Administrations among EMS Personnel; Treatment Information;
Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction; Cannabis Use Tied to Schizophrenia Conversion - Similar links found with amphetamine and opioid abuse; Association between alcohol, cannabis, and other illicit substance abuse and risk of developing schizophrenia: a nationwide population based register study;The True, Deadly Scope of America’s Fentanyl Problem; Learning from the Flint Water Crisis: Protecting the Public’s Health During a Financial Emergency; Public Health Handbook for Communities Under Emergency Management - A Case Study of the Flint Water Crisis: Legal Mapping Tools and Lessons Learned; Developing a Volcano Emergency Plan; Volcanoes; Volcano Preparedness; Indicators of Climate Change in California; Volcanoes are awe-inspiring. Here are 7 things to know about them; Kilauea, Hawaii Eruption 2018; Kilauea’s eruption reminds us that volcanoes are beautiful, dangerous, and closer than we may realize; K2/Spice: An Unpredictable Danger; Mindfulness Exercises; Clorox won’t cut it. Volcanologists explain what it takes to clean up after Kilauea;
Public Health Sites H-L Surveillance for Viral Hepatitis – United States, 2016; 14 Diseases You Almost Forgot About (Thanks to Vaccines); Resources for Professionals; Learn About Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis;
Public Health Sites M - N 2018 Cigna U.S. Loneliness Index; Americans Are A Lonely Lot, And Young People Bear The Heaviest Burden; Cigna's U.S. Loneliness Index; Guys, We Have A Problem: How American Masculinity Creates Lonely Men; Double Depression; Personal Inventory for Depression and SAD; Self-Assessment Version (PIDS-SA); Automated Online Confidential Self-Assessments; Mood Disorders: How to Recognize and Treat Them;Guide to Personality Disorders;
Public Health Sites O-Z Antibiotic-Resistant Gonorrhea; Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 2016; STDs during Pregnancy - CDC Fact Sheet (Detailed); Reported STDs in the United States, 2016
High Burden of STDs Threaten Millions of Americans; Update on investigation of UK case of Neisseria gonorrhoeae with high-level resistance to azithromycin and resistance to ceftriaxone acquired abroad; Transmitting HIV Is a Crime in Most States. Is HCV Next?; INFECTIOUS DISEASES SOCIETY OF AMERICA (IDSA) AND HIV MEDICINE ASSOCIATION (HIVMA) POSITION ON THE CRIMINALIZATION OF HIV,
SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS AND OTHER COMMUNICABLE DISEASES; Basics of Vision and Eye Health; Public health surveillance of multidrug-resistant clones of Neisseria gonorrhoeae in Europe: a genomic survey;
Senior Health 2018 ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE FACTS AND FIGURES; Walking for Your Health; Walking Safely in Rural Areas; Walking Safely in Urban Areas; Mall Walking; The Emotional Benefits of Exercise - Feel Good with Go4Life; Go4Life members; YOUR HEALTHIEST SELF Physical Wellness Checklist; Exercise Guide: Exercise & Physical Activity: Your Everyday Guide from the National Institute on Aging; Yoga and Older Adults; 2018 Retirement Confidence Survey; Gender And Marital Status Comparisons Among Workers; Forgetfulness and Aging: What's Normal?; Improve Your Endurance;
Improve Your Strength; Improve Your Balance;
Tick Tock: Your Body Clocks - Understanding Your Daily Rhythms; 10 Mind-Blowing Facts About Your Dreams; How to Get a Good Night's Sleep;Chronotypes in the US – Influence of age and sex; Automated Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (AutoMEQ); Identifying and Managing Sleep Disorders in Primary Care; Sleep and Health; Metabolism and the Circadian Clock Converge; Metabolic Consequences in Humans of Prolonged Sleep Restriction Combined with Circadian Disruption; Alignment of mother and offspring body clock could prevent diseases such as heart disease and obesity; All About Your Body Clock; Body clock linked to mood disorders; Association of disrupted circadian rhythmicity with mood disorders, subjective wellbeing, and cognitive function: a cross-sectional study of 91 105 participants from the UK Biobank; Insomnia;
Social Media Americans’ complicated feelings about social media in an era of privacy concerns; Bots in the Twittersphere; News Use Across Social Media Platforms 2017; 5 facts about Americans and Facebook; Facebook and Cambridge Analytica: Privacy Concerns Run High; How to Get Your FOMO Under Control;
Statistical Functions Tips for Analyzing Large Data Sets From the JAMA Surgery Statistical Editors; Top 5: Things you should know about GDPR; Understand the GDPR guidelines for obtaining lawful consent to process data; What Is the GDPR? The EU’s Online Privacy Law: Explained; Shoppers: Transparency About Data Use Would Encourage More Sharing; The C-Word: Scientific Euphemisms Do Not Improve Causal Inference From Observational Data; GDPR compliance deadline is approaching: 10 things to do right away;In the Era of Precision Medicine and Big Data, Who Is Normal?; How to Wrestle Your Data From Data Brokers, Silicon Valley — and Cambridge Analytica. It can be done but it’s not easy;
Statistical Programs ALT Codes for Symbols and Characters; How to use Excel's Data Model to turn related data into meaningful information; How to Learn Excel Online: 17 Free and Paid Resources for Excel Training;
‘I Can’t Stop’: Schools Struggle With Vaping Explosion; Teens Are 'Juuling' At School. Here's What That Means; Electronic Cigarettes (CDC); Identifying and Treating Patients Who Use Tobacco ACTION STEPS for Clinicians; The FDA is trying to crack down on Juuling, the latest e-cigarette craze
In high school bathrooms and on Instagram, Juul e-cigs have gained a cult following; Association of Cigarette, Cigar, and Pipe Use With Mortality Risk in the US Population; Feds Target E-Cig Liquids with Kid-Friendly Packaging
Brands resemble juice boxes, cookies, candy; FDA, FTC take action against companies misleading kids with e-liquids that resemble children’s juice boxes, candies and cookies; E-Liquids Misleadingly Labeled or Advertised as Food Products; New section: E-Liquids; Statement from FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D., on new enforcement actions and a Youth Tobacco Prevention Plan to stop youth use of, and access to, JUUL and other e-cigarettes; Do You Vape? See These Tips on How to Keep E-Liquids Away from Children;HVAC systems spread thirdhand smoke, Old smoke causes new problems; Secondhand Smoke (SHS) Facts;
Thirdhand Smoke: State of the Science and a Call for Policy Expansion;
Secondhand (and Third-Hand) Smoke May Be Making Your Pet Sick; Adolescent Exposure to Toxic Volatile Organic Chemicals From E-Cigarettes; E-Cigarettes: Inhaling More Than You Bargained For; U.S. Fire Administration - Electronic Cigarette Fires and Explosions in the United States 2009 - 2016 July 2017 from FEMA.gov 7/2017; 5 Things To Know About Complementary Health Approaches for Quitting Smoking; Teen develops 'wet lung' after vaping for just 3 weeks;
Web Resources People are really worried about IoT data privacy and security—and they should be. Despite rising spending on IoT security, consumers and businesses are right to worry about how data will be used and protected; Machine learning: A cheat sheet; Digital addiction increases loneliness, anxiety and depression - Study suggests ways to outsmart smart phones; Framework for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity Version 1.1 4/2018 National Institute of Standards and Technology; Online security 101: Tips for protecting your privacy from hackers and spies; History of the Internet; 17 internet-connected things that really shouldn't be online; How to Break Your Phone Habit; Evaluating the Association between Artificial Light-at-Night Exposure and Breast and Prostate Cancer Risk in Spain (MCC-Spain Study); Blue Light from Smartphones May Increase Risk of Some Cancers; 2017 Internet Crime Report; Privacy: From principles to practice; How Anonymous Are You?; What is machine learning? Everything you need to know;
Writing Many Americans Believe Fake News Is Sowing Confusion; The digital transformation of news media and the rise of online disinformation; Tackling online disinformation: Commission proposes an EU-wide Code of Practice; Standard Eurobarometer 83; What is peer review?;
Links to public health pages, SCSU Thesis/Special Project documents and forms, SCSU Public Health Alumni Pages - MPH Accreditation Committee, Scholarship Committee, Service Committee (Mentor, Speaker Programs) pages; MPH Alumni Record - Main, Accomplishments, Presentations, Professional organizations, Programs & Projects, Teaching, Written Works pages