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August 20, 2019 - This is the 8th of the 9 main pages devoted to PCH 201 Wellness. Here you will find resources to make the most of your academic career, from study skills to dealing with distraction.

Today we have so much more to distract us from what we need to do, so I have provided extensive research evidence to show how the popular use of electronic devices is not good and negatively impacts not only a student's ability to study, but a student's GPA as well. You will have a chance to work on this in class!

To continue the tour, Click Here.

Academic Skills

Income by education
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Educational Attainment
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morning person
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Abstract Thinking Skills

Academic Performance

Academic Achievement
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Cognitive Skills

Cognitive Abilities
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  • Youthful cognitive ability strongly predicts mental capacity later in life Education, job complexity and intellectual activities play only minor roles. Early adult general cognitive ability is a stronger predictor of cognitive function and reserve later in life than other factors, such as higher education, occupational complexity or engaging in late-life intellectual activities. (1/2019)


Creative Thinking Skills

Critical Thinking Skills

Mental Models
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Critical thinking skills
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Dealing with Distractions

Thanks to Jillian Y. for sharing this with the class

Effective Learning

Complex explanations
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Challenge vs. skills
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Music Helps
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Emotional Hygiene

Emotional Intelligence
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Teen Stress Points
Graphic source: ('Pressure to be online 24x7 taking toll on the young')

Health Behaviors & Learning

Life Skills

Listening Skills

Active listening
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Memory Skills

Mental Health


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"The more time the participants reported on using e-devices per day -- for instance, reading texts on their iPhone, watching TV, playing internet games, texting, or reading an eBook -- the less well they did when they tried to understand scientific texts."
The way people read on electronic devices may encourage them to pick up only bits and pieces of information from the material, while the comprehension of scientific information requires a more holistic approach to reading where the reader incorporates the information in a relational and structured way.

The top 10 skills that students need to succeed based on the authors' surveys of more than 8,000 teachers include:

  • * Listen to others
  • * Follow the steps
  • * Follow the rules
  • * Ignore distractions
  • * Ask for help
  • * Take turns when you talk
  • * Get along with others
  • * Stay calm with others
  • * Be responsible for your behavior
  • * Do nice things for others."
  • Source:

attentive cats
Graphic source: page/8

Can you be this attentive in class?

Multi-tasking (Don't waste your time, doesn't work)



Writing for retention

While the convenience of technology-related tools is impossible to deny, the science is clear: hand writing information and transcribing notes on paper is actually better for your brain, particularly if you're trying to remember key details and important facts. Sure, typing 90 words a minute can make sending client emails a breeze, but when the team sits down to talk strategy, picking up a pen is the best way to ensure essential information is retained. Research shows that hand writing notes encourages full engagement of the brain, and a more complete mastery of the subject as a result.

Writing by hand forces people to slow down and be selective about what information they record. This means employees are actually synthesizing and internalizing material in real time while they keep up with the content being discussed.

In addition to being better for your brain, using a pen and paper for weekly meetings ensures that you don't get distracted by laptop pop-up alerts and open browser tabs (though you may still end up doodling!).

Source: Tune In, Turn Off | The Case for Tech-Free Meetings

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Problem Solving

  • United States- Results of 2012 PISA Study 5/2017
  • Productivity

    Public Speaking

    Self-Care Skills


    Sleep deprivation
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    GPA sleep
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    sleep deprivation
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  • Thanks to Samantha G for sharing this with the class!

  • All in a good night's sleep: How quality of sleep impacts academic performance in children
  • Associations between specific technologies and adolescent sleep quantity, sleep quality, and parasomnias 2014
  • Better sleep makes for better grades, MIT reports 10/2019
  • How much sleep do we really need to work productively
  • Let Your Kids Sleep More For Better Grades Time 2015
  • Study or Sleep? For Better Grades, Teens Should Go to Bed Early 8/2012
  • The impact of light from computer monitors on melatonin levels in college students 2011
  • Lack of sleep increases risk of failure in school 2014
  • Light-Emitting E-Readers Before Bedtime Can Adversely Impact Sleep 2014
  • Nothing beats a good night's sleep for helping people absorb new information, new research reveals 4/2015
  • Sleep Deprived Learning
  • Packing On the Pounds? The Blue Light From Your Phone Could Be to Blame
  • Sleep Information
  • These Science-Backed Study Tips Help You Learn Faster, Remember Longer 8/2016
  • This Is What is Keeping Teens From Getting Enough Sleep 2015
  • Why all-nighters don't work: How sleep, memory go hand-in-hand 2015
  • Sleep - Everything you need to know

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    Stress Management

    PCH 201 Fun Page



    Time Management

    Verbal Skills


    Campus Safety

    College Resources

    Example of a well-written film review

    Why NO electronics in class is good for you!

    Smartphones make you dumber
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    cellphone time waster
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    Social Media
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    Cell phones and millennials
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    • "Even the smartest college students suffer academically when they use the Internet in class for non-academic purposes, finds new research by Michigan State University scholars.
    • "Students of all intellectual abilities should be responsible for not letting themselves be distracted by use of the Internet,"
    • "All students, regardless of intellectual ability, had lower exam scores the more they used the Internet for non-academic purposes such as reading the news, sending emails and posting Facebook updates."
    • Citation: Surfing the Web in class? Bad idea (June 17, 2014) Source: Michigan State University

    • "University of Sussex researchers said: Simultaneously using mobile phones, laptops and other media devices could be changing the structure of our brains.
    • The finding follows research which has linked multi-tasking with a shortened attention span, depression, anxiety and lower grades at school.
    • Media multi-tasking is becoming more prevalent in our lives today and there is increasing concern about its impacts on our cognition and social-emotional well-being
    • Multi-tasking with gadgets may shorten attention span, making it harder to focus and form memories, the researchers said, adding that youngsters may be particularly affected by stress.
    • Citation source: (September 25, 2014)

      "Of the top activities, respondents overall reported spending the most time texting (an average of 94.6 minutes a day), followed by sending emails (48.5 minutes), checking Facebook (38.6 minutes), surfing the Internet (34.4 minutes) and listening to their iPods. (26.9 minutes). (First 3 = 121.5 minutes, or 2 hours!)
      Women spend more time on their cellphones. While that finding runs somewhat contrary to the traditional view that men are more invested in technology, "women may be more inclined to use cellphones for social reasons such as texting or emails to build relationships and have deeper conversations."
    • The men in the study, while more occupied with using their cellphones for utilitarian or entertainment purposes, "are not immune to the allure of social media," Roberts said. They spent time visiting such social networking sites as Facebook, Instagram and Twitter. Among reasons they used Twitter were to follow sports figures, catch up on the news "or, as one male student explained it, 'waste time,' " Roberts said."
    • Citation source: Cellphone addiction 'an increasingly realistic possibility,' Baylor study finds (

    Too much cell phone use
    From 23 Signs You're Addicted To Your Smartphone

    • "Students reported frequently searching for content not related to courses, using Facebook, emailing, talking on their cell phones, and texting while doing schoolwork. Hierarchical (blocked) linear regression analyses revealed that using Facebook and texting while doing schoolwork were negatively associated with overall college GPA."
    • Computers and Education: The relationship between multitasking and academic performance

    • "Early results show what most of us know implicitly: if you do two things at once, both efforts suffer.
    • In fact, multitasking is a misnomer. In most situations, the person juggling e-mail, text messaging, Facebook and a meeting is really doing something called rapid toggling between tasks, and is engaged in constant context switching.
    • The distraction of an interruption, combined with the brain drain of preparing for that interruption, made our test takers 20 percent dumber. That's enough to turn a B-minus student (80 percent) into a failure (62 percent).
    • it takes an average of 25 minutes to return to the original task after an interruption."
    • Citation source: Brain,Interrupted

    Dealing with Distractions
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    The Value of Education

    value of education
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    value of education
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    Median Income by Education
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    Work skills
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    Social Analytical Skills
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    Continuing Ed
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    Employment Growth
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    College Education and Jobs
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    College education and jobs

    Educational Attainment
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    Unemployment and education
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    Education and Earnings
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    Why kids drop out
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    Student and employer perceptions
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    Procrastination infographic
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    "To battle bad behaviors then, one answer is to disrupt the environment in some way. Even small changes can help like eating the ice cream with your nondominant hand. What this does is disrupt the learned body sequence that's driving the behavior, which allows your conscious mind to come back online and reassert control." What Heroin Addiction Tells Us About Changing Bad Habits

    "Give a girl an education, and introduce her properly into the world, and ten to one but she has the means of settling well, without further expense to anybody." (Jane Austen; The Free Dictionary)
    "All successful studiers write study notes. Writing stuff down is an extremely effective way of retaining information. This is because you have to think about what you're writing, you have to actually write it down, and you also see what you've written." How to Write Kick-Ass Study Notes
    "Despite a plethora of digital gadgets -- laptops, smartphones, phablets and tablets -- pen and paper remains popular among note takers. Why? Probably because a digital equivalent hasn't been invented yet to satisfactorily mirror the experience of scribbling notes on paper."

    Scribbling bests typing for knowledge retention

    • Keyboards may allow you to capture data fast, but if you want to remember what you've captured, you should resort to good, old-fashioned scribbling.
    • A recent study by Pam Mueller, a graduate student at Princeton University, and Daniel Oppenheimer, an associate professor of cognitive psychology at UCLA, found that students who used laptops to type their notes didn't retain information as well as those who took handwritten notes.
    • The study found that "participants using laptops were more inclined to take verbatim notes than participants who wrote longhand, thus hurting learning," the researchers write in their report.
    • Since the laptop users took more complete notes, it seemed reasonable to assume they would have an advantage when the time came to review their notes for exams, but that turned out not to be the case.
    • "[W]e found the opposite," the report continues. "Even when allowed to review notes after a week's delay, participants who had taken notes with laptops performed worse on tests of both factual content and conceptual understanding, relative to participants who had taken notes longhand."
    • How the mind works when notes are written by hand may go some way toward explaining these results. "If you're doing something letter by letter, that's a lower level of processing than engaging with the content well enough to paraphrase it," Mueller says.
    • "If you're hearing the words and just putting them down on paper, you're not processing at a deep level," she adds."
    • Citation: Computerworld:

    • "Once thrown off track, it can take some 23 minutes for a worker to return to the original task,"
    • Citation: Workplace Distractions: Here's Why You Won't Finish This Article

    • "...executive functions the ability to avoid distractions, focus attention, hold relevant information in working memory, and regulate impulsive behavior...."
    • Citation: Focusing on executive functions in kindergarten leads to lasting academic improvements (

    • "The researchers found significantly lower quality in essays completed by the participants who were interrupted during the outline and writing phases than in essays of those who were not interrupted. In addition, those participants who were interrupted during the writing phase wrote considerably fewer words.
    • "Interruption can cause a noticeable decrement in the quality of work, so it's important to take steps to reduce the number of external interruptions we encounter daily," said Foroughi. "For example, turn off your cell phone and disable notifications such as e-mail while trying to complete an important task."
    • Citation: Say 'no' to interruptions, 'yes' to better work 7/2014

    • "The researchers found that performance on the assessment suffered if the student received any kind of audible notification. That is, every kind of phone distraction was equally destructive to their performance: An irruptive ping distracted people just as much as a shrill, sustained ring tone. It didn't matter, too, if a student ignored the text or didn''t answer the phone: As long as they got a notification, and knew they got it, their test performance suffered."
    • Citation source: Push Notifications Are as Distracting as Phone Calls

    Higher Education


    IQs & Other Academic Testing


    • 3 Career Tips for Recent College Graduates
    • What Bill Gates shared with graduating high school students:
      • Rule 1 : Life is not fair - get used to it!
      • Rule 2 : The world doesn't care about your self-esteem. The world will expect you to accomplish something BEFORE you feel good about yourself.
      • Rule 3 : You will NOT make $60,000 a year right out of high school. You won't be a vice-president with a car phone until you earn both.
      • Rule 4 : If you think your teacher is tough, wait till you get a boss.
      • Rule 5 : Flipping burgers is not beneath your dignity. Your Grandparents had a different word for burger flipping: They called it opportunity.
      • Rule 6 : If you mess up, it's not your parents' fault, so don't whine about your mistakes, learn from them.
      • Rule 7 : Before you were born, your parents weren't as boring as they are now. They got that way from paying your bills, cleaning your clothes and listening to you talk about how cool you thought you were: So before you save the rain forest from the parasites of your parent's generation, try delousing the closet in your own room.
      • Rule 8 : Your school may have done away with winners and losers, but life HAS NOT. In some schools, they have abolished failing grades and they'll give you as MANY TIMES as you want to get the right answer. *This doesn't bear the slightest resemblance to ANYTHING in real life.
      • Rule 9 : Life is not divided into semesters. You don't get summers off and very few employers are interested in helping you FIND YOURSELF. *Do that on your own time.
      • Rule 10 : Television is NOT real life. In real life people actually have to leave the coffee shop and go to jobs.
      • Rule 11 : Be nice to nerds. Chances are you'll end up working for one.

    Special Issues

    Online Educational Resources

    Spelling counts!
    Note: At a September, 1999 AMWA meeting, Anna Getselman, reference librarian at Harvard's Countway Library of Medicine emphasized that information on the Internet is copyright-protected, even if no copyright notice is provided. Transmitting, downloading, and surfing are considered copying.

    To be on the safe side - CITE EVERYTHING, Give credit where credit is due! PS to Note: I have researched the copyright side of the Internet. Check my Copyright Statement Web page for more specifics about this issue.

    While you are in college, keep these ideas in mind...

    From "Why Colleges Are Starting to Worry About Student-Loan Defaults"

    • Money Minute: 5 things employers are really looking for
    • "According to a 2011 Harvard University study, the No. 1 reason approximately 50% of all college students fail to complete their studies is financial. And a 2013 Bentley University white paper notes that 35% of business leaders give recent college graduates they have hired a C or lower in being prepared for the job, while 66% of recent college graduates say unpreparedness is a real problem among their own cohort.
    • Citation source: Why Colleges Are Starting to Worry About Student-Loan Defaults (

    Skills employers are looking for
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    What Employers are looking for
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    what employers are looking for
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    Information Quality

    Healthy People Objective 11.4 Information Quality
    Quality of Information on this Web Site Syllabus Finder

    Public Health Information

    Connecticut Public Health Resources Health Information Index
    Health Search Engines Healthy People 2020
    Public Health Documents Public Health Sites A to Z
    Public Health Search Engines U.S. Federal Government Stats Sites
    Women's Health

    Public Health Practice

    Biostatistics Epidemiology Health Education Public Health Practice



    Biostatistics/Statistics Sites Charting & Graphing Data
    Statistical Procedures Sites Statistical Software Sites


    Calculate Your GPA Easy GPA Up to 50 courses
    GPA to letter grade conversion Student GPA Tools

    Learning Styles & Preferences


    Plagiarism Resources

    Professor Jung's Special Project Guidelines

    Posted for Reference Only

    PCH 593 - Special Project Proposal Planning Template
    PCH 593 - Special Project Seminar I - Guidelines for Writing Special Project Proposal, Sections 1 & 2
    PCH 593 - Special Project Seminar I - Guidelines for Writing Special Project Proposal, Section 3
    PCH 593 - Special Project Seminar, I - Section 3 (Part 1) - Fall, 2001 Guidelines for Writing the Special Project Proposal
    PCH 593 - Special Project Seminar, I - Section 3 (Part 2) - Fall, 2001 Guidelines for Writing the Special Project Proposal
    PCH 594 - Special Project Seminar II - Guidelines for Writing Special Project Report, Sections 4 & 5
    PCH 594 - Special Project Seminar II - Guidelines for Writing Special Project Statistical Report Section


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    Published on the Web: August 9, 2000; February 16, 2001
    Entire page cleaned: 8/27/2018
    Updated: 10/2/2019 R1,597
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