https://www.bettycjung.net/COVID-19-Background.htm

COVID-19

Coronavirus
Graphic source: https://www.wowt.com/content/news/CDC-updates-on-coronavirus-workers-seek-to-prevent-outbreak-pandemic-568081961.html

COVID-19 AKA 2019 Novel Coronavirus; 2019-nCoV
Internet Resources

COVID-19 webpage QR Code

Scan and save this Webpage to your mobile device!

Betty C. Jung logo


A - L M - Z



Suggested Citation: Jung, B.C. (2020-2023). COVID-19 Background Internet Resources.
Web document: https://www.bettycjung.net/COVID-19-Background.htm


Mission: To provide a one-stop Web resource page with factual information about the COVID-19 Pandemic

According to PEW , social media users share COVID-19 information mostly from news sources (74%) and very little from health and science resources (1%). This could mean that people do not know where to look for credible science-based information about COVID-19.

On June 18, 2020, JAMA reported "Coronavirus disease 2019-related knowledge and behaviors were associated with race/ethnicity, sex, and age. African American participants, men, and people younger than 55 years were less likely to know how the disease is spread, were less likely to know the symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019, and left the home more often."

Furthermore, the prevalence of Coronavirus myths addressed by the World Health Organization indicates that there is much disinformation and misinformation on the Internet about the SARS-CoV-2 virus.

Therefore, I have decided to create this resource page for those interested in learning more about the pandemic. It is my hope, as Master Certified Health Education Specialist (MCHES®), that you will be able get the credible information you need here to make the decisions you have to make to deal with the pandemic in your life. I am dedicated to keeping this page updated with vetted sources, and welcome your feedback. (July 6, 2020)


Comments,suggestions, dead link reports:


Table of Content (Major sections)


COVID-19 Pandemic


CDC has three numbers you should consider to know if you've been exposed to the coronavirus: If you've been within six feet of an infected person for at least 15 minutes starting from 48 hours before the infected person began feeling sick, you are considered to have been in close contact with the virus. (Source: https://bestlifeonline.com/exposed-to-coronavirus/)

A build-up of 21st century forces resulting in illness

COVID, 5 years in the making
Graphic source: https://www.bmj.com/content/373/bmj.n657

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Public Health Technical Reports


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Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Visualization Sites


United States

COVID and US deaths
Graphic source: https://www.healthsystemtracker.org/brief/covid-19-is-the-number-one-cause-of-death-in-the-u-s-in-early-2021/


Video source: NBC News

Healthcare & Hospitalization

Vaccinations

Connecticut

Other COVID-19 Trackers

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COVID-19 Research Information


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COVID-19 Databases, Registries, Repositories


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CDC & Other Federal Agency Guidance


CDC Guidance

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Public Health Issues


US had more cases in reopening
Graphic source; NY Times

July 8, 2020 Not Ready for Reopening
Graphic source; https://www.vox.com/2020/5/28/21270515/coronavirus-covid-reopen-economy-social-distancing-states-map-data

ICU capacity
Graphic source; https://www.vox.com/2020/5/28/21270515/coronavirus-covid-reopen-economy-social-distancing-states-map-data

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Health Services Issues


COVID and chronic disease medical care
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6925e2.htm

COVID affect ER services
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6923e1.htm

COVID-10 AMI
Graphic source: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMc2015630

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Background and Related Resources

General Background Information


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China - Initial COVID-19 Epicenter


HK COVID Zero Door
Graphic source: https://www.propublica.org/article/i-saw-firsthand-what-it-takes-to-keep-covid-out-of-hong-kong-it-felt-like-a-different-planet

Sars vs Sars2
Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2762130

Epi curve
Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2762130

China covid spread
Graphic source; https://www.bbc.com/news/world-51235105#

nCoV
Graphic source: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-51202000#

Cases and Deaths nCoV
Graphic source: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/feb/06/whistleblower-chinese-doctor-dies-from-coronavirus

Case-fatality Rates
Graphic source: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2020/02/life-inside-wuhan-coronavirus-quarantine/

China Epicenter


Why new diseases keep appearing in China

Do not travel to China
Graphic source: https://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/new-coronavirus-outbreak-declared-global-public-health-emergency-who-says-n1126836

January 24, 2020
Graphic source: https://gisanddata.maps.arcgis.com/.../opsd.../index.html...

January 23, 2020
Graphic source: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/330762/nCoVsitrep23Jan2020-eng.pdf

Surveillance Data January 23, 2020
Graphic source: https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/330762

March 2022

December 2019

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Coronaviruses


Novel coronaviruses over time
Graphic source: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/who-convened-global-study-of-origins-of-sars-cov-2-china-part-annexes.pdf

Outbreak Containment
Graphic source: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp2000929

Coronavirus comparison
Graphic source: https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/01/22/798277557/how-does-wuhan-coronavirus-compare-to-mers-sars-and-the-common-cold


Graphic source: https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2020/01/21/china-coronavirus-outbreak-cdc-first-us-case-washington-state/4532063002/


COVID-19 Pandemic


  • March 11, 2022 - March 11, 2020 WHO Declares COVID-19 a Pandemic

    My tweets
    Graphic source: https://twitter.com/bettycjung/status/1502302341592145927; https://twitter.com/bettycjung/status/1502300786319110151; https://twitter.com/bettycjung/status/1502298512796659712

    March 11, 2022, 2 years later

    March 11, 2022, 2 years later

    March 11, 2020 COVID-19 statistics
    Graphic source: https://www.mdedge.com/internalmedicine/article/218827/coronavirus-updates/who-declares-covid-19-outbreak-pandemic

    Yale - our pandemic year
    Graphic source: https://www.yalemedicine.org/news/covid-timeline

    WHO Declares COVID-19 a Pandemic

    March 11, 2020: The Day Everything Changed

  • March 10, 2022 - On the Eve of the COVID-19 Pandemic, the World Had No Idea What Was Coming...

    When the COVID-19 Pandemic Started
    Graphic source: https://www.newsweek.com/coronavirus-update-new-cases-global-pandemic-real-who-europe-union-britain-1491426

    I knew something was up
    Graphic source: https://twitter.com/bettycjung/status/1223067394748375040

    WHO Declares Coronavirus Outbreak A Global Health Emergency 1/30/2020

  • Jan 27, 2020 tweet
    Graphic source: https://twitter.com/bettycjung/status/1221806792969216002
    PHEIC= Public Health Emergency of International Concern

    WHO declares COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic 3/11/2020

    In 2020, Chinese New Year was January 25, 2020. Before WHO declared COVID-19 at pandemic on March 11, 2020, I knew that was was brewing in Wuhan, China in early January would be bad because of Chunyun. I had a bad feeling that this massive migration of Chinese workers returning to their homes for New Year's was going to spread whatever pathogen was infecting people in Wuhan. I really wanted @WHO to institute travel restrictions in mid-January, ahead of the Chunyun, but it didn't declare the pandemic till mid-March, 2 months later.

    Chunyun: Chinese New Year Travel Rush

    "The Chinese New Year Travel Rush, known as 'Chunyun' (春运 spring movement), usually begins 15 days ahead of Lunar New Year's Day and lasts for about 40 days (usually from mid-January to late February).

    Chinese New Year Travel Rush Many railway stations get packed at CNY. China's biggest and longest national holiday is the Spring Festival or Chinese New Year (CNY), and it causes the biggest and longest annual period of transport stress anywhere in the world."

    Chunyun
    Graphic source: https://twitter.com/bettycjung/status/1316515159209390085

    Does lock-down of Wuhan effectively restrict early geographic spread of novel coronavirus epidemic during chunyun in China? A spatial model study 4/2021

    Published 6 months after my 10/2020 tweet, the research paper showed that Chunyun contributed to the spread of COVID-19. Had travel restrictions was put in place BEFORE Chunyun, the whole pandemic may have taken a different trajectory.

    Prior to Wuhan lock-down in 2020, chunyun, the largest population mobility on this planet, had begun. We quantified impact of Wuhan lock-down on COVID-19 spread during chunyun across the nation.

    The geographic distribution of cases revealed that chunyun facilitated the COVID-19 spread in the majority but not all cities, and the effectiveness of Wuhan lock-down was offset by chunyun. Impacts of Wuhan lock-down during chunyun on the COVID-19 spread demonstrated heterogenetic geographic patterns.

    Conclusion
    Our results strongly supported the travel restriction as one of the effective responses and highlighted the importance of developing area-specific rather than universal countermeasures.

    High-Speed Trains, International Flights: How the Coronavirus Spread China is far more mobile than it was during the SARS outbreak in 2003, giving new viruses a ready route to the world at large. 3/2020

    Coronavirus Update, Map as Death Toll Hits 4,000, Flights Cancelations Across Major Airlines Around the World

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Disinformation, Misinformation, Myths


COVID info sources
Graphic source: https://usafactscms.azureedge.net/media/documents/State_of_the_Facts_2020_-_COVID-19.pdf

Trustworthy COVID info
Graphic source: https://usafactscms.azureedge.net/media/documents/State_of_the_Facts_2020_-_COVID-19.pdf

Factual COVID data
Graphic source: https://usafactscms.azureedge.net/media/documents/State_of_the_Facts_2020_-_COVID-19.pdf

Trump spreads miracle cure misinformation
Graphic source: https://www.vox.com/coronavirus-covid19/21497221/donald-trump-covid-19-coronavirus-news-misinformation-study

Medpage Fake News
Graphic source: https://www.medpagetoday.com/infectiousdisease/covid19/87605

misinformation types
Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/22527/composition-of-covid-19-misinformation/

misinformation sources
Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/21693/misinformation-on-covid-in-america/

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History of Epidemics, Pandemics


Video source: https://twitter.com/WebMD/status/1484677273169149961

History of Pandemics
Graphic source: https://www.visualcapitalist.com/history-of-pandemics-deadliest/

Pandemic Deaths
Graphic source: https://www.visualcapitalist.com/history-of-pandemics-deadliest/

Outbreak End
Graphic source: https://academic.oup.com/aje/article/190/4/642/5922782

USA Today Aug 6, 2021
Graphic source: https://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2021/08/06/covid-vaccine-why-do-people-refuse-the-vaccine-here-are-reasons-and-responses/5491922001/

Pandemic Deaths
Graphic source: Washington Post Coronavirus Updates

Economics and plagues
Graphic source: https://science.sciencemag.org/content/368/6492/700


Infectious Diseases

Contagiousness
Graphic source: http://www.vox.com/2016/4/19/11450396/zika-virus-contagious-ebola-measles

Microbe Scope 2016
Graphic source: http://www.informationisbeautiful.net/visualizations/the-microbescope-infectious-diseases-in-context/

Microbe Scope 2014
Graphic source: http://www.informationisbeautiful.net/visualizations/the-microbescope/

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Media


Trolling
Graphic source: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-021-02741-x

Media Experiences
Graphic source: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-021-02741-x

Sicentists and media
Graphic source: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-021-02741-x


Reopening/Post-Pandemic Issues


Muted Recovery
Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/risk/our-insights/covid-19-implications-for-business

Reopening State status
Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/22155/status-of-us-state-reopenings/

Harris County, TX
Graphic source: https://www.readyharris.org/Stay-Safe

What you can do
Graphic source: https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/world/coronavirus-maps.html#countries

wrong direction
Graphic source: https://www.medpagetoday.com/infectiousdisease/covid19/87362

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Second Wave


Government Response
Graphic source: https://www.bmj.com/content/369/bmj.m1932

Quarantine
Graphic source:https://www.futurity.org/reopening-economy-public-health-covid-19-2366532-2/

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Social Media


What Gen Z and Millennials Share Online About COVID-19

Gen z Millennials - COVID content
Graphic source: https://www.who.int/news-room/feature-stories/detail/social-media-covid-19-a-global-study-of-digital-crisis-interaction-among-gen-z-and-millennials

Facebook and COVID-19
Graphic source: https://www.journalism.org/2020/06/24/as-covid-19-emerged-in-u-s-facebook-posts-about-it-appeared-in-a-wide-range-of-public-pages-groups/

Facebook and COVID-19
Graphic source: https://www.journalism.org/2020/06/24/as-covid-19-emerged-in-u-s-facebook-posts-about-it-appeared-in-a-wide-range-of-public-pages-groups/

Facebook volume March 2020
Graphic source: https://www.journalism.org/2020/06/24/as-covid-19-emerged-in-u-s-facebook-posts-about-it-appeared-in-a-wide-range-of-public-pages-groups/

Facebook types of websites
Graphic source: https://www.journalism.org/2020/06/24/news-organizations-were-most-prominent-source-in-covid-19-content-shared-in-public-facebook-spaces/

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Strategic Planning for Reopening the U.S.

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Unintended Consequences & Unforeseen Issues


Video source: https://twitter.com/bettycjung/status/1253938448811077632

February 2019 - February 2020

China environment

February 2019 - February 2020

China Environment

Lockdown cleans Europe’s skies

Lockdown - Europe
Graphic source: https://earthsky.org/earth/satellite-images-show-earth-changing/

Calculated trends in geophysical PM2.5 values from 1998-2018. Warm colours indicate positive trends and cool colours negative trends. The opacity of the colours indicates the statistical significance of the trends. Credit: Martin Lab

COVID and climate effects
Map source: https://cosmosmagazine.com/earth/earth-sciences/global-pollution-mapped-for-good-and-bad/

Carbon emissions drop

normal returns
Graphic source: https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/146741/nitrogen-dioxide-levels-rebound-in-china

normal returns
Graphic source: https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/146741/nitrogen-dioxide-levels-rebound-in-china

normal returns
Graphic source: https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/146741/nitrogen-dioxide-levels-rebound-in-china

CO2 declines
Graphic source: https://www.washingtonpost.com/climate-environment/2020/05/19/greenhouse-emissions-coronavirus/

Wuhan Cleaner air
Graphic source: https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/146362/airborne-nitrogen-dioxide-plummets-over-china

Cleaner air in 3 months
Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/21495/no2-in-the-air-selected-cities/

Clearer Air
Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/21424/no2-concentration-selected-cities/

Wuhan Clean Air
Graphic source: https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/146362/airborne-nitrogen-dioxide-plummets-over-china

India emissions down
Graphic source: https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/146596/airborne-particle-levels-plummet-in-northern-india

Emissions down

Tickets

Stay at home festival

Behavioral & Health Changes

Economic Changes

Economic spending, 2022
Graphic source: https://www.marketingcharts.com/customer-centric/spending-trends-224907

Who's Retired
Graphic source: https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2021/11/04/amid-the-pandemic-a-rising-share-of-older-u-s-adults-are-now-retired/

Who's Retired
Graphic source: https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2021/11/04/amid-the-pandemic-a-rising-share-of-older-u-s-adults-are-now-retired/

Who's Retired
Graphic source: https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2021/11/04/amid-the-pandemic-a-rising-share-of-older-u-s-adults-are-now-retired/

COVID and Olympic Games
Graphic source: https://www.usnews.com/news/best-countries/articles/2021-07-22/tokyo-olympics-begin-despite-public-disapproval

Employment Decline
Graphic source: https://faculty.wcas.northwestern.edu/~mdo738/research/ACDKT_0321.pdf

Employment Changes by Sex
Graphic source: NY Times In Her Words May 8. 2021

Work Hours Changes by Sex
Graphic source: NY Times In Her Words May 8. 2021

Education Changes

COVID- Businesses Impacted
Graphic source: https://usafacts.org/state-of-the-union/economy/

School Closures
Graphic source: NY Times In Her Words May 8. 2021

Environmental Changes

COVID-19 and Wildfire Smoke
Graphic source: https://www.sfchronicle.com/bayarea/article/Wildfire-smoke-linked-to-thousands-of-COVID-19-16385466.php">

COVID-19 deaths from wildfire smoke
Graphic source: https://www.sfchronicle.com/bayarea/article/Wildfire-smoke-linked-to-thousands-of-COVID-19-16385466.php">

NYC water turbidity
Graphic source: https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2020/agu-panel-explores-environmental-impacts-of-the-covid-19-pandemic-as-observed-from-space

Wuhan
Graphic source: https://cosmosmagazine.com/health/medicine/covid-news-and-trends-20-november/

Excess Deaths

Law Enforcement COVID Deaths
Graphic source: https://click.newsletters.time.com/?qs=d444cab5cff32001009ab180f5bd4f5a603e8cc29f7e40c1932b51626709bddb85723ba39452d36451c9cab3712b21b99ea0ebbe620fc50978564a24f1c7abf6

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Health Changes

COVID and STDs

"Trends in STD case reports during the U.S. COVID-19 pandemic, Jan.-Dec. 2020 New CDC data show that during March-April 2020, reported STD cases dramatically decreased compared to the same time in 2019. However, a resurgence in gonorrhea and syphilis cases later in the year suggest overall STDs may have increased during 2020."

Health Services Changes

Nurses reasons for leaving nursing
Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/healthcare-systems-and-services/our-insights/nursing-in-2021-retaining-the-healthcare-workforce-when-we-need-it-most

Delay in medical care
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6936a4.htm

Life Expectancy Changes

COVID shortens life expectancy
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/vsrr/vsrr015-508.pdf

Covid and life expectancy
Graphic source: New York Times

COVID and Life Expectancy
Graphic source: https://www.usnews.com/news/health-news/articles/2021-07-21/us-life-expectancy-sees-largest-drop-since-world-war-2

Mental Health Changes

Prolonged Grief Disorder
Graphic source: https://www.psychiatry.org/newsroom/news-releases/apa-offers-tips-for-understanding-prolonged-grief-disorder

Nature Changes

Animals and COVID-19
Old World primates and great apes have identical amino acids at the binding site to humans and are predicted to be at high risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection. (Infographic by Matt Verdolivo/UC Davis)
Graphic source: https://www.ucdavis.edu/news/genomic-analysis-reveals-many-animal-species-may-be-vulnerable-sars-cov-2-infection

Public Health Changes

Social Determinants of Health
Graphic source: https://www.kff.org/coronavirus-covid-19/issue-brief/tracking-social-determinants-of-health-during-the-covid-19-pandemic/

Science/Research Changes

Societal Changes

New Normal
Graphic source: https://www.kff.org/coronavirus-covid-19/slide/about-8-in-10-adults-say-normal-life-will-look-different-going-forward/

Post-pandemic
Graphic source: https://www.marketingcharts.com/charts/consumers-activities-post-pandemic/attachment/tivo-consumer-activities-post-pandemic-mar2021

Behavior Changes due to COVID
Graphic source: https://www.marketingcharts.com/charts/us-adults-activities-since-covid-19-started/attachment/mckinsey-new-behaviors-since-covid-19-dec2020

COVID impacts tourism

Technological Changes

Google Search Trends
Graphic source: https://en.247mirror.com/world-really-intriguing-perspective-charts

Pandemic Driven Changes
Graphic source: https://en.247mirror.com/world-really-intriguing-perspective-charts

Online Threat
Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/21286/known-coronavirus-related-malicious-online-threats/