https://www.bettycjung.net/COVID-19-Management.htm

COVID-19

Coronovirus
Graphic source: https://www.wowt.com/content/news/CDC-updates-on-coronavirus-workers-seek-to-prevent-outbreak-pandemic-568081961.html

COVID-19 AKA 2019 Novel Coronavirus; 2019-nCoV
Internet Resources

COVID-19 webpage QR Code

Scan and save this Webpage to your mobile device!

Betty C. Jung logo


A - L M - Z



Suggested Citation: Jung, B.C. (2020-2023). COVID-19 Management Internet Resources.
Web document: https://www.bettycjung.net/COVID-19-Management.htm


Mission: To provide a one-stop Web resource page with factual information about the COVID-19 Pandemic

According to PEW , social media users share COVID-19 information mostly from news sources (74%) and very little from health and science resources (1%). This could mean that people do not know where to look for credible science-based information about COVID-19.

On June 18, 2020, JAMA reported "Coronavirus disease 2019-related knowledge and behaviors were associated with race/ethnicity, sex, and age. African American participants, men, and people younger than 55 years were less likely to know how the disease is spread, were less likely to know the symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019, and left the home more often."

Furthermore, the prevalence of Coronavirus myths addressed by the World Health Organization indicates that there is much disinformation and misinformation on the Internet about the SARS-CoV-2 virus.

Therefore, I have decided to create this resource page for those interested in learning more about the pandemic. It is my hope, as Master Certified Health Education Specialist (MCHES®), that you will be able get the credible information you need here to make the decisions you have to make to deal with the pandemic in your life. I am dedicated to keeping this page updated with vetted sources, and welcome your feedback. (July 6, 2020)


Comments,suggestions, dead link reports:


Table of Content (Major sections)


Back to Table of Contents


COVID-19 Testing


Collection and Analysis of Testing Data


Data Sources

Data Analysis

Mitigation vs. Suppression
Graphic source: https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2020/06/30/883703403/as-coronavirus-surges-how-much-testing-does-your-state-need-to-subdue-the-virus


Adequacy of Testing


"The rate of positivity is an important indicator because it can provide insights into whether a community is conducting enough testing to find cases. If a community’s positivity is high, it suggests that that community may largely be testing the sickest patients and possibly missing milder or asymptomatic cases. A lower positivity may indicate that a community is including in its testing patients with milder or no symptoms. The WHO has said that in countries that have conducted extensive testing for COVID-19, would remain at 5% or lower for at least 14 days." (Source: https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/testing/individual-states)

Adequacy of Testing
Graphic source: https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2020/06/30/883703403/as-coronavirus-surges-how-much-testing-does-your-state-need-to-subdue-the-virus


Testing Basics


Testing Basics
Graphic source: https://www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/coronavirus-disease-2019-testing-basics

Other Testing Options
Graphic source: https://www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/coronavirus-disease-2019-testing-basics


Types of Testing


Current Available Tests
Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/McKinsey/Business%20Functions/Risk/Our%20Insights/COVID%2019%20Implications%20for%20business/COVID%2019%20May%2027/COVID-19-Facts-and-Insights-June-1-vF.ashx

Covid Test types
Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-584SP


Testing Strategy



Timing of Testing


Risk-based Testing
Updated 5/11/2020 by Betty C. Jung. Posted on Twitter

Risk-based Testing
Created 3/20/2020 by Betty C. Jung. Posted on Twitter

FDA Testing Priority
Graphic source: https://twitter.com/FDAHealthEquity/status/1245036877515759619

Testing intepretation
Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2765837


At-home Testing


Make my test count >BR> Graphic source: https://makemytestcount.org/

At Home Testing
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/71/wr/mm7113e1.htm

Interpreting Negative Test Results
Graphic source: https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/967489


Antigen Testing


Antigen Testing
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/lab/resources/antigen-tests-guidelines.html .


Molecular (CRISPR/Nucleic Acid/PCR) Testing



N Protein Test



Serologic (Antigen/Antibody) Testing



Subgenomic RNA (sgRNA)

No test yet for sgRNA, but it has the potential to identify who is still infectious and therefore may be used to see if people can exit isolation without being infectious


Surveillance Testing


Testing Integrity


Back to Table of Contents


Immunity


Herd Immunity
Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/featured-insights/coronavirus-leading-through-the-crisis/charting-the-path-to-the-next-normal/seven-keys-to-herd-immunity

Antibody Response
Graphic source: https://effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/sites/default/files/pdf/rapid-review-immunity-after-covid.pdf

Antibody Kinetics
Graphic source: https://effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/sites/default/files/pdf/rapid-review-immunity-after-covid.pdf

To Achieve herd immunity
Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/risk/our-insights/covid-19-implications-for-business?cid=other-eml-ttn-mip-mck

Herd immunity - various diseases Herd Immunity
Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/healthcare-systems-and-services/our-insights/when-will-the-covid-19-pandemic-end

Low Vaccine Efficacy
Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/healthcare-systems-and-services/our-insights/when-will-the-covid-19-pandemic-end

Infection Timeline
Graphic source: https://scimoms.com/how-does-covid-spread/

Immune Response
Graphic source: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/risk-comms-updates/update-28-covid-19-what-we-know-may-2020.pdf

Infectivity
Graphic source: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanres/article/PIIS2213-2600(20)30230-7/fulltext

Potential Herd Immunity
Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/featured-insights/coronavirus-leading-through-the-crisis/charting-the-path-to-the-next-normal/us-most-likely-to-reach-covid-19-herd-immunity-in-second-half-of-2021

Adaptive Immunity
Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2770758

niave vs. immune
Graphic source; https://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2020/8/24/21399041/covid-19-reinfection-hong-kong-case-immunity

Herd and No Herd Immunity
Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/assets/710/707975.pdf

Herd Immunity for several diseases
Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/assets/710/707975.pdf

Herd Immunity and COVID-19
Graphic source: https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/05/28/upshot/coronavirus-herd-immunity.html


COVID-19 hybrid immunity


COVID-19 natural immunity

Back to Table of Contents


Vaccination Data & Reporting


January 3, 2022

Vaccinations, by Age Groups
Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/products/gao-22-105291

June 1, 2021 - Global COVID-19 Vaccinations

June 1, 2021 Vaccinations
Graphic source: https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2021/world/covid-vaccinations-tracker.html


Vaccine Guidance


Vaccine schedule
Graphic source: 7/18/2022 /https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/covid-19/downloads/covid-19-vacc-schedule-at-a-glance-508.pdf

Video Source: https://twitter.com/CDCgov/status/1484254407365738505


Video Source: https://twitter.com/HHSGov/status/1481310715264872449

Vaccine by Age
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/recommendations/children-teens.html

 Medicare - Vaccinate everyone

Vaccine for Kids
Graphic source: https://publichealthcollaborative.org/resources/graphics-children-and-covid-19-vaccination/

Vaccines for kids
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/recommendations/children-teens.html

Do it

Vaccine Protection
Graphic source: https://informationisbeautiful.net/visualizations/covid-19-coronavirus-infographic-datapack/

2nd dose
Graphic source: https://www.medpagetoday.com/special-reports/exclusives/93498

When all adults can get vaccinated
Graphic source: https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/us/covid-19-vaccine-doses.html

Once vaccinated
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/downloads/COVID-19-AfterVaccine.pdf

Full vaccination - safer activities
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/fully-vaccinated-guidance.html

Fully vaccinated visitations
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/fully-vaccinated-guidance.html

Mammo lymph nodes, vaccines
Graphic source: https://www.ajronline.org/doi/pdf/10.2214/AJR.21.25688


Vaccine Development


Vaccine Dosing
Graphic source: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-022-00924-8

Immune Modelling
Graphic source: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-022-00924-8

MRNA vaccine
Graphic source: Nature

Vaccination projections
Graphic source: https://static1.squarespace.com/static/5f7671d12c27e40b67ce4400/t/60a3d7b3301db14adb211911/1621350327260/FINAL+for+posting_Facebook+Survey+Summary+Document+for+Website.docx.pdf

Meet the Four Kinds of People Holding Us Back From Full Vaccination

Vaccine Hesitators
Graphic source: https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2021/05/18/opinion/covid-19-vaccine-hesitancy.html

2 doses
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7018e1.htm

Vaccine Effectiveness
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7013e3.htm

Vaccines
Graphic source: https://publichealthcollaborative.org/resources/graphic-about-the-3-covid-19-vaccines/

Vaccine Comparison
Graphic source: https://www.medpagetoday.com/special-reports/exclusives/91489

Vaccine comparison
Graphic source: VOX

Vaccine myths debunked
Graphic source: https://health.clevelandclinic.org/8-common-covid-19-vaccine-myths-explained/

MRNA vaccine works
Graphic source: https://www.sciencealert.com/here-are-9-ways-to-discuss-the-coronavirus-vaccine-with-someone-hesitant-to-get-it

GAO Traditional vaccine development
Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-701

Getting the vaccine
Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/22515/share-of-us-adults-willing-to-get-a-covid-19-vaccine/

Vaccine Development
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/parents/infographics/journey-of-child-vaccine.html

Vaccine Development
Graphic source: https://www.gatesnotes.com/Health/What-you-need-to-know-about-the-COVID-19-vaccine

Vaccine Development
Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-583SP

Vaccine mechanisms
Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-583SP


Vaccine Booster


May 31, 2022

Booster guidance

Booster Qualification
Graphic source @LiveScience https://www.livescience.com/second-coronavirus-booster-questions-answered

Boosters
Graphic source: https://www.fda.gov/emergency-preparedness-and-response/coronavirus-disease-2019-covid-19/covid-19-frequently-asked-questions

Boosters
Graphic source: https://www.fda.gov/emergency-preparedness-and-response/coronavirus-disease-2019-covid-19/do-i-qualify-covid-19-vaccine-booster-and-which-one

CDC Booster

PFizer booster
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/booster-shot.html


Vaccine Hesitancy


Trump effect on vaccinations
Graphic source: https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2021/12/05/1059828993/data-vaccine-misinformation-trump-counties-covid-death-rate

Unvaccinated more risky behaviors
Graphic source: https://time.com/6079553/vaccine-mandates-will-help-the-us-achieve-herd-immunity/

Unvaccinated more risky behaviors
Graphic source: https://time.com/6079553/vaccine-mandates-will-help-the-us-achieve-herd-immunity/


Vaccine Mandates


Back to Table of Contents


Digital Vaccine Credentials; Vaccine Passports/Cards


Approved Vaccines
Graphic source: https://twitter.com/CDCgov/status/1453450184738889732


Breakthrough Infections


Provincetown Outbreak
Graphic source: https://www.medpagetoday.com/special-reports/exclusives/93928

Post-vac infections
Graphic: July 22, 2021 White House Briefing - Dr. Fauci


Special populations groups

Vaccines for immunocompromised kids
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/booster-shot.html

Vaccine-induced Guillain-Barre Syndrome


Vaccine-induced Immune Thrombotic Thrombocytopenia


Vaccine-induced Myocarditis

Vaccine-induced myocarditis
Graphic source: https://smw.ch/article/doi/SMW.2021.w30087


Vaccine & Women


Vaccine Efficacy

Vaccine Efficacy
Graphic source: https://www.phi.org/press/breakthrough-infection-study-compares-decline-in-vaccine-effectiveness-and-consequences-for-mortality/

https://www.phi.org/press/breakthrough-infection-study-compares-decline-in-vaccine-effectiveness-and-consequences-for-mortality/


Researchers found that protection against any COVID-19 infection declined for all vaccine types, with overall vaccine protection declining from 87.9% in February to 48.1% by October 2021.
The decline was greatest for the Janssen (Johnson & Johnson) vaccine, with protection against infection declining from 86.4% in March to 13%.1 in September
Declines for PfizerBioNTech were from 86.9% to 43.3%
Declines for Moderna were 89.2% to 58%


For those under 65 years old, vaccines overall were 81.7% effective against death.
Protection against death was greatest for the Pfizer vaccine, at 84.3%.
Moderna was the next most effective, at 81.5%.
Jansen was 73% effective.


For those 65 and over, overall vaccine effectiveness against death was 71.6%.
Moderna was 75.5% effective.
Pfizer was 70.1% effective.
Jansen was 52.2% effective.

Vaccine Reactions


Assessing Vaccine Reactions
Graphic source: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMra2035343


Back to Table of Contents


COVID-19 Testing Issues


April 8, 2020 testing status
Graphic source: https://twitter.com/BillKarins/status/1247848309114523648/photo/1

COVID-19 Testing by Country
Graphic source: https://nationalpostcom.files.wordpress.com/2020/04/na0407-covid-19-testing-by-country.png

Inadequate Testing/Testing Capacity

Laboratory Reporting

Missed Testing

Test Quality

Test Strategy

Back to Table of Contents


General Prevention Measures


Rule of thumb: If you can't remember the names of the people you spent time with in the past 5 days, at close distance (<6 feet), for more than 15 minutes, without wearing a mask, you have probably placed yourself at risk of contracting coronavirus.(Betty C. Jung) https://twitter.com/bettycjung/status/1276687102332358658

What would experts do
Graphic source: https://www.statnews.com/2022/11/21/how-infectious-disease-experts-are-responding-to-covid-nearly-three-years-in/

COVID-19 Protective measures
Graphic source: https://images.squarespace-cdn.com/content/v1/60d24e6a9d599e1102344521/dd893dca-7353-4507-bf49-5e7ac232e9b8/Levels+of+Protection+-+Images+-+6-9.jpg

Effective Public Health Measures
Graphic source: https://www.bmj.com/content/375/bmj-2021-068302

Reopening Safely
EndCoronavirus.org Returning back to normal
Graphic source: https://www.nytimes.com/2021/05/12/upshot/covid-epidemiologists.html

Staying Safe

Prevent The Spread: Remember the Three Cs @YouTube

Remediation measures
Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/risk/our-insights/covid-19-implications-for-business

Travel delay
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/travelers/when-to-delay-travel.html

3 Ws
Graphic source: https://twitter.com/Surgeon_General/status/1297508127424872450

Protect yourself
Graphic source: https://www.webmd.com/lung/coronavirus-transmission-overview

Prevention measures
Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/21882/chance-of-covid-19-transmission/

VOX risk chart
Graphic source: https://www.vox.com/2020/5/22/21266756/coronavirus-pandemic-covid-risks-social-distancing-chart

Home with COVID

wider health effects of lockdown
Graphic source: https://www.bmj.com/content/369/8243

March 2020
Graphic source: https://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2020/3/26/21192211/coronavirus-covid-19-social-distancing-end

New normal
Graphic source: https://content-design.statista.com/the-new-normal/

When to call 911
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/if-you-are-sick/steps-when-sick.html

Back to Table of Contents


Consumer Information



Behavioral Interventions



Graphic source: https://twitter.com/evokerr/status/1241860136538267653

Avoid 3 Cs
Graphic source: https://link.vox.com/click/26356664.41422/aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubWhsdy5nby5qcC9jb250ZW50LzNDUy5wZGY/608c70997e3ba002de9e18a1Bbe6d659d

Multi-prong mitigation
Graphic source: https://emergency.cdc.gov/coca/ppt/2023/012423_slides.pdf

Winter 2021
Graphic source: https://www.statnews.com/2021/11/10/covid19-pandemic-thanksgiving-christmas-movies-gym/

Mar 4 2021 restrictions
Graphic source: https://www.nytimes.com/live/2021/03/04/world/covid-19-coronavirus

New Normal Protocol


Caregiving


Caregiving
Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2769613


COVID-19 Community Levels


COVID community levels
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/science/community-levels.html


Disinfection


Back to Table of Contents


Face Masks, Face Shields & Respiratory Protection


Importantly, uncovered emulated coughs were able to travel noticeably farther than the currently recommended 6-foot distancing guideline. Without a mask, droplets traveled more than 8 feet; with a bandana, they traveled 3 feet, 7 inches; with a folded cotton handkerchief, they traveled 1 foot, 3 inches; with the stitched quilting cotton mask, they traveled 2.5 inches; and with the cone-style mask, droplets traveled about 8 inches.

When the mannequin was not fitted with a mask, they projected droplets much farther than the 6-foot distancing guidelines currently recommended by the CDC. The researchers observed droplets traveling up to 12 feet within approximately 50 seconds. Moreover, the tracer droplets remained suspended midair for up to three minutes in the quiescent environment. These observations, in combination with other recent studies, suggest that current social-distancing guidelines may need to be updated to account for aerosol-based transmission of pathogens. (Source: https://www.fau.edu/newsdesk/articles/efficacy-facemasks-coronavirus.php)

Tokyo study tested how well different types of masks protected wearers from actual coronavirus particles, Simple cotton mask (17 to 27%). Medical masks including surgical mask (47 to 50%); loosefitting N95 (57 to 86%); tightly sealed N95 (79 to 90% protection). @nytimes

Mask Effectiveness
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/71/wr/mm7106e1.htm

The researchers found that a cloth face covering reduced emissions in all directions to about two feet (shown in row 2) compared to the four feet of emissions produced when coughing or speaking with no mask on (row 1). The reduction was even greater when wearing a surgical mask, which reduced the distance coughing and speaking emissions traveled to only about half a foot (row 3).

Masks effectiveness
Graphic source: https://www.ucf.edu/news/face-masks-cut-distance-airborne-pathogens-could-travel-in-half-new-study-finds/

Face Effectiveness
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/71/wr/mm7106e1.htm

CDC Masks

Mask guidance

Real N95 masks
Graphic source: https://twitter.com/bettycjung/status/1481480989826289664

Masks and Transmission
Graphic source: https://twitter.com/bettycjung/status/1481481753676206081

Mask Effectiveness
Graphic source: https://twitter.com/seungminkim/status/1478867026542219264

Mask Effectiveness
Graphic source: https://www.acgih.org/covid-19-fact-sheet-worker-resp/

Face mask efficacy
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7007e1.htm

Better Masks
Graphic source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i7e8t-Rzv0I

Masks Works
Graphic source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i7e8t-Rzv0I

Epis - how long to wear a mask
Graphic source: https://www.nytimes.com/2021/05/13/upshot/epidemiologists-coronavirus-masks.html

Mask Mandates
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7010e3.htm

Double-masking
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7007e1.htm

face masks and MRI
Graphic source: https://www.fda.gov/medical-devices/safety-communications/wear-face-masks-no-metal-during-mri-exams-fda-safety-communication

Face masks don't work
Graphic source: https://www.livescience.com/face-shield-visualization-covid-19-spread.html

US wearing masks
Graphic source: https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2020/08/27/more-americans-say-they-are-regularly-wearing-masks-in-stores-and-other-businesses/

US wearing masks
Graphic source: https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2020/08/27/more-americans-say-they-are-regularly-wearing-masks-in-stores-and-other-businesses/

Mask and Wildfire smoke

Droplet count
Graphic source: https://www.physiciansweekly.com/?post_type=post&p=195055

Relative droplet count
Graphic source: https://www.physiciansweekly.com/?post_type=post&p=195055

Nature surgical mask efficacy
Graphic source: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-020-0843-2

When to mask

Thorax 3 types of masks
Graphic source: https://thorax.bmj.com/content/early/2020/07/24/thoraxjnl-2020-215748

Face Mask users
Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/22300/face-mask-usage-by-demographic/

HCP died of covid

Queen masks

Masks on everyone
Graphic source: WebMD

Thai babies with face masks
Graphic source: https://time.com/5819527/babies-face-masks-thailand/

hate wearing a mask

Masked cat

Pants and masks

Masked bunnies

Respiratory protection
Graphic source: https://www.bmj.com/content/350/bmj.h694/infographic

Face Mask States
Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/21687/share-of-the-public-who-have-worn-a-face-mask-in-public/

wearing a mask

CDC face coverings

Effective masks
Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/21322/purpose-and-protective-effect-of-selected-face-masks/

Face masks
Graphic source: https://twitter.com/WebMD/status/1253904079224541184

Do Don't Medical Masks

Medical Masks

Mask Exceptions

Back to Table of Contents


Handwashing


MMWR who washes their hands
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6940a2.htm

When to wash hands
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/handwashing/when-how-handwashing.html

WHO wash your hands


Influenza, Allergies or COVID-19


Respiratory

NIH Comparison
Graphic source: https://newsinhealth.nih.gov/2022/01/it-flu-covid-19-allergies-or-cold

Seasonal allergies or COVID-19
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/need-extra-precautions/infographic-overlap-symptoms.html

Flu vs. COVID
Graphic source: https://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/941509

1/21/2021
COVID-19 or Flu
Graphic source: CDC

3/11/2021
COVID-19 or Allergies
Graphic source: https://twitter.com/CDCemergency/status/1377974108781174788

9/29/2021
Flu vs. COVID
Graphic source: https://twitter.com/CDCgov/status/1447639896768778241/photo/1


Isolation and Quarantine


Mass Gatherings


Mental Health and Wellness

Pandemic Fatigue
Graphic source: https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-squeaky-wheel/202008/10-signs-you-have-pandemic-fatigue-and-how-cope

Stressmanagement
Graphic source: https://www.medicalcenter.virginia.edu/population-health/counselors-corner/covid-19-mental-health-stress-management-resources

Depression
Graphic source: https://time.com/5886228/depression-covid-19-pandemic/

Relative Importance, a Facebook posting

COVID and mental health
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6932a1.htm

Make a difference
Graphic source: https://www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/how-you-can-make-difference-during-coronavirus-pandemic

Model from Jean

Loneliness

Mental Wellness

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Nutrition and Food Safety



Sanitizers


Sanitizer poisonings
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6932e1.htm


Self-care


Riskiest Activities
Graphic source: https://informationisbeautiful.net/visualizations/covid-19-coronavirus-infographic-datapack/

Outside Activity Risks
Graphic source: https://www.ipsos.com/en-us/news-polls/axios-ipsos-coronavirus-index

Back to Table of Contents


Sexual Relationships


COVID and safe sex
Graphic source: @OHAOregon


Sheltering in Place/Lockdowns/Quarantine


COVID lifestyle
Graphic source: https://www.marketingcharts.com/digital/video-114571

Activity during lockdown
Graphic source: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/06/200617194510.htm

Self-care
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/downloads/10Things.pdf


Social Distancing


Celebration Risks
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/community/large-events/considerations-for-events-gatherings.html

Social Distancing
Graphic source: https://www.bmj.com/content/370/bmj.m3223

beach tips
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/community/parks-rec/public-beaches.html

social activities
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/daily-life-coping/personal-social-activities.html

Owl social distancing


Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/community/large-events/considerations-for-events-gatherings.html

Social Distancing
Graphic: Medpage

Earlier Controls
Graphic source: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/20/us/coronavirus-distancing-deaths.html


Graphic source: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/20/us/coronavirus-distancing-deaths.html

Social distancing
Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/21198/effect-of-social-distancing-signer-lab/


Sports and Athletics


NFL mitigation
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7004e2.htm

High Prevalence of Pericardial Involvement in College Student-Athletes Recovering From COVID-19 (11/2020)

Athletes pericarditis
Graphic source:

https://www.jacc.org/doi/10.1016/j.jcmg.2020.10.023

Social distance while exercising: 4-5 meters (13-16 feet) if walking, 10 meters (32 feet) if running and 20 meters (65 feet) if cycling. Source: https://www.acc.org/latest-in-cardiology/articles/2020/05/13/12/53/exercise-and-athletics-in-the-covid-19-pandemic-era

COVID-19 Return-to-Play Algorithm for Competitive Athlete and Highly Active People. COVID-19 indicates coronavirus disease 2019; hsTn, high-sensitivity troponin I; RTP, return to play.

Sports recommendations
Graphic source: https://www.acc.org/latest-in-cardiology/articles/2020/05/13/12/53/exercise-and-athletics-in-the-covid-19-pandemic-era


Substance Use


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Travel


Travel
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/travelers/travel-during-covid19.html

Before Travel
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/travelers/travel-during-covid19.html

After Travel
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/travelers/travel-during-covid19.html

Travel Tips
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/travelers/travel-in-the-us.html

Back to Table of Contents


Public Health Management & Guidance


Prevention Strategies
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7030e2.htm

Community guidance
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6949e2.htm

Community Mitigation

Flatten the Curve
Graphic source; Information is Beautiful

Clinical Disaster Planning Framework
Graphic source: https://emergency.cdc.gov/coca/ppt/2020/Final_COCA_Call_Slides_04_17_2020.pdf

flowchart
Graphic source: Initial Flowchart to Identify and Assess 2019 Novel Coronavirus (Historical) (https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/identify-assess-flowchart.htm Historical

Back to Table of Contents


General Workplace Guidance


Worker Exposure
Graphic source: https://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3993.pdf

Telework
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6944a4.htm

Workforce CDC Guidance
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/downloads/Essential-Critical-Workers_Dos-and-Donts.pdf


Economy Issues



Adult Film Industry



Agriculture Workers and Employers



Airline Travel; In-flight transmission


MMWR in-flight transmission
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7016e1.htm

MMWR in-flight transmission
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7016e1.htm

MMWR in-flight transmission
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7016e1.htm

In-flight Transmission: Dubai to New Zealand

Dubai-NZ transmission
Graphic source: https://www.nytimes.com/2021/01/07/health/coronavirus-airline-passengers-outbreak.html

Phylogenetic tree of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) viruses isolated from passengers and airline crew members who traveled on the same flight from Boston, Massachusetts, USA, to Hong Kong, China. Human SARS-CoV-2 WIV04 is selected to be the root of this phylogenetic tree.

Boston to Hong Kong
Graphic source: https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/26/11/20-3254-f1

Transmission of SARS-CoV 2 During Long-Haul Flight: Seating location of passengers on Vietnam Airlines flight 54 from London, UK, to Hanoi, Vietnam, on March 2, 2020, for whom severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection was later confirmed.

Vietnam to London
Graphic source: https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/26/11/20-3299-f1

SARS-CoV 2 transmission: Australia to New Zealand

Switzerland to New Zealand
Graphic source: https://twitter.com/bettycjung/status/1334132700299583489

Percent of contacts by seating position across all flights. Note the declining number of contacts to the right as distance from the aisle increases.

Contact and seat location on plane
Graphic source: https://www.pnas.org/content/115/14/3623

Schematic Diagram of the Boeing 737-300 Aircraft on Flight 2 from Hong Kong to Beijing (2003 SARS)

Boeing HK to Beijing exposure
Graphic source: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nejmoa031349

Frequency of Transmission on Three Aircraft Carrying One or More Persons Given a Diagnosis of a Probable Case of SARS.

3 flights SARS exposure
Graphic source: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nejmoa031349


Bars/Coffee Shops/Restaurants


Adjusted odds ratio (aOR)* and 95% confidence intervals for community exposures associated with confirmed COVID-19 among symptomatic adults aged ≥18 years (N = 314) - United States, July 1-29, 2020

Restaurant Transmission
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6936a5.htm

Bar visits and Positive COVID tests
Graphic source: https://time.com/5867751/bars-covid/


Community Mitigation


Confirmed COVID-19 cases, associated hospitalizations, and deaths reported to Delaware Division of Public Health, by week, and COVID-19 mitigation efforts -Delaware Department of Health and Social Services, March 9-June 15, 2020 (MMWR)

Delaware Mitigation
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6945e1.htm

Community Mitigation
Graphic source: https://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/927860


Concert Venues


Back to Table of Contents


Congregate Facilities


childcare outbreaks
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6937e3.htm

Back to Table of Contents


Correctional and Detention Facilities


Brief Exposures
Graphic source: https://earthsky.org/human-world/epidemiologist-explains-cdc-guidance-15-minutes-covid19-exposure

US prison COVID cases
Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/21895/covid-in-prison-system/

Prisoncases
Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/22029/number-of-covid-19-cases-in-the-following-locations/

US prisons
Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/21895/covid-in-prison-system/

COVID-19 in Prisons
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6919e1.htm


Cruise Ships



Essential Workers



Fitness Industry


Gym exposure
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7009e2.htm

Back to Table of Contents


Health Care Facilities: Long-term Care, Outpatient & Skilled Nursing Facilities Guidance


volunteers needed
Graphic source: Chris R, RN

Nursing Home Deaths
Graphic source: AHCA/NCAL

Long term facilities-Cases
Graphic source: https://www.kff.org/coronavirus-covid-19/issue-brief/patterns-in-covid-19-cases-and-deaths-in-long-term-care-facilities-in-2020/ M

Long term facilities - Deaths
Graphic source: https://www.kff.org/coronavirus-covid-19/issue-brief/patterns-in-covid-19-cases-and-deaths-in-long-term-care-facilities-in-2020/ M

Long-term facilities cases and deaths vs. Overall COVID cases and deaths
Graphic source: https://www.kff.org/coronavirus-covid-19/issue-brief/patterns-in-covid-19-cases-and-deaths-in-long-term-care-facilities-in-2020/ M

Weekly Confirmed COVID-19 Cases and Deaths among U.S. Nursing Home Residents and Staff, as Reported by Medicare- and Medicaid-Certified Nursing Homes, Weeks Ending May 31, 2020 through October 4, 2020

Nursing Homes
Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/reports/GAO-21-191/#Highlights

Nursing home cases rising
Graphic source: https://www.ahcancal.org/News/news_releases/Pages/DATA-Nursing-Homes-See-Spike-in-New-COVID-Cases-Due-to-Community-Spread.aspx

community spread causes rise in nursing home cases
Graphic source: https://www.ahcancal.org/News/news_releases/Pages/DATA-Nursing-Homes-See-Spike-in-New-COVID-Cases-Due-to-Community-Spread.aspx

Nursing home deaths
Graphic source: https://www.ahcancal.org/News/news_releases/Pages/DATA-Nursing-Homes-See-Spike-in-New-COVID-Cases-Due-to-Community-Spread.aspx

Rising nursing home cases
Graphic source: https://www.cnn.com/2020/08/14/health/nursing-home-rise-in-covid-wellness/index.html

Long-term Care Facilities Data
Graphic source: https://www.cms.gov/files/document/covid-nursing-home-reporting-numbers-5-31-20.pdf

Assisted Living Facilities Deaths
Graphic source: https://time.com/5843260/assisted-living-facilities-covid-19/


Manufacturing. Mining and Meat Processing Plant Guidance


Meat Processing Plant COVID-19
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6931a2.htm

Meat Processing infections
Graphic source: https://twitter.com/CDCgov/status/1280551663938555910


Mental Health Guidance



Personal Care Services


Wear a mask
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6928e2.htm

Back to Table of Contents


Schools & Colleges


Betty's Safely Opening Schools SOS Plan
Graphic source: https://twitter.com/bettycjung/status/1424391886815498246

Close Contact K-12
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/community/schools-childcare/K-12-contact-tracing.html

Close Contact K-12 Non-classroom
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/community/schools-childcare/K-12-contact-tracing.html

Reopening Checklist

School are critical environments
Graphic source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i7e8t-Rzv0I

Indoor Mask Policies
Graphic source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i7e8t-Rzv0I

School Mask Policies
Graphic source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i7e8t-Rzv0I

Indoor Face Mask Policies
Graphic source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i7e8t-Rzv0I

Masking Reduce Infection
Graphic source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i7e8t-Rzv0I

Mask up or  go virtual
Graphic source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i7e8t-Rzv0I

July 9, 2021 CDC School Guidance

July 9, 2021 School Guidance
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/community/schools-childcare/k-12-guidance.html

Surveillance Testing in Colleges
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7014a5.htm

Covid risk
Graphic source: CDC

Wisconsin Schools
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7004e3.htm

COVID-19 for kids
Graphic source: https://www.medicalcenter.virginia.edu/population-health/counselors-corner/covid-19-mental-health-stress-management-resources

Colleges with COVID

COVID children spread

CT reopening school
Graphic source: https://patch.com/connecticut/across-ct/lamont-issues-new-guidelines-when-schools-should-open

In person schooling
Graphic source: https://apnews.com/b133f482b2eba88f8bd733e2d15d13ae

Reopening Schools
Graphic source: https://apnews.com/b133f482b2eba88f8bd733e2d15d13ae

reopening schools - who's at risk
Graphic source: https://www.kff.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/WEB-Who-is-at-Risk-of-Coronavirus-Teachers-Seniors_1-2.png

Reopening Schools
Graphic source: https://www.nationalacademies.org/news/2020/07/schools-should-prioritize-reopening-in-fall-2020-especially-for-grades-k-5-while-weighing-risks-and-benefits

Back to School Risks
Graphic source: https://www.ipsos.com/en-us/news-polls/axios-ipsos-coronavirus-index

CDC and Other Guidance for Reopening Schools

General Info


Transportation



Ventilation/Air Conditioning


Physical Distancing
Graphic source: https://news.engr.psu.edu/2021/rim-donghyun-viral-aerosol-exposure.aspx

Ventilation
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/Improving-Ventilation-Home.html

Air Purification
Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/advanced-electronics/our-insights/can-hvac-systems-help-prevent-transmission-of-covid-19

Air Filters
Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/advanced-electronics/our-insights/can-hvac-systems-help-prevent-transmission-of-covid-19

AC transmission
Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/advanced-electronics/our-insights/can-hvac-systems-help-prevent-transmission-of-covid-19

Airborne Spread
Graphic source: https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/advanced-electronics/our-insights/can-hvac-systems-help-prevent-transmission-of-covid-19


Youth-based Activities


Back to Table of Contents


Medical Management


Treatment Guidelines


JAMA guidelines
Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2760782

COVID-19 Treatment Guidelines (4/21/2020)

Summary Recommendations
Graphic source: https://covid19treatmentguidelines.nih.gov/overview/

COVID19 Disease Progression
Graphic source: https://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2020/4/8/21207269/covid-19-coronavirus-risk-factors

Back to Table of Contents


Medical Management - General Information


Caring for Critically Ill
Graphic source: https://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/928177

Remote Management
Graphic source; https://www.bmj.com/content/368/bmj.m1182

COVID-19 Primary Care
Graphic source: https://www.bmj.com/coronavirus

Ventilator Talking points
Graphic source: What You Should Know Before You Need a Ventilator https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/04/opinion/coronavirus-ventilators.html

COVID-19 therapeutics
Graphic source: https://emergency.cdc.gov/coca/ppt/2020/Final_COCA_Call_Slides_04_17_2020.pdf

Convalescent Plamsa
Graphic source: https://emergency.cdc.gov/coca/ppt/2020/Final_COCA_Call_Slides_04_17_2020.pdf

NYC nCoV management

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Health Services



Graphic source: https://twitter.com/mattbc/status/1241626644487516161

CDC gudelines
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/guidance-risk-assesment-hcp.html

The Sound of COVID-19 in the ICEU

ICU Maxxed out
Map source: https://finance.yahoo.com/news/delta-variant-unvaccinated-and-vaccinated-people-are-not-in-the-same-ballpark-in-terms-of-risk-141843308.html

ICU staffing
Graphic source: https://sccm.org/Blog/March-2020/United-States-Resource-Availability-for-COVID-19

Future of COVID-19 care
Graphic source: https://emergency.cdc.gov/coca/ppt/2020/Final_COCA_Call_Slides_04_17_2020.pdf

Back to Table of Contents


Healthcare Provider Protection


NYC DOH
Graphic source: https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/doh/downloads/pdf/imm/covid-19-providers-dear-colleague-updates.pdf

PPE
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/downloads/A_FS_HCP_COVID19_PPE.pdf

N95 vs KN95 masks
Graphic source: https://smartairfilters.com/en/blog/whats-the-difference-between-n95-and-kn95-masks/

Back to Table of Contents


General Medical Issues


JAMA transmission, symptoms, complications
Graphic source; https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2768391


Bioethics



Co-infections



COVID-19 in Children


ACES and COVID
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/71/wr/mm7141a2.htm

Long Covid Kids
Graphic source: https://twitter.com/bettycjung/status/1555724648159002626

Acute Hepatitis in Children linked to SARS-CoV-2 superantigen

Acute Hepatitis
Graphic source: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/langas/article/PIIS2468-1253(22)00166-2/fulltext

Acute Hepatitis
Graphic source: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/langas/article/PIIS2468-1253(22)00166-2/fulltext

Acute Heptatis
Graphic source: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/langas/article/PIIS2468-1253(22)00166-2/fulltext

Acute Hepatitis
Graphic source: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/langas/article/PIIS2468-1253(22)00166-2/fulltext

Children with COVID
Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/22537/covid-among-american-children/

The proposed definition of Long COVID for children reads:

“Post-COVID-19 condition occurs in young people with a history of confirmed SARS CoV-2 infection, with at least one persisting physical symptom for a minimum duration of 12 weeks after initial testing that cannot be explained by an alternative diagnosis. The symptoms have an impact on everyday functioning, may continue or develop after COVID-19 infection, and may fluctuate or relapse over time.”
https://cosmosmagazine.com/health/covid/long-covid-in-children-first-definition/


COVID-19 in Young Adults



COVID-19 in the Elderly


Delirium Interventions
Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2777684


Anticoagulation & Hematological Issues


Anticoagulation tx
Graphic source: https://pubs.rsna.org/doi/10.1148/radiol.2020201629


Auditory Issues



Autoimmune Disease Issues



Cancer Issues



Cardiovascular Issues


Post-infection myocarditis
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/71/wr/mm7114e1.htm

Heart Attacks and Covid
Graphic source: https://academic.oup.com/eurheartj/advance-article/doi/10.1093/eurheartj/ehaa1067/6128749

COVID-19 damages the heart
Graphic source: https://science.sciencemag.org/content/early/2020/09/23/science.abe2813

heart disease treatment with COVID-19
Graphic source: https://www.onlinejacc.org/content/accj/early/2020/07/01/j.jacc.2020.06.068.full.pdf


Chemosensory Issues



Dermatology Issues



Donor Organ Issues



Endocrine/Exocrine; Diabetes and Blood Sugar Issues



Drug Issues


Twelve-month provisional drug overdose death counts for all drugs, synthetic opioids, cocaine, and psychostimulants, for 50 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City: 12-months ending in June 2019 to 12-months ending in May 2020

rise in ODs with COVID-19
Graphic source: https://emergency.cdc.gov/han/2020/han00438.asp?ACSTrackingID=USCDC_1026-DM45245&ACSTrackingLabel=December%202020%20Drug%20Overdose%20Update

: Percentage change in 12-months ending provisional data on all fatal drug overdoses, 50 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City: Overdose deaths from 12-months ending in June 2019 to 12-months ending in May 2020

ODs and COVID-19
Map source: https://emergency.cdc.gov/han/2020/han00438.asp?ACSTrackingID=USCDC_1026-DM45245

Percentage change in 12-months ending provisional count of fatal overdoses involving synthetic opioids, 36 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City: Deaths from 12-months ending in June 2019 to 12-months ending in May 2020

Rise in ODs and COVID-19
Map source: https://emergency.cdc.gov/han/2020/han00438.asp?ACSTrackingID=USCDC_1026-DM45245


Ear Issues



Endocrine System



Environmental Issues



Eye Issues



Gastrointestinal Issues



Hair Loss



Immune System/Immunocompromised



Kidney Dialysis and Renal Issues


Pathophysiology of acute kidney injury in COVID-19 (ACE2 = angiotensin-converting enzyme 2; SARS-CoV-2 = severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2).

Acute Kidney Injury
Graphic source: https://www.ccjm.org/content/87/10/619


Liver Issues


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Men's Health Issues


"About 18 percent of men reported sexual dysfunction; some 13 percent experienced pain in their testicles; 8 percent noted other sex organ issues; and about 4 percent of men had a decrease in the size of their penis or testicles." (Source: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/article/covid-19-may-impair-mens-sexual-performance)


Mental Health Issues


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Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Adults Associated with COVID-19 (MIS-A),



Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children Associated with COVID-19 (MIS-C), previously known as Pediatric Multi-System Inflammatory Syndrome (PMIS, or MIS-C)


MIS-C
Graphic source: https://www.cell.com/trends/microbiology/fulltext/S0966-842X(20)30265-1

MIS-C case Definition
Graphic source: https://emergency.cdc.gov/han/2020/han00432.asp


Men's Issues

 COVID and erectile dysfunction
Graphic source: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41443-022-00540-0


Neurological Issues



Olfactory System



Psychiatric Issues



Reproductive and Sexual Issues


COVID-19 and pregnancy
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6938e2.htm

COVID-19 and pregnancy
Graphic Source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6925a1.htm

Back to Table of Contents


Respiratory and Lung Issues


How COVID-19 sound like in the ICU

Tik Tok Video

Normal, Smokers and COVID lungs
Graphic source: https://www.cbsnews.com/news/covid-lungs-scarring-smokers-lungs/

Prone positioning
Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2769872

Pseudostratified epithelium of the trachea showing goblet and ciliate cells.(prime target)

COVID target cells
Graphic source:https://www.zmescience.com/science/cells-vulnerable-to-covid-identified-26243/

Ventilation
Graphic source: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMcp2009575

Back to Table of Contents


Sequelae [AKA Long-Hauler Syndrome; Post-acute covid-19; post-COVID syndrome, also known as Long COVID; Post-Acute Sequelae of Covid-19 {PASC} by NIH ]


Hypothesized mechanisms of long COVID pathogenesis

Hypothetical pathogenesis
Graphic source: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41579-022-00846-2

Long COVID symptoms and the impacts on numerous organs with differing pathology.

Symptoms of long covid
Graphic source: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41579-022-00846-2

Long COVID symptoms and the impacts on numerous organs with differing pathology.

Covid exacerbations
Graphic source: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41579-022-00846-2

4 phenotypes of long covid
Graphic source: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-022-02116-3/figures/3

Long Covid symptoms
Graphic source: https://covid19.nih.gov/covid-19-topics/long-covid

Hazard ratios (with 95% confidence intervals) for long covid health outcomes 30-90 days after infection for unvaccinated versus vaccinated patients. Health outcomes that were significantly related to SARS-CoV-2 infection were assessed in vaccinated and unvaccinated patients

Long Covid hazard ratios
Graphic source: https://www.bmj.com/content/380/bmj-2022-072529

Early and Late Symptoms of Long Covid

Long Covid, Early and Late symptoms
Graphic source: https://www.bmj.com/content/380/bmj-2022-072529

Long Covid Symptoms, by Age Group

Long Covid by Age group
Graphic source: https://www.bmj.com/content/380/bmj-2022-072529

Long Covid

Long Covid - primary care
Graphic source: https://www.bmj.com/content/378/bmj-2022-072117

Long Covid acute symptoms
Graphic source: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(22)01214-4/fulltext

Long Covid core symptoms
Graphic source: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(22)01214-4/fulltext

OtherSymptoms Covid core symptoms
Graphic source: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(22)01214-4/fulltext

Risk ratios for developing post-COVID conditions among adults aged 18-64 years and >/=65 years - United States, March 2020-November 2021

Long Convid
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/71/wr/mm7121e1.htm

Post-covid condtions
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/71/wr/mm7121e1.htm

Long Covid symptoms
Graphic source: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=4099429

Long Covid causes
Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/assets/gao-22-105666.pdf

Long Covid symptoms
Graphic source: https://www.gao.gov/assets/gao-22-105666.pdf

Science Behind Long Covid

Health Effects of mild COVID
Graphic source: https://academic.oup.com/eurheartj/advance-article/doi/10.1093/eurheartj/ehab914/6499078

Long-term Effects of COVID-19
Graphic source: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-021-95565-8/figures/2

Key Findings
Graphic source: https://mma.prnewswire.com/media/1533546/A_Detailed_Study_of_Patients_with_Long_Haul_COVID__An_Analysis_of_Private_Health.pdf?p=pdf

Cardiac Inflammation
Graphic source: https://mma.prnewswire.com/media/1533546/A_Detailed_Study_of_Patients_with_Long_Haul_COVID__An_Analysis_of_Private_Health.pdf?p=pdf

Long-covid in men
Graphic source: https://mma.prnewswire.com/media/1533546/A_Detailed_Study_of_Patients_with_Long_Haul_COVID__An_Analysis_of_Private_Health.pdf?p=pdf

Long-covid in women
Graphic source: https://mma.prnewswire.com/media/1533546/A_Detailed_Study_of_Patients_with_Long_Haul_COVID__An_Analysis_of_Private_Health.pdf?p=pdf

Long-covid Mental Health
Graphic source: https://mma.prnewswire.com/media/1533546/A_Detailed_Study_of_Patients_with_Long_Haul_COVID__An_Analysis_of_Private_Health.pdf?p=pdf

Long-covid Mental Health-gender
Graphic source: https://mma.prnewswire.com/media/1533546/A_Detailed_Study_of_Patients_with_Long_Haul_COVID__An_Analysis_of_Private_Health.pdf?p=pdf

Long covid pre-existing conditions and death
Graphic source: https://mma.prnewswire.com/media/1533546/A_Detailed_Study_of_Patients_with_Long_Haul_COVID__An_Analysis_of_Private_Health.pdf?p=pdf

Acute and Long Covid symptoms
Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2776560

Long Covid
Graphic source: https://www.bmj.com/content/370/bmj.m3026

Pain that lingers
Graphic source: https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/07/brain-fog-heart-damage-covid-19-s-lingering-problems-alarm-scientists

Sequelae
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6930e1.htm

Self-reported symptoms at the time of positive SARS-CoV-2 reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) testing results and unresolved symptoms 14-21 days later among outpatients (N = 274) - 14 academic health care systems, United States, March-June 2020

sequelae symptoms
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6930e1.htm

COVID-19 sequelae
Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2768351

The World Health Organization (WHO) released a clinical case definition of post-COVID-19 condition in adults using a similar process back in October 2021.

“Post COVID-19 condition occurs in individuals with a history of probable or confirmed SARS CoV-2 infection, usually three months from the onset of COVID-19 with symptoms and that last for at least two months, and cannot be explained by an alternative diagnosis. Common symptoms include fatigue, shortness of breath, cognitive dysfunction but also others, and generally have an impact on everyday functioning. Symptoms may be new onset following initial recovery from an acute COVID-19 episode or persist from the initial illness. Symptoms may also fluctuate or relapse over time.”
Source: https://cosmosmagazine.com/health/covid/long-covid-in-children-first-definition/


Stroke



Thyroid Issues


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Potential & Current Treatments


Antivirals - 2023
Graphic source: https://emergency.cdc.gov/coca/ppt/2023/012423_slides.pdf

NIH Treatment guidelines
Graphic source: https://www.covid19treatmentguidelines.nih.gov/management/clinical-management/hospitalized-adults--therapeutic-management/hospitalized-adults-figure/

COVID Treatments
Graphic source: Georgios D. Kitsios, CC BY-ND Treatments for COVID-19 and their timing. https://heavy.com/news/covid19-coronavirus-treatments/

Candidate Therapies
Graphic source: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMcp2009575

Convalescent Plasma

Dexamethasone

Fluvoxamine

Hydroxychloroquine (Not approved, included FYI)

Il-7

Interferon

Interferon treatment
Graphic source: https://www.ccjm.org/content/early/2020/12/01/ccjm.87a.ccc066

Ivermectin (Not approved, included as FYI)

Llama Antibodies

Monoclonal Antibodies

Paxlovid (Emergency FDA-approval)

Drug Interactions with Paxlovid
Graphic source: https://i0.wp.com/theskepticalcardiologist.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/01/drug-interactions-1.jpg

Remdesivir

Remdesivir study
Graphic source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2769871

Synthetic/Monoclonal Antibodies

Other

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Health Services Issues


COVID and chronic disease medical care
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6925e2.htm

COVID affect ER services
Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6923e1.htm

COVID-10 AMI
Graphic source: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMc2015630

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PUBLISHED ON THE WEB: May 7, 2021
Updated: 1/30/2023 R7,203
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