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May 28, 2004 - It has come to this - a blog page... Blog is short for Web Log. Now that the Internet has become an almost indispensable part of our lives, many have started using it to keep an online journal of sorts. I started adding "Newsworthy Stuff" tidbits back near towards the end of 2000 on my What's New Page. I thought these tidbits would be more useful if they were compiled on one page. Therefore, all these tidbits will be compiled on this page after they've had their Net time on the most recent What's New Page, with the most recent entries at the beginning (so you don't have to scroll so much). Added links along the way will continue to be compiled on annual "What Was New" pages that you can access by clicking on year graphic. Thanks. Betty

Suggested Citation: Jung, B.C. (2004 - 2023). Betty C. Jung's 2004 Public Health Blog.
Web document:

  • December 31 - Wishing all a better year than the one we are leaving. It is hard to be festive when thousands are dying from the 12/26 South Asia Tsunami that devastated so many countries in a matter of hours. Now the public health of millions are being threatened by disease. You can help, check out the American Red Cross.
  • And, I would also like to make one wish - better mammography machines. With all the technology we have today there is no excuse for women to suffer the unpleasantness of today's torture chambers. Better, more comfortable mammagraphies would improve screening rates and improve the quality of life of half the world's population.
  • December 29 - Ah Ha! Although this is "late" for me, I am ready for the new year!! The 2004 Blog is like 99.9% complete . All the Web pages have been reviewed and updated for 2005. Now if I can only get all my school stuff ready for school...
  • December 24 - Wishing all my visitors a wonderful Christmas and a super new year. May peace come to all in 2005...
  • November 27 - Hope you had a nice Thanksgiving - there is always something to be thankful for, and not just once a year! I have reformatted the Web site Search Engines Page and the Web site Medical Search Engines Page as well. There are now so many that scrolling is inevitable. I have tried to make it less arduous by putting them into a table format.
  • November 20 - If you have been working in Public Health for awhile, you may remember the ambitious attempt made by the CDC WONDER (Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research) system to connect public health professionals via its e-mail system. We were treated to the "wonders" of E-mail and listservs (although I don't think they were known as such then), even when many of us working in state health departments around the country did not have sophisticated computer networks to allow for anything beyond calling over the phone. I was sad to give up my WONDER e-mail account when it went defunct. Over the years, WONDER found itself newer roles within the federal public health infrastructure by disseminating data gathered for Healthy People. Now, CDC WONDER is collaborating with GATHER (Geographic Analysis Tool for Health and Environmental Research) to provide us with the capacity to query their rich data sources and provide us with maps of epidemiologic data. As reported in 11/12/2004's MMWR, census population estimates, bridged-race population estimates and natality (births) data are being made available, with more to come! This is a "wonder"ful thing (I don't mean to be so punny)! Nothing like studying data relationships with maps! It worked for John Snow, and it will continue to work for us today! You can find links to what CDC WONDER has to offer on my U.S. Federal Government Statistics Page .
  • November 18 - I was recently greeted with "Omigosh - You're the Web site!" at a national conference...
  • November 12 - Ha! Didn't know I could pinpoint where you're coming from, eh? Truly amazing technology these days! Now all I need is one of those solar atomic watches that will correct themselves for time zones and never need any battery changes...

    Powered by
  • November 9 - This month's stats are up. Amazingly, the Web site now gets, on average, 1000 hits per day!! Thanks for your interest, and keep coming back! You never know what I'm going to add, but it will be good because I do take the time to review everything.... And, catch Jon Secada in Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat - an excellent production!
  • November 5 - We have become a society of diverse communities, so it's always nice to see some cross-pollination. This reminds me of the importance of Malcolm Gladwell (in his excellent book, The Tipping Point)'s personality types: Connectors (those who bring people together); Mavens (those who pass along knowledge); and Salesmen (those who are good at persuading the unenlightened) in broadening our horizons. That is why I was so delighted to see this great blurb from the International Society of Performance Improvement's November Performance Express Newsletter :

    HPT in public health is one arena where performance improvement can positively impact people...from educational campaigns to life-saving interventions. For a comprehensive and conversational overview of resources from public health of value to HPT, visit the website of Betty C. Jung who describes herself as: a public health professional with a background in nursing, did a short stint in child welfare, love quality assurance and quality improvement stuff. As if she knew ISPIers would be visiting, the site outlines as a goal To meet the Evaluation Criteria set by the Health Summit Working Group for Quality Health Information on the Internet and adhere to the Stanford Guidelines for Web Credibility. The excellent listing of the Site Search Engine and Site Index includes many valuable links, including a Needs Assessment Matrix, the World Wide Evaluation Gateway, an essay on performance indicators in organizations in Australia, an AmeriCorps Performance Measurement Toolkit, and a performance measures database from the National Quality Measures Clearinghouse. This website can serve as an inspiration for all performance technologists to create research-based, informative sites geared to educating practitioners and the general public, complete with links to websites for kids."

    Isn't this absolutely cool? Check out ISPI.Org's Web site if your are interested in quality-related initiatives in all phases of our lives.

  • October 29 - I had the distinct pleasure of shaking hands with Michael Reagan, Ronald Reagan's older son during my volunteer stint at the 29th Marine Corps Marathon in DC today. Quite personable, he was gracious enough to accept my condolences....
  • October 15 - There is hope on the horizon that health care quality is achievable. Most recently, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) and the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JACHO) came together and identified a core set of common national hospital performance measures, and documented their consensus in the "Specification Manual for National Hospital Quality Measures (2005)," which is a downloadable PDF document. These measures take effect 1/1/05. This is a big step towards the possibility of actually being able to compare health services across hospitals! You can find a link to this document on my Health Care Quality Data Standards Page . I am sure that health services researchers will find this initiative worthy of praise and appreciation.
  • October 8 - What makes history so fascinating? Perhaps, history is the art of telling a good story. Good historians will make the past come alive, and just hearing from those who have lived those times makes the past even more interesting. Of course, we all live in exciting times. Unfortunately, we don't always feel that way at the moment, but the future will provide us all with opportunities to reflect on what has occurred. Anyway, I have decided to create two new sections on the Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About.... Page devoted to American and International History. See how others remember the times you may have lived and develop an appreciation of how unconscious we are when we just exist without living....
  • October 8 - Well, it has gotten to the point that on a weekly basis I get about 3 - 5 suggestions for links to add. I don't add everything until I have reviewed the site, and then I add only what I consider to be useful and noncommercial. This is very time-consuming. Some "requestors" are really pushy and irritating when they snow me with e-mails, like - "we added a link to your site, now add one to ours, if you don't we'll delete yours, oh, you haven't done it in so many days, we're deleting the link..." I don't have time for this (See October 3rd entry). However, I do recall a time when the posting of reciprocal links was a friendly exchange between fellow Webmasters developing a mutual bond. What happened to that spirit????

    On occasion I may make an exception when a commercial site truly offers useful information on a particular page. One such site is, which shares how lawyers evaluate potential malpractice situations. I think people involved in looking at medical errors can learn something about how lawyers view the issues. However, to provide a fair and balanced approach, I am also including a link to ConsumerWebWatch's critique, "Paid Listings Complicate Search for Quality Lawyers Online". And, you can always catch Paul Newman in "The Verdict" while you're at (thanks, Gene). The Health Care Quality Issues Page, has been gaining some popularity lately (think Vioxx).

  • October 7 - Web Stats are up, and all the Site Maps have been updated as well, for September. I thought I was doing good until I realized I had completely forgotten to update the site stats on the site maps for August! Oh well. I was floored by the fact that the total hits for September was the highest yet for the Web site, over 32K, and 21 of the 30 days had more than 1,000 hits! Thanks for visiting, and hope you continue to.... To date, 167 countries have visited this site. I am amazed how connected we really are via the Net!!!
  • October 3 - 4.5; 899; 67.6; 224.75; 267.30; 180.69 - totally meaningless numbers, right? Context is so important... So, let me explain - it took me 4 and 1/2 hours (4.5) [I just got done] to get through 899 e-mails that accumulated over a 4-day period, of which 67.6% was junk mail. This averages out to 225 e-mails for each day I dare to go somewhere in which I had no access to the Internet. Well, I had access IF I was willing to pay 99 cents a minute for the privilege. This means it would have cost me $267.30 just to check my e-mail, of which $180.69 would have been wasted on junk mail.... Go see Mama Mia! at the Mandalay Bay in Vegas....
  • September 26 - I suppose now it's good a time as any. Recently, I have notice that there are more and more Internet resources for seniors (people who are 50 years and older). It is possible that many organizations and companies are noticing the coming of age for a very large demographic group - the Baby Boomers, those who are in their 50s and reliving the "50s" as well as the 60s, 70s, well, you get the idea. More and more health information is being made available via the Net for this group. Regardless, it is inevitable that as we get older we will be plagued with all sorts of "chronic diseases," most of which can be prevented with good health practices (word to the wise/young is sufficient). Up to this point, I have included such information on the Consumer Health Information Page, Phsites O - Z Page, and the Healthcare Information on the Net Page. Because information for seniors will probably continue to boom, I have created the Senior Health - Resources on the Net Page , which essentially consolidates all the links from the 3 previously mentioned pages. You will still be able to get to those pages from this one. I am hoping that this will make it easier for "people of age" to find information that is most useful to them. Let me know what you think and what you would like to see....
  • September 25 - I am sure that when you hear "NIH" you are probably thinking of serious researchers with no sense of humor. Well, check out their "Distorted Tunes Test" for testing your sense of pitch by evaluating the playing of 26 tunes. I scored 26 out of 26, but am not planning to give up my day job for a singing career. This, however, does not discount the possibility of being a music critic... You can find a link to the test on my Consumer Health Calculator Links . I should, however, caution you that the test has been used for 50 years, so there might be some cultural bias involved - your lack of familiarity with the tunes played may confound the scoring, and your older relatives may do better than you...
  • September 23 - Thanks so much to those who sent in well-wishes. I definitely do miss my cat....
  • September 21 - I am deeply sadden to report that we had to put our family cat to sleep today. He was with us for over 17 years. We will truly miss his presence in our daily lives, from greeting us when we came home and always managing to find a spot on anyone's lap. He gave and received affection unconditionally. I thank God that He allowed him to spend all this time with us, but I guess it was time for him to go home....We miss him so much.... I will be converting the Web page I have set up for him as a tribute page and will share memories people have of him at The Cat . It's amazing how attached we become to our pets, and perhaps, that was their intended purpose....
  • September 13 - I am starting the last quarter early because I am inundated, and decided to do this now while I have a little time and a T1 connection.
  • September 11 - We will always remember all the innocent people who died as a result of senseless acts of terrorism.
  • September 10 - The CDC Cardiovascular Health Program has developed a wonderful resource tool,"Taking Action for Heart-healthy and Stroke-free States A communication guide for policy and environmental change." This guide provides practitioners with resources to make possible policy and environmental changes to reduce heart disease and stroke. However, it is generic enough to be used for other public health initiatives. Check it out on my Cardiovascular Resources on the Net Page
  • September 3 - I am happy to report that Web site Statistics and Web site Poll Statistics are up. The revamping over the summer has paid off - this month it only took me 4 hours to get the statistics done, as compared to 7 - 8 hours per month earlier this year. Of course, everything else has fallen behind....
  • September 2 - Do you sometimes feel historically challenged? Well, I do. In fact, I am glad that there aren't too many "What-were-you-doing-when-this-or-that-happened?" There are just so many "days of infamy" one can remember (not counting my birthday). Well, I have discovered a wonderful site that is not just for history buffs only. From the National Library of Congress comes American Memory - Historical Collections for the National Digital Library. All about the history and culture of the United States. So, relive the days of post-pop-quiz anxiety peppered with "don't-know-much-about-history" confessions, without worrying about a failing grade. You can find a link to this wonderful Web site on my Everything You Ever Wanted To Know About... Page. Have a fun time rediscovering what a great country the U.S. is! [I still don't know why we had to learn the names, dates and voyages of all those explorers in junior high and was very disappointed Ponce de Leon never found the Fountain of Youth ;(]
  • August 25 - Composite Endpoints

    I love it when my visitors challenge me! Most recently a physician researcher E-mailed me a question about composite endpoints. My exposure to this statistical method is somewhat limited, but I just needed an excuse to research the matter further. The results of my research can be found on the Statistical Functions Page, under the new section entitled "Composite Endpoints." For the several days I spent on this I have found that this is a recent phenomenon that was first mentioned in 1999. Of course, it could have been around longer, but the earliest Net mention was 1999.

    Basically, to save on the cost of conducting clinical trials, researchers have resorted to the use of composite endpoints that are sort of summary indices for more than one endpoint, or a global assessment measure. It is unclear how these composite endpoints are determined, as I could not find any methodological treatise to review. Nevertheless, this is kind of like the newest reincarnation of the "p Value" - one number that can be used to measure the importance of a research finding. However, if you have been a consumer research maven, you will notice that p Values have been replaced with confidence intervals as more appropriate ways to gauge the importance of research findings. Feise's article provides a thoughtful look at the use of p Values with multiple outcome measures.

    You will find composite endpoints reported in studies dealing with chronic diseases, as cardiovascular, renal, arthritis, etc. and disabling diseases, as stroke. That's because such diseases have multifactorial causes, multiple therapies and multiple outcomes. Current therapies are not necessarily "cures" in the sense that people get well. More than likely, they just get "better" and we all know that this is a qualitative opinion at best. Thus, to capture the outcomes of numerous therapies "all at once," researchers came up with the idea of looking at what would happen if a patient were to do this, this and that, compared to doing that, that and something else. This is the basic premise (but, you can correct me if I am wrong). Feise asserts using composite endpoints could replace the need for p-value adjustments. Then again, Shih does raise the important issue of missing data in clinical trials where participants drop out. He asserts keeping the dropouts in the denominator unless you can explain why the data are missing.

    Nevertheless, there is much controversy around the use of composite endpoints, which I have noted with a . From the big picture standpoint, composite endpoints may have more to do with study design than the actual statistical manipulation involved. I foresee that its use would probably make meta analyses difficult to conduct, AND we do need meta analyses to make sense and consolidate what is actually relevant from the slew of research being conducted for any particular topic.

    Excellent critiques have been published, most notably from the FDA, and I like the American College of Emergency Physicians' "GP IIb/IIIA Inhibitors: A Hill of Beans?". Users of composite endpoints will tell you that it will help physicians to explain the benefits of various treatments to patients with chronic diseases so they will become better informed to choose options wisely. From what I have reviewed, this will hardly be the case in most instances. People do not usually think statistically (if they did, there would be no casinos) when making decisions. Keep in mind that there was a time that hormone replacement therapy (HRT) was hailed as the cure-all for women of certain age, and they only had to choose between better heart outcomes or risk developing breast and/or endometrial cancer. Pragmatically speaking, these are hardly choices any woman would want to make. Most recent studies have pooh-poohed the use of HRT and there are now studies that have linked HRT to dementia . In retrospect, it would seem that those women who were reluctant to use HRT because it didn't seem natural are probably better off from thinking with their gut than to obsess over what significant findings were saying back then. Furthermore, scientific research always leaves room for reversals when most of what drive research to begin with are hypotheses (or guesses) that seek to explain what we see happening around us.

  • August 25 - The 2004 - 2005 PHENOM Directory is now online. This year, 34 public health professionals are available to you to contact for anything about Public Health! E-mail any or all of them for information about what they do, what they are thinking about, etc. I started this program because I could have used a mentor when I was in graduate school and there was no one I could talk to about working in Public Health. I vowed that when I finished school I would rectify this void. I am grateful to the 78 public health professionals who have volunteered over the past 12 years in this endeavor.
  • August 25 - THANK YOU, THANK YOU, THANK YOU! This Web site is now 5 years old!!
    This is one production I don't have to send to college... Indeed, it has outlasted many Web sites that were set up for profit but went bust. Sadly, gone are those that offered many "free" and useful services for the chance to advertise. Fortunately, Web hosting and Internet access are now affordable enough that I can still maintain this Web site without having to resort to advertising. Daily I am bombarded with offers for "business relationships," "links for more traffic," blah, blah, blah. So, I hope you understand that I had to remove the grantsfeed from because the annual fee of $1200.00 was just too much...
  • August 21 - The August Public Health E-News table of contents is up. In few days, the 2004 - 2005 PHENOM Directory will be up, with new features to evaluate the usefulness of the program... Always interested in making whatever I'm working on better...
  • August 20 - You have to be a certain age to enjoy some concerts. And, I truly enjoyed the '60s Pop Rock Reunion at Uncasville, CT where I got to shake the hand of Tommy James and get an autograph of The Grass Roots' Rob Grill. The Buckinghams gave a tepid opening, The Grass Roots didn't sing enough and viewed it as a commercial for their live CD, Chad & Jeremy harmonized better than Simon and Garfunkel, Herman's Hermits were the true entertainers of the evening. Peter Noone gave quite a performance, and took on Mick Jagger, Johnny Cash and Tom Jones to boot. And, Tommy James and the Shondells dazzled all with a light show most of us probably haven't seen in quite awhile, with enough decibels to blow out every hearing aid around. For 3 1/2 hours I felt like a teenager again, but my body told me otherwise, when most of the audience stayed up way past their bedtime...
  • August 13 - I have a link on my Health Care Quality Issues to the Annals of Oncology's "Assessing websites on complementary and alternative medicine for cancer" that was reported in the 8/14/04 Health On the Net Foundation Newsletter. This research report raises the question of just how efficacious complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies really are AND the quality of health information on the Net. CAM therapies offer those with not so easy to cure diseases, like chronic diseases and cancer, the possibilities of relief and maybe cure. However, I would like to see such therapies rigorously studied, as in this article, and regulated so we, as consumers, can be assured we are getting what we are paying for. Anyone old enough to remember the so-called use of apricot pits for cancer (that didn't work) can appreciate the need for greater scrutiny.
  • August 10 - I do love my and .
  • August 9 - Because this Web site is actually a network of mini-Web sites (perhaps, it's a paradigm shift, perhaps, not), I thought it would be useful to sort of link together pages that go together with a common graphic. So, you will see:
  • Biostatistics I also did some formatting with tables that will hopefully reduce forever scrolling ....
  • Brief Intro to Epi Lecture Series
  • Chinese Culture
  • Health Care Quality
  • Women's Health

Of course, all the job pages enjoy this graphic already

  • August 2 - Ah, yes. I did get a chance to enjoy the blessings of brevity! Even with the deletion of 50 pages, the number of hits remained stable (there was even 100 more hits than last month, which is probably not statistically significant, but then what difference would this make in terms of practical significance????).
  • July 24 - After that massive revamp, I now have some time to fix the formatting on some of the pages that incorporated content from several pages. Check out the Web Resources Page and the Webmaster Resources Page , and well as my Visitor Pages. And, I have added movie directors to the very popular Favorite Movies Page.
  • July 23 - The National Institutes of Health has a set of super pages that provide health and science teaching materials for educators of children for grades 1-2, middle and high school. You can find links to these pages on my Health & Science Kids Page, the Health Education Resources Page and the Public Health Continuing Education Page.
  • July 18 - A new poll! This one is found on the Public Health Expertise Network of Mentors (PHENOM) Program Description Page . Too bad I didn't think of this sooner. This will help me learn more about who is interested in the program. A similar poll will be added to the PHENOM Directory Page , which is currently being updated. It should be ready by the time school starts in late August (I hope).
  • July 17 - I spent several hours over the weekend revamping the Movies Page . To reduce scrolling, I have created tables to consolidate listings. I also added a lot of links for the latest movies to new genres.
  • July 9 - Oh the horrors of webmastering!!! I was hoping for immediate, instant gratification, which is not me, but one can wish!! Well, the June stats are up. Now you have a half year of numbers to enjoy, all you Statheads out there (and there are quite a number). So, what was the exact damage from all the revamping I have been redoing in recent weeks? I managed to get rid of 50 Web pages, although I did keep most of the content intact (how's that for magic??).

    And, for all those statisticians out there, I have kept the total hits for these 50 webpages (18,710) safely stored so I can continue to generate a total number of hits since I started counting (from the very beginning - how's that for planning ahead). You can check out all these stats from the Blog Index Page. However, keep in mind that this is not an exact science. At one time I used 3 counters on some pages just to see how well these trackers correlated (NOT). More than likely, when I can announce that the Web site has received a million hits, it will probably be old news. Or, my statistics are most definitely undercounts than overcounts.

    During the process of creating, deleting, etc., the total pages went up to 314!!! Now, it is a svelte 264-page Web site!! I will continue to do some revamping, but this was really the bulk of it. You can experience the outcome of this most noticeably on the SCSU Public Health Alumni Statistics Page. Most of the deleted pages can be found recorded on that page. It was the THOUGHT of having to update this page (which I do only once a year) that motivated me to do some major revamping. I will probably benefit from all this when I do my July stats! I can't wait. Even if it takes me only a minute a page to get the monthly hits (which it doesn't), I would be saving 50 minutes right away, or 10 hours a year, or a 100 hours a decade, you get the drift.... FYI, it takes me about 7 - 10 hours a month to do the statistics, depending on modem speed, denial of service episodes, the weather, blah blah blah...

  • July 4 - Happy 4th! I decided to show some patriotic spirit on the Home Page by enlarging the waving flag to this:

    And added my favorite symbol of freedom - the Statute of Liberty with these:


  • July 3 - Half the year's over already???? The Web site Polls Stats have been updated with June's votes. To date, 7,501 votes have been cast (well, there are really more votes, check Old Polls Page for earlier polls and counts). Approximately 300-400 votes are cast monthly. Thanks for voicing your opinions and sharing them with others and for letting me know who you are in the most anonymous of fashions. These polls are also used to help me refine the Web site so it will be useful to visitors.
    During vacation, I have had a chance to catch up on my reading (well, a little bit) and had a chance to add on a couple of book reviews to my long-neglected annotated bibliography pages. After reviewing the stats for these pages, I noticed that most visitors came by way of search engines (thank God for Google...). It seems that there hasn't been too much cross-visiting among these pages probably because I didn't provide a navigation tool on these pages (duh). So, now visitors to any of these pages can find their way to the 17 Annotated Bibliography Pages via:

    which which take them to the Annotated Bibliography Index Page.

    Just think, when I started exploring the possibility of developing a Web site, it was only to post these pages!!! And, the annotated bibliography I was most hesitant to compile was the Internet Blbliography, which turned out to be the most popular of all! To date, it has received almost 8,000 hits!! And, who said nobody reads annotated bibliographies.... By the way, I really did read every single book listed in these bibliographies.

  • June 19 - Incredibly I am done with the bulk of the revamping I had planned to do. Tonight I consolidated the Webmastering Resource pages, HTML, Graphics, etc into one page - Web Tools. I have eliminated the Resume Posting Page, one international visitors page but saved the content to another page; eliminated the Family Health Page and moved that content to thte MCH Resources Page, and moved all the contents from the Public Health T - Z page over to the Public Health Sites O - S , and I have cleaned out all the potential broken links on the main sitemap and all relevant main and index pages of the Web site. This is really tiring's like buying a new sofa and having to redo the entire house...
  • June 18 - There are now a total of 5 site map pages, down from 6. The Main Site Map Page remains the same, and a link to this page can be found on every page of the Web site. You can get around all the sitemaps with the Site Map navigation table, which tells you which content area is found on which map. I have renamed all the Site maps from numbers to letters. Site Map A is pretty much what Site Map 1 was. Site Map B now includes the contents from Site Map 1 and Site Map 2. Site Map C includes the content from Site Map 4, and Site Map D includes the content from Site May 5.
  • June 16 - I have revamped all the resumes on the Web site. The Education, Project/Program Management, and Quality Assurance/Quality Assurance resumes are now all linked to the Curriculum Vitae, which is now a PDF file. All of these were Web pages created in Word. Though it does a decent job of creating Web documents, there is always some problem that requires knowledge of HTML. And the HTML coding done by Word is so convoluted, it's not worth the trouble unless you have all the time in the world. This is what happens when you give it to a machine to do the job.
    The Web Resume remains a Web page, which is kept current. This is so all links mentioned can be accessed on the Net. It is of interest how each resume attracts different audiences. Since I am not actively looking for a job right now, like I was doing a little over a year ago, I really don't need all these different resumes, which was a recommendation of a career expert.
  • June 15 - I have revamped the entire SCSU Official Public Health Alumni Chapter Web site. I have consolidated 22 pages of the MPH Alumni Record into 7 pages; removed both E-mail directories to spare people of spam; removed Speaker Bureau pages; and consolidated the MPH Accreditation Committee and administrative pages. Not bad for one night! By the way, the Web site contains 295 pages that I track. This does not include all the other types of documents that I can't track but make available.... I am hoping when I am done with my pruning, I will have a smaller Web site.
  • June 14 - Look at what I got via E-mail from McAfee
    "Dear betty:
    W32/Zafi.b@MM is a Medium Risk mass-mailing worm that spreads via email and peer-to-peer applications.
    When spreading via email, the worm will both spoof the sender's From address and send itself out in different languages depending on the top level domain of the recipient's email address. For example, if the address ends in .COM, the virus's email body will appear in English. If the address ends in .DE, the email will appear in German.
    The worm also attempts to cripple anti-virus and firewall software installed on a user's system by locating and overwriting a user's security software with copies of itself. Furthermore, the worm will attempt to thwart manual detection by terminating key Windows processes."
    Needless to say we are dealing with sophisticated sickees. What's most interesting - this legitimate e-mail was sent to my junkmailbox.
  • June 14 Evening - I have reorganized the entire Storage System , AKA Packrat Paradise. Originally meant to hold onto stuff I could not bear to part with, oh well. I deleted a bunch of old link categories (Olympics 2000, Election 2000, Y2K), and have kept the Web site statistics since compiling them was a lot of work (hours and hours....). I have renamed these pages according to what year the statistics are for (duh). Instead of having a separate "Hits Index" Page, you can get to these pages from the "Blog" button (to be eventually found) on every page on the main navigation bar, and from Site Map D , or (don't we all love choices) you can get to these pages from the Blog Index Page, which will probably become the main Table of Contents for anything that will continue from year to year (at least that is my plan....)
  • June 14 Afternoon - Okay, I'm starting 3rd quarter early.... All the chitchat and newsworthy items have been added to Betty's 2004 to whatever-I-can-fit-on-one-Webpage Blog (already a second page - but I did squeeze 4 years worth into Betty's 2000 - 2003 Blog.
    As mentioned in my previous entry, I have decided to do a major revamping of the Web site for my summer project. I suppose you can look at it this way - it's becoming a necessity. It's a lot of work to maintain like 250 pages. Actually, I would like to get most of it done before the end of this month so I can IMMEDIATELY enjoy the fruits of my labor (short growing season) when I start doing the June statistics.
    To start, I have created Betty's Blog Index Page . Well, I've been blogging for quite awhile, but never referred to it as such since the term was only recently created by someone who couldn't bear to say Weblogging (Captain's log - where are you, James T. Kirk, where we need you?). Basically, I have integrated all the "Newsworthy Stuff" into an ongoing Net Journal. I think this will work better if you want to follow my train of thought....
    So, in summary - all my current thoughts and additions to the Web site (at least for three months at a time) will be found on this page. At the end of each quarter (no shareholders here) I will move the contents to my archival pages - the Blog Page (as many years as I can fit onto one page) for the "Newsworthy Stuff" (so it can read like a neverending soap opera), and the annual "What Was New Page" (so you can see that this is not being done by a robot. Of course, no Artificial Intelligence would have the common sense to do this anyway).
    You can get to any of these pages from the new Blog Index Page, or from Site Map D. Oh, yes, I am redoing the Site Maps as well. The Blog Pages will be organized by year, in reverse date order, so you you don't have to scroll. The Annual "What Was New" Pages will be organized by quarters, in calendar order. The Blog Index Page will give you access to all the Blog pages, What Was New pages, Web sites Stats pages (organized by year), and the Public Health E-news Tables of Content pages.
    I'll be explaining what I will be doing along the way. You can follow the progress of my pruning in the "Deleted/Changed Pages" and "New Pages" sections below. Eventually you will be able to get to the Blog Index from every page on this Web site. Of course, you will need to give me some time to get around to all of them.
  • June 12 - Well, almost 1/2 of 2004 is gone. After reviewing the Web stats for the past 6 months, I think it is time for some major revamping. Most of the revamping will revolve around CUTTING DOWN THE NUMBER OF PAGES on this Web site. Good Web site management demands a quality assurance perspective, and that is the one I'm taking. Have no fear adventuring souls, Content remains "king" for the decisions I will be making. I will note the changes as they occur.
  • June 11 - An unfortunate reflection of our times and the realities of the day, the CDC has just issued a set of useful resources for bioterrorism surveillance: Medical Examiners, Coroners, and Biologic Terrorism: A Guidebook for Surveillance and Case Management; Appendix A: Contact Information for State Public Health Laboratory Response Network (September 2002); Federal Bureau of Investigation Field Office Telephone Numbers. You can find links to these documents under the new "Bioterrorism Resources" section on my Connecticut Public Health Resources Page.
  • June 4 - Yes! The May stats are up!!!
  • June 3 - On May 7th, the CDC issued "Framework for Evaluating Public Health Surveillance Systems for Early Detection of Outbreaks Recommendations from the CDC Working Group." Prior to this, the CDC has issued other evaluation frameworks for Public Health Surveillance systems that are excellent in providing guidance to public health practitioners at all levels of practice. Links to these can be found on my Epidemiology L - Z Page. However, THE true gem is the Appendix for the most recent framework - "Operations Checklist," which really can stand alone as a good basic overview of what you should consider in having a good public health surveillance system. Links to this gem can be found on the Epi L - Z Page, and on the Public Health Practice Page.
  • June 1 - Yes, obesity is growing at epidemic proportions! CDC just came out with the greatest assessment tool, School Health Index, that is available online. Schools can use these assessment surveys to gauge the health behaviors of their students and use this information to develop some interventions. Excellent resource! The link is available on my Health Education Resources Page
  • May 29 - What a cool find -! can be found on my Career Resources Page. The site has descriptions for over 13,000 jobs. Didn't know there were that many. When I was in elementary school, career choices can be counted on 10 fingers... and everyone wanted to be a teacher!!! So, if you want to redefine, or refine your job in the roles you are playing (and, let's face it, we're all multitasking more than we really want to), check this site out!
  • May 28 - SPAM is really getting out of hand. I get over 100 messages of this junk a day in my various e-mail accounts, not to mention all the reports from administrators blocking so-called E-mails I have never sent. The most annoying is getting spam from my other e-mail accounts. Now you know there is something wrong with this picture!
    I have reported these to E-mail administrators but all they say is they can't do anything about them. Nevertheless, it's still a good idea to report them just to let them know spam is a major annoyance and cuts into everyone's bandwidth and time. When doing so, forward a copy of the E-mail with full headers so the culprits can be identified. And, never open any attachments, have virus scan and spyware detector programs installed, and keep them updated. Recent viruses propagated by hackers do a disservice to the entire Net community, and those that do this have too much time on their hands and should look for more altruistic activities to keep themselves busy. Just keep in mind that I do not send any e-mails other than through the electronic mailing lists that people subscribe to. Fortunately those programs have filters to keep out spammers.
    I have read that some groups are working on curtailing the abuse of cyberspace with various programs that can run algorithims to identify spammers. For sure, spammers will find a way around these. Maybe what is really needed is a code of cyber social conscience and responsibility.
  • April 30 - Most definitely a labor of love - a new page that pays homage to the Chinese Culture... 201 links to start - check it out...
  • April 16 - Seems like health literacy is fast becoming the latest public health issue for everyone to address. I think it just an outgrowth of the rising awareness of the need for cultural competency. Basically, what it all comes down to is the need for better, clearer communication. What definitely shows much promise is the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (REALM) tool. Professionals need to start thinking about how they commmunicate may compromise their ability to help the average person. I am devoting 2 new sections on the Health Care Quality Issues Page to these two issues. There are now 23 health literacy links, and 8 cultural competence links. Check them out!
  • April 8 - The American Public Health Association has developed a series of Web pages for its annual meeting's theme of reducing health disparities. These are wonderful resources not just for reducing health disparities, per se, for public health practice in general. Check out the links on my Public Health Practice Page
  • April 2 - Wow! Thanks so much for visiting! March is the all-time high months for hits per month: 28,333!!! This is 5000 more hits than February. What is most amazing was the number of days with more than 1000 hits: 13 days. I'm going to track this and see what happens. Also, March stats are up. Now you have the 2004 first quarter stats on the Web Stats Page and the Polls Stats Page.
  • March 21 - I was surprised to find that 48% of children have reported being bullied. It is not an uncommon problem. I am glad to see that several federal agencies have taken on the issue of bullying. This is a real critical issue for kids today and such behavior should not be tolerated. There is no excuse for condoning behavior that can leave emotional scars on its young victims. Check out growing resources on the Kids Health Page .
  • March 13 - Looking for grant money??? Well, now I am pleased to be able to offer grant-hunters a listing of available grants from GrantsAlert.Com. A continuous updated listing of grants can now be found at the end of the Grants Page. Just click on a link of interest, and you will be provided with the specifics for a particular grant. Most grants listed are educational in nature, but other types of grants will be listed, so I am told. Let me know what you think.
    Other newsfeeds on this Web site include national and international news on the Home Page, and quality assurance/quality improvement news on the Healthcare Quality Issues Page , Career advice on the Careers Page
  • March 5 - Incredibly I finished all the Web stats today. Poll Stats are up, 440 votes were cast! No hanging chads here.... All the Site Maps have stats, up to the end of February. To liven up the stats (and, yes, people seem to be interested in this), I have decided to list the top 10 pages for each month, since I compile all the stats anyway. The top five pages for each month have shown the composition slowly changing from jobs to biostatistics. However, aren't you just curious about the almost rans? Well check out Web stats and let me know what you think.
  • February 20 - Many new links added, and many dead links removed. Of interest - reported in this week's MMWR is the use of the Internet for partner notification for sexually-transmitted diseases by the LA health department . I think this is very innovative, and probably a necessity given the anonymity the Net can provide, sometimes, unfortunately, for the spread of disease.
  • February 17 - Ever wonder how people complain about who is doing business on the net? Check out E-Consumer.Gov's Stats
  • February 15 - Public Health E-news #42 goes out to 298 subscribers. Thanks for your continued interest and support. It takes about 5-10 hours a month to compile and edit, but it helps me to keep up with what's going on in Public Health. Hopefully it will do the same for you. If you haven't subscribe, you can on this page and on many other pages on the Web site. I am also trying to clean out the dead links on the Web site. This is an ongoing challenge and a necessary task that takes a lot of time. The Net is always changing, so must the links.... (ugh)
  • February 6 - All Web Statistics have been updated. Thanks for visiting. What's truly amazing is that 4 of the top 5 pages for January each had over 1,000 hits! Or, more mind boggling, the top page, Graphing, recived more hits than the total to the entire Web site in November, 1999!
  • February 3, 2004 - I am so glad to see that public health agencies are devoting this month to raising awareness about heart disease and women. Heart disease kills, regardless of gender. Bravo, and about time...

    The Heart Truth Web Banner. National Wear Red Day is Friday, February 6th. Wear red For women and heart disease awareness. Heart Disease is the #1 killer of women. Learn more at
  • February 1 - Web poll stats are up for January. I am glad to see that people are still casting their votes on the Web site's 12 polls. Approximately 350-450 votes are cast each month! Also, thanks so much for the January total of 25,476 hits! This is the highest monthly total since August 1999. I am glad to see that the Web site continues to serve a useful purpose on the Net!
  • January 22 - Happy Chinese New Year! Check out a new section I have devoted to this holiday and the Chinese Culture
  • January 18 - I have updated my Data Storage System. All the annual Web site stats have been moved down one step, making room for Current Year's Stats . Similarly, Web site poll statistics have been updated and 2003 stats have been placed in the Poll stats Archives Page. Now I feel ready for the new year.
  • January 17 - I have done some major revamping of the Web site. I have consolidated those pages that did not get that many hits (yes, there are some!!!) last year. All the quarterly What's New Web pages have been consolidated into annual What's New Web Pages. This means, instead of 14 quarterly pages (and it was getting hairy), now there are only 4 annual pages!!! I am hoping this will save me some time when I do the monthly stats. New pages are noted on the Site Maps and listed under, well, the New Pages section.... Also, I started a little table to keep track of the revision stats and hours spent on the Web site on the FAQ Page. Kind of scary...
  • January 14 - Okay, I have added 45 new links on a variety of pages - the most on the Free Software Page. I have renamed the Everything you ever wanted to know Page and added 7 new links. I am going to start consolidating some of the less used pages based on the stats I've been keeping. That should help streamline the Web site and make the monthly statistical chore less laborious...
  • January 9 - Happy New Year! Of interest to all those visitors who love the Personality and Temperament pages, I have added 30 new links to the Temperament Page that cover the effects of Birth Order, Emotion, Temperament - Impact on Creativity and Health. Did a little research in preparation for another semester of Wellness. And, the monthly stats are finally up - now you have the entire year's stats on the Web Stats Page and the Poll Stats Page

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    Published on the Web: June 13, 2004 Renamed December 24, 2009; Blog links added 12/31/11
    Updated: 11/20/2022 R274
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