http://www.bettycjung.net/Quotes.htm

Quality of Life Quotes & References



Suggested Citation: Jung, B.C. (2008 - 2017). Quality of Life Quotes and References.
Web document: http://www.bettycjung.net/Quotes.htm

2/29/2008. This page archives the running marquee on the Home Page , which seeks to provide a fast way to keep up with the latest findings pertaining to our quality of life, from a Public Health perspective, of course. I will try and update the marquee monthly with new stats and research findings and then retire them to this page for those interested in reading more about where the quote came from. I will provide the URL for the quote, and if the quote came from an article based on published research, I will also provide the original source. All quotes are alphabetized for easy accessibility. May all we do lead to better health for us and others!
(Did you miss these monthly chasers on the Quality of Life marquee? Here they are again)
  • "Abdominal obesity is more closely associated with the risk of several chronic diseases than is gluteofemoral obesity, and large studies have suggested that waist circumference or the waist-to-hip ratio, as indicators of abdominal obesity, may be better predictors of the risk of disease than the body-mass index (BMI, the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters), an indicator of general adiposity,"..."
    General and Abdominal Adiposity Linked to Mortality Risk (11/17/2008)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/583657?sssdmh=dm1.405225&src=nldne
    Original Source: N Engl J Med. 2008;359:2105-2120.
  • "...a better diet and more exercise can raise the body's levels of an enzyme closely involved in controlling the aging process..... Telomerase fixes and lengthens parts of chromosomes known as telomeres that control longevity and are also important for maintenance of immune-system cells."
    Healthy lifestyle raises beneficial enzyme: study (9/15/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSN1529591920080915?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "Abdominal fat has been associated with heart disease and diabetes, and now researchers have discovered that it is also linked to depression... individuals with depression deposit fat around the middle because of the stress hormone cortisol. When experiencing chronic stress or depression, cortisol levels can become permanently elevated. One effect of high cortisol levels is that it directs fat to the visceral regions by activating lipoprotein lipase and inhibiting lipid mobilization...it is more likely that a combination of poor diet and biological factors are working together."
    Abdominal Fat Linked to Depression in Older Adults (12/8/2008)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/584898?sssdmh=dm1.547694&src=nldne&uac=81167HX
    Original source: Kokkinos A, et al "Eating slowly increases the postprandial response of the anorexigenic gut hormones, Peptide YY and Glucagon-like peptide-1" J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2009; DOI: 10.1210/jc.2009-1018.
  • B> "Ability to walk and perform other daily tasks, avoidance of major chronic diseases, and overall good quality of life -- all were more common in people who exercised at least three times a week."
    Multiple Benefits Seen for Exercise in Seniors (1/26/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/ExerciseFitness/18140?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Sun Q, et al "Physical activity at midlife in relation to successful survival in women at age 70 years or older" Arch Intern Med 2010; 170: 194-201.

  • "About 1 in 5 men and 1 in 10 women have a lifetime risk for alcohol abuse or alcohol dependence.... Men have more than a 1 in 5 lifetime risk of developing alcohol abuse or dependence, and while there is a widespread public perception that treatment for alcohol abuse is ineffective, the majority of patients � both men and women � do well after therapy....Repeated heavy drinking in alcohol-use disorders is associated with a 40% risk for temporary depressive episodes, associated suicidal ideas and attempts, and severe anxiety and insomnia," "Continued alcohol problems increase the rate of early death by 3 or 4 times, most commonly due to early onset of heart disease, stroke, and cancer and a high risk of accidents, suicide,and liver cirrhosis,..."
    Men More Than Twice as Likely as Women to Develop Alcohol Dependence (2/4/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/587814
  • "Abuse in early childhood permanently alters how the brain reacts to stress...experience in childhood when the brain is developing, can have a long-term impact on how someone responds to stressful situations."
    Child abuse 'impacts stress gene' (2/23/2009)
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/7901337.stm
  • "A combination of eating until full and eating quickly may increase the risk for overweight by 3-fold...."
    Eating Until Full and Eating Quickly May Triple the Risk for Overweight (10/22/2008)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/582375?sssdmh=dm1.396825&src=nldne
    BMJ. Published online October 22, 2008.
  • "A diet high in fructose increases the risk of developing high blood pressure (hypertension),... cutting back on processed foods and beverages that contain high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) may help prevent hypertension."
    High Fructose Corn Syrup: A Recipe for Hypertension (10/30/2009)
    http://nutnewstoday.blogspot.com/2009/10/high-fructose-corn-syrup-recipe-for.html
  • "A couple hours of daily TV watching can add up to substantial risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and death, according to a meta-analysis. Every two hours per day spent in front of the television boosted relative risk 20% for type 2 diabetes, 15% for cardiovascular disease, and 13% for all-cause mortality (all P<0.001)"
    TV Time Risky for Adults, Too (6/14/2011)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/PreventiveCare/27065
    Gr�ntved A, Hu FB "Television viewing and risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and all-cause mortality: A meta-analysis" JAMA 2011; 305: 2448-2455.
  • "A diet high in monounsaturated fatty acids, fruits, vegetables, whole-grain cereals, and low-fat dairy products, coupled with fish, poultry, nuts, legumes, and a low consumption of red meat--also known as the Mediterranean diet--is associated with a lower prevalence and slower progression of metabolic syndrome."...."The Mediterranean diet has a beneficial effect on abdominal obesity, lipid levels, glucose metabolism, and blood-pressure levels, all the components of the metabolic syndrome, which are also risk factors for the development of cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance, and diabetes."
    Mediterranean Diet and Metabolic Syndrome (3/10/2011)
    http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/738726?src=cmemp
  • "A diet rich in fruits and vegetables and low in salt, sweets, and red meats -- the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) model -- appears to slow cognitive decline...adherence to the DASH diet was a marker for an overall healthy lifestyle that includes exercise and not smoking...the DASH diet was effective in lowering blood pressure."
    ICAD: Int. Conference on Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders Meeting
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/MeetingCoverage/ICAD/15099? userid=36040&impressionId=1247719082063& utm_source=mSpoke&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign =DailyHeadlines&utm_content=Group1
    Original source: Wengreen H, et al "DASH diet adherence scores and cognitive decline and dementia among aging men and women: Cache County study of Memory Health and Aging" ICAD 2009; p. 24.
  • "Adipose tissue samples taken from nondiabetic obese patients showed increased expression of proteins linked to endoplasmic reticulum stress, which may play a role in insulin resistance...."
    Fat Itself is Unhealthy in Obese Patients (8/27/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Endocrinology/Diabetes/tb/10692
    Original source: Boden G, et al "Increase in endoplasmic reticulum stress related proteins and genes in adipose tissue of obese, insulin-resistant individuals" Diabetes 2008; DOI: 10.2337/db08-0604
  • "Adolescents who had a set bedtime of midnight or later were at increased risks of depression (OR 1.24, 95% CI 1.04 to 1.49) and suicidal ideation (OR 1.20, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.41) compared with those with a bedtime of 10 p.m. or earlier after controlling for several factors."
    Lack of Sleep Linked to Depression in Adolescents
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Psychiatry/SleepDisorders/17766?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Source reference: Gangwisch J, et al "Earlier parental set bedtimes as a protective factor against depression and suicidal ideation" Sleep 2010; 33: 97-106.
  • "Adolescents who start using alcohol or marijuana before they're 15 have an increased pattern of substance abuse, criminal convictions, academic failure, and sexually transmitted disease by the time they're 32...."
    Early Drug and Alcohol Use by Kids Portends a Grim Future (10/17/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Psychiatry/Addictions/11346
    Original source: Odgers CL et al. "Is It Important to Prevent Early Exposure to Drugs and Alcohol Among Adolescents?" Psychological Science 2008.
  • "... a downside of feeling happy most of the time is that you expect to feel that way all the time. So when good things happen, it seems normal, but when bad things happen, it can seem catastrophic.The fastest way to improve your relationships: Set aside inviolable time for them. Learn how to accept good-enough options. A conciliatory attitude can help counteract feelings of depression, powerlessness, and anxiety about future hurts."
    How to Be Happy.By Stacy Weiner
    http://women.webmd.com/features/how-be-happy?page=2
  • "...adult male smokers lost approximately 13.2 years of their lives and female smokers lost 14.5 years of their lives because of smoking."
    20 Ways to Live to 100 From AOL Health
    http://news.aol.com/health/story/ar/_a/eating-less-can-add-years-to-your-life/20080709112009990001
  • "Adults should aim to get in 2 1/2 hours of exercise a week and children should run and play for at least an hour a day...."
    Get 2 1/2 hours of exercise per week, U.S. says
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSTRE4967IV20081008?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
    Original source: www.health.gov/paguidelines;
  • "Aerobic exercise may help older adults improve their memory,...walking three times a week for a year led to increases in the volume of the hippocampus, which plays an important role in memory."
    Exercise, Brain Volume Linked in Older Adults (1/31/2011)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Psychiatry/Dementia/24607?utm_
    Original source: Erickson KI, et al "Exercise training increases size of hippocampus and improves memory" PNAS 2011; DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1015950108.
  • "...a 50-year-old newly diagnosed diabetes patient spends $4,174 more on medical care a year than someone the same age without diabetes. For that diabetes patient, medical costs increase $158 a year every year after they're diagnosed and that doesn't include increased medical costs due to aging."
    Tab is $4,174 more a year, but study says proper management, lifestyle changes can help (11/25/2008)
    HealthDay - RTI International study
  • "After adjusting for numerous potential confounders, physical inactivity was associated with more than double the risk of pulmonary embolism (HR 2.34, 95% CI 1.30 to 4.20),"..."Muscular activity in the lower extremities is required to promote venous blood return. Thus, lack of such activity could result in venous stasis and thrombosis,"..."Lower levels of circulating factors such as tissue plasminogen activator, platelets, and fibrinogen could also play a role by increasing thrombotic tendency and plasma viscosity."
    Sitting May Raise Pulmonary Embolism Risk (7/6/2011)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Cardiology/VenousThrombosis/27429?
    Original source: Kabrhel C, et al "Physical inactivity and idiopathic pulmonary embolism in women: prospective study" BMJ 2011; DOI: 10.1136/bmj.d3867.
  • "After age 45, cardiorespiratory fitness declines at an accelerated rate and is independently influenced by body mass index (BMI), physical activity, and smoking...cardiorespiratory fitness declined at a nonlinear rate and that the benefits of being active and lean persisted across all ages."
    Age, Lifestyle Affect Cardiorespiratory Fitness (10/26/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/ExerciseFitness/16624?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Jackson A, et al "Role of lifestyle and aging on the longitudinal change in cardiorespiratory fitness" Arch Intern Med 2009; 169: 1781-87.
  • "After a month of regular aerobic cycling exercise, patients reduced their visceral adipose tissue volume by 12% (P<0.01) and hepatic triglyceride concentration (HTGC) by 21% (P<0.05) on average,... Exercise was also associated with a 14% reduction in plasma free fatty acids (P<0.05)."
    Aerobic Exercise Cuts Risks of Fatty Liver Disease (9/11/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Gastroenterology/GeneralHepatology/15927?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: George J, et al "Aerobic exercise training reduces hepatic and visceral lipids in obese individuals without weight loss" Hepatol 2009; DOI: 10.1002/hep.23129.
  • "...after a month without any physical activity, endothelial function returned to baseline levels... one month of detraining is sufficient for both resistance and aerobic training to lose all positive effects on endothelial function...Long-term adherence to training programs is necessary to maintain vascular benefits on endothelial function."
    Exercise Helps After MI, If You Stick To It (3/16/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/ ExerciseFitness/13278?utm_source=mSpoke&utm_medium= email&utm_campaign=DailyHeadlines&utm_content= GroupB&userid=36040&impressionId=1237255256280
  • "After adjusting for risk factors that might influence the development of disease, ... those who followed all four healthy habits (Never smoked; Exercised at least 3.5 hours per week; Maintained a body mass index (BMI) under 30; Followed a diet high in fruits, vegetables, and whole-grain breads, and limited in meats) had a 78% lower risk of developing a chronic condition such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, or cancer compared to those who reported none of the healthy habits. Specifically,..., all four of the healthy habits combined were linked to a: 93% lower risk of type 2 diabetes; 81% lower risk of heart attack; 50% lower risk of stroke 36% lower risk of cancer."
    4 Healthy Habits That Cut Disease Risk Study Shows People Who Follow 4 Habits Sharply Reduce Risk of Serious Disease (8/10/2009)
    http://www.webmd.com/balance/news/20090810/4-healthy-habits-that-cut-disease-risk?ecd=wnl_men_081809
    Original Source: Ford ES, et al "Healthy living is the best revenge: Findings from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition -- Potsdam Study" Arch Intern Med 2009; 169(15): 1355-62.
  • "After tobacco and blood pressure, 'alcohol' is the third-leading health risk factor for people in industrial countries to develop cardiovascular diseases, cirrhosis of the liver and cancers."
    WHO gets nod to tackle harmful use of alcohol (5/22/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSL2267900320080522?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "A good night's sleep will restore the immune system, Northrup says, because when you get a good night's sleep, melatonin levels rise and that improves immunity."
    Secrets of Super-Healthy People
    http://www.webmd.com/cold-and-flu/features/secrets-super-healthy-people?ecd=wnl_day_012009
  • "A growing body of research suggests that short telomeres are linked to a range of health problems, including coronary heart disease and diabetes, as well as early death....vigorous physical activity as brief as 42 minutes over a 3-day period, similar to federally recommended levels, can protect individuals from the effects of stress by reducing its impact on telomere length. Telomeres (pronounced TEEL-oh-meres) are tiny pieces of DNA that promote genetic stability and act as protective sheaths by keeping chromosomes from unraveling, much like plastic tips at the ends of shoelaces.
    Brief Exercise Reduces Impact of Stress on Cell Aging, Study Shows (5/27/2010)
    http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/05/100527013321.htm
  • "A lack of physical activity ... affects not only cardiovascular fitness and muscle strength, but also the general functioning of nerves and muscles."
    Fear of falls may drain seniors' physical function (5/2/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSCOL24579620080502?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "Alcohol is connected to suicides across all [racial and ethnic] groups,...Alcohol plays a significant role in suicide, especially among Hispanics and American Indian and Alaska Natives."
    Alcohol Use Associated with Suicide (June 18, 2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Psychiatry/GeneralPsychiatry/14781
  • "...alcohol may boost the progression of cancer by stimulating a pathway inside cells."Alcohol consumption is known to increase the risk of several cancers, including cancers of the oral cavity, esophagus, liver, colon, rectum, and, in women, the breast."
    Alcohol may boost the progression of cancer (10/28/2009)
    http://healthday.com/Article.asp?AID=632384
    Original source: Rush University Medical Center, news release, Oct. 26, 2009; January 2010 issue of the journal Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
  • "A low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet can reverse diabetes without adversely affecting lipid profiles, and use of a low-carbohydrate diet has been shown to improve glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes."
    Slashing Carbs Cuts Medication Use, Improves or Reverses Type 2 Diabetes, Study Says (1/16/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/586922
    Original Source: Westman EC, Yancy WS Jr, Mavropoulos JC, Marquart M, McDuffie JR. The effect of a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet versus a low-glycemic index diet on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Nutr Metab. 2008; DOI:10.1186/1743-7075-5-36. Available at: http://www.nutritionandmetabolism.com/content/5/1/36
  • "A low-carbohydrate diet may have effects similar to those of a low-fat diet on weight and hemoglobin A1C (A1C) levels in patients with type 2 diabetes, but patients following the low-carbohydrate diet have a greater increase in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels after 1 year. The most relevant point is that there were increases in HDL cholesterol with the low carbohydrate diet. Low-carb diets are difficult to follow if the carbohydrate is very low, but a 25% carbohydrate diet is not difficult to follow and it can be very useful for diabetic patients."
    Low-Carb or Low-Fat Diet May Similarly Affect Weight, A1C in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes (7/21/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/706214?src=cmemp
    Original source: Randomized clinical trial reported in the July issue of Diabetes Care. A healthy dose of optimism may help some women ward off risk of heart disease and death, researchers have found.
  • "...a low-risk lifestyle that is associated with a reduced risk of multiple chronic diseases, including coronary disease and diabetes, also may be beneficial in the prevention of stroke, especially ischemic stroke,..."
    A Lifestyle Good for the Heart May Prevent Stroke (8/11/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Cardiology/Strokes/tb/10510
  • "Almost any amount of moderate physical activity in mid- or late life reduced the odds of mild cognitive impairment by 30% to 40%....The results showed overall improvement in executive function among aerobic exercisers (P=0.04). Aerobic exercise increased glucose disposal, and reduced fasting plasma levels of insulin, cortisol, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor in women."
    Exercise May Aid Cognitive Function (1/12/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/ExerciseFitness/17907?utm_content=GroupC&utm_medium=email&impressionId=1263353054621&utm_campaign=DailyHeadlines&utm_source=mSpoke&userid=36040
    Original source: Geda YE, et al "Physical exercise, aging, and mild cognitive impairment" Arch Neurol 2010; 67: 80-86.
  • "Although 40% to 70% of the U.S. population experiences traumatic events such as rape, combat, abuse, physical assault, and natural disasters, the lifetime prevalence of PTSD is 8% among adult Americans."
    Genes, Environment Both Influence Risk of PTSD (11/2/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Psychiatry/AnxietyStress/16750?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source:Xie P, et al "Interactive effect of stressful life events and the serotonin transporter 5-HTTLPR genotype on posttraumatic stress disorder diagnosis in 2 independent populations" Arch Gen Psych 2009; 66: 1201-09.
  • "Although quitting smoking and lowering BP [blood pressure] are both crucial for prevention of CVD [cardiovascular disease], combining the 2 could be expected to have extra beneficial effect on preventing hemorrhagic stroke,"
    Smoking, Hypertension Have Synergistic Effect on Hemorrhagic Stroke Risk (3/13/2008)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/571377?sssdmh=dm1.340519&src=nldne
    Stroke. Published online March 6, 2008.
  • "Although smoking cessation has major and immediate health benefits for men and women of all ages, the researchers note, the benefit is greater the earlier in life a person quits. They suggest that people who stop smoking before the age of 35 years have a life expectancy that is similar to nonsmokers."
    Smoking in Young Women Linked to Higher Stroke Risk (8/20/2008)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/579320?sssdmh=dm1.378371&src=nldne
    Stroke. Published online August 14, 2008.
  • "Although the immune system returns to pre-exercise levels within a few hours after the exercise session is over, each session may improve immunosurveillance against pathogens that reduce overall upper respiratory tract infection incidence and symptomatology."
    Exercise May Block Colds (11/1/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/ExerciseFitness/23094
    Original source: Nieman D, et al "Upper respiratory tract infection is reduced in physically fit and active adults" Br J Sports Med 2010; DOI: 10.1136/bjsm.2010.077875.
  • "Although type 2 diabetes in children was rare 2 decades ago, it now accounts for nearly one half of all new cases of diabetes among children in some settings."
    AMA Recommends 4-Stage Approach to Treatment of Childhood Obesity (7/17/ 2008)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/577665?src=mpnews&spon=2&uac=81167HX
    Original source: Am Fam Physician. 2008;78:56-63.
  • "Among cancers which affect both sexes, men are 60% more likely to develop the disease and 70% more likely to die from it...They found that overall men are 40% more likely than women to die from cancer and 16% more likely to develop the disease in the first place. There is no known biological reason for this but it may be because women take better care of themselves.It is thought half of all cancers can be prevented through lifestyle changes."
    Men warned of greater cancer risk
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/8097639.stm
  • "Among men considered "regular drinkers," defined as drinking on a daily or weekly basis, alcohol was linked to an increased risk for nearly half of the cancer types -- specifically, esophageal, stomach, colon, liver, lung and prostate cancer."
    Drinking Moderately or More Ups Men's Cancer Risk (8/7/2009)
    http://news.yahoo.com/s/hsn/20090808/hl_hsn/drinkingmoderatelyormoreupsmenscancerrisk
    Cancer Detection and Prevention
  • "Among subjects who are equally overweight, those with more abdominal cavity fat, or visceral adipose tissue, compared with those with excessive subcutaneous adipose tissue, are at greater risk for cardiovascular disease."
    SYNERGIE: Lifestyle Management Reduces Body Fat Distribution and Metabolic-Syndrome Risk Factors (4/29/2008)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/573637?sssdmh=dm1.348185&src=nldne
    Despr�s JP on behalf of the SYNERGIE investigators. Lifestyle management of abdominal obesity and related cardiometabolic risk: the SYNERGIE trial. EAS 2008: 77th European Atherosclerosis Society Congress; April 27, 2008; Istanbul, Turkey.
  • "Among the most common reasons for hospitalization were congestive heart failure for non-obese patients, coronary atherosclerosis and other heart disease for the obese, and nutritional endocrine and metabolic disorders for the morbidly obese."
    Morbidly Obese Patients Weigh Heavily on Hospital Finances (1/13/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Endocrinology/Diabetes/12427
    Original source: Kim S, Boye K "Obesity and incremental hospital charges among patients with and without diabetes in the United States" Value Health 2009; DOI: 10.1111/j.1524-4733.2008.00501.x.
  • "Among those who were overweight or obese in childhood (ages 9 - 12 years), reaching normal weight by adolescence (ages 15 - 16 years) was associated with better cardiovascular risk profiles vs those who remained overweight."
    Obesity at 9 to 12 Years Predicts Heart Disease Risk Factors in Adolescence (12/7/2010)
    http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/733731?src=cmemp
  • "among young adults 18 to 44 years old ..., amphetamine abuse was associated with a 5-fold increase in the risk for hemorrhagic stroke,... Cocaine abuse was associated with increased risk for both hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke."
    Stimulant Abuse May Increase Stroke Among Young Adults (4/16/2007)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/555229?sssdmh=dm1.341358&src=nldne
  • "And the longer a person smoked pipes or cigars the more likely they were to have reduced performance on lung function tests..."
    Cigar and Pipe Smoking Hurts LungsN(2/19/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Pulmonology/Smoking/18579?utm_content=GroupCL&utm_medium=email&impressionId=1266647147301&utm_campaign=DailyHeadlines&utm_source=mSpoke&userid=36040
    Original source: Barr RG, et al "The association of pipe and cigar use with cotinine levels, lung function, and airflow obstruction: A cross-sectional study" Ann Intern Med 2010; 152: 201-10.
  • "An endogenous effect can occur when a diet high in refined carbohydrates (high-glycemic index foods) is ingested. These foods rapidly raise blood glucose, which, in turn, induces insulin production. When the blood glucose drops as rapidly as it rose, the lingering insulin stimulates appetite, leading to weight gain."
    Medications as Modifiable Contributors to Weight Gain (5/12/2010)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/721309
  • "Anger and other strong emotions can trigger potentially deadly heart rhythms in certain vulnerable people....anger really does impact the heart's electrical system in very specific ways that can lead to sudden death..."
    Anger really can kill you: study (2/23/2009)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSTRE51M7EE20090223
  • "An increased BMI is a cause of increased mortality rates from cardiovascular disease and cancer."
    Body Mass Index Above Ideal Range Linked to Large Increase in Mortality Rate (3/17/2009)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/589720?sssdmh=dm1.445784&src=nldne
  • "...An increase in exercise capacity to the level needed to achieve a 50% reduction in risk would typically require only moderate exercise, such as brisk walking for 30 minutes most days of the week.."
    Higher Exercise Capacity Lowers Death Risk Across Diverse Populations (1/23/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/ExerciseFitness/tb/8031
  • "A nutrient-dense diet high in vegetables, fruit, and whole grains may reduce the risk for low-trauma fracture, particularly in older women."
    Nutrient-Dense Diet May Reduce Risk for Low-Trauma Fracture (11/24/2010)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/733109?src=cmemp&uac=81167HX
  • "....anxiety remained significant in predicting heart disease."
    Anxiety Boosts MI Risk, Independent of Other Psychosocial Factors (1/8/ 2008)
    From Shen B-J, Avivi YE, Todaro JF, et al. Anxiety characteristics independently and prospectively predict myocardial infarction in men. The unique contribution of anxiety among psychologic factors. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007;doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2007.09.033.
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/568398?src=mpnews
  • "A person's odds of suffering a stroke might be significantly reduced by maintaining an overall healthy lifestyle, which includes not smoking, exercising daily, consuming a healthy diet, drinking alcohol in moderation and maintaining a healthy weight,.... people with these five healthy lifestyle habits (not smoking; maintaining a normal body weight (body mass index less than 25); exercising 30 minutes or more each day; taking a multivitamin for at least five years; drinking alcohol in moderation (one-half to one drink a day for women and one-half to two drinks a day for men) and eating a healthy diet, with an emphasis on high amounts of fruits and vegetables, cereal fiber, chicken and fish, nuts, legumes and low amounts of trans and saturated fats) had about an 80 percent lower risk of ischemic stroke compared to people with none of the healthy habits."
    Healthy lifestyle cuts stroke risk: study (8/11/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSTON17409220080811?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
    Original Source: Circulation, 8/11/2008 - National Institutes of Health-funded study, led by Dr. Stephanie E. Chiuve of the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston.
  • "Approximately 25 million women in the US--most over the age of 45--were treated for high blood pressure in 2006, making it the most common condition for which women sought treatment."
    DASH Diet Reduces Risk of Heart Failure (05/21/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/703133?sssdmh=dm1.475412&src=nldne
  • "As early as age 9 years, children with the most cardiovascular risk factors had a 37% increased risk for elevated adult carotid IMT vs all other children. By age 12 years, children in the highest quintile of cardiovascular risk factor group had a 48% increased risk for elevated adult carotid IMT."
    Risk-Factor Screening Meaningful From Age Nine Onward (12/7/2010)
    http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/733722?src=cmemp
  • "A simple task, like doodling, may be sufficient to stop daydreaming without affecting performance on the main task."
    Doodling 'may help memory recall' (2/27/2009)
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/7912671.stm
  • "A single can of cola contains about eight teaspoons of sugar. Liquid sugar in soft drinks is the worst culprit because besides rapidly elevating blood sugar, liquid calories are not sensed as well as calories that we eat,..higher intake of soft drinks is associated with greater energy intake, higher body weight, and lower intake of essential nutrients."
    Cut Back on Added Sugar, AHA Recommends (8/24/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/DietNutrition/15661?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Johnson RK, et al "Dietary sugars intake and cardiovascular health: A scientific statement from the American Heart Association" Circulation 2009; DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.192627
  • "...as little as 80 minutes a week of aerobic or resistance training helps not only to prevent weight gain, but also to inhibit a regain of harmful visceral fat one year after weight loss.Visceral fat is more dangerous than subcutaneous fat because it often surrounds vital organs. The more visceral fat one has, the greater is the chance of developing Type 2 diabetes and heart disease."
    80 minutes of exercise a WEEK keeps visceral fat off: UAB researchers in the journal Obesity (10/28/2009)
    http://shexbenupdates.blogspot.com/2009/10/80-minutes-of-exercise-week-keeps.html
  • "As the world's population ages, gets richer, smokes more, eats more and drives more, noncommunicable diseases will become bigger killers than infectious ones over the next 20 years,...."
    Noninfectious Illnesses Are Expected to Become Top Killers (6/3/2008)
    http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/03/health/research/03glob.html?_r=1&adxnnl=1&oref=slogin&ref=health&adxnnlx=1213013015-PSCkVa/WYmmBw7I+I4l8bQ
  • "A study of more than 1,000 pre-teens found that those who spent more than two hours a day watching TV were 61% more likely than other kids to have increased psychological difficulties -- including hyperactivity, emotional, concentration and conduct problems, as well as difficulties with peers..."
    Too Much Screen Time May Up Risk of Kids' Psych Problems (10/11/10)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Pediatrics/GeneralPediatrics/22653?utm_content=GroupCL&utm_medium=email&impressionId=1286774354772&utm_campaign=DailyHeadlines&utm_source=mSpoke&userid=36040
    Original source: Page A, et al "Children's screen viewing is related to psychological difficulties irrespective of physical activity" Pediatrics 2010; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2010-1154.
  • "As you lose muscle, your body burns calories less efficiently - which can result in weight gain. The more toned your muscles, the easier it is to control your weight."
    Strength training: Get stronger, leaner and healthier. Mayo Clinic
    http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/strength-training/HQ01710
  • "At least two and half hours per week, spread out over at least three sessions--that's the amount of moderate-intensity exercise recommended by the American Heart Association for reducing cardiovascular risk in people with type 2 diabetes....exercise improves CV risk factors, such as improvements in insulin sensitivity and vascular function, as well as potential CV risks of exercise training."
    AHA Urges Exercise to Cut CV Risk in Diabetics
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/704484?src=cmemp
    Original source: Marwick TH, Hordern MD, Miller T, et al. Exercise training for type 2 diabetes mellitus. Impact on cardiovascular risk. A scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation 2009; DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.192521.
  • "At present, poor diets, lack of exercise, and people being overweight or obese accounts for approximately a third of cancers in western countries, and approximately a fifth in developing countries."
    Obese cancer 'explosion' warning (February 4, 2009)
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/7866681.stm
  • "...at the molecular level ... exercising has an antiaging effect on the cardiovascular system...People who engaged in the most exercise had telomeres of similar length to inactive people up to 10 years younger."
    Molecular Proof: Exercise Keeps You Young-Intense Activity Keeps Telomeres Long (12/1/2009)
    http://www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/news/20091201/molecular-proof-exercise-keeps-you-young?ecd=wnl_wmh_121409
  • "...average blood flow typically increases 22 percent during and after bursts of laughter compared to a decrease in blood flow by 35 percent during mental stress."
    20 Ways to Live to 100 From AOL Health
    http://news.aol.com/health/story/ar/_a/eating-less-can-add-years-to-your-life/20080709112009990001
  • "Avoid smoking completely, keep a healthy weight, and do regular exercise. These are key. If you have these three under control, then your lifetime risk of heart failure is cut substantially."
    Healthy Lifestyle Linked to Less Hypertension and Lower Lifetime Risk of Heart Failure (7/23/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/706352?src=cmemp
    Original source: July 22/29, 2009 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association
  • "Because women's bodies generally have less water than men's bodies, a given amount of alcohol is less diluted in a woman's body than in a man's. Consequently, when a woman drinks, the alcohol in her bloodstream typically reaches a higher level than a man's even if both are drinking the same amount."
    Brain Stress System Presents Possible Treatment Target for Alcohol Dependence (2/2008)
    http://www.nih.gov/news/health/feb2008/niaaa-26.htm
  • "Being optimistic in middle age increases life span by at least 7.5 years--even after accounting for age, gender, socioeconomic status, and physical health..."
    The Happiness Factor; WebMD Feature from "Prevention" Magazine By Nancy Kalish
    http://www.webmd.com/balance/features/happiness-factor?ecd=wnl_day_022508
  • "Being overweight or obese and inactive are major contributing factors to the onset of type 2 diabetes. Overweight and obesity also complicate the treatment of diabetes (both type 1 and type 2) and can contribute to the development of other health problems, such as heart disease and cancer. In the United States, rates of type 2 diabetes in adults and children have risen dramatically in recent years, along with the national epidemic of obesity."
    New clinical practice recommendations to help health care providers treat people with diabetes. Medical Condition News (1/2/2008)
    http://www.news-medical.net/?id=33835
  • "Being overweight stresses your heart, blood vessels, and joints, accelerating age-related diseases,...Excess body fat also plays a role in the development of dementia, certain cancers, and eye diseases, including cataracts and age-related macular degeneration... overweight people who cut their daily calorie intake by up to 25% were more likely to have a lower core body temperature and normal fasting levels of insulin in their blood."
    Aging Well: Eating Right for Longevity
    http://www.webmd.com/diet/guide/aging-well-eating-right-for-longevity?page=3
  • "... belly fat appears to boost inflammation and is linked to hardening of the arteries."
    "Extra weight around the midsection is associated with inflammation and a higher risk of health problems such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, metabolic syndrome and more,...."
    "Ninety-nine percent of people who lose weight will lose it in the abdominal region before anywhere else -- and will lose proportionately more weight from the upper body,..."
    "Study participants who ate all whole grains (in addition to five servings of fruits and vegetables, three servings of low-fat dairy, and two servings of lean meat, fish, or poultry) lost more weight from the abdominal area than another group that ate the same diet, but with all refined grains.... Eating a diet rich in whole grains while reducing refined carbohydrates changes the glucose and insulin response and makes it easier to mobilize fat stores,"....

    The Truth About Belly Fat
    http://www.webmd.com/diet/features/the-truth-about-belly-fat?ecd=wnl_day_121508
  • "Besides obesity, high-fructose corn syrup has also been linked to kidney and liver problems. About 30% of fructose ends up as fat," Dr. Lustig said. "A low-fat diet isn't really low-fat because the fructose doubles as fat."
    Special Report: The Case Against Fructose (3/23/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/ DietNutrition/13394?utm_source=mSpoke&utm_medium= email&utm_campaign= DailyHeadlines&utm_content= GroupB&userid=36040&impressionId=1237860088261
  • "Better eating and physical activity habits could prevent about a third of all cancers in the U.S. The figure does not include the cancers that could be prevented by not smoking, a habit estimated to cause another third of malignancies."
    Healthy Food, Exercise, Keys to Cancer Prevention (2/26/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/PreventiveCare/13045?utm_source=mSpoke&utm_medium= email&utm_campaign=DailyHeadlines&utm_content= GroupB&userid=36040&impressionId=1235713782273
  • "Breast cancer is the second most common cancer killer of women, after lung cancer. It will be diagnosed in 1.2 million people globally this year and will kill 500,000."
    Big U.S. study links breast cancer to drinking (4/14/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSN1331146720080414?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "Breathing secondhand smoke can cause heart disease and lung cancer in nonsmoking adults and increases the risk for sudden infant death syndrome, acute respiratory infections, middle-ear disease and exacerbations of asthma in children.... No level of secondhand smoke exposure is safe...."
    Secondhand Smoke Exposure Down But Not Gone (7/11/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/Smoking/tb/10093
    Original source: Schober SE, et al "Disparities in Secondhand Smoke Exposure - United States, 1988-1994 and 1999-2004" MMWR Weekly Report; 2008; 57: 744-747.
  • "Brisk walking and bicycling are associated with a lower rate of weight gain and a lower risk of gaining 5% of more of body weight in premenopausal women. The benefits of bicycling and brisk walking in preventing weight gain among overweight and obese women are greater than among normal-weight women."
    Bicycling, Brisk Walking, May Help Control Weight in Overweight, Obese Women (7/6/2010)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/724602?src=cmemp&uac=81167HX
  • "Bullying behavior should be considered a marker of the risk of a later psychiatric disorder, which if not treated promptly, might develop into a serious problem for those involved and for society as a whole,..."
    Childhood Bullying Tied to Psychiatric Illness (9/8/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Psychiatry/GeneralPsychiatry/15858?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Sourander A, et al. "Childhood Bullying Behavior and Later Psychiatric Hospital and Psychopharmacologic Treatment" Arch Gen Psychiatry 2009; 9: 1005-1012.
  • "Burning the midnight oil may be hazardous to your health. The fewer hours a man slept each night, the higher his BMI, blood pressure, and triglyceride levels. Men who go to bed after midnight have significantly more arterial stiffening -- an early stage of atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries -- than men who turn in earlier,... Several large studies have linked chronic sleep loss to heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and other health problems."
    Late Bedtimes Linked to Heart Disease. Men who Turn In After Midnight Show Early Signs of Atherosclerosis (3/30/2009)
    http://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/news/20090330/late-bedtimes-linked-to-heart-disease?ecd=wnl_day_043009
  • "...calories trump everything else, and that our number one goal for the reduction of new cases of type 2 diabetes mellitus should be to reduce the intake of high-energy, low-benefit foods."
    Total Calories More Important Than Dietary Fat in Diabetes Risk (7/28/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Endocrinology/Diabetes/tb/10295
    Original source: Tinker L, et al "Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of treated diabetes mellitus in postmenopausal women: The Women's Health Initiative randomized controlled dietary modification trial" Arch Intern Med 2008; 168: 1500-11.
  • "Cancer patients with preexisting diabetes at the time of their cancer diagnosis have an increased risk for death vs patients without diabetes."
    Preexisting Diabetes Boosts Risk for Mortality in Cancer Patients (12/16/2008)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/585383
    Original source: JAMA. 2008;300:2754-2764.
  • "Cancer will overtake heart disease as the world's top killer by 2010, part of a trend that should more than double global cancer cases and deaths by 2030....Rising tobacco use in developing countries is believed to be a huge reason for the shift...new cancer cases will likely mushroom to 27 million annually by 2030, with deaths hitting 17 million. Few are aware that cancer already kills more people in poor countries than HIV, malaria and tuberculosis combined. And if current smoking trends continue, the problem will get significantly worse...."
    Cancer to be world's top killer by 2010, WHO says (12/9/2008)
    http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20081209/ap_on_he_me/med_global_cancer
  • "Carbohydrates with a low glycemic index have less impact on blood glucose levels and insulin response than carbohydrates with a higher glycemic index. LGI foods include cereals made from oats, barley, and bran, along with whole grain breads and most vegetables other than potatoes."
    Fat Burns Faster After Low-Glycemic Breakfast (4/15/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/DietNutrition/13738
    Original source: Stevenson EJ, et al "Fat oxidation during exercise and satiety during recovery are increased following a low-glycemic index breakfast in sedentary women" J Nutr 2009; 139: 890-97.
  • "...childhood bullying is not benign. Bullying is not just part of growing up. When it is frequent, it should be considered interpersonal violence. Unfortunately, the negative effects of being frequently bullied may not disappear with time...despite lower prevalence of being a bully among girls, those who are involved often have severe problems. This is a gender paradox � while girls are less likely to be frequent bullies, when they are bullies they have more severe impairment [than] their male counterparts...almost all of the boy bully-victims already showed evidence of psychopathology at age 8 years."
    Bullying May Affect Girls More Than Boys (9/18/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/709166?src=cmemp&uac=81167HX
    Original source: Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2009;66:1005�1012
  • "...changes in lifestyle are effective in preventing both diabetes and obesity in high-risk adults with impaired glucose tolerance. Increasing physical activity, improving diet, then sustaining these lifestyle changes can reduce both body weight and risk of diabetes."
    Prevalence of Obesity, Diabetes, and Obesity-Related Health Risk Factors, 2001; JAMA, January 1, 2003�Vol 289, No. 1
    http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/reprint/289/1/76.pdf
  • "Childhood physical fitness at age 13 years is positively associated with the reduced CVD risk factors of BMI and blood pressure in later life."
    Childhood Physical Fitness May Be Linked With Less Obesity, Hypertension in Early (1/6/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/586307
    Original Source: Pediatrics. 2009;123:e80-e86.
  • "Children who are neglected or physically or psychologically abused are more likely to have sex at an early age, and sexually active adolescents should be evaluated for possible maltreatment... At 14 years of age, adolescents with a history of maltreatment other than sexual abuse were 2.15 times more likely to report having had sexual intercourse than teens with no maltreatment history,.. 16-year-olds who had suffered physical or psychological abuse or neglect were 2.03 times more likely to have had sex."
    Early Sexual Activity Linked to Abuse and Neglect (8/10/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Pediatrics/DomesticViolence/15452?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Black M, et al "Sexual intercourse among adolescents maltreated before age 12: A prospective investigation" Pediatrics 2009; DOI:10.1542/peds.2008-3836.
  • "Children who get more sleep, even if it's only "catch-up" sleep on weekends, may be protected against obesity and other metabolic roblems,....those who slept the least and had the most irregular sleep schedules were over 4.4-fold more likely to be obese,... Short nights and variable sleep patterns were also linked to altered levels of insulin, LDL cholesterol, and the inflammatory marker high-sensitivity C-reactive protein. Even just an extra half hour of sleep per night might lower body mass index (BMI) and reduce the metabolic effects that predispose to diabetes and cardiovascular disease later in life. Not getting enough sleep could cause changes in neuropeptides that regulate appetite -- raising ghrelin and reducing leptin -- and lead to more eating and obesity. "If you want your child to be happy and to succeed, prioritize sleep,...Optimal sleep is associated with better attention, better ability to learn, and better memory."
    More ZZZs Linked to Healthier Kids (1/24/2011)
    Original source: Spruyt K, et al "Sleep duration, sleep regularity, body weight, and metabolic homeostasis in school-aged children" Pediatrics 2011; 127: e345e352.
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Pediatrics/Obesity/24486
  • "Cigarette smoking is significantly linked to both incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer...."
    Smoking Significantly Associated With Colorectal Cancer Incidence and Mortality (12/17/2008)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/585469
    Original source: JAMA. 2008;300:2765-2778
  • "Clinically significant weight loss has been reported with greater amounts of PA (> 250 minutes per week). After weight loss, weight maintenance is improved with PA of more than 250 minutes per week. Although resistance training does not increase weight loss, it may increase fat-free mass and loss of fat mass while lowering health risk."
    Guidelines Updated for Physical Activity Intervention for Weight Loss (2/23/2009)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/588566?sssdmh=dm1.435242&src=nldne
    Original source: Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009;41:459-471
  • Compared with nonvegetarians, vegetarians had a lower risk for type 2 diabetes, after adjustment for age, sex, ethnicity, education, income, physical activity, television watching, sleep habits, alcohol use, and BMI."
    Vegetarian Diets May Protect Against Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/702780?sssdmh=dm1.472244&src=nldne
  • "Compared with participants with the highest vitamin D, those with the lowest had 25 percent higher risk of dying from heart disease or stroke."
    Low vitamin D tied to heart, stroke deaths(10/29/2009)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSTRE59S4JB20091029
    Original source: American Journal of Epidemiology, October 15, 2009
  • "Compared with the women who rarely ate broiled or baked fish, those who consumed five or more servings a week had a 30% lower risk of developing heart failure. Conversely, women who had at least one serving a week of fried fish had an almost 50% increased risk of incident heart failure, compared with those who rarely ate fried fish."
    Baked/Broiled Fish May Prevent HF, Fried Fish Ups Risk in Older Women (5/31/2011)http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/743616
    Original source: References Belin RJ, Greenland P, Martin L, et al. Fish intake and the risk of incident heart failure: The Women's Health Initiative. Circ Heart Fail 2011; DOI:10.1161/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.110.960450.
  • "Compared with women of normal weight at the beginning of pregnancy, overweight mothers had an 18% increased risk of giving birth to a child with certain heart defects..."
    Mom's Obesity Tied to Heart Defects (10/2/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/Obesity/16257?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Gilboa SM, et al "Association between prepregnancy body mass index and congenital heart defects" Am J Obstet Gynecol 2009; DOI: 10.1016/j.ajog.2009.08.005.
  • "Comprehensive lifestyle changes including a better diet and more exercise can lead not only to a better physique, but also to swift and dramatic changes at the genetic level...."
    Healthy lifestyle triggers genetic changes: study (6/16/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSTON70483420080617?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "Condom use may offer moderate protection against herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) acquisition in men and women...condom use should continue to be recommended to both men and women for reducing risk of HSV-2 acquisition," the study authors conclude. "Although the magnitude of the protective effect was not as large as has been observed with other STIs,..."
    Condoms May Offer Moderate Protection Against Genital Herpes (7/16/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/705962?src=cmemp
    Original Source: Arch Intern Med. 2009;169:1233�1240.
  • "Consistent condom use reduces the risk of genital herpes by 30% compared with never using such protection during sex....other sexually transmitted infections,...an 87% reduction in the incidence of HIV....each 25% increase in condom use was associated with a 7% reduction in HSV-2 incidence....an increased risk of HSV-2 acquisition with increasing numbers of unprotected sex acts per week, (and) HSV-2 is primarily transmitted through direct skin-to-skin or skin-to-mucosa contact."
    Condoms Reduce Genital Herpes Risk
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/InfectiousDisease/STDs/15074?userid=36040&impressionId=1247632656226&utm_source=mSpoke&utm_medium=email& utm_campaign=DailyHeadlines&utm_content=Group1
    http://nutnewstoday.blogspot.com/2009/08/aha-issues-new-sugar-consumption.html
  • "Consumer Reports defines the behaviors that correlate strongly with having a healthy body mass index (BMI), a measure of weight that takes height into account.
    1. Watch portions. Carefully controlling portion size at each meal correlated strongly with a lower BMI. Successful losers were especially likely (62%) to report doing this behavior at least five days a week. So did 57% of the always thin, but only 42% of failed dieters.
    2. Limit fat. Fifty-three percent of successful losers and 47% of the always thin restricted fat to less than one-third of daily calorie intake five days a week or more, compared with just 35 % of failed dieters.
    3. Eat fruits and vegetables. Forty-nine percent of successful losers and the always thin said they ate five or more servings a day at least five days a week, while 38% of failed dieters did so.
    4. Choose whole grains over refined. People with lower BMIs consistently opted for whole-wheat breads, cereals, and other grains over refined (white) grains.
    5. Eat at home. As the numbers of days per week respondents ate restaurant or take-out meals increased, so did their weight.
    6. Exercise, exercise, exercise. Regular vigorous exercise -- the type that increases breathing and heart rate for 30 minutes or longer -- was strongly linked to a lower BMI.

    Consumer Reports Survey: More Than Half of Successful Dieters Lose Weight on Their Own (1/19/2009)
    February '09 issue or online at www.ConsumerReportsHealth.org
  • "consumption of soft drinks is likely to increase normal caloric intake....at 37 percent sugar-sweetened beverages were the leading source of liquid calories. A standard 330 ml can of Coca-Cola contains 139 calories. Thus if a person were to consume a can of Coca-Cola with two meals per day, over a week that would result in an energy surplus of nearly 2,000 calories-more than a whole day's recommended calorie intake for the average woman, and about three-quarters of the recommended daily calorie intake for a man."
    Drinks may contribute more to obesity than food (4/1/2009)
    http://talk.news-medical.net/profiles/blogs/drinks-may-contribute-more-to
    Original source: Reduction in consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with weight loss: the PREMIER trial1,2,3. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
  • "Constant bitterness can make a person ill, .... Persistent bitterness may result in global feelings of anger and hostility that, when strong enough, could affect a person's physical health. Unlike regret, which is about self-blame and a case of "woulda, coulda, shoulda," acrimony points the finger elsewhere laying the blame for failure on external causes. "When harboured for a long time,...bitterness may forecast patterns of biological dysregulation (a physiological impairment that can affect metabolism, immune response or organ function) and physical disease."
    Can blaming others make people sick? (8/9/2011)
    http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2011-08/cu-cbo080911.php
  • "Consumption of soft drinks sweetened with sugar and fructose is strongly associated with an increased risk for gout...."
    Sweet Soft Drinks, Fructose Linked to Increased Risk for Gout (2/4/2008)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/569656?sssdmh=dm1.344861&src=nldne
    BMJ. Published online February 1, 2008.
  • "Conversion of fructose to lipid occurred quickly, usually within four hours after ingestion...."
    Fructose Converts Quickly to Lipids Triggering Hyperlipidemia (7/25/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/DietNutrition/tb/10264
    Parks EJ, et al "Dietary sugars stimulate fatty acid synthesis in adults" Journal of Nutrition 2008; 138: 1039-1046.
  • "Coronary artery disease -- the leading cause of death among type 2 diabetes patients -- is usually not detected until a patient has a heart attack."
    Screening No Help in Reducing Cardiovascular Events in Diabetics (4/14/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Cardiology/Diabetes/13713
    Original source: Young L, et al "Cardiac outcomes after screening for asymptomatic coronary artery disease in patients with type 2 diabetes: the DIAD study: A randomized controlled trial" JAMA 2009; 301(15): 1547-55.
  • "Cutting back just one soda each day could produce more weight loss than skipping an equivalent number of calories from food....Each serving of sugar-sweetened beverages eliminated from the daily diet produced one pound of weight loss over six months."
    Limiting Sugary Drinks Boosts Weight Loss (4/16/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/DietNutrition/13751
    Original Source: Chen L, et al "Reduction in consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with weight loss: the PREMIER trial" Am J Clin Nutr 2009; 89: 1299-306
  • "...cutting back on carbohydrates and consuming more polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats decreases the level of harmful LDL cholesterol and increases protective HDL cholesterol." "... a diet rich in unsaturated fats also lowers blood pressure and reduces overall heart disease risk."�Omega-6s fatty acids regulate genes that spark inflammation. And inflammation is increasingly being seen as the central process in heart disease, diabetes, arthritis, and other chronic health problems....consuming omega-3s from fish, nuts, or soybean oil can lower cardiovascular risk by as much as 60%." "people should be encouraged to get their nutrients from foods that are known to be healthy -- fish, nuts, fruits and vegetables, and whole grains."
    Healthy Oils, Healthy Fats Good fats are emerging as one of the hottest new functional foods.
    http://www.webmd.com/diet/functional-foods-8/good-fats-oils?ecd=wnl_day_012809
  • "...cutting back on the consumption of processed and fried foods, which are high in toxins called Advanced Glycation End products (AGEs), can reduce inflammation and actually help restore the body�s natural defenses regardless of age or health status."
    Cutting back processed and fried foods can reduce inflammation (11/4/2009)
    http://nutnewstoday.blogspot.com/2009/11/cutting-back-processed-and-fried-foods.html
    Original source: October/November issue of the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
  • "Daily consumption of 3 portions of whole-grain foods (WGF) is linked to lower cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in healthy, middle-aged people mainly by lowering blood pressure (BP)."
    Three Whole-Grain Portions Daily May Lower Cardiovascular Risk (1/4/2011)
    http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/735185?src=cmemp
  • "Decades of a moderately high omega-3 dietary intake may be the best way to slow atherosclerosis...."
    Fish-Heavy Diet May Slow Hardening of Arteries (7/28/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/DietNutrition/tb/10300
    Original source: Sekikawa A, et al "Marine-Derived n-3 Fatty Acids and Atherosclerosis in Japanese, Japanese-American, and White Men: A Cross -Sectional Study" J Am Coll Cardiol 2008; 52: 417-24.
  • "Diabetes and high total or LDL cholesterol were all significantly linked to accelerated rates of cognitive decline among Alzheimer's disease patients,...HDL cholesterol, triglyceride concentrations, and use of lipid-lowering agents had no impact on rate of decline."
    Cardiovascular Risk Linked to Progression of Alzheimer's (3/9/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Psychiatry/AlzheimersDisease/13181? utm_source=mSpoke&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign= DailyHeadlines&utm_content=GroupB&userid=36040&impressionId=1236656862207
    Original source: Helzner EP, et al "Contribution of vascular risk factors to the progression in Alzheimer disease" Arch Neurol 2009; 66: 343-348.
  • "Diabetes is, in part, an inflammatory condition. Proinflammatory mechanisms have been linked to the core metabolic defects of beta-cell insufficiency and insulin resistance. Diabetes is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Known therapies that do reduce cardiovascular events among diabetic patients include exercise; weight management; smoking cessation; blood pressure control; and, in appropriate patients, antiplatelet and statin therapy."
    Insulin or Metformin Therapy May Not Reduce Inflammatory Biomarkers in Diabetes (9/18/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/709146?src=cmemp&uac=81167HX
    Original source: JAMA. 2009;302:1186-1194
  • "...diabetes is one reason obesity is linked to pancreatic cancer."
    Obesity tied to higher pancreatic cancer risk (3/12/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/articlePrint?articleId=USTON28275720080312
  • "Diabetes is responsible for more deaths each year in the United States than breast cancer and AIDS combined, but just 42 percent of those surveyed knew that diabetes could be so deadly.Those in the high-risk category include people who are older than 45, are of a race other than white or have a family history of the disease. Being physically inactive or overweight are also risk factors for type 2 diabetes."
    Diabetes kills more than breast cancer and AIDS combined (11/3/2009)
    http://news.yahoo.com/s/hsn/20091103/hl_hsn/americansgetfailinggradeondiabetesawareness
  • "Diet and exercise are important factors in a healthy lifestyle, but a third factor -- sleep -- may be the real key to eliminating fat.Middle-age, overweight patients who slept 8.5 hours burned more fat than those who slept just 5.5 hours...those who were sleep deprived burned more lean muscle mass."
    Sleep Makes the Body Leaner
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/Obesity/22608
    Nedeltcheva, AV. "Insufficient Sleep Undermines Dietary Efforts to Reduce Adiposity" Ann Intern Med 2010; 153: 435-441.
  • "dieters who stuck to low fat consumption had lasting reductions in hostility, confusion, depression, and overall bad mood scores during one year of dieting compared with those on a low-carb diet."
    Low Fat Intake Sweetens Dieters' Mood (11/9/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/DietNutrition/16881?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Brinkworth GD, et al "Long-term effects of a very low-carbohydrate diet and a low-fat diet on mood and cognitive function" Arch Intern Med 2009; 169: 1873-80.
  • "Diet soda may help keep your calories in check, but drinking two or more diet sodas a day may double your risk of declining kidney function. Women who drank two or more diet sodas a day had a 30% drop in a measure of kidney function during the lengthy study follow-up."
    Women Who Drink 2 or More Diet Sodas Daily Double Their Risk of Kidney Function Decline, Study Shows (11/2/2009)
    http://www.webmd.com/diet/news/20091102/diet-sodas-hard-on-the-kidneys?ecd=wnl_din_110909
  • "Diets heavy in fried foods, salty snacks and meat account for about 35 percent of heart attacks globally...; People who ate more fruits and vegetables had a 30 percent lower risk of heart attack compared to people who ate little or none of these foods...."
    Junk food causes a third of heart attacks (10/20/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSTRE49J7T420081021?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "... diets loaded with high-GI foods lead to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease and obesity...; ... high-glycemic-index foods can cause a rapid jump in blood sugar, followed by a massive crash, low-glycemic-index foods increase blood sugar slowly, providing constant and stable energy levels over a considerable period of time. Pure processed sugars garner the highest scores, with the most highly processed foods topping the list.; Unrefined sugars are found in fruits, some vegetables and other whole foods and should make up the bulk of the carbs you eat every day. Fruits and vegetables still have fiber, water and vitamins, so it's nearly impossible to eat too many of them."
    Sugar: What Kinds to Eat and When WebMD Feature from "Men's Fitness" MagazineBy Joseph Wuebben and Mike Carlson
    http://men.webmd.com/features/sugar-what-kinds-eat-when?ecd=wnl_day_031808
  • "Diet may reduce the risk for type 2 diabetes independent of body weight and other risk factors. Whole grains, nuts/seeds, coffee, low-fat dairy, and vegetables have been associated with a lower risk for diabetes, whereas processed meats, sugar-sweetened beverages, and white potatoes have been associated with an increased risk...."
    Low-Risk Food Pattern May Reduce Risk for Diabetes
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/576464?sssdmh=dm1.362709&src=nldne
  • "...diets rich in vegetables, nuts, and those that follow a Mediterranean pattern with lots of fruits, vegetables, and fish have "strong evidence" of lowering the risk of heart disease.
    In contrast, eating a Western-style diet, foods high in trans-fatty acids, or foods with a high glycemic index were shown to raise the risk of heart disease. Foods high in trans-fatty acids include processed baked goods and snacks and fried foods. Foods with a high glycemic index cause blood sugar levels to spike and include simple or refined carbohydrates like white bread, pasta, and rice.
    Several other dietary factors -- including omega-3 fatty acids found in fish, whole grains, alcohol, vitamins E and C, beta carotene, folate, fruit, and fiber -- were shown to have moderate evidence to support a heart-healthy claim."

    Not All Diets Pass the Heart-Healthy Test. Study Shows Mediterranean Diet Lowers Heart Disease Risk; Western Diet Gets Poor Marks (April 13, 2009)
    http://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/news/20090413/not-all-diets-pass-the-heart-healthy-test?ecd=wnl_day_042209
    Archives of Internal Medicine (April, 2009)
  • "...diets that contain substantial and varied amounts of fruits and vegetables may potentially prevent 20 percent or more cancer cases.;... eating fish could possibly cut the risk of death by heart disease by one-third."
    20 Ways to Live to 100 From AOL Health
    http://news.aol.com/health/story/ar/_a/eating-less-can-add-years-to-your-life/20080709112009990001
  • "Diseases that can be transmitted through noncoital sexual activity include HIV; HSV-1; HSV-2; HPV; hepatitis A, B, and C virus; syphilis; gonorrhea; and chlamydia. Transmission of chancroid, shigellosis, salmonellosis, and other enteric infections is uncommon but possible."
    Noncoital Sexual Activity May Not Be "Safe" Sex (September 4, 2008)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/580034?sssdmh=dm1.382713&src=nldne
    Original source: Obstet Gynecol. 2008;112:735-738.
  • "...drinking alcohol -- even low amounts -- increases the risk of certain cancers in women....about 13 percent of the cancers of the breast, liver, rectum, and upper respiratory/gastrointestinal system may be related to alcohol use."
    Even a little alcohol ups cancer risk in women (2/24/2009)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSTRE51N6GO20090224
    Original source: Journal of the National Cancer Institute, March 4, 2009
  • "Drinking diet soda at least daily is associated with significantly greater risks for select incident components of the metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) and type 2 diabetes...."
    Daily Consumption of Diet Soda Linked to Metabolic Syndrome, Type 2 Diabetes (2/11/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/588137
  • "Drinking coffee and alcohol, smoking, and lack of physical activity all appear to be associated with migraine and tension-type headaches in teenagers. About 10% reported having migraine and nearly half (49%) reported tension type headache. About 20% reported having both types of headache...considerable" proportion of students reported unhealthy diets or irregular meal schedules. Many reported drinking beer, wine, and cocktails at least once a week (38.5%, 18.6%, and 25%, respectively). Almost 75% of the students reported that they never smoked, and 43% reported that they didn't drink coffee."
    Diet and Lifestyle Linked to Headaches in Teens (6/7/2010
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Neurology/Migraines/20521?utm_content=GroupCL&utm_medium=email&impressionId= 1275975189415&utm_campaign=DailyHeadlines&utm_source=mSpoke&userid=36040
    Original source: Milde-Busch A, et al "Associations of diet and lifestyle with headache in high-school students: results from a cross-sectional study" Headache 2010; DOI: 10.1111/j.1526-4610.2010.01706.x
  • "Drinking less alcohol, eating more vegetables and exercising can prevent or delay the onset of diabetes....; Diet and exercise reduced the incidence of diabetes by about 43 percent over 20 years.... At the end of the 20 years, 80 percent of those who changed what they ate and exercised more had diabetes, compared with 93 percent who made no changes,...."
    Diet, exercise can delay diabetes for years: study (5/23/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSL2293949320080523?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "...drinking 6 cups of cold water a day raised metabolism by about 50 calories daily--possibly because of the work it takes to warm the fluid up to body temperature....; Snack before you sweat "Exercising on an empty stomach lowers blood sugar, which can increase your appetite and set you up to overeat afterward,..."
    Live the Fat Burning Life
    http://www.webmd.com/diet/features/live-fat-burning-life?page=3
  • "During the past 3 decades, total calorie intake has increased by an average of 150 to 300 calories per day, approximately half of which comes from sugar-sweetened beverages. Potential harms of excessive sugar intake may include excessive weight gain, metabolic abnormalities, adverse health conditions, and essential nutrient deficiencies. A prudent upper limit of added sugar intake is half of the discretionary calorie allowance (≤ 100 calories per day for most US women and ≤ 150 calories per day for most US men).
    AHA Recommends "Prudent" Maximum Intakes of Empty Sugar Calories (8/26/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/707966?src=cmemp
  • "...early nutritional influences during fetal life, infancy, and youth, such as famine and starvation can increase the risk for cardiovascular disease in adult life. Undernutrition in early life may harm cardiovascular health in adult life."
    Poor Nutrition in Childhood Affects Adult CHD Risk
    http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/748837?src=cmemp
  • "Eating fast may curtail the release of hormones that help regulate appetite, potentially leading to overeating."'Wolfing' Down Food Could Pack on the Pounds (11/4/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/Obesity/16797?pfc=111&spc=269
  • "...eating 50 g of processed meat per day--the equivalent of one typical hot dog in the US, or two slices of deli meat--was associated with a 42% higher risk of CHD and a 19% increased risk of diabetes,....consumption of processed meat--any meat preserved by smoking, curing, or salting, such as sausages, bacon, and salami--was associated with increased risk of CHD (five studies: relative risk per 50-g serving per day=1.42; p=0.04) and diabetes (seven studies: relative risk per 50-g serving per day=1.19; p<0.001). Consumption of red and processed meat was not associated with stroke, but only three studies evaluated these relationships, the researchers note...... dietary sodium increases blood pressure, and in animal experiments, nitrate preservatives have been shown to promote atherosclerosis and reduce glucose tolerance. People should definitely avoid eating too much processed meat."
    Processed Meat, Not Red Meat Per Se, Linked to CHD, Diabetes (5/18/2010)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/722015?sssdmh=dm1.617725&src=nldne&uac=81167HX
  • "Eating healthy never happens by accident."
    13 Healthy Habits to Improve Your Life
    http://www.webmd.com/balance/features/13-healthy-habits-to-improve-your-life?page=2
  • "Eating out, lack of social support and high-risk lifestyles are just some of the barriers that stop patients with type 2 diabetes from controlling their condition."
    Barriers to diabetes care include restaurants and high-risk lifestyles (3/22/2009)
    http://www.news-medical.net/?id=47054
    Original source: Journal of Nursing and Healthcare of Chronic Illness
  • Eating red meat is associated with modest increases in total mortality, cancer mortality, and cardiovascular disease mortality rates.However, white meat consumption was associated with a lower risk for mortality."
    Red and Processed Meat Intake Linked to Mortality (3/26/2009)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/590167?sssdmh=dm1.449817&src=nldne
    Original source: Arch Intern Med. 2009;169:543-545, 562-571.
  • "Eating whole grain foods is associated with a lower level of visceral adipose tissue (VAT), whereas consuming more refined grains is linked to a VAT increase."
    Intake of Whole Grain Foods Linked to Lower Levels of Visceral Adipose Tissue (10/13/2010)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/730346?src=cmemp&uac=81167HX
  • "Engaging in "breast-healthy" behaviors � drinking alcohol in moderation, exercising regularly, and watching weight � appear to reduce a woman's risk for the development of invasive breast cancer after menopause."
    Healthy Behaviors Lower Overall Breast Cancer Risk (10/20/2010)
    http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/730850?src=cmemp
  • "... eudaimonia means striving toward excellence based on one's unique talents and potential -- Aristotle considered it to be the noblest goal in life.... The effort to know and realize one's most golden self ... is now the central concept of eudaimonia, which has also come to include continually taking on new challenges and fulfilling one's sense of purpose in life."
    Five Things Happy People Do
    http://www.webmd.com/balance/features/five-things-happy-people-do?ecd=wnl_day_062308
  • "even a small glass of wine a day increases a woman's risk of breast cancer. Once you stop drinking, your increased cancer risk starts to melt away. It's the same with HRT. And even with smoking. "If you give up smoking, within five years your risk of lung cancer has halved,"
    A million women can't be wrong (3/16/2009)
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/lifeandstyle/2009/mar/16/wine-breast-cancer-research
  • "Even high quantities of physical activity are unlikely to fully reverse the risk of coronary heart disease in overweight and obese women without concurrent weight loss..."
    Overweight warning: More than exercise needed (4/28/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSN2848216220080428?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "even later in life, the great majority of cases of diabetes are related to lifestyle factors... Lifestyle factors linked to the incidence of diabetes include physical activity level, dietary habits, adiposity, alcohol use, and smoking habits."
    New-Onset Diabetes in Older Adults Largely Attributable to Lifestyle (4/30/ 2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/702086?sssdmh=dm1.465854&src=nldne
    Original Source: Mozaffarian D, Kamineni A, Carnethon M, et al. Lifestyle risk factors and new-onset diabetes mellitus in older adults. Arch Intern Med 2009; 169:798-807.
  • "... every fast-food meal a person eats during the week is associated with an extra 1.5 pounds of body weight compared with a person who resists fast food."
    16 Secrets the Restaurant Industry Doesn't Want You to Know. (2/7/2008)
    http://men.webmd.com/features/16-secrets-restaurant-industry-doesnt-want-you-know?ecd=wnl_day_020708
  • "Excess body weight increases the risk of cancer and has been associated with worse outcomes in breast cancer....obese women (defined as a BMI ≥30) had a significantly worse overall and disease-free survival (DFS) compared with women who had a lower BMI."
    SABCS: Effect of Obesity on Breast Cancer Unclear (12/14/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/MeetingCoverage/SABCS/23898
    Original source: Sparano JA, et al "Obesity at diagnosis is associated with inferior outcomes in hormone reeptor positive breast cancer" SABCS 2010; Abstract S2-1.
  • "Excessive Pregnancy Weight Gain in Obese Women May Be Retained for 1 Year..."We found that nearly three quarters of obese women gain too much weight during pregnancy � and the more weight they gain, the harder it is to lose,... This extra weight also increases the risk of pregnancy and delivery complications like diabetes, preeclampsia, bigger babies, C-sections, and birthing injuries."
    Excessive Pregnancy Weight Gain in Obese Women May Be Retained for 1 Year (10/29/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/711504?src=mpnews&spon=34&uac=81167HX
    Original source: Obstet Gynecol. 2009;114:1069�1075.
  • "Exercise, eat a balanced diet, don't be fat, drink only in moderation and, whatever you do, don't smoke."
    Get smart about science. Conflicting studies about health risks and benefits can drive you crazy. Here's how to sort through the science (2/16/2009)
    http://www.chicagotribune.com/features/health/chi-coffee-health-benefits-090216,0,3002199.story
  • "Exercise has many benefits, including boosting the immune system, decreasing inflammation in the bowel, and helping to reduce insulin levels regular exercise can substantially cut the risk of bowel cancer. The American Cancer Society (ACS)...recommends at least 30 minutes of at least moderate activity on 5 days or more per week, and says that 45 to 60 minutes of intentional physical activity is preferable."
    Exercise Reduces Risk for Colon Polyps, Resulting in Less Colon (3/11/2011)
    http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/738807?src=cmemp
  • "Exercise will not cut the risk of heart disease in those who are overweight unless they also slim down..."
    Overweight warning: More than exercise needed (4/28/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSN2848216220080428?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "Exercise with or without weight loss increases "good" HDL cholesterol and reduces the risk of heart attacks and strokes." "A diet high in fiber and reduced fats can lower "bad" LDL cholesterol. Plant-derived stanols used as fat substitutes also help lower cholesterol."
    How High Cholesterol Leads to Atherosclerosis
    http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/how-high-cholesterol-leads-atherosclerosis-1?ecd=wnl_spr_hrt_090208
  • "...exercising to improve blood sugar levels could be a way for some people to stave off the normal cognitive decline that comes with age."
    Researchers Link Blood Sugar to Normal Cognitive Aging (12/30/2008)
    http://augusted.blogspot.com/2008/12/researchers-link-blood-sugar-to-normal.html
  • "Fat cells produce chemicals that can speed up hardening of the arteries and increase inflammation,...harming blood vessels, while physical activity makes for healthier blood vessels and reduces the risk of blood clots."
    Overweight warning: More than exercise needed (4/23/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSN2848216220080428?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "Feeling undervalued and unsupported can cause stress, which often leads to unhealthy behaviours such as smoking, eating a poor diet, drinking too much alcohol and not getting enough exercise - adding to your risk of developing heart problems."
    Bad bosses may damage your heart - BBC News (11/25/2008)
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/7745324.stm
    Karolinska Institute and Stockholm University
  • "...fish oils, or more specifically the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) contained in them, are beneficial for everyone."
    New Review Endorses CV Benefits of Fish Oil (8/7/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/707125?sssdmh=dm1.540160&src=nldne&uac=81167HX
    Original source: Lavie CJ, Milani RV, Mehra MR, et al. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and cardiovascular disease. J Am Coll Cardiol 2009; 54: 585-594. Available at: http://content.onlinejacc.org
  • "First health, then wealth, then pleasure and never owe anything to anybody."
    Catherine the Great
    Thanks to Amy Scholvin
  • ".....five risk factors account for more than 80% of the overall risk of stroke: hypertension, smoking, abdominal obesity, diet, and physical activity. Having more HDL, or "good" cholesterol, appeared to be protective against ischemic stroke, but not hemorrhagic stroke....Eating more red meat, organ meats, or eggs came with a 35% increased risk of stroke (95% CI 1.10 to 1.65), more fried foods, pizza, or salty snacks carried a 16% increased risk, (95% CI 0.99 to 1.37) and cooking with lard made stroke risk rocket to 66% (95% CI 1.06 to 2.60). Exercising was associated with more than a 30% reduction in stroke risk."
    Hypertension Strongest Predictor of Stroke (6/10/2010) http://www.medpagetoday.com/Cardiology/Strokes/20782?utm_content=GroupCL&utm_medium=email&impressionId=1277184497626&utm_campaign=DailyHeadlines&utm_source=mSpoke&userid=36040
    Original source: O'Donnell MJ, et al "Risk factors for ischemic and intracerebral hemmorhagic stroke in 22 countries (INTERSTROKE study): A case-control study" Lancet 2010; DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60834-3.
  • "... following a healthy lifestyle, which has been associated with up to 80 percent lower risk of coronary heart disease and 90 percent lower risk of diabetes, may also prevent more than half of ischemic strokes."
    Healthy lifestyle cuts stroke risk: study (8/11/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSTON17409220080811?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
    Original Source: Circulation, 8/11/2008 - National Institutes of Health-funded study, led by Dr. Stephanie E. Chiuve of the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston.
  • "For coronary heart disease patients, depression may be associated with worse outcomes, primarily because it tends to curtail physical activity...."
    Physical Activity Key to Cardiovascular Impact of Depression (11/25/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Geriatrics/Depression/11906
    Original Source: Whooley MA, et al "Depressive symptoms, health behaviors, and risk of cardiovascular events in patients with coronary heart disease" JAMA 2008; 300: 2379-2388.
  • "For each one-hour reduction in sleep duration, the likelihood of hypertension increased 37%."
    Less Sleep May Mean Higher Blood Pressure (6/8/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/SleepDisorders/14599
  • "For every fast food restaurant in a designated neighborhood, the relative stroke risk increased 1%...."
    Where Fast Food Joints Abound, So Do Strokes Stroke Risk Linked to the Number of Fast Food Restaurants in a Neighborhood (2/19/2009)
    http://www.webmd.com/stroke/news/20090219/stroke-risk-fast-food?ecd=wnl_day_022009
  • "For kids in the U.S., almost half of their daily energy intake comes from 'empty calories'.... Half of those empty calories came from six foods -- soda, fruit drinks, dairy desserts, grain desserts, pizza, and whole milk. ,... 40% of total calories consumed by kids were in the form of empty calories"
    Kids Have Taste for Fats and Sugars (10/1/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/DietNutrition/22525
    Reedy J, Krebs-Smith SM "Dietary sources of energy, solid fats, and added sugars among children and adolescents in the United States" J Am Diet Assoc 2010; 110: 1477-1484.
  • "For men and women who had a higher body mass index, stress from job-related demands, difficulty paying bills, or depression and anxiety led to weight gain. For women, perceived constraints in life and strain in family relationships were also associated with greater weight gain. Stress in the workplace proved more fattening for men, who gained pounds if they felt a lack of skill discretion or decision authority on the job."
    Added Stress Can Add Pounds (July 8, 2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/DietNutrition/15002?pfc=111&spc=269
  • "For people with BMI of 40 to 49.9, the increase in mortality was 151% (95% CI 130% to 173%)... cardiovascular death was the biggest contributor to the overall increase in mortality risk seen with high BMI values."
    BMI: Too Low Also Carries Risk (12/1/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/Obesity/23681
    Original source: Berrington de Gonzalez A, et al "Body-mass index and mortality among 1.46 million white adults" New Engl J Med 2010; 363: 2211-2219.
  • "For some, especially elderly people, consuming more than 4,000 mg of sodium poses an immediate risk of heart failure, neurological disorders and other serious problems."
    Big Chains Serve 'Shocking' Amounts Of Salt Some Chain Meals Contain 4 Days Worth Of Sodium (5/12/2009)
    http://www.wfsb.com/health/19436053/detail.html?treets=hart&tml=hart_health&ts=T&tmi=hart_health_1_11150105122009
  • "For the first time since the Spanish influenza of 1918, life expectancy is falling for a significant number of American women.... The trend appears to be driven by increases in death from diabetes, lung cancer, emphysema and kidney failure. It reflects the long-term consequences of smoking, a habit that women took up in large numbers decades after men did, and the slowing of the historic decline in heart disease deaths. It may also represent the leading edge of the obesity epidemic."
    HARVARD SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH (4/24/2008)
    www.WorldHealthNews.harvard.edu
    Originally from the Washington Post
  • "..."flow"...a "state of effortless concentration and enjoyment," What delivers the most happiness: whatever activity energizes you and makes you feel like time is flying by � or even makes you lose track of it."
    How to Be Happy.By Stacy Weiner
    http://women.webmd.com/features/how-be-happy?page=2
  • "Gains in life expectancy from lower smoking rates over the next decade will be offset, to some degree, by reductions in life expectancy based on the rise in obesity....even modest weight loss and reductions in smoking at the individual level can have substantial effects on population health."
    Obesity Outweighs Smoking as Life Expectancy Threat (12/2/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/PreventiveCare/17270?pfc=111&spc=269
  • "...getting less than 6 hours of sleep each night increased the risk of dying. Plus, having too little sleep increases your risk of diabetes. Sleeping reduces the levels of leptin, which is the hormone that signals us to stop eating."
    20 Ways to Live to 100 From AOL Health
    http://news.aol.com/health/story/ar/_a/eating-less-can-add-years-to-your-life/20080709112009990001
  • "general feelings of happiness and optimism can play a protective role against the disease."
    A Sunny Disposition May Protect Against Breast Cancer (8/21/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/HematologyOncology/BreastCancer/tb/10626
    Original source: Peled R, et al "Breast cancer, psychological distress, and life events
  • "Greater amounts of weekly physical activity -- in the order of 250 minutes or more per week -- have been associated with "significant" weight loss, the ACSM notes. Overweight and obese adults will most likely lose more weight and keep it off with at least 250 minutes per week of exercise."
    Thirty minutes a day of exercise? Better think 50 (Feb 10, 2009)
    http://in.reuters.com/article/health/idINTRE51951N20090210
    Original source: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, February 2009.
  • "Greater consumption of cholesterol was associated with a higher risk of cirrhosis and liver cancer. Also, a diet high in protein was associated with increased liver risk, while a diet high in carbohydrates was associated with a decreased risk...drugs blocking intestinal cholesterol absorption could have more beneficial effects on the liver than drugs blocking hepatic cholesterol synthesis."
    Diet May Influence Risk of Liver Disease
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Gastroenterology/GeneralHepatology/14960? userid=36040&impressionId=1246854886780&utm_source= mSpoke&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=DailyHeadlines&utm_content=Group1
    Original source: Ioannou GN, et al "Association between dietary nutrient composition and the incidence of cirrhosis or liver cancer in the United States population" Hepatology 2009; 50: 175-84.
  • "Habitually drinking tea at a temperature of 65 to 70� C (149 to 158� F) was associated with double the risk of esophageal cancer compared with individuals who preferred their tea at less than 65� C..."
    Drinking Super-Hot Tea Linked to Esophageal Cancer (3/26/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/HematologyOncology/OtherCancers/13453?utm_source=mSpoke&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign= DailyHeadlines&utm_content=GroupB&userid=36040&impressionId=1238119303097
    Original source: Islami F, et al, "Tea drinking habits and oesophageal cancer in a high risk area in northern Iran: population based case-control study" BMJ 2009; DOI: 10.1136/bmj.b929.
  • "...happy and unhappy participants experienced the same number of negative moments each day. The big difference: The contented subjects had more frequent and intense positive moments."
    How to Be Happy. By Stacy Weiner
    http://women.webmd.com/features/how-be-happy?page=2
  • "Having a big belly in middle age appears to greatly increase one's risk of developing Alzheimer's disease or another form of dementia decades later...."
    Big belly in 40s raises Alzheimer's risk in 70s (3/26/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSN2632712220080326?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "Having a hypertensive disorder, including preeclampsia, during pregnancy appears to increase the risk of cardiovascular problems and diabetes in the future,..."
    SMFM: Hypertension During Pregnancy Linked to Future Cardiovascular Risk (2/3/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/MeetingCoverage/SMFM/12687
    Lykke J, et al "Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, recurrence in a second pregnancy, and subsequent cardiovascular events" SMFM 2009; Abstract 10.
  • "Having low levels of vitamin D is associated with a doubling of the risk of heart attacks in men and an even greater risk of dying from the cardiac condition...."
    Low vitamin D levels linked to greater risk of heart attacks in men (6/10/2008)
    http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/story/ RTGAM.20080610.wlvitamin10/BNStory/specialScienceandHealth/home
  • "...health behaviors and not complex biological processes largely account for the increased risk of cardiac events in people with depression....depressed patients were less likely to take their medications as prescribed, less likely to exercise, and more likely to smoke."
    Lack of Exercise, Other Bad Behaviors Explain Link Between Depression and CVD, Study (11/26/2008)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/584261?sssdmh=dm1.409272&src=nldne
    Original source: Whooley MA, de Jonge P, Vittinghoff E, et al. Depressive symptoms, health behaviors, and risk of cardiovascular events in patients with coronary heart disease. JAMA 2008;300:2379-2388.
  • "Heart attacks and other ischemic cardiovascular diseases can be created by stressful office dynamics that come from the top.....Higher levels of most individual leadership qualities of the manager -- consideration for the individual employee, provision of clarity in goals and role expectations, supplying information and feedback, ability to carry out changes at work successfully, and promotion of employee participation and control -- were significantly associated with reduced incident ischemic heart disease."
    Bad Boss May Foster Bad Hearts (11/24/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Psychiatry/AnxietyStress/11907
    Original source: Nyberg A, et al "Managerial leadership and ischaemic heart disease among employees: the Swedish WOLF study" Occup Environ Med 2008; DOI: 10.1136/oem.2008.039362
  • "Heavy smoking in midlife more than doubles the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other forms of dementia 2 decades later."
    Heavy Smoking in Midlife Doubles the Risk for Alzheimer's Disease (11/1/2010)
    http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/731674?src=cmemp
  • "Helping others makes us feel capable and full of purpose."
    How to Be Happy.By Stacy Weiner
    http://women.webmd.com/features/how-be-happy?page=2
  • "high activity levels led to less excess weight over the years -- 5.7 fewer pounds (2.6 kg) gained per year in men and 13.4 fewer pounds (6.1 kg) a year for women -- both significant compared with low activity levels."
    Exercise Fights Middle-Age Spread (12/14/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/ExerciseFitness/23910
    Original source: Hankinson AL, et al "Maintaining a high physical activity level over 20 years and weight gain" JAMA 2010; 304: 2603-2610.
  • "High cholesterol levels in your 40s may raise the chance of developing Alzheimer's disease decades later."
    Mid-life high cholesterol raises Alzheimer's risk (4/17/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSN1643875020080417?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "higher consumption of saturated fatty acids and marine n-3 fatty acids was associated with a higher risk for fracture, whereas intake of monounsaturated fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, and n-6 fatty acids reduced the risk for fracture."
    Saturated Fatty Acid Intake May Increase Hip Fracture Risk in Women (11/4/2010)
    http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/731924
  • "...higher glucose and insulin levels with the sugary, refined-grain snacks,which suggests that the glycemic response to food is influenced by the carbohydrate content and physical state of the food, such as processed or whole, liquid, or solid....refined starches like white bread, white rice, and potatoes have adverse metabolic effects similar to sugar because they are rapidly converted to glucose in the body."
    Cut Back on Added Sugar, AHA Recommends (8/24/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/DietNutrition/15661?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Johnson RK, et al "Dietary sugars intake and cardiovascular health: A scientific statement from the American Heart Association" Circulation 2009; DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.192627
  • "Higher intake of white rice (≥ 5 servings per week vs < 1 per month) was associated with a greater risk for type 2 diabetes. Substituting brown rice or other whole grains for white rice is associated with a lower risk for type 2 diabetes,..."
    Substituting Whole Grains for White Rice May Lower Risk for Type 2 Diabetes 96/14/2010)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/723455?src=cmemp&uac=81167HX
    Original source: Arch Intern Med. 2010;170:961-969.
  • "Higher zinc intake may be associated with a slightly lower risk for type 2 diabetes in women. Zinc is an essential trace element that is an integral element of the insulin crystalline structure."
    Zinc Intake Linked to Slightly Lower Risk for Type 2 Diabetes in Women (4/9/2009)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/590839?sssdmh=dm1.455914&src=nldne
  • "Hitting the road or track for a half hour regularly can reduce stroke risk by at least 40%..."
    ASA: A Little Fitness Goes a Long Way in Primary Stroke Prevention Hooker, S et al "Cardiorespiratory Fitness as a Predictor of Fatal and Nonfatal Stroke in Asymptomatic Women and Men" ASA Meeting 2008; Abstract 110.
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/MeetingCoverage/ASAMeeting/tb/8470
  • "Hopping on a bicycle or walking to work is positively associated with fitness levels in men and women, as well as inversely associated with obesity, triglyceride levels, blood pressure, and insulin levels in men."
    Walking or Biking to Work Associated With Lower Blood Pressure, Triglyceride Levels
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/705916?sssdmh=dm1.499929&src=nldne
  • "Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) using estrogen and progestin is associated with an increased risk for death from lung cancer."
    Hormone Replacement Therapy Linked to Risk for Death From Lung Cancer (9/29/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/709629?src=cmemp&uac=81167HX
  • "...hormone therapy increases a woman's risk of ovarian cancer, regardless of the duration of use, dose, formulation, or route of administration.Current hormone users had a 38% increased risk of ovarian cancer compared with never-users."
    Hormone Therapy May Increase Ovarian Cancer Risk
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/OBGYN/GeneralOBGYN/15083?userid=36040&impressionId=1247632656226&utm_source= mSpoke&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=DailyHeadlines&utm_content=Group1
    Original source: M�rch LS, et al "Hormone therapy and ovarian cancer" JAMA 2009; 302(3): 298-305.
  • "...hormone therapy (HT) is associated with an increased risk for stroke, regardless of the treatment strategy or the timing of treatment initiation."
    Hormone Therapy Linked to Stroke Risk Regardless of Timing of Treatment Initiation (5/9/2008)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/574261?sssdmh=dm1.351020&src=nldne
    Original source: Arch Intern Med. 2008;168:861-866.
  • "Hostile men may pack on more pounds over time than their less hostile, more laid-back peers. While the relationship between BMI and hostility remained constant for women, hostility seemed to accelerate weight gain over time in the men."
    Hostile men more prone to weight gain, study shows (2/27/2009)
    http://uk.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUKTRE51Q5MQ20090227
  • "If people can maintain a calorie deficit no matter what type of diet they were on, they're going to lose weight."
    Fewer Calories Equal Less Weight, Regardless of Carb, Fat, or Protein Content (3/2/2009)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/588901?sssdmh=dm1.438356&src=nldne
  • "If you become inactive, the body won't let you coast for very long, though those shifts may not be noticeable at first.... exercise cuts belly fat, which is also called visceral fat. Belly fat has been linked to increased risk of heart disease and diabetes."
    Belly Fat Booms When Activity Stops Active? Better Stay That Way to Keep Hidden Belly Fat at Bay, Study Shows By Miranda Hitti WebMD Medical News. (3/18/2008)
    http://www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/news/20080318/belly-fat-booms-when-activity-stops?ecd=wnl_day_032008
  • "If you had to pick one thing to make people healthier as they age, it would be aerobic exercise,.... running was linked to lower rates of cardiovascular deaths from causes such as stroke and heart attack. However, it also was associated with fewer early deaths from cancer, neurological disease, infections, and other causes,...."
    Running Slows the Effects of Aging Study Shows Older Runners Have Fewer Disabilities Than Non-Runners (8/11/2008)
    http://www.webmd.com/healthy-aging/news/20080808/running-slows-the-effects-of-aging?ecd=wnl_day_081308
    Original source: Aug. 11 edition of Archives of Internal Medicine.
  • "If you want to prevent your weight gain over time, you need to be physically active at the level of 60 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity, so the equivalent of one hour a day of brisk walking or 30 minutes a day of jogging or running."
    To Stay Trim, Women Need an Hour of Exercise Dailyc(3/23/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/ExerciseFitness/19187
    Original source: Source reference: Lee IM, et al "Physical activity and weight gain prevention" JAMA 2010; 303(12): 1173-79.
  • "If we grew thinner, exercised regularly, avoided diets rich in red meat (substituting poultry, fish or vegetable sources of protein) and ate diets rich in fruits and vegetables, and stopped using tobacco, we would prevent 70 percent of all cancers."
    Your Lifestyle, Your Genes and Cancer
    http://www.newsweek.com/id/141495
  • "Impaired glucose tolerance at 20 weeks' gestation was associated with nearly six-fold increased risk of postpartum diabetes or prediabetes...."
    ADA: Gestational Diabetes Not Only Predictor of Postpartum Disease Risk (6/9/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/MeetingCoverage/ADA/tb/9753
    Retnakaran R, et al "Any degree of glucose intolerance in pregnancy predicts an increased future risk of pre-diabetes or diabetes" ADA meeting 2008; Abstract 28-OR.
  • "...improvements in air quality have contributed to measurable improvements in human health and life expectancy in the U.S.."
    Better Air Found to Lengthen Life (1/21/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PublicHealthPolicy/EnvironmentalHealth/12552
    Original source: Pope C III, et al "Fine-particulate air pollution and life expectancy in the United States" N Engl J Med 2009; 360: 376-386.
  • "Improving the modifiable risk factors of physical inactivity and obesity at a population level will require multiple measures including legislation, public health media messages, and environmental changes as well as dietary and physical activity programmes."
    Prescribed Exercise Increases Physical Activity in Middle-Aged Women (12/ 12/2008)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/585233?sssdmh=dm1.414123&src=nldne
  • "In addition to cardiovascular and cancer benefits, the Mediterranean diet -- lots of fruits, vegetables, fish, and whole grains, light on red meat and poultry -- may also protect against cognitive decline."
    Mediterranean Diet May Decrease Alzheimer's Risk (8/11/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/DietNutrition/15487?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Scarmeas N, et al "Physical activity, diet, and risk of Alzheimer disease" JAMA 2009; 302(6): 627-37
  • "In addition to cutting calories, women needed the equivalent of 55 minutes of activity five days a week to maintain a 10% body weight loss over two years...."
    Long-Term Weight Loss Requires Almost Double Suggested Amount of Exercise (7/28/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/ExerciseFitness/tb/10290
    Original source: Jakicic JM, et al "Effect of exercise on 24-month weight loss maintenance in overweight women" Arch Intern Med 2008; 168: 1550-1559.
  • "... in addition to preventing chronic diseases such as diabetes and coronary heart disease, an overall healthy lifestyle is associated with a significantly decreased risk for stroke."
    Overall Healthy Lifestyle Significantly Reduces Stroke Risk (8/15/2008)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/579143?sssdmh=dm1.377414&src=nldne
  • "...incense use was associated with a statistically significant higher risk of cancers of the upper respiratory tract.... Those who used incense heavily also had higher rates of a type of cancer called squamous cell carcinoma...."
    Burning incense linked to respiratory cancers (8/25/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSPAT56944620080825?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100&pageNumber=2&virtualBrandChannel=0
  • "... incorporating 150 minutes per week or more of physical activity; a low-fat, reduced-energy diet; and weight loss with an initial goal of 7% of baseline weight, which has been shown to lower the incidence of type 2 diabetes by 58%....Exercise and weight loss may reduce triglyceride levels and visceral adiposity and lower HbA1c levels by 0.6%."
    Blood Glucose Management for Type 2 Diabetes Reviewed (1/12/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/586594
    Original source: Am Fam Physician. 2009;79:29-36
  • ".... increased carbohydrate and sugar consumption has been associated with higher cardiovascular disease risk among adults. Added sugar intake in US adolescents is linked to increased cardiovascular disease risk, For adolescents who were overweight or obese, defined as a body mass index at or above the 85th percentile, added sugars correlated positively with the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR; P for linear trend = .004).
    Added Sugar Intake in US Adolescents Linked to Cardiovascular Risk (1/31/2011)
    http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/736535?src=cmemp
  • "...increased CHD risk from consuming trans-fatty acids and foods with a high glycemic index such as white potatoes, sugar, white rice, and white bread.... Lower your trans-fats, lower your saturated fats, but also watch for some of these simple carbohydrates, because they can have adverse effects as well....the dietary factors most strongly associated with a lower risk for CHD were the consumption of vegetables and nuts and following the Mediterranean diet. The factors most associated with an increased risk for CHD included a diet rich in trans-fatty acids and foods with a high glycemic index."
    Meta-Analysis Supports Heart-Health Benefits From a Mediterranean Diet (4/22/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/701736?sssdmh=dm1.461916&src=nldne
  • "increased consumption of fruits and vegetables, which produce α-carotene and carotenoids, could be an effective strategy to reduce the odds of premature death.... increased fruit and vegetable consumption has a protective effect against chronic diseases such as cancer, coronary artery disease, and diabetes..."
    High Alpha-Carotene Blood Levels Linked With Reduced All-Cause Mortality (11/29/2010)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/733241?src=cmemp&uac=81167HX
  • "Increased physical activity in middle age is eventually associated with reduced mortality risk to the same level as that in men with constantly high physical activity."
    Increasing Physical Activity in Middle Age Eventually Lowers Mortality Risk (3/13/2009)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/589572?sssdmh=dm1.444603&src=nldne
  • "...increased physical activity is linked to lower breast cancer risk,"
    For Older Women, Exercise May Cut Breast Cancer Risk (2/162010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/HematologyOncology/BreastCancer/18490?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Friedenreich CM, et al "Alberta physical activity and breast cancer prevention trial: Sex hormone changes in a year-long exercise intervention among postmenopausal women" J Clin Oncol 2010; DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2009.24.9557.
  • "Increasing alcohol intake was associated with loss in total brain volume greater than expected from age alone,..."
    Moderate Drinking May Shrink the Brain (10/13/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/DietNutrition/tb/11274
    Original Source: Paul CA, et al "Association of Alcohol Consumption With Brain Volume in the Framingham Study" Arch Neurol 2008; 65: 1363-1367.
  • "Increasing the daily intake of green leafy vegetables could significantly reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes,... Consuming 1.35 servings of these vegetables per day was associated with a 14% reduction in risk compared with consuming only 0.2 servings.
    Green Veggies Cut Diabetes Risk (8/19/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Endocrinology/Diabetes/21759
    Original source: Carter P, et al "Fruit and vegetable intake and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus: systematic review and meta-analysis" BMJ 2010; 341: c4229. DOI: 10.1136/bmj.c4229.

  • "...individuals living in areas with the highest concentration of fast-food restaurants were at 13% higher risk of stroke than those in areas with the lowest density."
    ASA: Want Fries with That? Fast Food Linked to Stroke Rates (2/20/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/MeetingCoverage/ASA/12976?utm_source=WC&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Meeting_Roundup_ASA
  • "Individuals who reduced added sugar intake by the equivalent of 1 can of soda per day or increased fiber intake by the equivalent of a 1⁄2 cup of beans showed improvements in key risk factors for type 2 diabetes, specifically in insulin secretion and visceral fat,..."
    Reduced Sugar or Increased Fiber Intake May Reduce Risk for Type 2 Diabetes in Latino Children (April 10, 2009)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/590926?sssdmh=dm1.457135&src=nldne
    Original source: Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009;163:320-327.
  • "Individuals who reported sleeping less than seven hours a night were 2.94 times more likely to develop a cold than those who slept eight hours or more..."
    Poor Sleep Increases Risk of the Common Cold (1/12/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/InfectiousDisease/URItheFlu/12414
    Cohen S, et al "Sleep habits and susceptibility to the common cold" Arch Intern Med 2009;169: 62-67.
  • "In general, education had a stronger influence on mortality in men than in women. This was true for both blacks and whites."
    The Less the Education, the Higher the Risk of Dying Early (5/14/2008)
    http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/05/13/AR2008051302599.html?hpid=moreheadlines
  • "Inhalation of air pollutants affects heart rate, heart rate variability, blood pressure, vascular tone, blood coagulability, and the progression of atherosclerosis. Many cardiovascular effects -- such as negative changes in heart rate, heart rate variability, blood pressure, vascular tone, and blood coagulability -- develop acutely with increasing pollution levels, but atherosclerosis progression accelerates during longer-term exposure."
    Beijing-Style Air Pollution Damages Hearts as Well as Lungs (8/14/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PublicHealthPolicy/EnvironmentalHealth/tb/10554
    Original source: Simkhovich B, et al "Air pollution and cardiovascular injury" J Am Coll Cardiol 2008; 52: 719-726.
  • "...in men, heavy drinking is associated with increased mortality from stroke but not from coronary heart disease. In contrast, women who were heavy drinkers had a massive fourfold increased risk of death from coronary heart disease, as well as a doubling of stroke mortality "
    Heavy Drinking Ups Stroke Deaths in Both Sexes, Quadruples CHD Mortality in Women (7/15/2008)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/577533?sssdmh=dm1.368549&src=nldne
    Original Source: Ikehara S, Hiroyasu I, Toyoshima H et al. Alcohol consumption and mortality from stroke and coronary heart disease among Japanese men and women. The Japan Collaborative Cohort Study. Stroke. 2008;DOI:10.1161/strokeaha.108.520288. http://stroke.ahajournals.org.
  • "In patients with impaired glucose tolerance, eating healthier and getting more exercise reduced the risk of diabetes for up to 20 years...."
    Lifestyle Changes May Delay Diabetes for Decades (5/23/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Cardiology/Diabetes/tb/9592
    Li G, et al "The long-term effect of lifestyle interventions to prevent diabetes in the China Da Qin Diabetes Prevention Study: A 20-year follow-up study" Lancet 2008; 371: 1783-1789.
  • "In patients with coronary artery disease, aerobic training (AT) combined with resistance training (RT) improves many outcomes...."
    Aerobic Plus Resistance Training May Improve Coronary Artery Disease Outcomes
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/579656?sssdmh=dm1.380490&src=nldne
    Original source: Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2008;40:1557-1564.
  • "In recent years, rates of diabetes, obesity, and end-stage renal disease have been rising along with consumption of high fructose corn syrup, which is now used to sweeten most soft drinks,...Overconsumption of any sugars may lead to the development of subclinical diabetes and obesity, which increase the risk of kidney damage."
    Drinking Soda May Increase Kidney Damage in Women (2/10/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Nephrology/GeneralNephrology/12836
    Shoham D, et al "Sugary soda consumption and albuminuria: results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2004" PLoS ONE 2008; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0003431
  • "In the end, as with anything, the best path is moderation."
    Sugar: What Kinds to Eat and When
    WebMD Feature from "Men's Fitness" Magazine
    http://men.webmd.com/features/sugar-what-kinds-eat-when?ecd=wnl_day_031808
  • "...interventions such as controlling hypertension and diabetes or perhaps cognitive training might help maintain or improve mental abilities with age."
    More than 5 million Americans have Alzheimer's (3/19/2008)
    Source: http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSN1823885220080319?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100&sp=true
  • "In the early 1900s lung cancer was reported to be rare in women, but since the 1960s it has progressively reached epidemic proportions, becoming the leading cause of cancer deaths among women in the United States,.."
    Tobacco May Cause More Cancer In Women, Cancer Shows Up In Younger Patients (5/4/2009)
    http://www.wfsb.com/health/19360424/detail.html?treets=hart&tml=hart_health&ts=T&tmi=hart_health_1_11150105042009
    Original source: European Multidisciplinary Conference in Thoracic Oncology
  • "... in 2007 more than half a million Americans will lose their battle with cancer, and tragically, nearly two-thirds of these deaths could have been prevented through lifestyle changes."
    President's Cancer Panel, reported in Medpage Today (8/17/07)
  • "It's never too late to stop smoking, even for smokers already diagnosed with lung cancer...Continuing smoking was associated with a significantly increased risk of all cause mortality (hazard ratio 2.94, 95% CI, 1.15 to 7.54) as well as increased risk of cancer recurrence."
    Continued Smoking Worsens Lung Cancer Prognosis (1/22/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/HematologyOncology/LungCancer/18105
    Parsons A et al "Influence of smoking cessation after diagnosis of early stage lung cancer on prognosis: systematic review of observational studies with meta-analysis" BMJ 2010; 340: b5569.
  • "It is very important for everyone, especially the general population, to understand the significant cardiovascular risk caused by childhood obesity, and the simple fact that weight reduction and exercise can have a major and positive impact."
    HBPR: BMI Change Affects Blood Pressure More in Overweight Kids (10/18/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Pediatrics/GeneralPediatrics/22794?utm_content=GroupCL&utm_medium=email&impressionId=1287465669657&utm_campaign=DailyHeadlines&utm_source=mSpoke&userid=36040
    Original source: Tu W, et al "Effect of body mass index (BMI) on BP is minimal until extreme values for BMI are reached" HBPR 2010; Abstract 58.
  • "It takes some extra effort, but exercise can trump obesity for those whose weight problem is genetic..., On average, it took an extra 900 kilocalories expended every day to overcome the effects of the gene."
    Exercise Overcomes Effect of Fat Gene
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/ExerciseFitness/tb/10826
    Original source: Rampersaud E, et al "Physical Activity and the Association of Common FTO Gene Variants With Body Mass Index and Obesity" Arch Intern Med 2008; 168(16): 1791-1797.
  • "...job satisfaction increases with age with workers over the age of 65 the most likely to be very satisfied at work (71%)....Job satisfaction is especially high among those 65 and over because most people working at that age are not those forced to still work due to financial reasons, but those who choose to [do so] because they like their jobs.�
    Most People Happy at Work, Despite the Moaning, Vast Majority of Adults Are Happy at Work By Jennifer Warner
    WebMD Medical News
    http://www.webmd.com/balance/news/20070830/most-people-happy-at-work?ecd=wnl_day_041608
  • "Just five minutes of exercise in a park, working in a backyard garden, on a nature trail, or other green space will benefit mental health....green exercise is physical activity in the presence of nature. Abundant scientific evidence shows that activity in natural areas decreases the risk of mental illness and improves the sense of well-being. The greatest health changes occurred in the young and the mentally-ill, although people of all ages and social groups benefited. All natural environments were beneficial including parks in urban settings. Green areas with water added something extra. A blue and green environment seems even better for health,...the largest positive effect on self-esteem came from a five-minute dose."
    In the green of health: Just 5 minutes of 'green exercise' optimal for good mental health (5/1/2010)
    http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2010-05/acs-itg042910.php
  • "Kids who send text messages or use the Internet right before bed may suffer poorer sleep at night as well as mood and cognitive problems during the day.More than 77% of the adolescents and young adults surveyed had persistent trouble getting to sleep.Boys favored surfing and gaming online; girls were more likely to call or text message on the cell phone. ...electronic media provide stimulation that runs counter to good sleep hygiene."
    CHEST: Bedtime Texting Bad for Sleep (11/1/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/MeetingCoverage/CHEST/23102
  • "Leisure-time physical activity is associated with lower stroke risk in women. In particular, walking was generally associated with lower risks for total, ischemic, and hemorrhagic stroke. Women who walk 2 or more hours a week, especially at a brisk pace, are significantly less likely to experience any type of stroke than women who do not walk."
    Walking Protects Women Against Stroke: WHS Long-Term Follow-Up (4/13/2010)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/720143?src=cme_mp_top&uac=81167HX
  • "Lifestyle factors, such as lack of exercise, can change the activity of genes involved in insulin resistance...."
    Twin Study Shows Lifestyle Can Alter Gene Activity
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/Obesity/tb/9893
    Primary source: Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab Source reference: Mustelin L, et al "Acquired obesity and poor physical fitness impair expression of genes of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation in monozygotic twins discordant for obesity" Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 2008; DOI: 10.1152/ajpendo.00580.2007.
  • "Limiting intake of carbohydrates, particularly refined carbohydrates, offers the best hope for reducing the CVD burden associated with atherogenic dyslipidemia."Replacement of saturated fat by polyunsaturated or monounsaturated fat lowers both LDL and HDL cholesterol," they wrote. "However, replacement with a higher carbohydrate intake, particularly refined carbohydrate, can exacerbate the atherogenic dyslipidemia associated with insulin resistance and obesity that includes increased triglycerides, small LDL particles, and reduced HDL cholesterol."
    Review Calls for Reevaluation of the Fat-CVD Link
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Cardiology/Atherosclerosis/18538?utm_content=GroupCL&utm_medium=email&impressionId=1266560804021&utm_campaign= DailyHeadlines&utm_source=mSpoke&userid=36040
    Original source: Siri-Tarino PW. et al "Saturated fat, carbohydrate, and cardiovascular disease" Am J Clin Nutr 2010; 91: 502-09.
  • "...living a physically active lifestyle is associated with a 40% reduction in the genetic predisposition to common obesity."
    Exercise can trump obesity genes: new research (9/3/2010)
    Citation: Li S, Zhao JH, Luan J, Ekelund U, Luben RN, et al. (2010) Physical Activity Attenuates the Genetic Predisposition to Obesity in 20,000 Men and Women from EPIC-Norfolk Prospective Population Study. PLoS Med 7(8): e1000332. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000332
  • "Longer sleep duration is associated with a reduced risk for infection with the common cold."
    Poor Sleep Before Rhinovirus Exposure Linked to Lower Resistance to Illness (1/13/2009)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/586687?sssdmh=dm1.422134&src=nldne
    Original source: Arch Intern Med. 2009;169:62-67.
  • "....low-carb diet to be associated with greater improvements in fasting glucose, fasting insulin, and glycated hemoglobin levels."
    Low-Carb Diet Edges Low Fat Plus Weight-Loss Drug
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/DietNutrition/18131?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Yancy W, et al "A randomized trial of a low-carbohydrate diet vs orlistat plus a low-fat diet for weight loss" Arch Intern Med 2010; 170: 136-45.
  • "Low-carbohydrate diets may lead to increased fat burning and more efficient use of glucose precursors...."
    Low-Carbohydrate Diet Works in the Liver to Stimulate Weight Loss (1/22/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Gastroenterology/GeneralHepatology/12563
  • "...low-carb diets with a higher intake of vegetables were associated with lower all-cause mortality....and cardiovascular mortality."
    Low-Carb Diet is Better When Rich in Veggies (9/6/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/DietNutrition/22035?utm_content=GroupCL&utm_medium=email&impressionId=1283836916927&utm_campaign=DailyHeadlines&utm_source=mSpoke&userid=36040
  • "Lowering blood glucose levels may help lessen the cognitive decline of normal aging, even in diabetes-free patients.... Higher levels of blood glucose were related to dysfunction in the dentate gyrus, indicating that blood sugar could be a pathogenic mechanism for cognitive decline."
    Keeping Blood Sugar Low May Help Stem Geriatric Memory Loss (12/30/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Neurology/GeneralNeurology/12301
    Original source: Wu W, et al "The brain in the age of old: the hippocampal formation is targeted differentially by diseases of late life" Ann Neurol 2008; 64: 698-707.
  • "...lowering dietary sodium intake, while increasing potassium consumption, at the population level might reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease."
    Urinary Excretion Ratio of Sodium to Potassium Predicts Heart-Disease Risk (1/12/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Geriatrics/CoronaryArteryDisease/12420
    Cook NR, et al "Joint effects of sodium and potassium intake on subsequent cardiovascular disease" Arch Intern Med 2009; 169: 32-40.
  • "Low levels of vitamin D are known to nearly double the risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with diabetes....diabetics deficient in vitamin D can't process cholesterol normally, so it builds up in their blood vessels, increasing the risk of heart attack and stroke. When people are deficient in vitamin D, the macrophage cells eat more cholesterol, and they can't get rid of it. The macrophages get clogged with cholesterol and become what scientists call foam cells, which are one of the earliest markers of atherosclerosis."
    Research Shows Why Low Vitamin D Raises Heart Disease Risks in Diabetics (8/22/2009)
    http://vmsnews.blogspot.com/2009/08/research-shows-why-low-vitamin-d-raises.html
  • "Major depression increased the lifetime risk of CAD by about 30%.For males, environmental factors, which are often acute in nature, influenced major depression-CAD comorbidity. On the other hand, genetics, which influence chronicity, played a bigger role in women."
    Modest Effect of Depression on CAD (8/3/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Cardiology/CoronaryArteryDisease/15366?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Kendler KS et al. �Major depression and coronary artery disease in the Swedish twin registry. Phenotypic, genetic, and environmental sources of morbidity� Arch Gen Psychiatry 2009; 66(8): 857-63.
  • "...major risk factors for coronary heart disease, such as smoking, diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and lack of exercise are modifiable."
    Heart Disease Linked to Impaired Cognition and Later Dementia (7/22/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Cardiology/CoronaryArteryDisease/tb/10220
    Original source: Singh-Manoux A, et al "History of coronary heart disease and cognitive performance in midlife: the Whitehall II study" Eur Heart J 2008; DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehn298.
  • "Many studies have shown that having visceral fat, in and among the internal organs, may be more dangerous than having fat thighs or buttocks."
    Fit and fat: Study shows it's possible (8/11/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSN1137223820080811?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100&pageNumber=2&virtualBrandChannel=0
  • "...major depression is a multisystem disorder that is linked to inflammation and associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Childhood maltreatment may be a common factor explaining the elevated inflammatory markers of patients with depression."
    Maltreatment in Childhood Linked to Depression and Inflammation Later in Life (4/18/2009)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/573202?sssdmh=dm1.457135&src=nldne
    Original source: Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2008;65:409-416.
  • "Meals with a low glycemic index may reduce hunger and overall energy intake, and they can also improve resting energy expenditure. The glycemic response to carbohydrates is reduced during concomitant protein intake. The current study demonstrates that a diet higher in protein and with a lower glycemic index can help adults maintain an initial weight loss at 26 weeks."
    Higher-Protein/Low-Glycemic-Index Diet Best for Maintaining Weight Loss (12/2/2010)
    http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/733462?src=cmemp
  • "....meat is a source of several carcinogens, including N-nitroso compounds, as well as heterocyclic amines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, both of which form when meat is cooked...Meat is also a major source of saturated fat, which has been associated with breast and colorectal cancer, and intake of red and processed meat has been associated with elevated blood pressure.
    Red Meat Associated With Increased Mortality Risk (3/23/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/DietNutrition/13384?utm_source=mSpoke&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign= DailyHeadlines&utm_content=GroupB&userid=36040&impressionId=1237860088261
    Original source: Sinha R, et al "Meat intake and mortality" Arch Intern Med 2009; 169(6): 562-71.
  • "Men infected with human papillomavirus have an 80% increase in the risk of getting HIV....circumcision reduced the risk of getting HIV by more than 50%."
    IAS: HPV in Men Linked to Increased HIV Risk
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/MeetingCoverage/IAS/15234?userid=36040&impressionId=1248668676739&utm_source=mSpoke&utm_medium=email&utm _campaign=DailyHeadlines&utm_content=Group1
    Original source: Smith JS et al. "Risk of HIV acquisition among men with and without human papillomavirus infection in Kisumu, Kenya" IAS 2009; abstract WELBC104.
  • "Menopausal women who take hormone-replacement therapy pills more than double their risk of developing a potentially fatal blood clot,..."
    Oral hormone therapy pills double clot risk: study (5/22/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSL2293658720080522?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "Mentally stimulating social activity and reading in middle age reduced the likelihood of mild cognitive impairment in old age by more than 40%. After age 65, reading, making crafts, using the computer, playing games, and watching less TV were associated with 30% to 50% lower risk of mild cognitive impairment...."
    AAN: Nimble Activity Protects Against Mild Cognitive Impairment (2/18/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/MeetingCoverage/AAN/12931?utm_source=mSpoke&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign= DailyHeadlines&utm_content=GroupB&userid=36040&impressionId=1235020630420
    Original Source: Geda YE, et al "Cognitive activities are associated with decreased risk of mild cognitive impairment: The Mayo Clinic population-based study of aging" AAN 2009.
  • "...men whose heart rate increased the most during mild mental stress just before an exercise test had twice the risk of dying of a sudden heart attack in later life than men whose heart rate did not increase as much. Conversely, men who had the highest increase in heart rate during the exercise test itself, had less than half the risk of sudden death compared with the men whose heart rate increased the least during the exercise test."
    Excessive increase in heart rate before exercise doubles risk of sudden cardiac death in later life (April 29, 2009)
    http://www.news-medical.net/?id=49007
  • "Metabolic obesity was defined by having two or more metabolic risk factors including high triglycerides, low HDL cholesterol, high blood pressure, high fasting plasma glucose, or diabetes....among all overweight patients, both male and female, metabolic health was associated with significantly lower waist circumference."
    ICAO: In Obesity, Fat Legs Better than Fat Middles (2/5/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/Obesity/18322?pfc=111&spc=269
  • "Middle-aged adults who sleep fewer hours appear more likely to have high blood pressure and to experience adverse changes in blood pressure over time. Sleep deprivation is associated with increased activity in the sympathetic nervous system, which controls the body�s stress response. Over time, this activation could contribute to high blood pressure."
    Original source: June 8, 2009 Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals
  • "Middle-aged people who smoke or have high blood pressure or diabetes are more likely to develop dementia later in life...Current smokers were 70% more likely than those who had never smoked to develop dementia. People with high blood pressure were 60% more likely than those without high blood pressure to develop dementia, and people with diabetes were more than twice as likely as those without diabetes to experience cognitive impairment."
    Smoking, High Blood Pressure, and Diabetes May Lead to Dementia (9/1/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/708204?src=cmemp
  • "...mild cognitive impairment was associated with developing diabetes before age 65, having diabetes for 10 years or longer, being treated with insulin and having diabetes complications."
    Brain trouble tied to diabetes duration, severity (8/11/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSTON17397720080811?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
    Original source: Archives of Neurology, August 11, 2008.
  • "Moderate drinking may protect against stroke, but not if the drinker is also a smoker."
    AAN: Smoking May Cancel Stroke Benefit of Drinking (4/13/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/MeetingCoverage/AAN/19515
    Original source: Source reference: Li Y et al. "Alcohol Consumption, Smoking, and Risk of Stroke in Men and Women: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer-Norfolk Population Study" Neurology 2010; 74(9): Abstract P01.297
  • "Moderate physical exercise, combined with computer use late in life, is associated with a lower risk of mild cognitive impairment..."
    AAN: Computers, Exercise Linked to Lower MCI Risk (4/18/2010)
    Original source: Geda YE, et al "Physical exercise, cognitive activity, caloric intake, and mild cognitive impairment: The Mayo Clinic study of aging" AAN 2010; Abstract S44.004.
  • "Modestly reducing salt intake is associated with significant decreases in blood pressure in blacks, Asians and whites...A lower salt intake, in the long-term, could play an important role in the prevention of cardiovascular disease, renal disease and osteoporosis... About 80 percent of salt intake in developed countries comes from sodium added by the food industry."
    Reducing Salt Intake May Reduce Blood Pressure in 3 Ethnic Groups (7/27/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/706500?src=cmemp
    Original source: Hypertension. Published online July 20, 2009.
  • "More than 50 million children (or 60% of the U.S. pediatric population) get insufficient vitamin D and another 7.6 million (9%) suffer from more severe deficiency. Seven out of 10 U.S. children have low levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, raising their risk for a range of health problems, including bone and heart disease, high blood pressure, and metabolic syndrome...Older children, girls, non-Hispanic blacks, Mexican Americans, those born outside the U.S., and obese children were more likely to suffer a deficiency.Low serum vitamin D in U.S. adolescents is strongly associated with hypertension, hyperglycemia, and metabolic syndrome, independent of adiposity."
    U.S. Children Lack Vitamin D (8/3/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Pediatrics/GeneralPediatrics/15359?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Reis J, et al "National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute vitamin D status and cardiometabolic risk factors in the United States adolescent population" Pediatrics 2009; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2009-0213
  • "More than 44 million Americans will have diabetes within 25 years under current trends, and the annual cost of caring for them will triple to $336 billion in constant 2007 dollars,...The obesity epidemic, ever-earlier ages of diabetes onset, and increasing longevity of people with established diabetes are combining to enlarge the diabetic population far beyond anything envisioned in earlier projections."
    Diabetes Care Will Cost $336B by 2034 (11/27/2009>
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Endocrinology/Diabetes/17201?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Huang E, et al "Projecting the future diabetes population size and related costs for the U.S." Diabetes Care 2009; 32: 2225-29.
  • "...more than half of men and 70% of women age 50 to 79 in the U.S. exceed the abdominal obesity threshold -- 88 cm or around 35 inches for women and 102 cm or 40 inches for men. Having a large waist circumference increases the risk of death -- even for people who are not overweight,... For women with a normal BMI, each 10 cm/3.9 inch increase in girth increased their risk of dying by 25% (95% CI, 1.18 to 1.32) compared with heavier women... a larger waist is also associated with inflammation, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, and coronary heart disease -- all independently of BMI.The associations with waist circumference were strongest for mortality caused by respiratory disease, followed by cardiovascular disease and then cancer."
    Thick Waist a Problem at Any Weight (8/9/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/Obesity/21597?utm_content=GroupCL&utm_medium=email&impressionId=1281418185190&utm_campaign=DailyHeadlines&utm_source=mSpoke&userid=36040
    Original source: Jacobs EJ, et al "Waist circumference and all-cause mortality in a large U.S. cohort" Arch Intern Med 2010; 170: 1293-1301.
  • "More time spent on the Internet, fewer hours of sleep, and alcohol consumption were all associated with increases in body mass index...."
    Lifestyle Choices Linked to Weight Gain in Young Females (7/9/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/DietNutrition/tb/10065
    Original source: Berkey C, et al "Weight gain in older adolescent females: the Internet, sleep, coffee, and alcohol" J Pediatr 2008; DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2008.04.072.
  • "Nearly 4 in 10 Americans between 18 and 34 years of age had at least one chronic condition, as did 9 of every 10 aged 65 and older."
    60% of people in the U.S. age 18 and older have at least one chronic medical condition (6/3/2008)

    http://www.news-medical.net/?id=38878
    Health Care Expenses for Adults with Chronic Conditions, 2005
    http://www.meps.ahrq.gov/mepsweb/data_files/publications/st203/stat203.pdf
  • "Nearly half of college-age adults struggle with a mental health disorder, from alcohol dependency to depression and anxiety. But only a quarter seek treatment.... Among college students, alcohol abuse and dependency were the most common at 20 percent, followed by personality disorders such as obsessive-compulsive and paranoid disorders at 18 percent. Non-college students were most likely to report personality disorders and nicotine dependence.... The rates of mood disorders, such as depression and bipolar disorder, were 11 percent for college students and 12 percent for non-students. The same rates were found for anxiety disorders in each group."
    Young adults hit by mental health issues. Study shows nearly half are dealing with a disorder, but only a quarter seek treatment (12/2/2008)
    http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/health/bal-te.mental02dec02,0,3163019.story
  • "Neighborhoods that provide easy opportunities for exercise and healthy eating are associated with reduced residents' risk of developing type 2 diabetes...the fact is that it is hard to be active if there are no safe places in the neighborhood to walk, and hard to eat better if the nearby stores sell only highly processed foods."
    'Healthy Neighborhoods' May Cut Diabetes Risk (10/12/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Endocrinology/Diabetes/16400?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Auchincloss A, et al "Neighborhood resources for physical activity and healthy foods and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis" Arch Intern Med 2009; 169: 1698-1704.
  • "...95% of non-smokers and 85% of smokers agreed that direct inhalation of second-hand smoke was harmful to children, just 65% of non-smokers, and 43% of smokers believed the same for "third-hand" smoke....dangers of third-hand smoke are very real - when you smoke - any place - toxic particulate matter from tobacco smoke gets into your hair and clothing. The chemicals in cigarettes are known to significantly increase the risk of serious pregnancy complications."
    Warning over 'third-hand smoke' (1/6/2009)
    BBC News
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/7813124.stm
  • "Nitrosamines, nitrates, and nitrites can induce DNA damage, oxidative stress, cell death, and cancer, and they have been associated with insulin resistance,..."
    Study Links Nitrosamines to Mortality in Diabetes, Other Diseases
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PublicHealthPolicy/EnvironmentalHealth/14961? userid=36040&impressionId=1246940843271&utm_source= mSpoke&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=DailyHeadlines&utm_content=Group1
    Original source: De la Monte S, et al "Epidemiological trends strongly suggest exposures as etiologic agents in the pathogenesis of sporadic Alzheimer's disease, diabetes mellitus, and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis" J Alzheimers Dis 2009; 17: 519-29.
  • "No matter how old you are, increased physical activity is associated with decreased mortality and improved function."
    Physical Activity Helps the Very Old (9/14/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Geriatrics/GeneralGeriatrics/15949?pfc=111&spc=269
  • "Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is becoming a serious pediatric problem, mainly among overweight children and adolescents..."
    Boys with Metabolic Syndrome Likely to Have Fatty Liver (10/1/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Pediatrics/Obesity/16231?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Graham RC, et al "Ethnic and sex differences in the association between metabolic syndrome and suspected nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in a nationally representative sample of U.S. adolescents" J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2009.
  • "Non-HDL-C can be calculated by subtracting HDL-C from total cholesterol and may be a better predictor for CV risk and mortality than LDL-C, especially in patients with TG > 200 mg/dL....Therapeutic lifestyle changes, including a healthy diet, increased physical activity, weight control, and smoking cessation, should be initiated as soon as possible, and are especially important in patients with risk factors, and/or a family history of CHD.[1] Diet and exercise therapy decrease LDL-C and TG and increase HDL-C, decrease systolic and diastolic BP, decrease insulin resistance, and are proven to prevent the onset of type II DM and lower CV risk independent of its effect on DM risk.... omega-3 FA reduce the risk of total and CHD -related mortality by 20% to 50%, reduce nonfatal coronary events, and suppress cardiac arrhythmias."
    Selection from: Combination Therapy for Mixed Dyslipidemia: Updating our Options
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/582639_3
  • "....nonsmokers exposed to secondhand smoke have a 25% to 30% increased risk of developing heart disease. The number of acute myocardial infarctions dropped by an average of 17% a year after smoking bans were put into effect, compared with communities with no such smoking restrictions,...The decline in heart attacks continued in subsequent years, with rates dropping by about 36% within three years of smoking prohibitions taking effect."
    Heart Attack Rates Plummet Following Smoking Bans (9/21/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Cardiology/Prevention/16060?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Lightwood J, Glantz S "Declines in acute myocardial infarction following smokefree laws and individual risk attributable to secondhand smoke" Circulation 2009; DOI: 10.1161/CirculationAHA.109.870691.
  • "Obese adolescents have a good chance of moving into the severely obese category by the time they reach their 30s....those who were moderately obese in their youth had substantially higher rates of incident severe obesity -- 37.1% for males and 51.3% for females."
    Obesity in Youth Predicts More Severe Adult Weight Problems (11/09/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/Obesity/23254
    Original source: The N, et al "Association of adolescent obesity with risk of severe obesity in adulthood" JAMA 2010; 304: 2042-2047.
  • "Obese patients with a sedentary lifestyle who started regular aerobic exercise lowered their risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), regardless of whether they lost weight...After a month of regular aerobic cycling exercise, patients reduced their visceral adipose tissue volume by 12% (P<0.01) and hepatic triglyceride concentration (HTGC) by 21% (P<0.05) on average,... Exercise was also associated with a 14% reduction in plasma free fatty acids (P<0.05)."
    Aerobic Exercise Cuts Risks of Fatty Liver Disease (9/15/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Gastroenterology/GeneralHepatology/15927
  • "obese patients with knee osteoarthritis who lost substantial weight showed signs of structural improvement in their damaged joints."
    EULAR: Weight Loss Boosts Knee Health in Obese OA Patients (6/19/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/MeetingCoverage/EULAR/20768
  • "Obesity alone may be the best predictor of undiagnosed diabetes."
    Obesity Alone May Be the Best Predictor of Undiagnosed Diabetes (9/21/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/709233?src=cmemp&uac=81167HX
  • "Obesity causes more than 100,000 cases of cancer in the United States each year -- and the number will likely rise as Americans get fatter...Having too much body fat causes nearly half the cases of endometrial cancer -- a type of cancer of the uterus -- and a third of esophageal cancer cases."
    Obesity causes 100,000 U.S. cancer cases, group says (11/6/2009)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSTRE5A45B120091106
    Stewart ST, et al " U.S. Life Expectancy" N Engl J Med 2009; 361: 2252-60.
  • "Obesity doubles the risk of psoriasis, and almost a third of new cases of psoriasis are attributable to overweight and obesity. Patients with psoriasis have more than a twofold greater risk of myocardial infarction and diabetes than the general population....The common link in the associations is inflammation."
    AAD: Look for Systemic Diseases in Patients with Psoriasis (March 12, 2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/MeetingCoverage/AAD/13249?utm_source=mSpoke&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign= DailyHeadlines&utm_content=GroupB&userid=36040&impressionId=1236909639601
  • "Obesity is linked to a shortened life span because of associated risks for insulin resistance, diabetes, myocardial infarction, stroke, and other morbidities. Even after age 60 years, the incidence of obesity continues to increase with age."
    WHR vs BMI May Be a Better Predictor of All-Cause Mortality in Older Adults (9/16/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/708985?src=cmemp&uac=81167HX
    Original source: Ann Epidemiol. 2009;19:724-731
  • "Obesity, glucose intolerance, and hypertension in childhood are strongly linked with premature death from endogenous causes in young adulthood and middle age,...."
    Childhood Obesity and Glucose Intolerance Linked With Premature Death (2/19/2010)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/717203?src=cmemp&uac=81167HX

  • "Obesity puts people at risk for a variety of diseases such as diabetes, high cholesterol, hypertension, arthritis, sleep apnea, and pulmonary emboli," she wrote. "Therefore, it should always be assessed and recommendations should be made on weight loss."
    Waist Measure May Not Be Major Predictor of Heart Disease (3/11/2011)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/Obesity/25291
    Original sources: Wormser D, et al "Separate and combined associations of body mass index and abdominal adiposity with cardiovascular disease: Collaborative analysis of 58 prospective studies" Lancet 2011; DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60105-0; Huxley R, Jacobs D Jr "Size still matters ... but not in the way we once thought" Lancet 2011; DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60239-0.
  • Obesity raises the risk of stroke regardless of race or sex,...The most obese black women were at 43% higher risk of stroke than the thinnest black women (95% CI 0.81 to 2.53; trend P=0.016), while the fattest black men had more than three times the stroke risk of their thin counterparts (95% CI 1.53 to 6.67; trend P=0.0026), depending on the measure of obesity used. The thinnest white women suffered about 1.2 strokes per 1,000 person-years on average, while their black counterparts suffered 4.3 per 1,000 person-years. The difference was more dramatic when comparing the heaviest white women (2.2 strokes per 1,000 person years) with the heavy black men (8.0 strokes per 1,000 person years)." Obese Blacks at Higher Risk of Stroke (1/21/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Neurology/Strokes/18083?utm_content=GroupCL&utm_medium=email&impressionId= 1264130704052&utm_campaign=DailyHeadlines&utm_source=mSpoke&userid=36040
    Original source: Yatsuya H, et al "Race- and sex-specific associations of obesity measures with ischemic stroke incidence in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study" Stroke 2010; DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.109.566299.
  • "Obese U.S. residents in their 20s will incur lifetime medical bills between $5,340 and $29,460 more than their healthy-weight peers despite shorter life spans...."
    Study finds obese people have higher lifetime medical costs despite shorter life expectancies (6/11/2008)
    http://www.news-medical.net/?id=39103
    http://www.nature.com/oby/journal/vaop/ncurrent/abs/oby2008290a.html
  • "Obese women are more likely to develop breast cancer, among other types of cancer, and high-fat diets are also linked with breast cancer."
    Trans-fats linked to breast cancer risk in study (4/11/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSN1122758320080411?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "...obese women had a 50% increased risk for contralateral breast cancer, and those who consumed 7 or more alcoholic drinks per week had a 90% increased risk. Survivors who currently smoked had a 120% increased risk of developing a second breast cancer."
    Risk for Breast Cancer Recurrence Decreased by Lifestyle Changes (9/9/2009)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/708592?src=mp&spon=16&uac=81167HX
    J Clin Oncol. Published online before print September 8, 2009
  • "Obesity is associated with a 36-percent increase in spending on healthcare services, more than smoking or problem drinking."
    Obesity costs U.S. companies $45 billion annually in medical expenditures and work loss (4/10/2008)
    http://www.news-medical.net/?id=37233
  • "...obesity may soon overtake tobacco use as the leading cause of preventable death in the United States if current trends continue. Nearly 7 out of 10 adults are classified as overweight or obese."
    Obesity appears to play a protective role in heart disease (5/18/2009)
    http://www.news-medical.net/news/2009/05/18/Obesity-appears-to-play-a-protective-role-in-heart-disease.aspx
    Original source: http://www.acc.org
  • "...obesity was associated with higher mortality risks for cancers of the esophagus, colon and rectum, liver, gallbladder, kidney, and pancreas."
    Obesity Increases Risk for Metastases in Pancreatic Cancer (3/24/2009)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/589997?sssdmh=dm1.448943&src=nldne
    Original source: Arch Surg. 2009;144:216-221.
  • "Offspring of women who have diabetes or are overweight or obese during pregnancy -- these children are more likely to be obese, overweight or have diabetes in the future," ....
    More babies born to diabetic mothers: study (4/28/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSN2739771420080428?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "Of the adolescents who were overweight at some point, more than half (59%) were overweight at 24.Among overweight 24-year-olds, only 33% had never been overweight as a teen; 40% had had persistently normal weight as a teen, and 80% had had a normal weight at some point during the teen years."
    Teen Weight Problems Predict Overweight Adults (9/10/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Pediatrics/Obesity/22107?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Patton G, et al "Overweight and obesity between adolescence and young adulthood: a 10-year prospective cohort study" J Adolesc Health 2010; DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.06.019.
  • "older adults who follow a dietary pattern consistent with current guidelines to consume relatively high amounts of vegetables, fruit, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, poultry and fish, may have a lower risk of mortality."
    Confusion among nutrition experts: High-fat dairy-product eaters have 40 per cent higher risk of mortality: Journal of the American Dietetic Association (12/22/2010)
    http://www.stonehearthnewsletters.com/nutritionists-dietitians-researchers-disagree/nutrition/
  • "Older women who aren't getting enough vitamin D appear to be at risk for suffering from back pain,..."
    Low vitamin D tied to back pain in older women (5/26/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSCOL65374420080526?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
    SOURCE: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, May 2008.
  • "Omega-3 fatty acids, found in fish like salmon and tuna, can prevent surges in stress hormones and protect against heart disease. Eating a handful of pistachios every day can lower blood pressure.... "
    Diet for Stress Management Slideshow: Stress-Reducing Foods
    http://www.webmd.com/diet/diet-for-stress-management-slideshow?ecd=wnl_day_120408
  • "One extra hour of sleep per night is associated with a 33% reduction in the development of coronary artery calcification (CAC).... was comparable to the gains from lowering systolic blood pressure by 16.5 mm Hg"
    Another Reason to Get 40 Winks? Reduced CAC (12/2008)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/585874
    Original source: King CR, Knutson KL, Rathouz PJ, et al. Short sleep duration and incident coronary artery calcification. JAMA. 2008;300:2859-2866.
  • "$115 billion U.S. market for soft drinks, represent the No. 1 source of added sugars in the American diet. Women should eat no more than 100 calories of added processed sugar per day, or six teaspoons (25 grams), while most men should keep it to just 150 calories or nine teaspoons (37.5 grams). That's far below the 22 teaspoons (90 grams) or 355 calories of added sugar consumed by the average American each day,.." AHA issues new sugar consumption guidelines
    http://nutnewstoday.blogspot.com/2009/08/aha-issues-new-sugar-consumption.html
    Original source: http://www.reuters.com/article/latestCrisis/idUSN24165384
  • "One 12-ounce can of regular soda pop contains over an ounce of sugar (or about 7 teaspoons). By choosing a diet soda to avoid sugar, you're consuming aspartame. If it is stored in warm areas or kept on store shelves for a prolonged period, aspartame will change to methanol, an alcohol that ultimately converts to formaldehyde and formic acid � known carcinogens."
    Healthy Habits: Cut Back on Soft Drinks, Even Sugarless
    http://life.familyeducation.com/nutrition-and-diet/healthy-lifestyle/36000.html
  • "One way to feel happier is to recognize good things when they happen."
    How to Be Happy.By Stacy Weiner
    http://women.webmd.com/features/how-be-happy?page=2
  • "Only 31% of 15-year-olds met the 60-minutes/day exercise standard set by the U.S. Department of Agriculture on weekdays, and just 17% met that target on weekends."
    Couch Potatoes Take Root in Early Teens (7/15/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/ExerciseFitness/tb/10128
    Original Source: Nader P, et al "Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity from ages 9 to 15 years" JAMA 2008; 300: 295-305.
  • "...only three specific dietary factors had strong evidence behind them as proven heart disease fighters:
    Vegetable-rich diet
    Eating nuts rich in monounsaturated fatty acids like walnuts and other nuts
    Following a Mediterranean-style diet high in vegetables, legumes, fruits, nuts, whole grains, cheese or yogurt, and fish
    Researchers also found strong evidence behind the negative effects of the following dietary factors on heart disease risk:
    Following a Western-style diet high in processed meats, red meat, butter, refined grains, and high-fat dairy products
    High-glycemic index foods
    Trans-fatty acids"

    Not All Diets Pass the Heart-Healthy Test Study Shows Mediterranean Diet Lowers Heart Disease Risk; Western Diet Gets Poor Marks(4/13/2009)
    http://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/news/20090413/not-all-diets-pass-the-heart-healthy-test?ecd=wnl_day_042209
    Archives of Internal Medicine (April, 2009)
  • "Overall, medical care for obese patients is about 43% more expensive than for normal weight patients -- about $4,870 a year compared with $3,400."
    Rising Obesity Rates Increase Nation's Healthcare Tab
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Pediatrics/Obesity/15265?pfc=111&spc=269
  • "Overeating and excess caloric consumption remain the principal drivers of weight gain and obesity...."
    Fructose Converts Quickly to Lipids Triggering Hyperlipidemia (7/25/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/DietNutrition/tb/10264
    Parks EJ, et al "Dietary sugars stimulate fatty acid synthesis in adults" Journal of Nutrition 2008; 138: 1039-1046.
  • "Over the next 20 years, the number of new cancer cases diagnosed annually in the United States will increase by 45 percentfrom 1.6 million in 2010 to 2.3 million in 2030, with a dramatic spike in incidence predicted in the elderly and minority populations."
    Cancer rates among U.S. elderly, minorities set to explode (4/30/2009)
    http://www.news-medical.net/?id=48985
    Original source: Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • "Overweight and obese adults will most likely lose more weight and keep it off with at least 250 minutes per week of exercise."
    Thirty minutes a day of exercise? Better think 50 (2/10/2009)
    http://in.reuters.com/article/health/idINTRE51951N20090210
    Original Source: SOURCE: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, February 2009.
  • "...overweight and obese women may need to exercise 55 minutes a day, 5 days per week, to sustain a weight loss of 10% during 2 years..."
    Exercise May Be Needed to Maintain Weight Loss in Overweight Women (7/30/2008)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/578296?sssdmh=dm1.372531&src=nldne
    Original source: Arch Intern Med. 2008;168:1550-1559, 1559-1560.
  • "...overweight people who lost an average of just 11 pounds cut their risk of osteoarthritis in half."
    Are You Killing Your Knees? (7/14/2009)
    http://www.tampabay.com/news/article1018237.ece
  • "...overweight young girls had significantly higher levels of phthalates in their bodies compared to the general population of children. Phthalates, a type of hormone disruptor, are used in plastics (most often PVC) and in personal care products....a variety of hormone disruptors linked to obesity, including tributyltin, hexachlorobenzene (HCB), organotins, BPA , and PFOA."
    Chemicals Increasingly Linked to Obesity ... And How You Can Fight Fat (4/27/2009)
    http://blogs.webmd.com/health-ehome/2009/04/chemicals-increasingly-linked-to.html?ecd=wnl_day_050509&em=YmV0dHkuanVuZ0Bwby5zdGF0ZS5jdC51cw==
  • "...oxycholesterol boosts total cholesterol levels and promotes atherosclerosis ["hardening of the arteries"] more than non-oxidized cholesterol. Oxycholesterol is produced in oxidised oils, particularly in the much-maligned trans-fatty acids and partially-hydrogenated vegetable oils...Consuming foods rich in antioxidants may be a way of countering these effects,...since these substances may block the oxidation process that forms oxycholesterol."
    �Unknown� cholesterol in processed food poses big heart health risk (8/2/12009)
    http://www.nutraingredients.com/Publications/Food-Beverage-Nutrition/FoodNavigator.com/Science-Nutrition/Unknown-cholesterol-in-processed-food-poses-big-heart-health-risk/?c=9EU3KtLmkBB8y0ks4Cttvg%3D%3D&utm_source=Newsletter_Subject&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Newsletter%2BSubject
    Original source: 238th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society.
  • "Participants who began an exercise program along with a diet at the start of the study had lost significantly more weight at six months -- 10.9 kg (24 lbs) -- than the amount lost by those who only followed the diet (8.2 kg of 18 lbs)."
    Lifestyle Intervention Helps Even Most Obese (10/9/10)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/Obesity/22646?utm_content=GroupCL&utm_medium=email&impressionId=1286774354772&utm_campaign=DailyHeadlines&utm_source=mSpoke&userid=36040
    Original source: Goodpaster B, et al "Effects of diet and physical activity interventions on weight loss and cardiometabolic risk factos in severely obese adults: a randomized trial" JAMA 2010; DOI: 10.1001/jama.2010.1505.
  • "...participants who had moderate to high exercise routines lived 1.3 to 3.7 years longer than their couch potato counterparts....people who mentally exercised their brains had a reduced risk of mild cognitive impairment and a risk of Alzheimer's that was 2.6 times less than people who did not stimulate their mind."
    20 Ways to Live to 100 From AOL Health
    http://news.aol.com/health/story/ar/_a/eating-less-can-add-years-to-your-life/20080709112009990001
  • "Patients lose more weight when they maintain a food diary..."
    Documenting Food Consumption Scales Up Weight Loss (7/8/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/Obesity/tb/10047
    Original Source: Hollis J, et al "Weight loss during the intensive intervention phase of the Weight-Loss Maintenance Trial" Am J Prev Med 2008; DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2008.04.013.
  • "Patients who consume a diet rich in high-fat dairy products and fried, refined, and sugary foods are at increased risk of developing depression, whereas those whose diet is rich in fish, fruit, and vegetables are at lower risk of developing depression,.."
    Diet Rich in Processed Food Linked to Increased Risk for Depression (11/10/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/712066?src=cmemp&uac=81167HX
  • "Patients who slept for short or long durations experienced an increase in weight compared with those who slept for an average duration of 7 to 9 hours...." "short-duration sleepers had a 27% increased risk for the development of obesity, and long-duration sleepers had a 21% increase in risk."
    Short or Long Sleep Duration Linked to Weight Gain (4/7/2008)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/572523?sssdmh=dm1.344331&src=nldne
    Sleep. 2008;31:517-523.
  • "Patients with type 2 diabetes who followed an intensive lifestyle-intervention program aimed at achieving and maintaining weight loss and fitness achieved those goals and showed significant improvements in blood pressure, glycemic control, and some lipid measures over four years."
    Look AHEAD in Print: Lifestyle Intervention Improves CV Risk Factors in Type 2 Diabetes (10/4/2010)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/729815?src=cmemp&uac=81167HX
  • "People don't tend to drink for the health benefits to their hearts,"..."but it may be used to justify or excuse their heavy drinking habit. Middle-aged men should be made aware that if they are irregular heavy drinkers, the possible cardioprotective properties of alcohol consumption may not apply to them, and in contrast they may be putting themselves at increased risk of having a heart attack....binge drinkers experienced twice the mortality rate of alcohol drinkers who did not binge."
    Binge Drinking: Cause of National Disparities in Heart Disease? (12/1/2010)
    http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/733383?src=cmemp
  • "People infected with the herpes virus, ulcer-causing bacteria, and other common bugs appear to be at increased risk of stroke from cumulative exposure to the pathogens, a new study found. Five common infections were associated with increased stroke risk....
    Common Infections Linked to Increased Stroke Risk (11/11/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Neurology/Strokes/16937?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Gerber Y, et al "Smoking status and long-term survival after first acute myocardial infarction" J Amer Coll Cardiol 2009; 54: DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2009.09.020.
  • "People tend to mimic the behavior of those around them, and characteristics such as smoking, drug use and obesity tend to spread through social networks...watching or even thinking about someone with good self-control makes others more likely exert self-control. The researchers found that the opposite holds, too, so that people with bad self-control influence others negatively."
    Self-control is contagious, study finds (1/14/2010)
    http://www.uga.edu/news/artman/publish/100113_SelfControlStudy.shtml
  • "...people under chronic stress are more likely than others to say they eat fattening foods and feel that their eating is out of control...people under chronic stress should try to notice the difference between emotional hunger and true physical hunger. By being more mindful of their hunger and stress, they can better regulate when, what and how much they eat and keep it more in line with their bodies' needs,..."
    Chronic-stress reliever for women is often high-fat food (11/2009)
    http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/weightloss/2009-11-02-stresseating02_ST_N.htm
    Original source: University of California-San Francisco
  • "People who are very overweight often have a lot of fat between their organs internally. In fact, in some instances, the liver can become so packed with fat you can develop a form of hepatitis, and in extreme cases, it can stop functioning altogether," says Levy. The good news: A healthy eating plan can not only help you shed the weight you can see, but also the internal fat layers you don't see."
    9 Surprising Facts About Your Stomach
    http://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/features/nine-surprising-facts-about-your-stomach?page=2
  • "people who consumed more than 74 grams per day of fructose � the equivalent of 2.5 sugary drinks � had a significantly increased risk of developing high blood pressure. These results indicate that high fructose intake in the form of added sugars is significantly and independently associated with higher blood pressure levels in the US adult population with no previous history of hypertension."
    Sugary foods could increase risk of high blood pressure: Study (11/2/2009)
    http://www.nutraingredients.com/Publications/Food-Beverage-Nutrition/FoodNavigator-USA.com/Science-Nutrition/Sugary-foods-could-increase-risk-of-high-blood-pressure-Study/?c=9EU3KtLmkBBnZcam%2FefHLQ%3D%3 D&utm_source=Newsletter_Subject&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Newsletter%2BSubject
    Original Source: study presented at the American Society of Nephrology�s Annual Meeting in San Diego
  • "People who feel pressure to look attractive are more fearful of being rejected because of their appearance than are their peers....overall women showed greater sensitivity to appearance rejection than did men"
    Pressure to look 'attractive' provokes negative outcomes (June 1, 2009)
    http://www.news-medical.net/news/20090601/Pressure-to-look-attractive-provokes-negative-outcomes.aspx
    Original source: Spring edition (Vo. 33, Issue 1)Psychology of Women Quarterly, American Psychological Association
  • "...people who had high levels of BPA in the urine had a higher rate of diabetes, heart disease, and liver toxicity."
    Pots, Pans, and Plastics: A Shopper's Guide to Food Safety
    http://www.webmd.com/health-ehome-9/plastics-food-safety?ecd=wnl_day_032409
  • "People who have been consistently overweight since high school appear to be at greater risk of both chronic disease and social disadvantage by the time they're 40."
    Persistent Heaviness May Bring Higher Risk of Midlife Problems (7/26/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/Obesity/21375?utm_content=GroupCL&utm_medium=email&impressionId=1280208456737&utm_campaign=DailyHeadlines&utm_source=mSpoke&userid=36040
    Source reference: Clarke PJ, et al "Midlife health and socioeconomic consequences of persistent overweight across early adulthood: Findings from a national survey of American Adults (1986-2009)" Am J Epidemiol 2010; DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwq156.
  • "People who use artificial sweeteners are heavier, more likely to have diabetes, and more likely to be insulin-resistant compared with non- users....artificial sweeteners may modulate metabolic rate through enteroendocrine cells, therefore contributing to the development of diabetes and/or obesity."
    Artificial sweeteners linked to diabetes (8/2009)
    http://ginews.blogspot.com/#sweetener
    Original source: ENDO 2009, as reported in Medscape Medical News
  • "... people with a positive outlook typically live 19 percent longer than people who see the glass as half empty."
    20 Ways to Live to 100 From AOL Health
    http://news.aol.com/health/story/ar/_a/eating-less-can-add-years-to-your-life/20080709112009990001
  • "People with diabetes have the same risk of a heart attack or stroke as patients who have survived one heart attack already..."
    Diabetes equals heart attack in later heart risk (3/31/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSN3142355520080331?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "People with diabetes who maintain intensive, low blood sugar levels are significantly less likely to suffer heart attacks and coronary heart disease,..."
    Control of blood sugars long-term reduces risk of heart disease in diabetics (5/22/2009)
    http://www.news-medical.net/news/2009/05/22/Control-of-blood-sugars-long-term-reduces-risk-of-heart-disease-in-diabetics.aspx
    Original source: http://www.cam.ac.uk
  • "...people who mentally exercised their brains had a reduced risk of mild cognitive impairment and a risk of Alzheimer's that was 2.6 times less than people who did not stimulate their mind."
    20 Ways to Live to 100 From AOL Health
    http://news.aol.com/health/story/ar/_a/eating-less-can-add-years-to-your-life/20080709112009990001
  • "people who sleep less than six hours a night during the work-week are 4.5 times more likely to have elevated levels of blood sugar than those who slumber 6-8 hours...short-sleepers" had a significantly increased risk of progressing from normal glucose levels to pre-diabetes, compared to those who slept 6-8 hours nightly. Sleeping an average of more than 8 hours a night had no significant effect on glucose levels, results showed."
    People who sleep less than six hours nightly risk developing diabetes (March 12, 2009)
    http://www.news-medical.net/?id=46814
    Study funded by National Institutes of Health.
  • "...people who record what they appreciate experience greater happiness, less anxiety � and even better sleep."
    How to Be Happy.By Stacy Weiner
    http://women.webmd.com/features/how-be-happy?page=2
  • "People who are 35 or younger who keep smoking are far more prone o die from a heart-related event, have a repeat heart attack or need future treatments to clear blocked arteries compared to those who stopped smoking."
    Smoking after heart attack lifts risk of second (3/30/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSN2928581620080330?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "...People who are both obese and have diabetes are highly likely to develop heart disease during their lifetime..."
    Heart disease risk soars with obesity, diabetes (8/15/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSCOL55575420080815?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
    Original Source: Diabetes Care, August 2008
  • "...people who drank three-plus servings per week of juices high in polyphenols�antioxidants found in purple grape, grapefruit, cranberry, and apple juice�had a 76 percent lower risk of developing Alzheimer�s disease."
    Can Juice Really Make You Healthier?
    http://www.webmd.com/food-recipes/features/can-juice-make-you-healthier?ecd=wnl_day_071108&spon=912345_0
  • "People who strictly adhered to a Mediterranean diet full of vegetables, fish and healthy fats such as olive oil, and low in red meat, dairy products and alcohol had lower odds of diabetes."
    Mediterranean diet may also help stop diabetes (5/29/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSL2979390020080530?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "...people who walked 30 minutes daily had a significantly reduced chance of premature death compared with those who rarely exercised...."
    13 Healthy Habits to Improve Your Life
    http://www.webmd.com/balance/features/13-healthy-habits-to-improve-your-life?page=2
  • "...people with low levels of vitamin D in their blood experience an increased risk for a condition known as peripheral artery disease, or PAD."
    Vitamin D found to guard against artery disease (4/17/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSTON77767720080417?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "...personality may influence the rate of brain aging....neuroticism was associated with greater age-related decline in brain volume, whereas conscientiousness was associated with less age-related decline."
    Personality may influence brain shrinkage in aging (4/23/2010)
    http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2010-04/wuis-pmi042310.php
  • "...physical activity is important for maintaining bone density. It's a case of �use it or lose it,'"
    Exercise can forestall osteoporosis (4/26/2010)
    https://my.mcg.edu/portal/page/portal/News/archive/2010/Exercise%20can%20forestall%20osteoporosis
  • "...physical activity reduces the resting heart rate of healthy individuals by improving the sympathetic and parasympathetic balance, suggesting that exercise-induced enhanced vagal modulation may reduce the risk of arrhythmias and sudden death....Overall, a high level of physical activity was associated with lower resting heart rates and reduced risk of dying from cardiovascular disease in both men and women."
    Faster Resting Pulse Linked to Cardio Death Risk (1/12/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Cardiology/MyocardialInfarction/17904? utm_content=GroupC&utm_medium=email&impressionId=1263353054621&utm_campaign=DailyHeadlines&utm_source=mSpoke&userid=36040
    Original source: Nauman J, et al "Combined effect of resting heart rate and physical activity on ischemic heart disease: mortality follow-up in a population study (the HUNT study, Norway)" J Epidemiol Community Health 2010; DOI: 10.1136/jech.2009.093088.
  • "Physical activity may benefit patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) independent of weight changes.... liver fat has been shown to correlate independently with all risk factors of the metabolic syndrome. Independent of weight changes, maintaining or increasing physical activity provides health benefits for patients with NAFLD, with improvements in liver enzymes and other metabolic markers. The underlying mechanism may be improved insulin resistance through positive changes in fatty acid metabolism in muscle."
    Physical Activity May Benefit Patients With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (7/21/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/706210?src=cmemp
    Original source: Hepatology. 2009;50:68-76.
  • "...poor fitness level accounted for about 16 percent of all deaths in both men and women. This percentage was significantly higher than when other risk factors were considered, including obesity, smoking, high cholesterol and diabetes. The Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study also found that moderately fit men lived six years longer than unfit men... women who were very fit were 55 percent less likely to die from breast cancer than women who were not in good shape."
    Physical Inactivity Poses Greatest Health Risk to Americans (7/30/2009) BR>Original source: APAs 117th Annual Convention, August 9, 2009.
    http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/554796/
  • "Postmenopausal women who eat the most fat have an elevated risk of ischemic stroke....Those who ate the most total fat -- a median of 95 grams/day -- were 44% more likely to have an ischemic stroke than those who ate the least -- a median of 25 grams/day ... Women who ate the most trans fat -- a median of 7.5 grams/day -- also had an elevated stroke risk compared with those who ate the least -- a median of 1.3 grams/day...."
    ASA: High Fat Intake Ups Stroke Risk in Older Women (3/2/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/MeetingCoverage/ASA/18763?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Yaemsiri S, et al "Dietary fat intake and incidence of ischemic stroke in postmenopausal U.S. women: The Women's Health Initiative" ASA 2010; Abstract 79.
  • "Physical activity improves mental health and control of diabetes, hypertension, and lipid levels; prevents osteoporosis; and, especially in older patients, sustains mobility, reduces disability, and decreases the risk of falls,"...."
    Physical Activity Counseling Effective in Improving Patients' Physical Health (4/25/2008)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/573492?sssdmh=dm1.347715&src=nldne
    Am Fam Physician. 2008;77:1029-1136.
  • Positive attitudes were associated with significantly lower rates of coronary heart disease and total mortality...hostile thoughts were more pronounced in black women, leading to a greater emotional response. That could produce greater neural, endocrine, or inflammatory physiological responses which lead to increased disease burden. Optimism and cynical hostility are known to be associated with perceived stress, coping ability, and social support,... While optimists tend to cope with adversity in healthier ways and build stronger social relationships, hostility "may impair the stress-buffering effects of social support.'
    Look on the Bright Side: It May Be Healthier (8/10/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Cardiology/Prevention/15463?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Tindle HA, et al "Optimism, cynical hostility, and incident coronary heart disease and mortality in the Women's Health Initiative" Circulation 2009; DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.827642.
  • "Reduced-calorie diets result in clinically meaningful weight loss regardless of which macronutrients they emphasize."
    Comparison of Weight-Loss Diets with Different Compositions of Fat, Protein, and Carbohydrates
    http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/360/9/859
  • "Reduced exposure to second-hand smoke after cigarettes were banned in bars, restaurants, and other public places was linked to a marked drop in hospitalizations for acute coronary syndrome...."
    Smoking Ban Slashes Cardiac Hospitalizations (7/30/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/Smoking/tb/10335
    Original source: Pell J, et al "Smoke-free legislation and hospitalizations for acute coronary syndrome" N Engl J Med 2008; 359: 482-91
  • "...refined carbohydrates and foods with high sugar and fat content promote what he calls "fullness resistance." They interfere with the complex hormonal messages the body usually sends to the brain to signal that it's time to stop eating. People feel hungrier instead...because refined carbohydrates raise blood-sugar levels, setting up an insulin surge that drives blood sugar down again, causing rebound hunger. That insulin spike also interferes with leptin, the hormone secreted by fat cells that should tell the body to stop eating. The body also becomes resistant to insulin, setting the stage for diabetes."
    Why That Big Meal You Just Ate Made You Hungry
    http://online.wsj.com/article/SB123966898930315491.html
  • "Regardless of smoking status, overweight and obesity in late adolescence increases the risk of adult mortality,...Overweight, obesity, and extreme underweight in adolescence are associated with an increased rate of adult mortality."
    Obesity in Adolescents May Carry Same Risk for Premature Death as Smoking (February 25, 2009)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/588694?src=nldne
    Original source: Medical Research News
  • "Regular exercise and physical activity are linked to significant improvements in overall psychological well-being, possibly via effects on self-concept and self-esteem. Physical fitness and AET are linked to lower risk for clinical depression or anxiety (level of evidence, A/B)."
    Importance of Exercise and Physical Activity in Older Adults Reviewed (7/8/ 2009)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/705444?src=mpnews&spon=2&uac=81167HX
    Original source: Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009;41:1510-1530.
  • "...regular exercise can dramatically improve diabetes symptoms. And stress can make them worse."
    The ailing economy is making people sicker Doctors see rise in stress, drop in healthy habits (1/25/2009)
    http://www.boston.com/news/health/articles/2009/01/25/the_ailing_economy_is_making_people_sicker/
  • "Regular exercise speeds learning and improves blood flow to the brain..."
    Regular aerobic exercise is good for the brain, Pitt team says (4/26/2010)
    http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2010-04/uops-rae042610.php
  • "Regular exercise substantially reduces the risks of obesity, maturity onset diabetes mellitus, hypertension, myocardial infarction, some forms of stroke, several forms of cancer and osteoporosis, not only in middle age but also during the retirement years.... Following a regular exercise routine through middle age can delay biological aging by up to 12 years...."
    Regular Exercise Through Middle Age May Delay Biological Aging
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/573636?sssdmh=dm1.348185&src=nldne
    April 10 Online First issue of the British Journal of Sports Medicine.
  • ""Regular leisure-time physical activity (PA), especially anaerobic, may help protect against nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD),...."
    Leisure-Time Physical Activity Protects Against Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (December 2008)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/585243?sssdmh=dm1.414123&src=nldne
  • "...regular moderate physical activity, enough to make a person breathless, has been shown to boost not only the speed and sharpness of thought but also the actual volume of brain tissue and the way in which the brain functions...."
    Aerobic activity may reverse mental decline (10/17/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSTRE49G7G420081017?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
    Original source: British Journal of Sports Medicine 2008.
  • "Regularly eating non-fried fish may help older adults preserve their memory and ward off stroke."
    Fish May Boost Memory, Prevent Stroke; Diet Rich in Baked or Broiled Fish May Protect Brain From Damage That Can Lead to Dementia, Stroke (8/4/2008)
    http://www.webmd.com/stroke/news/20080804/fish-may-boost-memory-prevent-stroke?ecd=wnl_day_080608
  • "Replacing calorie-laden beverages with water or diet drinks may be effective at shedding weight and improving other cardiometabolic parameters in the short term,...Those in the water group had significantly greater improvements in systolic blood pressure and fasting glucose compared with the controls (P<0.05 for both)."
    OBESITY: No-Cal Drinks Yield Bigger Weight Loss (10/7/2011)
    Original source: Tate D, et al "Replacing caloric beverages with water or diet beverages for weight loss in adults: results of a six-month randomized controlled trial" OBESITY 2011; Abstract 97-OR.
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/MeetingCoverage/OBESITY/28942
  • "...researchers assumed that people were in general over-eating by about 100 calories a day, however, the results were far more alarming - it was found that between 350 � 500 extra calories a day more than is needed is being consumed by many."
    Extra calories not lack of exercise causing obesity (5/27/2009)
    http://www.news-medical.net/news/20090527/Extra-calories-not-lack-of-exercise-causing-obesity.aspx
  • "Respondents in the 25 to 34 age group reported the worst sleep: 21.8% with 30 days of good sleep, 13.8% with 30 days of poor sleep.... Women were slightly more likely than men to report never getting enough sleep (12.4% versus 9.9%, P <0.05).Those 65 and older were most satisfied with their sleep, with 56.7% saying they got enough sleep every day and just 7.4% reporting insufficient sleep every day."
    One in Nine Report Never Getting Enough Sleep (10/29/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/SleepDisorders/16692?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Source reference: McKnight-Eily L, et al "Perceived insufficient rest or sleep among adults - United States, 2008" MMWR 2009; 58: 1175-79.
  • "Restrictive rather than obstructive impairment of lung function is associated with incident T2DM (and fatal CHD) with both associations partially explained by traditional and metabolic risk factors and inflammation."
    Restrictive Lung Disease Linked to Incident Type 2 Diabetes (6/10/2010)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/723286?src=cmemp&uac=81167HX
  • "Sad youngsters are more likely to grow up to be fat adults, particularly if the unhappy child is a girl...Measurable emotional problems, including low self-esteem and "an external locus of control" at age 10 were significant predictors of weight gain in adulthood."
    Unhappy Childhood Predicts Grown-up Weight Woes
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Pediatrics/GeneralPediatrics/15914?userid=36040&impressionId=1252644780664&utm_source= mSpoke&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=DailyHeadlines&utm_content=Group1
  • "Sarcopenia � low skeletal muscle mass and strength � is often found in obese people and older adults; puts individuals at risk for developing Type 2 diabetes...associated with insulin resistance..., with high blood-sugar levels in obese people but not in thin people. Dieting to be thin is on its own not enough to stave off diabetes. It is also important to be fit and, in particular, to have good muscle mass and strength."
    Dieting alone may not help stave off type 2 diabetes; muscle mass, strength important (5/27/2010)
    http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2010-05/uoc--dam052710.php
    Original source: Preethi Srikanthan, Andrea L. Hevener and Arun S. Karlamangla of UCLA; http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010805.
  • "Searching the Internet may help middle-aged and older adults keep their memories sharp,... searching on the Internet may train the brain -- that it may keep it active and healthy....;people who are familiar with the Internet can engage in a much deeper level of brain activity"
    Workout for brain just a few clicks away (10/15/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSTRE49D97T20081015?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100&pageNumber=2&virtualBrandChannel=10001
  • "Secondhand smoke has been linked to risk of coronary heart disease, lung cancer, and ischemic heart disease in nonsmokers."
    Secondhand Smoke Exposure Pervasive in New York (4/10/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Pulmonary/Smoking/13691
    Original source: Ellis JA, et al "Secondhand smoke exposure among nonsmokers nationally and in New York City" Nicotine Tob Res 2009; DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntp021.
  • "Sedentary elderly persons may lose physical fitness with age to the point of losing independence, and increased physical activity may be a way to prevent this deterioration as well as manage chronic disease."
    Regular Exercise Through Middle Age May Delay Biological Aging
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/573636?sssdmh=dm1.348185&src=nldne
    April 10 Online First issue of the British Journal of Sports Medicine.
  • "...short sleepers had a larger increase in blood pressure over five years than those who slept longer,....Evidence suggests that a certain amount of sleep is necessary for many different functions in the body, including immune function and glucose metabolism, and if we can extend sleep in those who don't sleep well or for long enough, this should translate into many health benefits--one of which may well be lower blood pressure,... Seven hours should really be the minimum."
    A Good Night's Sleep Associated With Reduced Blood Pressure (6/12/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/704316?src=cmemp
  • "...short sleepers (meaning they got less than six hours per night) tended to have on average a higher body mass index, or BMI, than long sleepers."
    Lose Weight With a Good Night's Sleep? (5/15/2009)
    http://www.webmd.com/diet/news/20090515/lose-weight-with-a-good-nights-sleep?ecd=wnl_day_052809&em=YmV0dHkuanVuZ0Bwby5zdGF0ZS5jdC51cw==
  • "Short sleep times,..., may contribute to the development of insulin resistance and reduced glucose tolerance, which in turn may increase the long-term risk of diabetes....a healthy lifestyle should include not only healthy eating habits and adequate amounts of physical activity, but also obtaining a sufficient amount of sleep."
    Insufficient Sleep may be Linked to Increased Diabetes Risk (7/31/2009)
    http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/554841/
    Original source: The Endocrine Society�s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism (JCEM) September 2009.
  • "Short-term exposure to air pollution, ranging from just a few hours to weeks, can trigger cardiovascular-diseaserelated mortality and nonfatal events, including MI, heart failure, arrhythmias, and stroke."
    Growing Evidence Linking Air Pollution With Cardiovascular Disease: AHA (5/25/2010)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/722362?src=cmemp&uac=81167HX
  • "...simple carbohydrates (like crackers, bread, or cookies) elicit a quick rise in blood sugar and insulin levels, which subsequently drop just as quickly, causing dramatic shifts in both mood and appetite."
    9 Surprising Facts About Your Stomach
    http://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/features/nine-surprising-facts-about-your-stomach?page=2
  • "Since body weight is a modifiable factor, the good news is that healthy aging is not purely the consequence of good genes or other factors that one cannot change. If women maintain a healthy weight as adults, they may increase their odds of enjoying a healthy life in their later years,... In addition to overall weight gain, central adiposity was also identified as a risk factor for unhealthy aging."
    Women's Middle-Age Spread Linked to Health at 70 (9/29/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/Obesity/16209?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Sun Q, et al "Adiposity and weight change in mid-life in relation to healthy survival after age 70 in women; prospective cohort study" BMJ 2009; 339: b3796.
  • "Sitting increased risk of cancer death, but the main death risk linked to sitting was heart disease...people who spent at least 6 hours of their daily leisure time sitting died sooner than people who sat less than 3 hours. And people who both sit a lot and exercise little are at even higher risk of death,.... The effect is stronger for women than for men, but significant for both sexes."
    Sitting a Risk Factor for Death
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/725721?src=mp&spon=24&uac=81167HX
    Original source: Patel, A.V. American Journal of Epidemiology, published online July 22, 2010.
  • "Six months of regular moderate exercise substantially reduced hepatic fat in patients with type 2 diabetes...."
    AACVPR: Livers Slim Down with Exercise
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Endocrinology/Diabetes/tb/10968
    Original source: Stewart K, et al "Exercise training reduces hepatic fat in type 2 diabetes: a randomized, controlled trial" AACPR (American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation) 2008.
  • "61% of the full benefit of quitting in regard to CHD mortality and 42% of the full benefit of quitting in regard to cerebrovascular deaths was realized within the first five years of stopping smoking...The harms of smoking are reversible, but for some causes of death, the reduction takes many years, so it's never too early to quit smoking."
    Vascular Benefits of Stopping Smoking Are Rapid (5/8/2008)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/574191?sssdmh=dm1.350323&src=nldne
    Original source: Kenfield SA, Stampfer MJ, Rosner BA, et al. Smoking and Smoking Cessation in Relation to Mortality in Women. JAMA. 2008; 299:2037-2047.
  • "Sleep apnea has long been known to be associated with obesity....the disorder is widely undiagnosed among obese individuals with type 2 diabetes - nearly 87 percent of participants reported symptoms, but were never diagnosed. Currently, more than half of obese or overweight individuals have diabetes, the seventh leading cause of death in the United States."
    Study finds sleep apnea widely undiagnosed among obese type 2 diabetics (May 21, 2009)
    http://www.news-medical.net/news/2009/05/21/Study-finds-sleep-apnea-widely-undiagnosed-among-obese-type-2-diabetics.aspx
    Original source: http://www.temple.edu
  • "Sleep deprivation takes a heavier toll on the performance and alertness of people who are extroverts than it does on their introverted counterparts."
    Sleep Loss Hits Extroverts Harder (11/2/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Psychiatry/sleepdisorders/23117
    Original source: Rupp TL, et al "Socializing by day may affect performance by night: vulnerability to sleep deprivation is differentially mediated by social exposure in extraverts vs introverts" Sleep 2010; 33: 1475-1485
  • "Smokers who quit before they had an MI had a reduced mortality risk of 50%,...not smoking is best, quitting is great, and if you can't quit, reduce the number because it does actually have a significant impact on your risk of death...Smoking reduction is not as good as complete cessation, and therefore should be viewed only as a first step towards cessation for those who absolutely cannot quit immediately after AMI,..."
    Cardiac Benefits of Smoking Reduction Quantified (12/11/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Cardiology/Prevention/17457?pfc=111&spc=269
  • "Smoking and obesity account for the most frequent preventable causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States, and 9 million adults (4.7% of US adults) report having both a body mass index of more than 30 kg/m2 and smoking cigarettes. Overweight adult women are also more likely than men to be current smokers. Compared with nonobese adolescent girls, obese adolescent girls have more than twice the risk for high-level nicotine addiction in young adulthood."
    Risk for Smoking Addiction Increased in Obese vs Nonobese Female Adolescents (6/21/2011)
    http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/744997?src=cmemp

  • "Smoking, both current and former, is associated with increased risk for pancreatitis in men and women."
    Smoking Linked to Risk for Pancreatitis (3/30/2009)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/590287?sssdmh=dm1.451639&src=nldne
    Orginal source: Arch Intern Med. 2009;169:603�609
  • "....smoking cessation may be the most effective way to reduce adverse outcomes in patients with post-MI left ventricular dysfunction."
    Smoking Cessation Benefits MI Patients With Heart Damagev (8/20/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/Smoking/21804?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Shah A, et al "Risk of all-cause mortality, recurrent myocardial infarction, and heart failure hospitalization associated with smoking status following myocardial infarction with left ventricular dysfunction" Am J Cardiol 2010; DOI: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2010.05.021.
  • "Smoking cigarettes not only increases the risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS), it also might contribute to more rapid disease progression. However, quitting smoking might at least partly reverse the adverse effects that this addictive habit has on MS."
    Smoking Accelerates Progression of Multiple Sclerosis
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/706292?src=cmemp
    Original source: Arch Neurol. 2009;66:858-864
  • "Smoking in middle age is associated with memory deficit and decline in reasoning abilities,"....
    Smoking hurts mind as well as body: study (6/9/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSN0645737020080609?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
    Sabia and colleagues from the National Institute of Health and Medical Research in Villejuif, France; Archives of Internal Medicine
  • "...smoking makes you old before your time. Never-smokers lived longer than heavy smokers, and their extra years were of better quality,....; for the best health-related quality of life, the habit should not be started at all,...."
    Smoking Takes the Joy Out of Life (10/13/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/Smoking/tb/11282
    Original source: Strandberg A, et al "The effect of smoking in midlife on health-related quality of life in old age" Arch Intern Med 2008; 168: 1968-1974.
  • "Smoking marijuana increases the risk of testicular cancer....The risk was especially elevated in men who had started using the drug before they were 18 or who used it frequently."
    Marijuana Use Linked to Testicular Cancer (2/9/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/HematologyOncology/OtherCancers/12802
    Original Source: Daling JR, et al "Association of marijuana use and the incidence of testicular germ cell tumors" Cancer 2009; DOI: 10.1002/cncr.24159.
  • "Smoking was the leading cause of death in men, killing an estimated 248,000 annually, or 21 percent of all adult male deaths.... Smoking, high blood pressure and being overweight are the leading preventable risk factors for premature mortality in the United States....The effects of smoking work out to be about one in five deaths in American adults, while high blood pressure is responsible for one in six deaths. High blood pressure was the leading cause of death in adult women, killing nearly 230,000 American women each year, 19 percent of all female deaths. By comparison, that is more than five times the 42,000 number of annual deaths in women from breast cancer."
    Smoking, hypertension and BMI are the leading preventable risk factors for premature mortality in the U.S. (4/30/2009)
    http://www.news-medical.net/?id=49042
    Original source: April 28, 2009 edition of the open-access journal PLoS Medicine.
  • "...smoking, which is associated with maternal, fetal, and infant morbidity and mortality, is one of the most important modifiable causes of poor pregnancy outcomes in the United States. Maternal smoking is also implicated in approximately 23% to 34% of all sudden infant deaths (SIDS) and 5% to 7% of preterm-related infant deaths, as well as increased risks for asthma, colic, and childhood obesity. Cutting down on smoking during pregnancy is better than nothing, but the best thing a woman can do is to quit entirely during pregnancy and stay quit postpartum, both for her own health and her baby's health."
    ACOG Issues Recommendations for Providers to Support Perinatal Smoking Cessation (10/21/2010)
    http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/730940?src=cmemp
  • "Soluble fiber has been shown to be more effective in controlling blood glucose, insulin, and insulin-like growth factors, which have been positively related to risk of breast cancer."
    High Fiber Intake Linked to Reduced Risk of Breast Cancer (10/2/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/709843?src=cmenews&uac=81167HX
  • ""...some 11.9% of new HIV infections -- the so-called population attributable fraction -- could be prevented if women did not experience more than one episode of physical or sexual partner violence."
    Male Violence Ups HIV Risk for Women (6/17/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/HIVAIDS/HIVAIDS/20723
    Original source: Jewkes RK et al. "Intimate partner violence, relationship power inequity, and incidence of HIV infection in young women in South Africa: a cohort study" Lancet 2010; DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60548-X.
  • "Staying active helps stave off midlife weight gain during the transition from young adulthood to middle age -- especially for women. Women appeared to benefit more from greater activity -- with double the magnitude of weight gain prevented by high activity than seen in men."
    Exercise Fights Middle-Age Spread (12/14/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/ExerciseFitness/23910
    Original source: Hankinson AL, et al "Maintaining a high physical activity level over 20 years and weight gain" JAMA 2010; 304: 2603-2610.
  • "Stressful situations such as births, deaths, divorce and employment concerns often slow down the blood flow to the heart, raise cholesterol levels, decrease your mental well-being and weaken the immune system.... seeing a general physician on an annual basis can significantly lengthen your life by catching ailments before they start or treating emerging ones."
    20 Ways to Live to 100 From AOL Health
    http://news.aol.com/health/story/ar/_a/eating-less-can-add-years-to-your-life/20080709112009990001
  • "Strokes that occurred among the most physically active individuals were 2.54 times more likely to be mild and half as likely to leave victims impaired compared with those in the lowest exercise quartile,..."
    Strokes Milder and Less Impairing for the Physically Active
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Cardiology/Strokes/11380
    Original source: Krarup L-H, et al "Prestroke physical activity is associated with severity and long-term outcome from first-ever stroke" Neurology 2008; 71: 1313-1318.
  • "Studies also have shown that optimistic people have lower incidence of heart disease, better prognosis after heart surgery, and longer life."
    Stress causes whole body deterioration. Medical Research News. (9-Jan-2008)
    http://www.news-medical.net/?id=34154
  • "...study participants who exercised more than 180 minutes a week retained greater bone density."
    Exercise Can Forestall Osteoporosis (5/8/2010)
    http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/04/100426105643.htm?sms_ss=blogger

  • "Successful weight loss in obese individuals is defined as a reduction of 10 percent or more of initial body weight maintained for at least a year. Fast weight losers lost more weight overall, maintained their weight loss for longer and were not more likely to put weight back on than the more gradual weight losers."
    Shape up the quick way (5/6/2010)
    http://www.springer.com/about+springer/media/springer+select?SGWID=0-11001-6-920921-0
    Original source: I. Nackers LM et al (2010). The association between rate of initial weight loss and long-term success in obesity treatment: does slow and steady win the race? International Journal of Behavioral Medicine,DOI 10.1007/s12529-010-9092-y
  • "Sugar-sweetened soft drinks have been linked to a number of adverse health outcomes such as high weight gain.Consumption of artificially sweetened carbonated and noncarbonated soft drinks was associated with an increased risk for preterm delivery."
    Artificially Sweetened Soft Drinks Linked to Preterm Delivery (8/31/2010)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/727770?src=cmemp&uac=81167HX
    Original source: Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;92:626-633
  • "Switching out saturated fats for polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids) as 5% of caloric intake remained protective both for coronary events (HR 0.87, 95% CI 0.77 to 0.97) and coronary deaths (HR 0.74, 95% CI 0.61 to 0.89), even after additional adjustment for lifestyle factors."
    Polyunsaturated Fats Help the Heart
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/DietNutrition/13783
    Original source: Jakobsen MU, et al "Major types of dietary fat and risk of coronary heart disease: a pooled analysis of 11 cohort studies" Am J Clin Nutr 2009; 89: 1425-32.
  • "Taking at least a week off for a mental health problem may be a sign of an increased risk of a premature death...."
    Missing Week's Work for Mental Health May Predict Premature Mortality (11/24/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Psychiatry/GeneralPsychiatry/11908
    Original source: Ferrie JE, et al "Diagnosis-specific sickness absence and all-cause mortality in the GAZEL study" J Epidemiol Comm Health 2008; DOI: 10.1136/jech.2008.074369.
  • "Teenagers who look on the bright side of life appear less likely to suffer depression,...optimistic thinking appeared to protect against health risks such as emotional problems, substance use, and antisocial behavior,..."
    Less Depression, Health Risks for Teen Optimists (1/10/2011)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Pediatrics/GeneralPediatrics/24247
  • "Teens who misbehave at school may be on their way to a lifetime of difficulties in work, relationships....Overall, misbehavior was linked to a less successful life as measured by cumulative scores on the different measures of adversity in adulthood."
    Bad Behavior in School Linked to Lifelong Troubles (January 09, 2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Pediatrics/Parenting/12389
    Original source: Colman I, et al "Outcomes of conduct problems in adolescence: 40 year follow-up of national cohort" BMJ 2009; 337: a2981.
  • "Teens who were obese and overweight had a higher risk for chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and fatty liver disease..."
    Obese and Overweight Teens at Higher Risk for Chronic Diseases (6/2/2008)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/575399?sssdmh=dm1.356952&src=nldne
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2008;162:566-573.
  • "Teens with otherwise healthy lifestyles often consume sports drinks and sugary fruit-flavored beverages in large quantities -- perhaps because they mistakenly believe these products are good for them....higher consumption of fruit-flavored and sports drinks was also strongly associated with increased consumption of foods across the board -- including unhealthy meats, french fries, and desserts."
    Teens May Mistake Sports Drinks as Good for Them (9/27/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/DietNutrition/22427
    Original source: Ranjit N, et al "Dietary and activity correlates of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption among adolescents" Pediatrics 2010; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2010-1229.
  • "...the average person has a "heart age" five years older than their chronological age. For non-smokers, the difference is just two years, but for smokers it is 14 years."
    Stress and excess leaves Britons with hearts that are ageing faster than the rest of their bodies. (3/10/2008)
    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/pages/live/articles/health/dietfitness.html?in_article_id=526371&in_page_id=1798
  • "The best way of reducing your risk of developing dementia is to maintain a balanced diet with regular exercise and frequent social interactions."
    Vitamin D 'is mental health aid' (1/27/2009)
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/7845703.stm
  • "The combination of regular alcohol consumption and current smoking conferred a sevenfold increased risk of contralateral breast cancer.Obesity and alcohol consumption are associated with increased estrogen levels."
    More Support for Lifestyle Links to Breast Cancer (9/9/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/HematologyOncology/BreastCancer/15874?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Li CI, et al "Relationship between potentially modifiable lifestyle factors and risk of second primary contralateral breast cancer among women diagnosed with estrogen receptor-positive invasive breast cancer" J Clin Oncol 2009; 27: DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2009.23.1597.
  • "The combination of stress and obesity may significantly influence the development of type 2 diabetes among African-American women, with stress having a potentially greater role.... While belly fat alone has been associated with elevated glucose, stress hormones appear to be contributing more significantly than previously thought."
    Emotional, Not Just Physical Weight, Increases Type 2 Diabetes Risk (2/28/ 2009)
    http://insciences.org/article.php?article_id=2841
  • "The current generation of children faces a far higher risk of cancer later in life due to their unhealthy habits.... Childhood is the time when the habits of a lifetime are established. If you want healthy adults you have to start by making healthy children....If we don't do something about tackling how much exercise our young people take and how concerned they are about what they eat and their weight, we are going to have another explosion of cancers, to which unhealthy lifestyles will be a significant, contributory factor."
    Obese cancer 'explosion' warning (2/4/2009)
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/7866681.stm
  • "The effects of sleep restriction are immediately experienced by the brain after just 1 short night of 4 hours' sleep....neurobehavioral deficits improved monotonically with sleep recovery � as sleep duration, sleep stages, and sleep intensity returned to normal � the recovery was not complete even after a recovery sleep of 10 hours."
    Cognitive Deficits of Sleep Deprivation Kick in Early and Linger (12/7/2010)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/733739
  • "The favorable effect of fruit-and-vegetable consumption was offset by smoking, which resulted in a positive association with colorectal cancer."
    Mixed Results for Diet and Colorectal Cancer (4/15/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/DietNutrition/13744
    Original source: Rohrmann S, et al "Heterocyclic aromatic amine intake increases colorectal adenoma risk: findings from a prospective European cohort study" Am J Clin Nutr 2009; 89: 1418-24.
  • "The fear and expectation of having something adverse happen actually lowers immunity....Constant worrying causes cortisol and epinephrine levels to rise - and these stress hormones can weaken the body's overall immunity... "Every thought is accompanied by a chain of biochemical reactions in your body,... So a positive attitude can increase levels of nitric oxide, which help to balance neurotransmitters, improve immunity, and increase circulation,... Whenever nitric oxide levels are high -- from anything ranging from positive thought to exercise -- you're actually improving your resistance to disease,...Those with positive outlooks reported fewer cold symptoms and were more resistant to developing an upper respiratory illness."
    Secrets of Super-Healthy People
    http://www.webmd.com/cold-and-flu/features/secrets-super-healthy-people?ecd=wnl_day_012009
  • "...the fraction of all cancer deaths attributable to smoking was 73%....The percentage of all cancer deaths attributable to tobacco smoke exposure was 73% for all men and 74% for men ages 30 to 74."
    Smoking Exacts a Heavier Toll Than Previously Expected (1/22/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/Smoking/12570
    Original source: Leistikow B, et al "Male tobacco smoke load and non-lung cancer mortality associations in Massachusetts" BMC Cancer 2008; DOI: 10.1186/1471-2407-8-341.
  • "The good news is that [HDL and triglycerides] are exceedingly responsive to lifestyle changes,..."
    Giving Weight to the Other Cholesterol (June 16, 2009)
    Wall Street Journal http://online.wsj.com/article/SB124512036156317769.html
  • "The higher the blood cholesterol level, the greater the risk of atherosclerosis and the greater the likelihood of suffering a heart attack. The unhealthy food results in the accumulation of cholesterol crystals that activate an "inflammasome" complex within the scavenger cells. One of the functions of this multi-protein complex is to induce the release of inflammatory mediators. The mediators then attract more and more immune cells to the site where the problem is occurring. The growing invasion ultimately destabilizes the vessel walls -- with potentially life-threatening consequences."
    Why Cholesterol Damages Arteries: Cholesterol Crystals Lead to Life-Threatening Inflammation in Blood Vessel Walls (4/29/2o10)
    http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/04/100428142300.htm
  • "The increased incidence of heart failure before age 50 among blacks largely reflected hypertension, obesity, chronic kidney disease, and depressed systolic function that cropped up 10 to 15 years earlier."
    Blacks Have Much Higher Rate of Early Heart Failure (March 18, 2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Cardiology/CHF/13322? utm_source=mSpoke&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign= DailyHeadlines&utm_content=GroupB&userid=36040&impressionId=1237428062462
    Original source: Bibbins-Domingo K, et al "Racial differences in incident heart failure among young adults" N Engl J Med 2009; 360: 1179-90.
  • "The increased prevalence of obesity has been accompanied by a similar increase in the occurrence of metabolic liver disease, characterized by excess triglyceride accumulation that leads to inflammation, fibrosis, and cirrhosis."
    Low-Carbohydrate Diet Works in the Liver to Stimulate Weight Loss (1/22/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Gastroenterology/GeneralHepatology/12563
  • "....the influence of your friends and people you have connections with can affect your health just as much as your family history or your genetic background..."With regard to alcohol consumption, your social network may have both positive and negative health consequences, depending on the circumstances....people were 29% more likely to abstain from drinking if someone they're directly connected to abstained....those who were surrounded by heavy drinkers increased their alcohol consumption by about 70% compared with those who weren't connected to any heavy drinkers....female contacts are significantly more likely to influence the spread of heavy alcohol consumption."
    Social Network Influences Alcohol Intake (4/5/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Psychiatry/Addictions/19402
  • "The lifestyle change with the biggest benefit was giving up smoking, which led to an 80 percent improvement in health...."
    Four health changes can prolong life 14 years (1/8/08)

    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSL0724344420080108?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100&sp=true
    Original source: http://medicine.plosjournals.org/perlserv/?request=get-document&doi=10.1371/journal.pmed.0050012
  • "The lifestyle changes included a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes and soy products, moderate exercise such as walking for half an hour a day, and an hour of daily stress management methods such as meditation."
    Healthy lifestyle raises beneficial enzyme: study (9/15/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSN1529591920080915?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "...the lower the subjects� vitamin D levels, the more negatively impacted was their performance on a battery of mental tests. Compared with people with optimum vitamin D levels, those in the lowest quartile were more than twice as likely to be cognitively impaired."
    Does Vitamin D Improve Brain Function? (11/2009)
    http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=does-d-make-a-difference&sc=HLTH_20091103
  • "The low-risk lifestyle was defined as not smoking, having a body mass index less than 25 kg/m2, exercising with moderate to vigorous intensity for 30 minutes or more per day, consuming a half to one drink daily for women and up to two drinks daily for men, and eating a diet emphasizing increased intake of fruits, vegetables, cereal fiber, chicken, fish, nuts, and legumes, reduced intake of trans and saturated fats, and the use of a multivitamin for at least five years."
    A Lifestyle Good for the Heart May Prevent Stroke (8/11/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Cardiology/Strokes/tb/10510
  • "The main cause of the obesity epidemic is increased calorie intake throughout society during the past 50 years....;...fructose added to soft drinks and processed foods typically lead to increased calorie intake and possible weight gain because the fructose is not accompanied by comparable amounts of fiber or other nutrients that promote healthy weight...."
    Fructose Intake Has Increased to More Than 10% of Daily Energy in US Diet (7/9/2008)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/577279?sssdmh=dm1.367085&src=nldne
  • "The major factors contributing to the decision to remove the tattoos were "got tired of it" (68%), "just grew up" (66%), "having to hide the tattoo" (67%), and negative comments from a "significant other" (32%)."
    Tattoos Wear Thin for Some Recipients (7/21/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Dermatology/GeneralDermatology/tb/10205
    Armstrong M, et al "Motivation for contemporary tattoo removal: a shift in identity" Arch Dermatol 2008; 144: 879-884.
  • "The low-sodium, low-fat Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, combined with aerobic exercise and caloric restriction, improves neurocognitive function among sedentary, overweight, or obese patients with high blood pressure."
    DASH Diet Plus Exercise Improves Cognitive Function in Sedentary Obese Patients (3/17/2010)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/718659?src=cmemp&uac=81167HX
  • "The medical costs of obesity-related problems such as diabetes, stroke and heart disease run near $140 billion, or more than 6% of all health-care costs."
    What if no one were fat? Imagine a lean and healthy America: The savings on medical, fuel, food and other costs would be enough to give every U.S. household more than $4,000.
    http://articles.moneycentral.msn.com/Insurance/Advice/WhatIfNoOneWereFat.aspx?page=all
  • "The memories and emotions that people associate with familiar songs can be traced to the medial prefrontal cortex, a part of the brain where the wiring for memories and thoughts about music appears to be linked...The music (that) evoked the strongest memories was also the music that brought about the most emotional responses...."
    Why Music Triggers a Walk Down Memory Lane (02/24/09)
    http://www.forbes.com/feeds/hscout/2009/02/25/hscout624352.html
    Original Source: Feb. 24 in Cerebral Cortex
  • "...the most harmful fat distribution pattern in obese people was that of high liver fat, followed by high intramyocellular [muscle] fat. Visceral fat is also bad, but not as bad as liver or muscle fat....excess fat in the liver was the main predictor of insulin resistance and atherosclerosis in obese individuals."
    Obesity Can Be "Metabolically Benign" (8/13/2008)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/579018?sssdmh=dm1.376541&src=nldne
    Original source: August 11/25, 2008 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.
  • "The nicotine in cigarette smoke may promote insulin resistance and lead to a condition known as prediabetes...could explain why smokers are at higher risk for diabetes....the key factor at work was nicotine's effect on the stress hormone cortisol, since, acortisol excess is known to induce insulin resistance."
    Nicotine May Help Spur 'Prediabetes (6/11/2009)
    http://health.usnews.com/articles/health/healthday/2009/06/11/nicotine-may-help-spur-prediabetes.html
  • "The number of Americans with diabetes is expected to rise to 48.3 million by 2050."
    Heart disease risk soars with obesity, diabetes (8/15/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSCOL55575420080815?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "The number of overweight children in the U.S. has tripled in the last 30 years, and more than 17% of children between the ages of 6 and 19 are overweight....Obese children had concentrations of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, a marker associated with increased risk of developing heart disease, that were ten times higher than those found in lean children. They also had elevated levels of fibrinogen and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1....Obesity in children as young as 7 years old may put them at higher risk of heart disease and stroke later in life, even if they lack other cardiovascular risk factors such as high blood pressure,...reduction (or weight maintenance in many growing children) remains the cornerstone of any intervention in childhood obesity."
    Obese Kids at Risk for Adult CVD (1/26/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Endocrinology/MetabolicSyndrome/18153?pfc=111&spc=269
    Original source: Mauras N, et al "Obesity without established co-morbidities of the metabolic syndrome 1 is associated with a pro-inflammatory and pro-thrombotic state even before the onset of puberty in children" J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2010; DOI: 10.1210/jc.2009-1887.
  • "The odds of having a stroke seem to spike up when men reach their mid-40s.The risk factors are most of the ones we start thinking about in older people -- mostly cholesterol, but also smoking, high blood pressure and diabetes."
    Men's Stroke Risk Rises Dramatically in Mid-40s (2/26/2009)
    http://news.yahoo.com/s/hsn/20090227/hl_hsn/ mensstrokeriskrisesdramaticallyinmid40s;_ylt= AvLapqFeZGp_40ZNRGfIjWS3j7AB
  • "The older people got, the more likely they were to report being happy, with slightly more than half of respondents in their 80s saying they were very happy."
    People become happier with age, survey finds (4/16/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSN1631919120080416?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "The only efficient way to control the spread of HPV is to "vaccinate the other half of the sexually active population: boys and men,...infection with oncogenic HPV types goes beyond cervical cancer, as they are also a primary cause of anal cancer and contribute to a substantial proportion of penile, oropharyngeal, and tonsillar cancers, all of which are predominant in men."
    Final Analysis Shows HPV Vaccine Is Effective and Safe (7/16/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/705818?src=cmemp
    Original source: Lancet. Published online July 7, 2009.
  • "The potential public health benefits from promoting a healthier lifestyle at all ages, and especially ages 40-74 years, are substantial. Regular physical activity and a prudent diet can reduce the risk of premature death and disability from a variety of conditions including coronary heart disease, and are strongly related to the incidence of obesity. In the US, medical costs due to physical inactivity and its consequences are estimated at $76 billion in 2000 dollars. Research indicates that individuals are capable of adopting healthy habits in middle age, and making an impact on cardiovascular risk....best practice guidelines recommend at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity per week for older adults."
    Poor adherence to healthy lifestyle habits in U.S. adults (5/27/2009)
    http://www.news-medical.net/news/2009/05/27/Poor-adherence-to-healthy-lifestyle-habits-in-US-adults.aspx
    Original source: June 2009 issue of The American Journal of Medicine.
  • "The problem with BMI is it doesn't tell you where the fat is,..."Visceral fat is really bad for you."
    ICAO: Future Chronic Disease Risk Goes Beyond BMI (2/1/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Endocrinology/ Diabetes/18233?utm_content=GroupCL&utm_medium=email& impressionId=1265091856769&utm_campaign= DailyHeadlines&utm_source=mSpoke&userid=36040
    Original source: Appleton S, et al "Longitudinal outcomes in a cohort stratified by metabolic risk and body mass index" ICAO 2010.
  • "There are about 4.4 ischemic strokes for every 100,000 women of childbearing age. Birth control pills increase the risk 1.9 times, to 8.5 strokes per 100,000 women."
    Increased Stroke Risk from Birth Control Pills: MedLink Neurology (10/26/2009)
    http://womenshealthnewstoday.blogspot.com/2009/10/increased-stroke-risk-from-birth.html
  • "The regular consumption of sugar-laden soft drinks could boost a person's risk of developing pancreatic cancer. The results of a new study found that individuals who consumed 2 or more soft drinks per week had an 87% increased risk for pancreatic cancer, compared with those who did not. The high levels of sugar can increase levels of insulin in the body, and this can contribute to pancreatic cancer cell growth...."
    Soft Drink Consumption Linked to Pancreatic Cancer (2/16/2010)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/717006?src=cmemp&uac=81167HX
  • "There is a definite link between lack of sleep and depression. In fact, one of the major signs of depression is insomnia or an inability to sleep. Most experts agree that adults need seven to nine hours of sleep a night. But even without depression,...the average American only gets about 6.9 hours."
    Sleep and Depression
    http://www.webmd.com/depression/guide/depression-sleep-disorder?ecd=wnl_slw_121610
  • "...there is now a large body of evidence which indicates that what is bad for the heart is bad for the brain."
    Smoking, High Blood Pressure, and Diabetes May Lead to Dementia (9/1/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/708204?src=cmemp
  • "...the risk of coronary heart disease was nearly 40% lower among individuals who ate at least four servings of nuts per week, compared with those who rarely or never ate nuts. In 2003, the Food and Drug Administration issued a qualified claim stating that the consumption of specific nuts--almonds, hazelnuts, pecans, pistachios, walnuts, and peanuts--might reduce the risk of heart disease."
    Let's Get Nuts! Eating Almonds, Walnuts, Pecans, and Other Nuts Improves Lipid Levels (5/14/2010)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/721810?sssdmh=dm1.616851&src=nldne&uac=81167HX
  • "...the risk of developing metabolic syndrome was 34 percent higher among those who drank one can of diet soda a day compared with those who drank none."
    Symptoms: Metabolic Syndrome Is Tied to Diet Soda (2/5/2008) New York Times
    http://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/05/health/nutrition/05symp.html?ex=1218430800&en=da8a38419eb75780&ei=5087&excamp=NYT-E-I-NYT-E-AT-0212-L1&WT.mc_ev=click&WT.mc_id=%20NYT-E-I-NYT-E-AT-0212-L1
  • "The stroke rate for women ages 35 to 54 tripled over a decade, likely spurred by increasing abdominal obesity...."
    ASA: Rising Stroke Rates in Women Ages 35 to 54 Tied to Obesity (2/21/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/MeetingCoverage/ASAMeeting/mr/8444
    Towfighi A, et al "The 'weight' of the obesity epidemic: rising stroke rates among middle-aged women in the United States" ASA Meeting 2008; Abstract P241.
  • "The twin epidemics of obesity and type 2 diabetes will continue to fuel an explosion in heart failure, already the world's most prevalent chronic cardiovascular disease. The pathways by which obesity plays such a role in heart failure are not yet fully understood, but have been shown to have an indirect effect via hypertension, or heart attack, or diabetes - and a direct effect on the heart muscle itself."
    Obesity and diabetes each double the risk of heart failure - patients with both conditions �very difficult� to treat (5/31/2009)
    http://www.news-medical.net/news/20090531/Obesity-and-diabetes-each-double-the-risk-of-heart-failure-patients-with-both-conditions-e28098very- difficulte28099-to-treat.aspx
    Original source: http://www.escardio.org/
  • "The 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans affirms that regular physical activity reduces the risk of many adverse health outcomes,... The guidelines state that all adults should avoid inactivity, that some physical activity is better than none, and that adults who participate in any amount of physical activity gain some health benefits. However, the guidelines emphasize that for most health outcomes, additional benefits occur as the amount of physical activity increases through higher intensity, greater frequency, and/or longer duration."
    Importance of Exercise and Physical Activity in Older Adults Reviewed
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/705440?src=cmenews
    Original source: Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009;41:1510-1530.
  • "The World Health Organization estimates 1.6 billion adults worldwide are overweight and at least 400 million adults are obese. That includes a third of all U.S. adults."
    Exercise trumps obesity gene in study (9/9/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSN0846769020080909?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "39 percent had been a victim or perpetrator of bullying -- or in some cases, both."
    Bullies face even more health risks than victims (7/25/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSREE57422620080725?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100 Original source: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, July 15, 2008.
  • "Those who cut out one sugar-sweetened drink a week lost more than a pound over six months."
    Drinking Calories May Matter More Than Eating. Cutting Soda Can Cut Pounds, Doctors Say (4/3/2009)
    http://www.wfsb.com/health/19084985/detail.html?treets=hart&tml=hart_health&ts=T&tmi=hart_health_1_11150104032009
    Original source: April 1, 2009, issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
  • "Tobacco companies adjusted menthol levels in cigarettes to get adolescents hooked...."
    Cigarette Makers Tailored Menthol Levels to Attract Young Smokers (7/18/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PublicHealthPolicy/PublicHealth/tb/10186
  • "... tobacco smoke contains more than 4,000 chemical compounds, with 43 being known carcinogens."
    Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (3/1/2008). How Cigarette Smoke Causes Cancer: Study Points To New Treatments, Safer Tobacco. ScienceDaily. Retrieved March 3, 2008, from
    http://www.sciencedaily.com� /releases/2008/02/080228080544.htm
  • "Tobacco use is the single largest cause of preventable death worldwide, killing "a third to a half of all those who use it", according to the WHO. It contributes to deaths from ischaemic heart disease, stroke and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease which numbered 5.4 million in 2004."
    Chronic diseases top causes of deaths globally: WHO (5/20/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSL2024589920080520?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100&pageNumber=2&virtualBrandChannel=0
  • "Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of disease and premature death in the United States and the most prominent cause of cancer," "The tobacco-use epidemic causes a third of the cancers in America." " Tobacco use kills 438,000 people prematurely every year, including 38,000 people who breathe only secondhand smoke...." "Tobacco use causes more deaths each year than alcohol use, car crashes, suicide, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), homicide, and illegal drug use combined," "Tobacco use caused 2.4 million cases of cancer in the United States from 1999 to 2004...."
    Tobacco caused 2.4 million U.S. cancers: report (9/4/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSN0438131920080904?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "Tobacco use results in more than 400,000 deaths annually from cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, and cancer. Smoking during pregnancy results in the deaths of about 1000 infants annually and is associated with an increased risk for premature birth and intrauterine growth retardation....environmental tobacco smoke is a factor contributing to death in approximately 38,000 people each year."
    Net Benefits of Tobacco Cessation Interventions Remain Well Established (04/22/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/701721?sssdmh=dm1.461916&src=nldne
  • "...trans fats increase not only the risk of heart disease, but also of type 2 diabetes, colon cancer, and, in women, breast cancer."
    Rating the Cooking Fats. Choose the healthiest (and tastiest) oils, spreads, and shortenings
    http://www.webmd.com/food-recipes/features/rating-cooking-fats
  • "...treating genital herpes infections does not protect people from the AIDS virus."
    Second study finds treating herpes won't stop HIV (3/12/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/articlePrint?articleId=USN1219687520080312
  • "Treating serious gum disease in diabetics can help to lower their blood sugar levels, a study has shown.Dental treatment to reduce this inflammation may therefore help to reduce blood sugar levels."
    Better dental care may help people with diabetes, study finds (5/12/2010)
    http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2010-05/uoe-bdc051210.php
  • "...25(OH)D deficiency is an unrecognized contributor to CVD, cancer, and overall mortality."
    More Evidence That Vitamin-D Deficiency Ups Mortality (8/13/2008)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/579026?sssdmh=dm1.376541&src=nldne
  • "Two lifestyle behaviors associated with obesity, insulin resistance, and metabolic syndrome are (1) high levels of sugar-sweetened beverage...intake and (2) low levels of physical activity,... Sugar-sweetened beverages were defined as caloric soft drinks, colas, sugar-sweetened fruit drinks, and any other sugar-sweetened drinks....each additional daily serving of sugar-sweetened beverages for children increased the risk for obesity by 60%."
    Sugar-Sweetened Beverages, Physical Activity Independently Linked to Insulin Resistance (4/10/2009)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/590886?sssdmh=dm1.457135&src=nldne
    Original source: Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009;163:328335.
  • "Unhealthy lifestyles are associated with more than double the risk of a stroke,...Smoking, drinking too much alcohol, not taking enough exercise and eating few vegetables and little fruit contribute to the chances of a stroke. However, even small changes to our lifestyle factors, such as an improved diet, drinking alcohol in moderation, not smoking and being active, can reduce your risk of stroke."
    Lifestyle 'doubles stroke risk' (2/20/2009)
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/7900224.stm
  • "-- up to 80 percent of obese teens become obese adults -- experts fear an exponential increase in heart disease, strokes, cancer and other health problems as the children move into their 20s and beyond....these conditions could occur decades sooner and could greatly diminish the quality of their lives. Many could find themselves disabled in what otherwise would be their most productive years."
    Obesity Threatens a Generation 'Catastrophe' of Shorter Spans, Higher Health Costs (5/17/2008)
    http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/story/2008/05/09/ST2008050900425.html?sid=ST2008050900425
  • "US Dietary Guidelines recommendations of not more than 1 (alcoholic) drink per drinking day for women or 2 drinks per drinking day for men."; "Drinking in excess of the Dietary Guidelines was associated with an increased risk for individual components of the metabolic syndrome, including impaired fasting glucose/diabetes mellitus, hypertriglyceridemia, abdominal obesity, and high blood pressure."
    Excessive and Binge Drinking May Increase Risk for Metabolic Syndrome (8/ 4/2008)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/578515?src=mpnews&spon=2&uac=81167HX
    Original source: July 15 Online First issue of the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
  • "Vigorous physical activity can help even people genetically prone to obesity keep the weight off...."
    Exercise trumps obesity gene in study (9/9/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSN0846769020080909?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "Vigorous walking for about an hour a day five times a week can chop a dozen years off the biological age of persons 64 and older..."
    Vigorous Walking May Slow Biological Aging to a Crawl
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/ExerciseFitness/tb/9080
  • "...vitamin D deficiency may precipitate or exacerbate osteopenia, osteoporosis, muscle weakness, fractures, common cancers, autoimmune diseases, infectious diseases and cardiovascular diseases. There is also some evidence that the vitamin may reduce the incidence of several types of cancer and type-1 diabetes."
    Vitamin D linked to successful weight loss with dieting (6/12/2009)
    http://www.dairyreporter.com/Publications/Food-Beverage-Nutrition/NutraIngredients.com/Research/Vitamin-D -linked-to-successful-weight-loss-with-dieting/?c=9EU3KtLmkBCO4WEGqRMqrA%3D% 3D&utm_source=newsletter_daily&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Newsletter%2BDaily
    Original source: by the National Institutes of Health, the University of Minnesota, and the Pennock Family Endowment at the University of Minnesota.
  • "Vitamin D helps lower blood pressure, reduce inflammation and boost the immune system."
    Low vitamin D shown to raise death risk: U.S. study (8/11/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSN1137793120080811?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "... vitamin D supplements taken daily with calcium is a simple and cheap way of reducing the risk of bone fractures in people in late middle age and onwards."
    Vitamin D and Calcium supplements help prevent bone fracture in the elderly (5/27/2009)
    http://www.news-medical.net/news/20090527/Vitamin-D-and-Calcium-supplements-help-prevent-bone-fracture-in-the-elderly.aspx
    Original source: http://www.ectsoc.org/vienna2009
  • " -- Walking briskly for 30 minutes a day, six days a week, can significantly reduce blood pressure, waist circumference, triglycerides, and fasting glucose, while increasing HDL."
    Brisk Daily Walk Improves Metabolic Profile. Medpage Today (12/17/07)
  • "Walking may be the ideal exercise. �Walking interspersed with short 30-60 second bursts of running is exactly what we were designed to do and has a most beneficial effect on our heart and circulatory system. Anyone can do it. No special equipment or gym memberships are required."
    Health Vs. Fitness: Why Fitness Does Not Necessarily Equate to Health (5/5/2011)
    http://www.newswise.com/articles/health-vs-fitness-why-fitness-does- not-necessarily-equate-to-health
  • "Weight gain is more likely due to an energy imbalance � consuming more calories than your body burns. To lose weight, then, you need to create an energy deficit by eating fewer calories, increasing the number of calories you burn through physical activity, or preferably both. Your ability to change your basal metabolism is limited. However, you can increase daily exercise and activity to build muscle tissue and burn more calories. Regular aerobic exercise, such as walking daily for 30 minutes or more, is an excellent way to burn calories. Strength training exercises, such as weight training, also are important because they help counteract muscle loss associated with aging. And since muscle tissue burns more calories, muscle mass is a key factor in weight loss. Though your metabolism influences your energy needs, it's your food intake and physical activity that ultimately determine your weight."
    Metabolism and weight loss: How you burn calories
    http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/metabolism/WT00006
  • "..."Western" diet: high in fried foods, salty snacks, eggs, and meat increases the risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) globally and accounts for about 30% of the population-attributable risk...."
    "Western" Diet Increases MI Risk Worldwide (10/22/2008)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/582373?sssdmh=dm1.396825&src=nldne
    Original source: Iqbal R, Anand S, Ounpuu S, et al. Dietary patterns and the risk of acute myocardial infarction in 52 countries. Results of the INTERHEART study. Circulation 2008; DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.107.738716. Available at: http://circ.ahajournals.org.
  • "...Western diet, one rich in meat, refined grains, and fried foods, increases the risk of developing the metabolic syndrome....diet soda consumption was associated with an increased risk of developing metabolic syndrome, despite the zero calories and zero sugar."
    Two Hamburgers, an Order of Fries, and the Metabolic Syndrome to Go, Please! (2/23/2009)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/569307?src=cmemp
  • "...Westernized lifestyles with chronically reduced sleep duration may increase the long-term risk of developing impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes. Body mass index and weight both increased more during the shortened-sleep phase....reduced sleep is an independent risk factor for type 2 diabetes."
    Sleep Deprivation Hikes Diabetes Risk (8/11/2009)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Endocrinology/Diabetes/15483?pfc=111&spc=269
  • "...when it comes to diabetes risk, the specific makeup of a person's diet may be less important than simply how much one eats."
    Total Calories More Important Than Dietary Fat in Diabetes Risk (7/28/2008)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Endocrinology/Diabetes/tb/10295
    Original source: Tinker L, et al "Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of treated diabetes mellitus in postmenopausal women: The Women's Health Initiative randomized controlled dietary modification trial" Arch Intern Med 2008; 168: 1500-11.
  • "...when people choose lower-calorie dishes, they just compensate by eating bigger portions."
    Diet foods encourage overeating, study finds
    http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/diet-foods-encourage-overeating-study-finds-1704827.html
  • "...When one drinks or uses other substances, inhibitions are lowered, making people more likely to engage in risky behavior like unprotected sex."
    Among gays, young partyers spread HIV: study (8/7/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSN0732923620080807?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "... when people in experiments are randomly awarded one of two equally valuable prizes, they quickly come to believe that the prize they won was more valuable than the prize they lost."
    How to Be Happy.By Stacy Weiner
    http://women.webmd.com/features/how-be-happy?page=2
  • Whether we mean to or not, we influence public and personal health in all aspects of our lives,..Health good and bad is communicable, and it is the responsibility of every citizen, especially those of us with leadership roles in any sector or industry, to act on this.
    Healthy behavior is the new clique differentiator (10/6/2011)
    http://www.stonehearthnewsletters.com/healthy-behavior-is-the-new-clique-differentiator/health-care-disparities
  • "While most men agreed that the same women were attractive, women were less likely to agree about men�s attractiveness. Some women gave high attractiveness ratings to men other women said were completely unappealing. This happened much more often with women than it did with men."
    Men Agree More Often on �Attractive� Women
    http://www.marketingcharts.com/topics/behavioral-marketing/men-agree-more-often-on-attractive-women-9818/?utm_campaign=newsletter&utm_source=mc&utm_medium=textlink
    Original source: published in the June 2009 issue of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
  • "...women who ate three or more servings of whole-grain foods a day had significantly lower BMIs (body mass indexes) than those eating less than one serving a day."
    5 Food Synergy Secrets for Weight Loss
    http://www.webmd.com/diet/features/5-food-synergy-secrets-for-weight-loss?ecd=wnl_day_072808
  • "Women who drink low to moderate amounts of alcohol have an increased risk for cancer overall and of the oral cavity and pharynx, esophagus, larynx, rectum, liver, and breast and a possible decreased risk for thyroid cancer, non- Hodgkin's lymphoma, and renal cell carcinoma."
    Even Low to Moderate Alcohol Consumption Increases Risk for Cancer in Women (2/26/2009)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/588753?sssdmh=dm1.436696&src=nldne
  • "Women who exercise, eat right, and don't smoke could cut their risk of developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD) by more than two-thirds.
    Healthy Habits Slash AMD Risk (12/14/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Ophthalmology/GeneralOphthalmology/23903
    Original Source: Mares J, et al "Healthy lifestyles related to subsequent prevalence of age-related macular degeneration" Arch Ophthalmol 2010; DOI: 10.1001/archophthalmol.2010.314.
  • "Women who have a difficult time controlling their blood sugar have a higher risk of miscarriage or stillbirth. They also have a high risk of having a baby with a birth defect,"...
    More babies born to diabetic mothers: study (4/28/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSN2739771420080428?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "Women whose activity was equivalent to 3.25 hours a week of running or 13 hours a week of walking had a 23 per cent reduced risk of the disease (breast cancer), compared with those who had been less active,...."
    Physical activity may reduce risk of breast cancer by 23 per cent
    The Globe and Mail, Toronto
    http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/story/ RTGAM.20080514.wlcancer14/BNStory/specialScienceandHealth/home
  • "...women who suffered a type called a ST-elevation myocardial infarction, or STEMI, had a 12 percent higher risk of dying in the hospital than men. ST-elevation refers to an abnormal heart rhythm visible by electrocardiogram."
    Severe Heart Attacks Deadlier for Women (12/8/2008)
    http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/09/health/research/09heart.html?ref=health
  • "...women who had one to two small drinks a day were 32 percent more likely to develop a hormone-sensitive tumor. Three or more drinks a day raised the risk by 51 per cent."
    Big U.S. study links breast cancer to drinking (4/14/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSN1331146720080414?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "Women who walk 2 or more hours a week, especially at a brisk pace, are significantly less likely to experience any type of stroke (and) also had a 57% lower risk for hemorrhagic stroke compared with women who did not walk, whereas women whose usual walking pace exceeded 4.8 km/hour had a 68% lower risk for hemorrhagic stroke than women who did not walk."
    Walking Protects Women Against Stroke: WHS Long-Term Follow-Up (4/8/2010)
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/719982?sssdmh=dm1.610986&src=nldne&uac=81167HX
    Stroke. Published online April 6, 2010.
  • "Women who were overweight only as adults had a RR of 8.23 for diabetes, whereas those who were overweight at age 10 years and as adults had an RR of 15.10.; �Women who were overweight at age 10 years but became lean as adults did not have an increased risk for type 2 diabetes. �Weight loss of 10 lbs or more during adulthood was associated with a reduced risk for diabetes among women who were overweight (RR, 0.45) or obese (RR, 0.45) but not among women who were lean (RR, 1.72).
    Weight Loss by Overweight Girls May Lower Risk for Diabetes in Adulthood (06/10/2010)
    http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/723289?src=cmemp&uac=81167HX
  • "Women with resting heart rates of more than 76 beats per minute were found to be 26 percent more likely to have a heart attack or die from heart disease than those with heart rates of 62 beats per minute or lower."
    Women's heart rate helps detect health risks (2/3/2009)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSTRE51302G20090204
    Original source: British Medical Journal
  • "...women with the highest blood levels of trans-fats had about twice the risk of breast cancer compared to women with the lowest levels."
    Trans-fats linked to breast cancer risk in study (4/11/2008)
    http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSN1122758320080411?feedType=nl&feedName=ushealth1100
  • "...years of eating processed food and experiencing the constant blasts of insulin can actually exhaust your pancreas' ability to produce insulin, putting you at risk for diabetes."
    Sugar: What Kinds to Eat and When
    WebMD Feature from "Men's Fitness" Magazine
    http://men.webmd.com/features/sugar-what-kinds-eat-when?ecd=wnl_day_031808
  • "You can't choose your family or the genetic cardiovascular risk they pass on to you. But you can choose your diet -- and that may be enough to mitigate the deleterious effect of the genes...a "prudent" diet -- one rich in raw vegetables and fruit -- can markedly reduce the genetic risk of heart attack and cardiovascular disease."
    Raw Veggies Can Cut Heart Risk Despite Genes (10/14/2011)
    Source reference: Do R, et al "The effect of chromosome 9p21 variants on cardiovascular disease may be modified by dietary intake: Evidence from a case/control and a prospective study" PLoS Med 2011; 9(10): e1001106.
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Cardiology/Prevention/29048
  • "Young and minority women are hardest hit by chlamydia, with girls ages 15 to 19 having the highest rates (3,275.8 per 100,000 women) in 2008, followed closely by those ages 20 to 24 (3,179.9 cases per 100,000 women). The CDC said this is particularly damaging because of long-term health consequences of the disease, including infertility. There's also been a sharp rise in syphilis cases in women year-over-year, but gay men have a much higher incidence of new cases,....African-Americans are disproportionally affected by sexually transmitted diseases."
    Girls, Minorities Have Highest Incidence of STDs (11/18/2009)
    Original source: : Centers for Disease Control & Prevention Source reference: CDC "Sexually transmitted disease surveillance 2008."
  • "...young children appear to be consuming more caffeine, so much so that caffeine could be contributing to sleep problems in primary school children. The more caffeine children consumed, the fewer hours they slept on average (P=0.02), Eight- to 12-year-olds averaged 109 mg of caffeine -- the equivalent of nearly three 12-oz cans of soda each day...caffeine raises your blood pressure, raises your heart rate, and can be addictive. Nearly all of the caffeine intake was consumed through beverages."
    Caffeine Consumption Common in Kids (12/16/2010)
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Pediatrics/GeneralPediatrics/23945
    Original source: Warzak WJ, et al "Caffeine consumption in young children" J Pediatr 2011; DOI:10.1016/j.jpeds.2010.11.022.


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    PUBLISHED ON THE WEB: February 29, 2008
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    Updated: 12/21/2016 R847
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