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July - December 2017


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Suggested Citation: Jung, B.C. (2016 - 2017). Betty C. Jung's 2017 Public Health Blog (June - December).
Web document: http://www.bettycjung.net/Blog2017.htm

January - June July - December


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  • October 31, 2016 - Michael Jackson's Thriller

  • October 30, 2017 - Subpopulations Still Hooked on Smoking

    Smoking subpopulations
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/adult_data/images/adult-smoking.jpg
  • October 29, 2017 - October 29th is World Stroke Day

    World Stroke day
    Graphic source: http://nutrition-alert.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/SPOTASTROKE-1024x511.png
  • October 27, 2017 - Global Tobacco Use Among Females

    Global Tobacco Use Among Girls
    Graphic source: http://www.cdc.gov/features/dstobacco_use_girls/

    According to CDC's Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) (1999–2008) of students aged 13-15 years:

    • "Worldwide, 7% of girls surveyed smoke cigarettes and 8% use tobacco products other than cigarettes (such as pipes, waterpipes, smokeless tobacco, and bidis).
    • Cigarette use among girls is higher than 30% in 7 of the countries surveyed: Chile, Czech Republic, Latvia, Bulgaria, Papua New Guinea, Cook Islands, and Northern Mariana Islands.
    • In all regions, susceptibility to initiate smoking is higher than current smoking rates among girls. (i.e., although 7% of girls smoke, 19% of girls who never smoked reported they were susceptible to start smoking)."
    • Citation source: http://www.cdc.gov/features/dstobacco_use_girls/
    Countries with the largest number of smokers
    Graphic source: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/photo/50349262.cms
  • October 26, 2017 - Who Currently Bans E-cigarettes? (2017)

    E-cigarettes Ban map
    Map source: https://www.thesun.co.uk/travel/4289492/we-reveal-the-countries-where-vaping-is-banned-and-could-even-get-you-chucked-in-prison/

  • October 25, 2017 - No Smoking includes E-cigarettes

    E-cigarettes banned
    Grapic source: http://cityofcarrollton.com/index.aspx?recordid=1979&page=27
  • October 24, 2017 - E-cigarettes: To Ban or Not to Ban? (2014)

    E-cig bans, 2014
    Graphic Source: http://www.tableausoftware.com/public/gallery/e-cigarettes

  • October 23, 2017 - Who Use E-cigarettes?

    Percentage* of Adults Who Ever Used an E-cigarette† and Percentage Who Currently Use E-cigarettes, by Age Group — National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2016
    E-cig use
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/66/wr/mm6633a6.htm

  • October 20, 2017 - October 20th (3rd Friday in October) is National Mammography Day

    National Mammography Day
    Graphic source: https://i0.wp.com/nationaldaycalendar.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/National-Mammography-Day-Third-Friday-in-October-1-e1474648588227.jpg
  • October 19, 2017 - Tobacco Use Among Male Youth

    Tobacco use among Male Youth
    Graphic source: http://www.cnn.com/2017/08/30/health/chain-smoking-children-tobacco-indonesia/index.html

  • October 18, 2017 - Temperature Anomalies Continue

    Temperature Anomalies
    Graphic source: https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=90783&src=eoa-iotd

  • October 17, 2017 - October 16 - 20 is National Health Education Week

    http://www.sophe.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/website-slide-700x300-700x300.jpg
  • October 16, 2017 - International Infection Prevention Week (IIPW): October 15 - 21, 2017.

    International Infection Prevention Week
    Graphic source: http://professionals.site.apic.org/files/2016/01/IIPW_Web-largescroll_max_Twitter-banner_2016-dates.jpg
  • October 15, 2017 - October 15-21 is National Teen Driver Safety Week!

    October 15-21 is National Teen Driver Safety Week
  • October 15, 2017 - October 15th is Global Handwashing Day

    Global Handwashing Day
    Graphic source: http://snappa.static.pressassociation.io/assets/2015/10/14170829/1444838908-39f3320c3819fc3925878d79cf208eeb-1366x948.jpg
  • October 15, 2017 - October 15th is National Latinx AIDS Awareness Day

    National Latinx AIDS Awareness Day
    Graphic source:https://www.mazzonicenter.org/sites/default/files/infographics-nlaad-2-latinos-hiv-msm.jpg
    National Latinx AIDS Awareness Day
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/library/awareness/nlaad.html
    Latino MSM and HIV
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/library/awareness/nlaad.html
    Latinos and HIV
    Graphic source: NLAAD

    For more information, see National Latinx AIDS Awareness Day

  • October 13, 2017 - July 2017 matches July 2016 for being the hottest month

    Hottest July ever
    Graphic source: https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=90783&src=eoa-iotd
  • October 12, 2017 - October is ADHD Awareness Month

    ADHD Awareness Month
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/features/adhdawarenessweek/index.html

    For more information, see Learn More About ADHD and ADHD

  • October 11, 2017 - October 11 is World Obesity Day

    World Obesity Day
    Graphic source: https://benthamsciencepublishers.wordpress.com/2014/10/27/world-obesity-day/

    For more information, see National Protect Your Hearing Month — October 2016 and Hearing

  • October 10, 2017 - October is SIDS Awareness Month

    For more information, see Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) CDC.gov and About SUID (sudden unexpected infant deaths) and SIDS

  • October 9, 2017 - October is Health Literacy Month

    Health Literacy
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/phpr/infographics/healthliteracy.htm
    health literacy
    Graphic source: https://image.slidesharecdn.com/hilcurriculumfinal2008longversion-091023150355-phpapp01/95/health-information-literacy-12-728.jpg?cb=1256310280
    Populations with Below Basic Health Literacy

    Below Basic Health Literacy
    Graphic source: http://www.cdc.gov/healthliteracy/findtraining/onlinecourse.html

    Below Basic Level Definition: Adults at the below basic level have only the most elementary literacy skills. These skills range from being non-literate in English to being able to locate easily identifiable information in short, commonplace prose text. An adult at the below basic literacy level might be able to locate and circle the date of a medical appointment on a hospital appointment slip. (Source: http://www.cdc.gov/healthliteracy/findtraining/onlinecourse.html)
  • October 8, 2017 - October is National Protect Your Hearing Month

    Protect your hearing month
    Graphic source: http://swfhealthandwellness.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/October-is-National-Protect-Your-Hearing-Month.jpg

    For more information, see National Protect Your Hearing Month — October 2016 and Hearing

  • October 7, 2017 - Youth Tobacco Use: Results from the 2016 National Youth Tobacco Survey

    Teen Tobacco use
    Graphic source: https://www.fda.gov/TobaccoProducts/PublicHealthEducation/ProtectingKidsfromTobacco/ucm405173.htm

    For more information, Youth Tobacco Use: Results from the 2016 National Youth Tobacco Survey

  • October 6, 2017 - October is National Bullying Prevention Awareness Month

    Bullying - fighting back
    Graphic source: https://www.tonasgraphics.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/Bully-Prevention.jpg

    For more information, see Bullying

  • October 5, 2017 - October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month

    For more information, see Breast Cancer

  • October 4, 2017 - October is National Cyber Security Awareness Month

    October is Cybersecurity Month
    Graphic source: http://www.lockheedmartin.com/content/dam/lockheed/data/isgs/photo/ISGS-Cyber_Infographic_da.jpg

    See National Cyber Security Awareness Month - Cyber Security is Everyone's Responsibility for what you can do to remain secure in an increasingly connected world.

  • October 3, 2017 - October is National Domestic Violence Awareness Month

    October is Domestic Violence Awareness Month
    Graphic source: USA.gov 10/9/2015 E-mail
    Domestic Violence Stats
    Graphic source: https://naplesshelter.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/dvam-oct2016-7.png

    The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS) infographic
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/nisvs/infographic.html

    For more information, see Domestic Violence Resources

  • October 2, 2017 - October 1 - 7, 2017 is Mental Illness Awareness Week

    Mental Illness Awareness Week
    Graphic source: http://i2.wp.com/img1.dzmind.com/images/mental-illness-awareness-week.png
    Mental Illness
    Graphic source: https://az616578.vo.msecnd.net/files/2016/05/13/6359870722615541791545011302_odyssey.jpg
  • October 1, 2017 - October 1, 2017 is International Day of Older Persons

    Combat Ageism
    Graphic source: http://who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2016/discrimination-ageing-youth/en/
    Older Persons Day
    Graphic source: http://patienttalk.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/International-Day-of-Older-Persons.jpg

    Aging Population
    Graphic source: https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-v3Ka6tPgD7E/UkmA9Go6nkI/AAAAAAAAT08/nYoJsHDRJrc/s1600/AgeingPopulation-1024x835.png

  • September 29, 2017 - Cancer by the Carton

  • September 28, 2017 - Tobacco and Lung Disease

    Smoking and lung disease
    Graphic source: http://www.tobaccofreeflorida.com/Contents-12/Effects-of-Tobacco/
  • September 27, 2017 - National Gay Men's HIV/AIDS Awareness Day — September 27, 2017

    Estimates of New HIV Infections in the United States for the Most-Affected Subpopulations, 2010
    HIV Affected populations
    Graphic source: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/group/msm/index.html

    MSM
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/library/awareness/ngmhaad.html

    MSM
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/library/awareness/ngmhaad.html

    Young MSM
    https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/library/awareness/ngmhaad.html … … #NGMHAAD

    For more information, see HIV Among Gay and Bisexual Men CDC.gov

  • September 26, 2017 - Smoking is responsible for many lung diseases.

    Smoking and lung diseases
    Graphic source: https://www.fda.gov/TobaccoProducts/PublicHealthEducation/HealthInformation/ucm468635.htm

    For more information, see Lung Cancer and Smoking

  • September 25, 2017 - Tobacco shortens life one cigarette at a time

    Smoking and heart disease
    Graphic source: http://www.tobaccofreeflorida.com/admin/en/uploads/contenidos/tff-EFFECTS-SLIDE-2_1327535977.jpg
  • September 24, 2017 - September is Menopause Awareness Month

    Menopause Awareness Month
    Graphic source: https://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ByAudience/ForWomen/WomensHealthTopics/ucm117978.htm

    September is Menopause Awareness Month
    Graphic source: https://i.pinimg.com/originals/2b/8b/97/2b8b972ff2d784c17fac11eba2fa4ddd.jpg

    For more information, see FDA.gov's Menopause Page and Women Life Cycles

  • September 23, 2017 - Tobacco and Heart Disease

    Smoking shortens life
    Graphic source: https://www.fda.gov/TobaccoProducts/PublicHealthEducation/HealthInformation/ucm450272.htm
  • September 22, 2017 - 10th annual Falls Prevention Awareness Day (#FPAD2017)

    Fall Prevention Awareness Day
    Graphic source: CDC
    Falls Statistics
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/steadi/images/graphics/falls_startling_stats-800x512.jpg

    Slips trips and falls
    Graphic source: http://images.ccohs.ca/products/infographics/lightbox/slips_trips_falls.jpg

  • September 22, 2017 - Happy First Day of Fall!

    Equinox and Solstice
    Graphic source: http://earthsky.org/astronomy-essentials/everything-you-need-to-know-september-equinox

    For more information, see All you need to know: September equinox

  • September 21, 2017 - Smoking is a risk factor for major chronic diseases

    Tobacco as a risk factor
    Graphic source: http://www.tobaccoatlas.org/topic/non-communicable-diseases/

    For more information, see Tobacco Atlas

  • September 20, 2017 - Health Effects of Smoking

    CDC Smoking Chart
    Graphic source: http://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/resources/publications/aag/images/2011/cig-smoking-chart1.gif
    According to the CDC:

    "Tobacco use is the single most preventable cause of disease, disability, and death in the United States. Each year, an estimated 443,000 people die prematurely from smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke, and another 8.6 million live with a serious illness caused by smoking. Despite these risks, approximately 46.6 million U.S. adults smoke cigarettes. Smokeless tobacco, cigars, and pipes also have deadly consequences, including lung, larynx, esophageal, and oral cancers.

    Coupled with this enormous health toll is the significant economic burden of tobacco use—more than $96 billion a year in medical costs and another $97 billion a year from lost productivity."

    Citation source:http://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/resources/publications/aag/osh.htm

  • September 19, 2017 - Hooked on Nicotine Checklist

    Hooked on Nicotine
    Graphic source: https://www.uspharmacist.com/CMSImagesContent/2008/7/USP0807-SmokCessation-T1.jpg
  • September 19, 2017 - Hurricane Maria makes Landfall in Puerto Rico

  • September 18, 2017 - September 18 - 24 is Pollution Prevention Week

    Waste Management
    Graphic source: https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/styles/large/public/2015-04/p2hierarchy_0.jpg?itok=_z0Ys3Y1
  • September 17, 2017 - September 17 - 23 is National Opioid and Heroin Awareness Week

    Heroin and Opioid Awareness Week
    Graphic source: https://www.getsmartaboutdrugs.com/heroin-week

    This observance took place in 2016 during the September 18 - 24, 2016. I have seen nothing for this year about this, but I want to include this because the drug epidemic is a really big issue these days.

  • September 17, 2017 - National Child Passenger Safety Week is September 17–23.

    Passenger Safety
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/features/passengersafety/index.html

    For more information see Child Passenger Safety

  • September 16, 2017 - What Do Cigarettes Contain Besides Nicotine?

    Cigarette chemicals
    Graphic source: http://positivemed.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/encigarette_composition.gif
  • September 15, 2017 - Cassini Crashes into Saturn RIP

    Grand finale
    Graphic source: http://earthsky.org/space/cassinis-saturn-plunge-september15-mission-milestone

    Cassini's Final Plunge
    Source: https://cosmosmagazine.com/space/cassini-s-final-saturn-plunge-approaches

    Cassini's Travels at a Glance
    Graphic source: https://cosmosmagazine.com/space/cassini-s-final-saturn-plunge-approaches

    Cassini milestones before the final plunge

  • September 14, 2017 - Nicotine Content in Cigarettes and E-Cigarettes

    Nicotine content
    Graphic source: http://www.linusmoke.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/e-liquid-nicotine-smokeless-e-cigarettes-comparison-equivalent.png
  • September 13, 2017 - Additives and Nicotine

    According to: 6/2015's "A study of pyrazines in cigarettes and how additives might be used to enhance tobacco addiction"

    • Background Nicotine is known as the drug that is responsible for the addicted behaviour of tobacco users, but it has poor reinforcing effects when administered alone. Tobacco product design features enhance abuse liability by (A) optimising the dynamic delivery of nicotine to central nervous system receptors, and affecting smokers’ withdrawal symptoms, mood and behaviour; and (B) effecting conditioned learning, through sensory cues, including aroma, touch and visual stimulation, to create perceptions of pending nicotine reward. This study examines the use of additives called ‘pyrazines’, which may enhance abuse potential, their introduction in ‘lights’ and subsequently in the highly market successful Marlboro Lights (Gold) cigarettes and eventually many major brands.
    • Methods We conducted internal tobacco industry research using online databases in conjunction with published scientific literature research, based on an iterative feedback process.
    • Results Tobacco manufacturers developed the use of a range of compounds, including pyrazines, in order to enhance ‘light’ cigarette products’ acceptance and sales. Pyrazines with chemosensory and pharmacological effects were incorporated in the first ‘full-flavour, low-tar’ product achieving high market success. Such additives may enhance dependence by helping to optimise nicotine delivery and dosing and through cueing and learned behaviour.
    • Conclusions Cigarette additives and ingredients with chemosensory effects that promote addiction by acting synergistically with nicotine, increasing product appeal, easing smoking initiation, discouraging cessation or promoting relapse should be regulated by the US Food and Drug Administration. Current models of tobacco abuse liability could be revised to include more explicit roles with regard to non-nicotine constituents that enhance abuse potential.
    • Citation source: http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/early/2015/05/03/tobaccocontrol-2014-051943

  • September 12, 2017 - Why Nicotine is Bad

    Why Nicotine is Bad
    Graphic source: Adapted by BCJung, from http://www.treatobacco.net/en/page_79.php, Safety of Smoking Cessation Medications
  • September 11, 2017 - 16th Anniversary of 9/11/2001

    9/11
    Graphic source: http://www.serve.gov/?q=site-page/september-11th-national-day-service-and-remembrance

    9/11/2001
    Graphic source: https://nationaldaycalendar.com/2017/09/10/september-11-2017-patriot-day-and-national-day-of-service-and-remembrance-day-national-bossemployee-exchange-day-national-hot-cross-bun-day-national-make-your-bed-day/

    9/11 remembered - http://www.elbeco.com/September_11.aspx
    9/11 we will never forget

    Let us never forget all the innocent lives that were lost on that fateful day, and once again thank all the brave civil servants who died in the line duty. Many thanks to Suzanvitti.org for these wonderful graphics.

    See 9/11 Commission Records of Archives.gov

  • September 10, 2017 - September 10 - 16, 2017 is the 43rd National Suicide Prevention Week

    Suicide Prevention Week
    Graphic source: http://heartlandfamilyservice.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/600x300NatSuicidePreventinoWeek.jpg
    Suicide
    Graphic source: http://www.suicidology.org/resources/infographics/diagnosable-mental-disorder
    Suicide Facebook
    Graphic source: http://www.suicidology.org/resources/infographics/facebook

    For more information, see Suicide Prevention Resources

  • September 9, 2017 - September 9th is FASD (Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders) Awareness Day

    FASD
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/features/fasd-awareness-day/index.html
  • September 8, 2017 - Cardiovascular Toxicity of Nicotine

    According to the 1997 "American College of Cardiology's Cardiovascular Toxicity of Nicotine: Implications for Nicotine Replacement Therapy 1"

    • "Cigarette smoking is well known to increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Nicotine affects cardiovascular function and could contribute to cardiovascular disease.
    • Nicotine binds to nicotinic cholinergic receptors, which are located in the brain, autonomic ganglia, the adrenals and neuromuscular junction. The main cardiovascular effect of nicotine is sympathetic neural stimulation. Sympathomimetic effects are mediated by several mechanisms. Central nervous system–mediated sympathetic stimulation can occur through activation of peripheral chemoreceptors, direct effects on the brain stem and effects on more caudal portions of the spinal cord. Intrapulmonary chemoreceptors may also contribute to brain-mediated sympathetic arousal. The site that appears to be most sensitive to low levels of nicotine is the carotid chemoreceptor. Peripheral mechanisms include catecholamine release from the adrenals and direct release or enhancement of release of catecholamines from vascular nerve endings.
    • Nicotine works primarily by enhancing the release of various neurotransmitters, including epinephrine, norepinephrine, dopamine, acetylcholine, serotonin, vasopressin, glutamate, NO (60), calcitonin growth-related peptide (CGRP) (60) and beta-endorphin. Thus, in addition to catecholamine-mediated actions, some other of these effects, such as acetylcholine, serotonin, NO, CGRP or vasopressin release, may contribute to effects of nicotine on blood vessels."
    • Citation source: http://content.onlinejacc.org/article.aspx?articleid=1121737

    WebMD summarizes how nicotine cause heart disease by:

    • Decreasing oxygen to the heart.
    • Increasing blood pressure and heart rate.
    • Increasing blood clotting.
    • Damaging to cells that line coronary arteries and other blood vessels."
    • Citation source: http://www.webmd.com/smoking-cessation/quit-smoking-heart

  • September 7, 2017 - Nicotine Dependence, By Age Group

    Nicotine Dependence by Age Group
    Graphic source: Adapted by BCJung, from Tobacco and Health Effects Slides at http://www.treatobacco.net/en/page_111.php
    Here is a bar graph that shows why it is so hard for long-term smokers to quit. Given that most smokers begin smoking in their teens, by the time they are in their 50s, 3/4s are addicted to the nicotine. An even worse statistic is by the time smokers are 26, 1/2 are already addicted to the nicotine! This is the reason why the sooner smokers stop, the better off they are.
  • September 6, 2017 - The Delivery of Nicotine

    Delivering Nicotine
    Graphic source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Blood_nicotine_graph.jpg
    Here is a graph that shows how different nicotine delivery methods affect the level of nicotine found in the blood. Though nicotine may be fast acting (it only takes 11 seconds for the nicotine to reach the brain), it's effects don't last long, which is why smokers end up smoking more and more over time.
  • September 5, 2017 - September is National Childhood Obesity Awareness Month

    September is National Childhood Obesity Awareness Month. Health risks now and later. Join the conversation. Spread the word. Take action.
  • September 2, 2017 - September is Food Safety Education Month

    Food Safety Education Month
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/foodsafety/education-month.html

    For more information, see Food Safety Education Month

  • September 2, 2017 - September is National Ovarian Cancer Awareness Month

    Ovarian Cancer Awareness Month
    Graphic source: https://whatjocraves.files.wordpress.com/2015/09/ovarian-cancer-awareness-month-infograph_draft-2_9-21-15.jpg

    For more information, see Gynecologic Cancers

  • September 1, 2017 - September is National Preparedness Month

    Preparedness Month
    Graphic source: https://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/1499780681008-f84fc51a9879a3401dfbb38df9591658/npm17_logo_CMYK_medium.jpg
    September is National Preparedness Month
    Graphic source: http://www.solarcooker-at-cantinawest.com/images/NPM15_logo2.jpg

    Get Toolkit

  • August 31, 2017 - International Overdose Awareness Day

    Overdose Awareness Day
    Graphic source: http://interfaith-works.org/wp-content/uploads/InternationalOverdoseAwarenessDay-Aug31-2016-hpSlider.png
    Overdose awareness day
    Graphic source: https://www.overdoseday.com/
  • August 30, 2017 - The Relative Addictiveness of Nicotine

    Relative Addictiveness of Nicotine Relative Addictiveness of Nicotine
    Graphic source: http://bigscaryideas.com/?p=160
    Here is a bar chart that compares the relative addictiveness (0 to 100%) of a number of drugs. Those in blue are legal drugs, and those in red are illegal drugs. Somewhat scary to see that the two most addictive drugs are legal, of which nicotine is second only to oxycodone for addictiveness. This is a good reason to keep in mind when young children are lured into smoking without understanding what they are getting into. Before they realize it they are physically addicted to nicotine.
  • August 29, 2017 - Nicotine is a Psychoactive Drug

    Nicotine is a very addictive psychoactiv drug
    Graphic source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a5/Drug_danger_and_dependence.svg
    Ever think of nicotine as a drug? Well it is, and a very addictive psychoactive drug at that. In terms of addictiveness, nicotine is right up there with morphine. Even worse, nicotine is more addictive than cocaine, at a lower dose!
  • August 28, 2017 - Tobacco Use & Psychiatric Disorders

    Smoking and Psychiatric Disorders
    Graphic source: http://www.schizophrenia.com/photos/nicotine.gif
  • August 27, 2017 - Top Health Issues Parents Worry May Impact their Own Children

    big problem” for children and teens
    Graphic source: http://mottnpch.org/reports-surveys/bullying-and-internet-safety-are-top-health-concerns-parents
    Top Health Issues Parents Worry May Impact their Own Children
    Graphic source: http://mottnpch.org/sites/default/files/documents/082117_topparentconcerns_1.pdf
  • August 26, 2017 - 21st Century Total Solar Eclipses

    Total Solar Eclipses in North America in the 21st Century
    Map source: https://www.theverge.com/2017/8/22/16179716/total-solar-eclipses-future-unites-states-2024

    For more information about coming eclipses, see Did you miss yesterday’s total solar eclipse? Here’s your next chance

  • August 25, 2017 - Hurricane Harvey to hit Texas as a Category 3 Hurricane

    Hurricane Harvey
    Graphic source: https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2017/harvey-atlantic-ocean
  • August 25, 2017 - www.bettycjung.net is now 18 Years Old!

    18 years and counting, thanks for visiting over the years!

    Happy 18th birthday!
    Graphic Source: http://www.lovethispic.com/uploaded_images/222505-Happy-18th-Birthday.jpg
    It is hard to believe that it has been 18 years since I published the first webpages that turned into this Web site. Many thanks to the thousands of visitors who contributed millions of hits during the past 15 years, and for all the nice comments along the way. I will continue to strive to make this Web site a worthwhile place to spend your time and find credible public health and health information. Thank you so much!

  • August 24, 2017 - Smoking & Psychological Distress

    Current cigarette smoking* among adults by degree of psychological distress† and age group§ — National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2015

    Smoking Psychological Stress
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/wr/mm6544a2.htm
  • August 23, 2017 - Smoking and Diabetes

    Smoking and Diabetes
    Graphic Source: http://www.fda.gov/TobaccoProducts/PublicHealthEducation/HealthInformation/ucm490916.htm
  • August 22, 2017 - Tobacco-Related Cancer Rates, by U.S. States

    Tobacco-related Cancers
    Map source: https://www.minnpost.com/sites/default/files/TobaccoRelatedCancers500.png
  • August 21, 2017 - August 21, 2017 Solar Eclipse

    Eclipse Across America Poster
    Graphic source: http://eclipse2017.nasa.gov

    Eclipse Across America Twitter
    Graphic source: http://eclipse2017.nasa.gov
    Eclipse Across America banner
    Graphic source: http://eclipse2017.nasa.gov
    Eclipse Across America banner
    Graphic source: http://eclipse2017.nasa.gov

    Eclipse 2017
    Graphic source: https://www.healthiguide.com/health/things-know-solar-eclipse-protect-eyes/
    Global Viewing
    Graphic source: https://www.livescience.com/60030-total-solar-eclipse-maps-totality-path.html
    Great American Solar Eclipse
    Graphic source: http://earthsky.org/tonight/total-solar-eclipse-on-august-21
    Great American Eclipse
    Graphic source: http://earthsky.org/tonight/total-solar-eclipse-on-august-21
    See the tiny black dot crossing the United States in this this animation of the August 21 solar eclipse? It’s only here that you can see a total eclipse of the sun. But everyplace within the much larger gray circle will see a partial eclipse
    21st Century Eclipse Map Poster
    Map source: https://www.greatamericaneclipse.com/maps-and-posters/21st-century-eclipse-map-poster
    World Map of Solar Eclipses from 2011 to 2060
    Map source: https://www.greatamericaneclipse.com/maps-and-posters/21st-century-eclipse-map-poster

    Graphic created from: http://gatehouseprojects.com/eclipse/Solar-Eclipse/site/thetimesnews.com
    Eclipse Across America
    Graphic source: https://www.greatamericaneclipse.com/maps-and-posters/see-the-great-american-eclipse-poster
    Eclipse Across America Poster
    Graphic source: http://eclipse2017.nasa.gov
    Eclipse Across America Infographic
    Graphic source: http://eclipse2017.nasa.gov
    NASA Eclipse Map
    Map Source: https://eclipse2017.nasa.gov/downloadables
    Solar Eclipse in the US
    Map source: https://www.space.com/33797-total-solar-eclipse-2017-guide.html
    NASA solar eclipse
    Graphic source: http://abcnews.go.com/US/total-solar-eclipse-2017-upcoming-celestial-event/story?id=48859509
    August 21, 2017 Solar Eclipse Path
    Map source: http://www.today.com/health/solar-eclipse-eye-safety-how-protect-your-vision-t114206
    NASA solar globe
    Graphic source: http://abcnews.go.com/US/total-solar-eclipse-2017-upcoming-celestial-event/story?id=48859509
    August 21, 2017 Solar Eclipse Global Paths
    Map source: http://abcnews.go.com/US/total-solar-eclipse-2017-upcoming-celestial-event/story?id=48859509

    Aug 21 Total Solar Eclipse
    Graphic source: https://www.space.com/37703-free-2017-solar-eclipse-posters.html
    Aug 21 Total Solar Eclipse Path
    Graphic source: https://www.space.com/37703-free-2017-solar-eclipse-posters.html
    Aug 21 Total Solar Eclipse Safety Watch
    Graphic source: https://www.space.com/37703-free-2017-solar-eclipse-posters.html
  • August 21, 2017 - Getting to the Centerline - A Playlist

    Centerline Drive time
    Graphic source: http://imgur.com/eTxu3UD
    Centerline Drivetime Playlist
    Created by Betty C. Jung
  • August 21, 2017 - Contact Lens Health Week 2017: August 21-25

    Contact Lens Week
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/contactlenses/buttons-badges.html

    For more information, see Contact Lens Week

  • August 20, 2017 - August 20th is World Mosquito Day!

    World Mosquito Day
    Graphic source: https://www.thunderclap.it/projects/60557-world-mosquito-day-2017

    Mosquito-borne diseases
    Graphic source:http://mediad.publicbroadcasting.net/p/kvcr/files/201707/mosquito-borne-disease-hero1.png
    Mosquito-borne diseases
    Graphic source: http://clinical-laboratory.blogspot.com/2016/08/mosquito-borne-diseases.html

    For more information, see World Mosquito Day 2017 @CDC_NCEZID

  • August 19, 2017 - August 19th is World Humanitarian Day

    World Humanitarian Day
    Graphic source: http://www.un.org/en/events/humanitarianday/multimedia.shtml

    For more information, see WHO's World Humanitarian Day

  • August 18, 2017 - Tobacco vs. COPD, by Gender

    Gender differences in smoking and COPD
    Graphic source: http://www.aihw.gov.au/uploadedImages/Subjects/Chronic_respiratory_conditions/copd/_Content/General_content/copd-deaths-vs-tobacco-use.png?n=8277
  • August 17, 2017 - Tobacco Use is a Risk Factor for 6 of the 8 Leading Causes of Death (2005)

    Tobacco as a Risk Factor
    Graphic source: http://www.who.int/tobacco/mpower/mpower_graph_p9.gif
  • August 16, 2017 - Top 10 countries by highest number of tobacco deaths in 2010

    Tobacco Deaths
    Graphic Source: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jul/11/how-big-tobacco-has-survived-death-and-taxes
  • August 15, 2017 - E-Cig and Combustible Cigarettes User Projections 2011 - 2023

    E-cig User Demographics
    Graphic Source: https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/magazine/magazine_article/the-e-cig-quandary/
  • August 14, 2017 - FDA New Tobacco Regulations

    FDA Tobacco Regs
    Graphic source: http://www.fda.gov/ucm/groups/fdagov-public/documents/image/ucm499496.png

    See: FDA’s New Regulations for E-Cigarettes, Cigars, and All Other Tobacco Products 8/2016

  • August 13, 2017 - August 14 - 18 is Fungal Disease Awareness Week

    Fungal Disease Awareness Week
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/fungal/awareness-week.html

    For more information, see Think Fungus: Fungal Disease Awareness Week

  • August 12, 2017 - Youth Tobacco Use: Results from the 2016 National Youth Tobacco Survey

    Teens and E-cigs
    Graphic source: https://www.fda.gov/TobaccoProducts/PublicHealthEducation/ProtectingKidsfromTobacco/ucm405173.htm
  • August 11, 2017 - E-Cig Sale Regulations in 2013

    E-cig sales
    Map source:https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2014/04/27/federal-regulation-e-cigarettes/8231849/

  • August 10, 2017 - E-Cig User Demographics

    E-cig User Demographics
    Graphic Source: https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/magazine/magazine_article/the-e-cig-quandary/
  • August 9, 2017 - Cigarette Sales, by State, have dropped between 1970 - 2012

    Drop in cigarette sales
    Map source: http://www.businessinsider.com/us-cigarette-sales-dropping-2014-9
  • August 8, 2017 - August 8th is International Cat Day

    International Cat Day
    Graphic source: https://www.petsworld.in/blog/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/Internatinal-Cat-Day.png
  • August 8, 2017 - Cigarette Sales and the Price Per Pack, 2004 - 2014

    Price per pack and cigarette sales
    Graphic Source: http://www.thejournal.ie/tobacco-excise-cigarette-tax-ireland-2370102-Oct2015/
  • August 7, 2017 - Where Cigarettes Are Bought and Sold, 1998 - 2012

    Cigarettes Bought and Sold
    Graphic source: http://www.post-gazette.com/business/2014/02/06/CVS-to-kick-the-habit-won-t-sell-tobacco-products/stories/201402060191
    Starting October 1, 2014, CVS stores stopped selling cigarettes. Well, it's a start. However, if you look at where cigarettes are usually bought and sold, gas stations may be the place to stem the sale of cigarettes, as they make up 48% of where people buy cigarettes.

    While statistics show that the number of cigarettes sold is declining, the tobacco industry still stands to make $230 billion in 2013. That's a lot of cigarettes sold.

  • August 4, 2017 - Lung Cancer and Women.

    Smoking and lung diseases
    Graphic source: https://www.fda.gov/ucm/groups/fdagov-public/documents/image/ucm553600.gif

    For more information, see Lung Cancer and Smoking

  • August 3, 2017 - Cigarette Smoking and Lung Cancer

    Cigarette Smoking and Cancer
    Graphic source: https://www.fda.gov/ucm/groups/fdagov-public/documents/image/ucm562612.gif

    For more information, see Lung Cancer and Smoking

  • August 2, 2017 - Lung Cancer is the #1 Cancer Killer in the U.S.

    Smoking and lung diseases
    Graphic source: https://www.fda.gov/TobaccoProducts/PublicHealthEducation/HealthInformation/ucm468635.htm

    For more information, see Lung Cancer and Smoking

  • August 1, 2017 - August 1, 2017 is World Lung Cancer Day

    World Lung Cancer Day
    Graphic source: https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/b4/ba/d0/b4bad07cef8f6633219a97b6296d0e3f--brest-lung-cancer.jpg

    For more information, see Lung Cancer and Smoking

  • August 1, 2017 - Remembering MTV August 1, 1981

    MTV
    Graphic source: https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-a0eOWP9wxWo/AAAAAAAAAAI/AAAAAAABDJ4/0cM36A0hMG8/s0-c-k-no-ns/photo.jpg

  • July 31, 2017 - People Smoke Where Cigarettes Are Cheap

    Where smoking is cheap
    Graphic source: http://big.assets.huffingtonpost.com/SmokingCessation_1.png
  • July 28, 2017 - July 28th is World Hepatitis Day

    World Hepatitis Day
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/Features/WorldHepatitisDay/index.html

    World Hepatitis Day
    Graphic source: http://www.who.int/campaigns/hepatitis-day/2016/messages/en/
    World Hepatitis Day
    Graphic source: http://www.who.int/campaigns/hepatitis-day/2016/messages/en/

  • July 27, 2017 - Tobacco Deaths Will Rise If We Don't Stop Smoking

    Tobacco deaths will rise if we don't stop smoking
    Graphic source: http://www.treatobacco.net/en/uploads/image/Policy%20kf2.jpg
  • For more information, see Treatobacco.net

  • July 26, 2017 - A Chain-Smoking Science Machine

  • July 25, 2017 - Tobacco-Related Cancer Cases

    Annual age-adjusted rate* of tobacco-related cancer† cases (2009–2013) and trends§ in rates (2004–2013), by state — National Program of Cancer Registries, and Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program, United States

    Tobacco-related Cancers
    Map source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/wr/mm6544a3.htm

  • July 24, 2017 - Adverse Health Outcomes from Smoking

    Health Effects of Smoking
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/infographics/health-effects/images/pie_2015oct.jpg
  • July 23, 2017 - Exposure to SecondHand Smoke in Children

    HP 2020 second-hand smoke
    Graphic source: https://health.gov/news/announcements/2017/07/check-out-the-new-environmental-quality-infographic-from-healthy-people-2020/
  • July 22, 2017 - Health Consequences of Smoking

    Health Consequences of smoking
    Graphic source: https://cancercontrol.cancer.gov/brp/tcrb/monographs/21/docs/m21_complete.pdf
  • July 21, 2017 - Vaping and Smoking Link

    E-cigs and smoking
    Graphic source: https://theproductlawyers.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/E-Cigs-Teen-Smoking-Infographic.png

  • July 20, 2017 - 48th Anniversary - July 20, 1969

    Man on the Moon
    Graphic Source: http://justasmalltowngirlinabigcity.blogspot.com/ 2015_07_01_archive.html
    man on the moon stamp
    Graphic Source: http://nasa-appolo-11.blogspot.com/
  • July 19, 2017 - Smoking Costs & Casualties

    Costs and Casualties of smoking
    Graphic source: http://www.mdanderson.org/newsroom/news-releases/2013/tobaccosmokingmyths.html
  • July 18, 2017 - Airline Regulations regarding E-cigarettes

    "The Department is proposing in this NPRM to explicitly ban the use of electronic cigarettes on aircraft as there has been some confusion over whether the Department's ban on smoking of tobacco products includes a ban on use of electronic cigarettes. We see no reason to treat electronic cigarettes any differently than traditional cigarettes. The purpose behind the statutory ban on smoking aboard aircraft and the regulatory ban in part 252 on smoking tobacco products was to improve air quality within the aircraft, reduce the risk of adverse health effects on passengers and crewmembers, and enhance aviation safety and passenger comfort. Electronic cigarettes are generally designed to look like and to be used in the same manner as conventional cigarettes. Although a vapor, rather than smoke, is produced, the products require an inhalation and exhalation similar to smoking cigarettes. We are unaware of sufficient studies on the health impact on third parties from these vapors to conclude that they would not negatively impact the air quality within the aircraft and/or increase the risk of adverse health effects on passengers and crewmembers.

    Each e-cigarette consists of three parts: The replaceable cartridge, which most often contains liquid nicotine but may contain other chemicals, the atomizer or heating element, and the battery and electronics. See Sottera Inc. v. Food & Drug Administration, 627 F.3d 891, 893 (D.C. Cir 2010). Theatomizer or heating element vaporizes the liquid inside the cartridge, and the battery and electronics power the atomizer and monitor air flow. Id. When the user inhales, the electronics detect the air flow and activate the atomizer, the liquid nicotine is vaporized, and the user inhales the vapor. Id.

    Some electronic cigarette companies have claimed that their products are safe because they reportedly do not contain carcinogens or tar or produce second-hand smoke, as there is no combustion in their use. According to these arguments, while the vapor looks and feels, and may taste, like smoke produced by burning traditional tobacco products, its chemistry differs from the smoke produced from burning conventional tobacco products. The principal liquid ingredient is propylene glycol, which is widely used as a moistening food additive and an aid to vaporization. However, some research, conducted on non-asthmatic people, has shown that exposure to propylene glycol mist from artificial smoke generators may cause acute ocular and upper airway irritation, and in a few cases people reacted with cough and slight airway obstruction. See G Wieslander, D Norbäck, and T Lindgren, “Experimental exposure to propylene glycol mist in aviation emergency training: Acute ocular and respiratory effects,”Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2001; 58:649-655. Further, in a recent New England Journal of Medicine article, “E-Cigarette or Drug-Delivery Device? Regulating Novel Nicotine Products,” it was noted that the safety of inhaling propylene glycol has not been studied in humans. 365;3: 193-95.

    Smoking of Electronic Cigarettes on Aircraft

    DOT Issues New Flight Safety Rule for E-Cigarettes

    Fire Risk of Electronic Cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in Checked Baggage

  • July 17, 2017 - Guess who's the biggest seller of E-cigarettes was in 2016!

    Biggest seller of E-cigs
    Graphic source: https://www.statista.com/chart/9609/e-cigarettes-unit-sales-share-in-the-united-states/
  • July 17, 2017 - July 17th is World Emoji Day!

    July 17th is World Emoji Day
    Graphic source: https://vice-images.vice.com/images/content-images-crops/2015/07/17/happy-world-emoji-day-vgtrn-063-body-image-1437149504-size_1000.jpg
  • July 16, 2017 - E-Cigarette Use Tripled In Schools Between 2013 & 2014

    Ecig use increases
    Graphic source: http://infographic.statista.com/normal/chartoftheday_3417_ecigarette_use_tripled_in_schools_n.jpg
  • July 15, 2017 - Cigarette Smoking Status* Among Current Adult E-cigarette Users,† by Age Group — National Health Interview Survey,§ United States, 2015

    E-cigs and smoking status
    Graphic source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/wr/mm6542a7.htm

    * Adults were asked if they had smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime and, if yes, whether they currently smoked cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all. Those who smoked every day or some days were classified as current cigarette smokers. Adults who had not smoked 100 cigarettes were classified as never cigarette smokers. Adults who had smoked 100 cigarettes but were not smoking at the time of interview were classified as former cigarette smokers. Percentages are shown with 95% confidence intervals.

    † Current e-cigarette use was based on responses of“every day”or“some days”to the question,“Do you currently use electronic cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all?”asked of adults who had ever tried an e-cigarette, even one time.

    § Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the noninstitutionalized U.S. civilian population aged ≥18 years and are derived from the National Health Interview Survey sample adult component.

    In 2015, 3.5% of U.S. adults were current e-cigarette users. Among adult e-cigarette users overall, 58.8% also were current cigarette smokers, 29.8% were former cigarette smokers, and 11.4% had never been cigarette smokers. Among current e-cigarette users aged ≥45 years, 98.7% were either current or former cigarette smokers, and 1.3% had never been cigarette smokers. In contrast, among current e-cigarette users aged 18–24 years, 40.0% had never been cigarette smokers.

    Source: Source: National Health Interview Survey, 2015 data

  • July 14, 2017 - Non-smokers Who Ever Tried E-Cigarettes

    Percentage of adults who had never smoked cigarettes and who had ever tried an e-cigarette, by age: United States, 2014

    Ecig stats
    Graphic source: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/databriefs/db217.htm

    Among adults who had never smoked cigarettes, the percentage who had ever tried an e-cigarette, even one time, was highest for those aged 18–24 (9.7%) and declined as age increased Among adults aged 45 and over who had never smoked cigarettes, 1% or less had ever tried an e-cigarette even once.

    For more info, see Electronic Cigarette Use Among Adults: United States, 2014

  • July 13, 2017 - Cigarette Smokers Who Tried E-Cigarettes

    Percentage of adult current cigarette smokers who had ever tried and percentage who currently use e-cigarettes, by past year cigarette smoking quit attempt status: United States, 2014

    Ecig stats
    Graphic source: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/databriefs/db217.htm

    Current cigarette smokers who had tried to quit smoking in the past year were more likely than smokers who had not tried to quit to have ever tried an e-cigarette (Figure 4). Current cigarette smokers who had tried to quit in the past year (20.3%) were almost twice as likely as cigarette smokers who had not tried to quit (11.8%) to currently use e-cigarettes.

    For more info, see Electronic Cigarette Use Among Adults: United States, 2014

  • July 12, 2017 - Larsen C Detachment (7/12/2017) - Birth of Iceberg A68

    Iceberg A68
    Graphic source: http://earthsky.org/earth/iceberg-delaware-larsen-c-antarctic-peninsula

    Larsen Detachment
    Graphic Source: https://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2017/7/12/15947448/antarctica-ice-berg-larsen-c-how-big

    Larsen Detachment
    Graphic source: https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/06/09/climate/antarctica-rift-update.html

    Larsen Detachment
    Graphic source: http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/antarcticas-larsen-c-ice-shelf-finally-breaks-releases-giant-iceberg/

    Larsen Detachment
    Graphic source: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/energy-environment/wp/2017/07/12/one-of-the-biggest-icebergs-in-recorded-history-just-broke-loose-from-antarctica/

  • July 12, 2017 - Those Who Ever Tried & Those Who Currently Use E-Cigarettes

    Percentage of adults who had ever tried and percentage who currently use e-cigarettes, by cigarette smoking status: United States, 2014

    Ecig stats
    Graphic source: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/databriefs/db217.htm

    Almost one-half of current cigarette smokers (47.6%) and more than one-half of recent former cigarette smokers (55.4%) had ever tried an e-cigarette, compared with 8.9% of long-term former smokers and 3.2% of adults who had never smoked cigarettes (Figure 3). About one in six current cigarette smokers (15.9%) and nearly one in four recent former cigarette smokers (22.0%) currently used e-cigarettes, compared with 2.3% of long-term former cigarette smokers and 0.4% of adults who had never smoked cigarettes.

    For more info, see Electronic Cigarette Use Among Adults: United States, 2014

  • July 11, 2017 - Those Who Currently Use E-Cigarettes

    Percentage of adults who currently use e-cigarettes, by sex, age, and race and Hispanic or Latino origin: United States, 2014

    Ecig stats
    Graphic source: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/databriefs/db217.htm

    Current use of e-cigarettes was about the same for men and women. Current e-cigarette use was higher among non-Hispanic AIAN adults (10.7%) and non-Hispanic white adults (4.6%) than among Hispanic (2.1%), non-Hispanic black (1.8%), and non-Hispanic Asian (1.5%) adults.

    For more info, see Electronic Cigarette Use Among Adults: United States, 2014

  • July 10, 2017 - Those Who Have Ever Tried E-Cigarettes

    Percentage of adults who had ever tried an e-cigarette in their lifetime, by sex, age, and race and Hispanic or Latino origin: United States, 2014

    Ecig stats
    Graphic source: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/databriefs/db217.htm

    Men were more likely than women to have ever tried an e-cigarette. More than 20% of adults aged 18–24 had ever tried an e-cigarette, with use declining steadily as age increased.

    Non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native (AIAN) adults (20.2%) and non-Hispanic white adults (14.8%) were more likely than Hispanic (8.6%), non-Hispanic black (7.1 %), and non-Hispanic Asian (6.2%) adults to have ever tried an e-cigarette.

    For more info, see Electronic Cigarette Use Among Adults: United States, 2014

  • July 7, 2017 - The Dangers of E-Cigarettes

    Number of calls to poison centers for cigarette or e-cigarette exposures, by month — United States, September 2010–February 2014

    Dangers of E-cigs


    Graphic source: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6313a4.htm
    According to the April 4, 2014 MMWR Report, "Calls to Poison Centers for Exposures to Electronic Cigarettes — United States, September 2010–February 2014"
    • "E-cigarettes accounted for an increasing proportion of combined monthly e-cigarette and cigarette exposure calls, increasing from 0.3% in September 2010 to 41.7% in February 2014. A greater proportion of e-cigarette exposure calls came from health-care facilities than cigarette exposure calls (12.8% versus 5.9%) (p<0.001). Cigarette exposures were primarily among persons aged 0–5 years (94.9%), whereas e-cigarette exposures were mostly among persons aged 0–5 years (51.1%) and >20 years (42.0%). E-cigarette exposures were more likely to be reported as inhalations (16.8% versus 2.0%), eye exposures (8.5% versus 0.1%), and skin exposures (5.9% versus 0.1%), and less likely to be reported as ingestions (68.9% versus 97.8%) compared with cigarette exposures (p<0.001).
    • Calls about exposures to e-cigarettes, which were first marketed in the United States in 2007, now account for 41.7% of combined monthly e-cigarette and cigarette exposure calls to PCs. The proportion of calls from health-care facilities, age distribution, exposure routes, and report of adverse health effects differed significantly between the two types of cigarette."
    • Citation source: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6313a4.htm
  • July 6, 2017 - E-cigarettes and Combustible Tobacco Products

    9th graders e-cigs
    Graphic source: https://si.wsj.net/public/resources/images/NA-CG869A_ECIG_16U_20150818133007.jpg

    For more information, see Study Finds Ninth-Graders Who Used E-Cigarettes More Likely to Smoke WSJ.com

  • July 5, 2017 - Teens & Likelihood to Start Smoking & What They Think Are in E-Cigarettes

    Ecig Teen Exposure
    Graphic source: https://www.drugabuse.gov/related-topics/trends-statistics/infographics/teens-e-cigarettes
  • July 4, 2017 - Happy Birthday, America!

    Lotsafireworks
    Graphic source: https://giphy.com/gifs/26tOZ42Mg6pbTUPHW/download
    Patriotic cat
    Graphic source: WP FactChecker
    HB America, eagle
    Graphic source: http://www.texasfred.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/Happy-Birthday-America-600x407.jpg
    HB America
    Graphic source: http://www.usa4thofjuly.com/happy-birthday-america-pictures.html/happy-birthday-america-pictures-2
    Happy 4th of July
    Graphic source: http://finkorswim.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/statue.jpg
    animated fireworks
    Graphic source: http://www.popsci.com/fireworks-bring-exhileration-joyand-air-pollution
  • July 3, 2017 - Alcohol and July 4th Car Crashes

    July 4th car crashes
    Graphic source: http://www.richlandhealth.org/upload/images/news/buzzed_halfjuly4_v7.jpg
  • July 2, 2017 - Teens & Exposure to E-Cigarette Advertising

    Ecig Teen Exposure
    Graphic source: https://www.drugabuse.gov/related-topics/trends-statistics/infographics/teens-e-cigarettes
  • July 1, 2017 - July is National Fireworks Safety Month!

    Fireworks Safety Month
    Graphic source: https://n-o-v-a.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/firework-safety-infographic1.png
    >

  • January 1, 2017- Happy New Year!

    Happy 2017
    Graphic source: http://happyvalentinesdaysms.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/happy-new-year-2017-3.jpg
    France fireworks
    Graphic source: http://giphy.com/gifs/2013-happy-new-year-dgAH5jjyrvTa0
  • August 25, 2016 - www.bettycjung.net is now 17 Years Old!

    16 years and counting, thanks for visiting over the years!

    Happy 17th birthday!
    Graphic Source: http://rlv.zcache.com/happy_17th_birthday_design_with_balloons_postcard-r46e8f648fa254f18958f61ad368524c3_vgbaq_8byvr_324.jpg
    It is hard to believe that it has been 16 years since I published the first webpages that turned into this Web site. Many thanks to the thousands of visitors who contributed millions of hits during the past 15 years, and for all the nice comments along the way. I will continue to strive to make this Web site a worthwhile place to spend your time and find credible public health and health information. Thank you so much!

  • October 17, 2014 - October is Health Literacy Month

    Health Literacy Month
    Graphic source: http://www.healthliteracymonth.org/
    Be a Health Literacy Hero! I am!

    For Health Literacy Month, the Healthliteracymonth.org is accepting stories from any person who or organization that addresses health literacy in their work. There is a listing of those who have submitted their stories.

    Read my story of how I am teaching my students to be saavy about the health information that is found outline!

    If you are interested, check out my

    Handbook


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    Published on the Web: November 12, 2016
    Updated: 10/16/2017 R1,008
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    Copyright 2016 - 2017 Betty C. Jung
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