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January 10, 2017 - This is the 8th of the 9 main pages devoted to PCH 201 Wellness. Here you will find resources to make the most of your academic career, from study skills to dealing with distraction.

Today we have so much more to distract us from what we need to do, so I have provided extensive research evidence to show how the popular use of electronic devices is not good and negatively impacts on not only a student's ability to study, but a student's GPA as well. You will have a chance to work in this in class!

To continue the tour, Click Here.

Academic Skills

Income by education
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Educational Attainment
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morning person
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Abstract Thinking Skills

Academic Performance

Creative Thinking Skills

Critical Thinking Skills

Dealing with Distractions

Thanks to Jillian Y. for sharing this with the class

Effective Learning

Complex explanations
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Challenge vs. skills
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Music Helps
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Emotional Hygiene

Teen Stress Points
Graphic source: ('Pressure to be online 24x7 taking toll on the young')

Health Behaviors & Learning

Listening Skills

Active listening
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Memory Skills


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The top 10 skills that students need to succeed based on the authors' surveys of more than 8,000 teachers include:
  • * Listen to others
  • * Follow the steps
  • * Follow the rules
  • * Ignore distractions
  • * Ask for help
  • * Take turns when you talk
  • * Get along with others
  • * Stay calm with others
  • * Be responsible for your behavior
  • * Do nice things for others."
  • Source:

attentive cats
Graphic source: page/8

Can you be this attentive in class?

Multi-tasking (Don't waste your time, doesn't work)



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Public Speaking

Self-Care Skills


Sleep deprivation
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GPA sleep
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Stress Management

PCH 201 Fun Page



Time Management

Verbal Skills


Campus Safety

College Resources

Example of a well-written film review

Why NO electronics in class is good for you!

cellphone time waster
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Social Media
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Cell phones and millennials
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  • "Even the smartest college students suffer academically when they use the Internet in class for non-academic purposes, finds new research by Michigan State University scholars.
  • "Students of all intellectual abilities should be responsible for not letting themselves be distracted by use of the Internet,"
  • "All students, regardless of intellectual ability, had lower exam scores the more they used the Internet for non-academic purposes such as reading the news, sending emails and posting Facebook updates."
  • Citation: Surfing the Web in class? Bad idea (June 17, 2014) Source: Michigan State University

  • "University of Sussex researchers said: ‘Simultaneously using mobile phones, laptops and other media devices could be changing the structure of our brains.
  • The finding follows research which has linked multi-tasking with a shortened attention span, depression, anxiety and lower grades at school.
  • Media multi-tasking is becoming more prevalent in our lives today and there is increasing concern about its impacts on our cognition and social-emotional well-being
  • Multi-tasking with gadgets may shorten attention span, making it harder to focus and form memories, the researchers said, adding that youngsters may be particularly affected by stress.
  • Citation source: (September 25, 2014)

    "Of the top activities, respondents overall reported spending the most time texting (an average of 94.6 minutes a day), followed by sending emails (48.5 minutes), checking Facebook (38.6 minutes), surfing the Internet (34.4 minutes) and listening to their iPods. (26.9 minutes). (First 3 = 121.5 minutes, or 2 hours!)
    Women spend more time on their cellphones. While that finding runs somewhat contrary to the traditional view that men are more invested in technology, "women may be more inclined to use cellphones for social reasons such as texting or emails to build relationships and have deeper conversations."
  • The men in the study, while more occupied with using their cellphones for utilitarian or entertainment purposes, "are not immune to the allure of social media," Roberts said. They spent time visiting such social networking sites as Facebook, Instagram and Twitter. Among reasons they used Twitter were to follow sports figures, catch up on the news — "or, as one male student explained it, 'waste time,' " Roberts said."
  • Citation source: Cellphone addiction 'an increasingly realistic possibility,' Baylor study finds (

Too much cell phone use
From 23 Signs You’re Addicted To Your Smartphone

  • "Students reported frequently searching for content not related to courses, using Facebook, emailing, talking on their cell phones, and texting while doing schoolwork. Hierarchical (blocked) linear regression analyses revealed that using Facebook and texting while doing schoolwork were negatively associated with overall college GPA."
  • Computers and Education: The relationship between multitasking and academic performance

  • "Early results show what most of us know implicitly: if you do two things at once, both efforts suffer.
  • In fact, multitasking is a misnomer. In most situations, the person juggling e-mail, text messaging, Facebook and a meeting is really doing something called “rapid toggling between tasks,” and is engaged in constant context switching.
  • The distraction of an interruption, combined with the brain drain of preparing for that interruption, made our test takers 20 percent dumber. That’s enough to turn a B-minus student (80 percent) into a failure (62 percent).
  • it takes an average of 25 minutes to return to the original task after an interruption."
  • Citation source: Brain,Interrupted

Dealing with Distractions
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The Value of Education

Work skills
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Social Analytical Skills
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Continuing Ed
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Employment Growth
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College Education and Jobs
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College education and jobs

Educational Attainment
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Unemployment and education
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Education and Earnings
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Why kids drop out
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Student and employer perceptions
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Procrastination infographic
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"To battle bad behaviors then, one answer is to disrupt the environment in some way. Even small changes can help — like eating the ice cream with your nondominant hand. What this does is disrupt the learned body sequence that's driving the behavior, which allows your conscious mind to come back online and reassert control." What Heroin Addiction Tells Us About Changing Bad Habits
"Give a girl an education, and introduce her properly into the world, and ten to one but she has the means of settling well, without further expense to anybody." (Jane Austen; The Free Dictionary)
"All successful studiers write study notes. Writing stuff down is an extremely effective way of retaining information. This is because you have to think about what you’re writing, you have to actually write it down, and you also see what you’ve written." How to Write Kick-Ass Study Notes
"Despite a plethora of digital gadgets -- laptops, smartphones, phablets and tablets -- pen and paper remains popular among note takers. Why? Probably because a digital equivalent hasn't been invented yet to satisfactorily mirror the experience of scribbling notes on paper."

Scribbling bests typing for knowledge retention

  • Keyboards may allow you to capture data fast, but if you want to remember what you've captured, you should resort to good, old-fashioned scribbling.
  • A recent study by Pam Mueller, a graduate student at Princeton University, and Daniel Oppenheimer, an associate professor of cognitive psychology at UCLA, found that students who used laptops to type their notes didn't retain information as well as those who took handwritten notes.
  • The study found that "participants using laptops were more inclined to take verbatim notes than participants who wrote longhand, thus hurting learning," the researchers write in their report.
  • Since the laptop users took more complete notes, it seemed reasonable to assume they would have an advantage when the time came to review their notes for exams, but that turned out not to be the case.
  • "[W]e found the opposite," the report continues. "Even when allowed to review notes after a week's delay, participants who had taken notes with laptops performed worse on tests of both factual content and conceptual understanding, relative to participants who had taken notes longhand."
  • How the mind works when notes are written by hand may go some way toward explaining these results. "If you're doing something letter by letter, that's a lower level of processing than engaging with the content well enough to paraphrase it," Mueller says.
  • "If you're hearing the words and just putting them down on paper, you're not processing at a deep level," she adds."
  • Citation: Computerworld:

  • "Once thrown off track, it can take some 23 minutes for a worker to return to the original task,"
  • Citation: Workplace Distractions: Here's Why You Won't Finish This Article

  • "...executive functions – the ability to avoid distractions, focus attention, hold relevant information in working memory, and regulate impulsive behavior...."
  • Citation: Focusing on executive functions in kindergarten leads to lasting academic improvements (

  • "The researchers found significantly lower quality in essays completed by the participants who were interrupted during the outline and writing phases than in essays of those who were not interrupted. In addition, those participants who were interrupted during the writing phase wrote considerably fewer words.
  • "Interruption can cause a noticeable decrement in the quality of work, so it's important to take steps to reduce the number of external interruptions we encounter daily," said Foroughi. "For example, turn off your cell phone and disable notifications such as e-mail while trying to complete an important task."
  • Citation: Say 'no' to interruptions, 'yes' to better work 7/2014

  • "The researchers found that performance on the assessment suffered if the student received any kind of audible notification. That is, every kind of phone distraction was equally destructive to their performance: An irruptive ping distracted people just as much as a shrill, sustained ring tone. It didn’t matter, too, if a student ignored the text or didn’t answer the phone: As long as they got a notification, and knew they got it, their test performance suffered."
  • Citation source: Push Notifications Are as Distracting as Phone Calls

Higher Education

IQs & Other Academic Testing


Special Issues

Online Educational Resources

While you are in college, keep these ideas in mind...

From "Why Colleges Are Starting to Worry About Student-Loan Defaults"

  • Money Minute: 5 things employers are really looking for
  • "According to a 2011 Harvard University study, the No. 1 reason approximately 50% of all college students fail to complete their studies is financial. And a 2013 Bentley University white paper notes that “…35% of business leaders give recent college graduates they have hired a ‘C’ or lower in being prepared for the job,” while “…66% of recent college graduates say unpreparedness is a real problem among their own cohort.”
  • Citation source: Why Colleges Are Starting to Worry About Student-Loan Defaults (

Skills employers are looking for
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What Employers are looking for
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what employers are looking for
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Information Quality

Healthy People Objective 11.4 Information Quality
Quality of Information on this Web Site Syllabus Finder

Public Health Information

Connecticut Public Health Resources Health Information Index Health Search Engines
Healthy People 2020 Public Health Documents Public Health Sites A to Z
Public Health Search Engines U.S. Federal Government Stats Sites Women's Health

Public Health Practice

Biostatistics Epidemiology Health Education Public Health Practice


Spelling counts!
At a September, 1999 AMWA meeting, Anna Getselman, reference librarian at Harvard's Countway
Library of Medicine emphasized that information on the
Internet is copyright-protected, even if no copyright
notice is provided. Transmitting, downloading, and surfing are considered copying.
To be on the safe side -
CITE EVERYTHING, Give credit where credit is due!
PS to Note: I have researched the copyright side of the Internet. Check my Copyright Statement Web page for more specifics about this issue.


Biostatistics/Statistics Sites Charting & Graphing Data
Statistical Procedures Sites Statistical Software Sites


Calculate Your GPA Easy GPA Up to 50 courses
GPA to letter grade conversion Student GPA Tools

Learning Styles & Preferences


Plagiarism Resources
Southern Connecticut State University
MPH Program

SCSU Links
Thesis & Special Project Advisees (1998 - Present)

Professor Jung's Current Semester Syllabus

Pch 201 Wellness

Professor Jung's Special Project Guidelines

Posted for Reference Only

PCH 593 - Special Project Proposal Planning Template
PCH 593 - Special Project Seminar I - Guidelines for Writing Special Project Proposal, Sections 1 & 2
PCH 593 - Special Project Seminar I - Guidelines for Writing Special Project Proposal, Section 3
PCH 593 - Special Project Seminar, I - Section 3 (Part 1) - Fall, 2001 Guidelines for Writing the Special Project Proposal
PCH 593 - Special Project Seminar, I - Section 3 (Part 2) - Fall, 2001 Guidelines for Writing the Special Project Proposal
PCH 594 - Special Project Seminar II - Guidelines for Writing Special Project Report, Sections 4 & 5
PCH 594 - Special Project Seminar II - Guidelines for Writing Special Project Statistical Report Section


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Published on the Web: August 9, 2000; February 16, 2001
Entire page cleaned: 8/22/2016
Updated: 4/24/2017 R1,027
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